Biopolymers

Name
Biopolymers
Accession Number
DBCAT001023
Description

Polymers synthesized by living organisms. They play a role in the formation of macromolecular structures and are synthesized via the covalent linkage of biological molecules, especially AMINO ACIDS; NUCLEOTIDES; and CARBOHYDRATES.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
HypromelloseAn ingredient used in a wide variety of medications, and is not an approved medication.
Microcrystalline celluloseA polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material,...
Tannic acidTannic acid is indicated for cold sores, fever blisters, diaper rash, minor burn or sunburn and prickly heat. Vaginally, tannic acid is used as a douche for leukorrhea. It has...
PectinPectin is used in food as a gelling agent and stabilizer. As a medical drug, it has obtained a great interest in its potential use as a source of dietary...
InulinHistorically used in an important medical test of renal function, specifically a measure of glomerular filtration rate. Sometimes used to help relieve symptoms of diabetes mellitus - a condition characterised...
IcodextrinAn iso-osmotic solution used for continuous peritoneal dialysis or automated peritoneal dialysis.
Hydroxypropyl celluloseA cellulose ether used to treat dry eyes.
QuinidineA medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias.
CellotetraoseNot Available
CrofelemerAn antidiarrheal agent used for the symptomatic relief of drug-induced non-infectious diarrhea in adult patients with HIV/AIDS receiving antiretroviral therapy.
Dextrin 2-sulfateInvestigated for use/treatment in HIV prevention.
Sodium cellulose phosphateSodium cellulose phosphate is used to treat hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria. It has been used to prevent kidney stones. This compound is an ion-exchange resin that can not be absorbed by...
DextranA low molecular weight dextran used as an adjunctive treatment of shock or impending shock due to hemorrhage, burns, surgery or other trauma, as well as the prophylaxis of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during high-risk medical procedures.
FerumoxidesNot Annotated
AcaciaAn extract from Acacia used in allergy testing.
Karaya gumAn extract from Karaya gum used in allergy testing.
TragacanthAn extract from Tragacanth used in allergy testing.
CarobAn extract from Carob used in allergy testing.
RosinAn extract from Rosin used in allergy testing.
Tolu balsamNot Annotated
Saccharide isomerateNot Annotated
PoliglusamPoliglusam, or chitosan, is a linear polysaccharide consisting of D-glucosamine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. Naturally-occuring poliglusam is found in the cell walls of fungi, soil and sediments where it is produced from...
Balsam of PeruBalsam of Peru is found in diverse cosmetics and perfumes as well as a flavoring agent in cough syrups, lozenges, chewing gum, and candies. As a medical agent, balsam of...
Starch, cornCorn starch refers to the starch extracted from the corn grain that is commonly used as a food ingredient and chemical additive. Starch is any of a group of polysaccharides...
Hydroxyethyl celluloseAn ingredient used in formulations to alleviate irritation of the skin.
MyrrhFDA approved only for use in food. Historically used for indigestion, ulcers, colds, cough, asthma, bronchial congestion, arthritic pain, cancer, leprosy, and syphilis. It is also used orally as a...
Guar gumNot Annotated
DextranomerNot Annotated
Oxidized celluloseNot Annotated
Hydroxyethyl ethylcelluloseHydroxyethyl ethylcellulose modulates bacterial binding to salivary pellicle; moderately effective in preventing plaque formation.
AmberAmber is a plant/plant extract used in some OTC (over-the-counter) products. It is not an approved drug.
PolydextrosePolydextrose is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02258750 (Assessing a Polydextrose Containing Soup on Food Intake, Appetite and Biomarkers of Satiation and Satiety).
BelapectinBelapectin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02575404 (GR-MD-02 Plus Pembrolizumab in Melanoma, Non-small Cell Lung Cancer, and Squamous Cell Head and Neck Cancer Patients).
Silk sericinNot Annotated
Collagen-polyvinylpyrrolidoneCollagen-polyvinylpyrrolidone is a copolymer generated from a mixture of type I collagen and low-molecular-weight PVP that has undergone γ irradiation . It is characterized by antifibrotic, fibrolytic, and immunomodulatory properties...
FrankincenseNot Annotated
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
HypromelloseEpithelial cell adhesion moleculetarget
InulinCycloinulo-oligosaccharide fructanotransferasetarget
IcodextrinPancreatic alpha-amylaseenzyme
QuinidineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
QuinidineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
QuinidinePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2target
QuinidinePotassium channel subfamily K member 1target
QuinidinePotassium channel subfamily K member 6target
QuinidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
QuinidineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
QuinidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
QuinidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
QuinidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
QuinidineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
QuinidineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
QuinidineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
QuinidineCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
QuinidineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
QuinidineSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
QuinidineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
QuinidineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
QuinidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
QuinidineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
QuinidineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
QuinidineBile salt export pumptransporter
QuinidineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
QuinidineSerum albumincarrier
CellotetraoseCellulose 1,4-beta-cellobiosidasetarget
CrofelemerCystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulatortarget
CrofelemerAnoctamin-1target
Sodium cellulose phosphateCalcium ionstarget
MyrrhBile acid receptortarget
MyrrhCytochrome P450 3A Subfamilyenzyme
MyrrhNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
MyrrhPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget