Name
Cytokines
Accession Number
DBCAT000079
Description

Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
Denileukin diftitoxA recombinant cytotoxic protein based on a combination of diphtheria toxin fragments and interleukin-2 used to treat cutaneous T-cell lymphoma by targeting the interleukin-2 receptor.
Peginterferon alfa-2aA modified form of recombinant human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C viruses.
Interferon alfa-n1A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of genital warts due to human papilloma virus.
Darbepoetin alfaA recombinant form of human erythropoietin used to increase differentiation of progenitor cells to red blood cells in the treatment of anemia.
ErythropoietinA recombinant form of human erythropoietin used to increase differentiation of progenitor cells to red blood cells in the treatment of anemia.
Interferon alfa-n3A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of genital warts due to human papilloma virus.
PegfilgrastimA recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor used to stimulate the production of neutrophils and prevent febrile neutropenia or infections after myelosuppressive chemotherapy.
SargramostimA modified form of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor used to increase immune cell production after myelosuppressive therapy or bone marrow transplant.
Peginterferon alfa-2bA purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C, genital warts, and some cancers.
AnakinraA recombinant form of human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease.
Interferon gamma-1bA form of recombinant human interferon used to treat infections associated with chronic granulomatous disease and to slow the progression of severe malignant osteopetrosis.
OprelvekinA form of recombinant interleukin-11 used to stimulate production of megakaryocytes and platelets in patients with or at risk of thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy.
AldesleukinA recombinant analog of interleukin-2 used to induce an adaptive immune response in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma.
Interferon beta-1aA form of recombinant human interferon used to slow disease progression and reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms in patients who have relapsing multiple sclerosis.
Interferon beta-1bA form of recombinant human interferon used to slow the progression of relapsing multiple sclerosis and to reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms.
Interferon alfacon-1A recombinant interferon similar the interferon alfa subtype which is used to treat hepatitis C infections.
Interferon alfaInvestigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C), leukemia (lymphoid), leukemia (myeloid), leukemia (unspecified), and melanoma.
Cintredekin BesudotoxInvestigated for use/treatment in brain cancer.
RomiplostimA fusion protein thrombopoietin (TPO) peptide analog that increases platelet counts by binding to and activating the human TPO receptor. Used to treat thrombocytopenia associated with chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).
Albinterferon Alfa-2BInvestigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C).
Maxy-G34Investigated for use/treatment in adverse effects (chemotherapy) and neutropenics.
CTCE-0214Investigated for use/treatment in adverse effects (chemotherapy), blood (blood forming organ disorders, unspecified), cancer/tumors (unspecified), neutropenics, and vascular diseases.
ThrombopoietinInvestigated for use/treatment in thrombocytopenia.
EmfilerminInvestigated for use/treatment in adverse effects (chemotherapy), reproductive health, and infertility.
AncestimA human stem cell factor used in combination with filgrastim during autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation to increase PBPC mobilization for improved collection.
Methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin betaA synthetic erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) used to treat anemia associated with chronic kidney disease.
Peginterferon beta-1aAn interferon beta used to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis.
Epoetin deltaEpoetin Delta is an ingredient in the EMA-withdrawn product Dynepo.
AvoterminJuvista has been investigated for the treatment, prevention, and basic science of Scars, Keloid, and Cicatrix.
Interleukin-7Interleukin 7 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Metastatic Breast Cancer.
NagrestipenNagrestipen has been used in trials studying the treatment of CANCER, Neoplasm, Metastasis, Radiation Oncology, and Neoplasm Metastasis.
BinetrakinBinetrakin has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections, Sarcoma, Kaposi, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS), and Leukemia, Acute Myelogenous (AML), among others.
DulanerminDulanermin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Colorectal Cancer, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, and Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.
MuplestimMuplestim is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00002258 (A Phase I, Open Label Trial to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerance and Biological Effects of SDZ ILE-964 (Recombinant Human Interleukin-3, RhIL-3) in...
MolgramostimMolgramostim has been used in trials studying the treatment of Bronchiectasis, Cystic Fibrosis, Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, and Autoimmune Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis.
BalugrastimBalugrastim has been used in trials studying the treatment of Solid Tumors.
Interleukin-10Interleukin-10 has been used in trials studying the prevention and treatment of Vasculitis, Pancreatitis, Bile Duct Diseases, Pancreatic Diseases, and Gallbladder Diseases, among others.
LenograstimThe drug is used to reduce the risk of life-threatening infection in patients with neutropenia, particularly after cytotoxic chemotherapy. Lenograstim is indicated as a treatment to reduce the duration of...
LipegfilgrastimA medication used to reduce the duration of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and incidence of febrile neutropenia in cytotoxic chemotherapy.
Interleukin-1 alpha, human recombinantNot Annotated
RegramostimInvestigated for use/treatment in adverse effects (chemotherapy) and bone marrow transplant.
Peginterferon lambda-1aPeginterferon lambda-1a is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01754974 (Safety and Efficacy Study of Peginterferon Lambda-1a vs. Peginterferon Alfa-2a, Plus Ribavirin in Subjects With Genotype 1 Hepatitis C).
Human interleukin-2Human interleukin-2 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03475134 (TIL-ACT After NMA Chemo With IL-2 and Nivo Rescue in mMEL).
Recombinant CD40-ligandRecombinant CD40-ligand is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00053391 (Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Melanoma).
LeridistimLeridistim is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00004215 (Leridistim Compared With Filgrastim in Treating Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia).
Interferon alfa-2cInterferon alfa-2c is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00485563 (A Phase II Study of EC17 (Folate-hapten Conjugate) in Patients With Progressive Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma).
ALT-801ALT-801 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01478074 (ALT-801-activated Natural Killer Cells After FLAG Induction for Acute Myeloid Leukemia).
Tucotuzumab celmoleukinTucotuzumab celmoleukin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00016237 (Interleukin-2 Combined With Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Kidney, Bladder, or Lung Cancer That Has Not Responded to Previous...
Lorukafusp alfaLorukafusp alfa is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01334515 (Biological Therapy, Sargramostim, and Isotretinoin in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Neuroblastoma).
BempegaldesleukinBempegaldesleukin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03729245 (A Study of NKTR-214 in Combination With Nivolumab Compared With the Investigator's Choice of a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor (TKI) Therapy (Either Sunitinib...
PegilodecakinPegilodecakin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03382912 (Study of Pegilodecakin (LY3500518) With Nivolumab Compared to Nivolumab Alone Second-line Tx in Participants With Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer).
Edodekin alfaEdodekin alfa is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01468896 (Cetuximab and Recombinant Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck That Is Recurrent, Metastatic, or...
Viral Macrophage-Inflammatory ProteinViral macrophage inflammatory protein-II (vMIP) is a highly basic protein and human chemokine analog encoded by human herpesvirus-8. The structure of vMIP consists of 71 residues and is a monomer...
Interferon KappaInterferon kappa is a subclass of type I interferon mediating host defence which consists of 207 amino acids and has 30% homology with others of the same class as it...
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
Denileukin diftitoxInterleukin-2 receptor subunit alphatarget
Denileukin diftitoxCytokine receptor common subunit gammatarget
Denileukin diftitoxInterleukin-2 receptor subunit betatarget
Peginterferon alfa-2aInterferon alpha/beta receptor 2target
Peginterferon alfa-2aInterferon alpha/beta receptor 1target
Peginterferon alfa-2aCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Interferon alfa-n1Interferon alpha/beta receptor 2target
Interferon alfa-n1Interferon alpha/beta receptor 1target
Interferon alfa-n1Cytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Darbepoetin alfaErythropoietin receptortarget
ErythropoietinErythropoietin receptortarget
Interferon alfa-n3Interferon alpha/beta receptor 1target
Interferon alfa-n3Interferon alpha/beta receptor 2target
Interferon alfa-n3Cytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
PegfilgrastimGranulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptortarget
PegfilgrastimNeutrophil elastaseenzyme
SargramostimGranulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor subunit alphatarget
SargramostimBone marrow proteoglycantarget
SargramostimInterleukin-3 receptor subunit alphatarget
SargramostimCytokine receptor common subunit betatarget
SargramostimSyndecan-2target
Peginterferon alfa-2bInterferon alpha/beta receptor 1target
Peginterferon alfa-2bInterferon alpha/beta receptor 2target
Peginterferon alfa-2bCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Peginterferon alfa-2bCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
Peginterferon alfa-2bCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
AnakinraInterleukin-1 receptor type 1target
Interferon gamma-1bInterferon gamma receptor 1target
Interferon gamma-1bInterferon gamma receptor 2target
Interferon gamma-1bCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
OprelvekinInterleukin-11 receptor subunit alphatarget
AldesleukinInterleukin-2 receptor subunit betatarget
AldesleukinInterleukin-2 receptor subunit alphatarget
AldesleukinCytokine receptor common subunit gammatarget
AldesleukinProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
AldesleukinCytosolic phospholipase A2enzyme
AldesleukinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
AldesleukinXanthine dehydrogenase/oxidaseenzyme
AldesleukinCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
Interferon beta-1aInterferon alpha/beta receptor 1target
Interferon beta-1aInterferon alpha/beta receptor 2target
Interferon beta-1aCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Interferon beta-1bInterferon alpha/beta receptor 1target
Interferon beta-1bInterferon alpha/beta receptor 2target
Interferon beta-1bCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Interferon alfacon-1Interferon alpha/beta receptor 1target
Interferon alfacon-1Interferon alpha/beta receptor 2target
Interferon alfacon-1Cytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Interferon alfaInterferon alpha/beta receptor 1target
Interferon alfaCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Cintredekin BesudotoxInterleukin-13target
RomiplostimThrombopoietin receptortarget
Albinterferon Alfa-2BCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
CTCE-0214Stromal cell-derived factor 1target
ThrombopoietinThrombopoietin receptortarget
AncestimMast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kittarget
Methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin betaErythropoietin receptortarget
Peginterferon beta-1aCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
LenograstimGranulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptortarget
LipegfilgrastimGranulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptortarget
RegramostimGranulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor subunit alphatarget
RegramostimGM-CSF receptor alpha subunittarget
RegramostimCholinesteraseenzyme
Interferon alfa-2cCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme