Monosaccharides

Name
Monosaccharides
Accession Number
DBCAT001422
Description

Simple sugars, carbohydrates which cannot be decomposed by hydrolysis. They are colorless crystalline substances with a sweet taste and have the same general formula CnH2nOn. (From Dorland, 28th ed)

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
TopiramateAn anticonvulsant drug used in the control of epilepsy and in the prophylaxis and treatment of migraines.
FructoseNot Available
D-glucoseA most commonly occurring isomer of glucose used as a carbohydrate supplementation in case of nutrient deprivation and metabolic disorders, such as hypoglycemia.
GhavamiolNot Available
AbequoseNot Available
5-fluoro-beta-L-gulosyl fluorideNot Available
beta-D-glucuronic acidNot Available
N-acetyl-N'-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ureaNot Available
1-thio-beta-D-glucopyranoseNot Available
TyveloseNot Available
N-(Benzoylcarbamoyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosylamineNot Available
TagatoseIntended for use as a therapeutic adjunct in the treatment of type II diabetes.
GlufosfamideInvestigated for use/treatment in pancreatic cancer, solid tumors, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, brain cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, and sarcoma.
Invert sugarInvert sugar presents a large variety of uses. It can be used therapeutically for parenteral hyperalimentation or to be used as an excipient with a known effect. Invert sugar is...
LevoglucoseLevoglucose has been used in trials studying the diagnostic of Bowel Cleansing Prior to Colonoscopy.
DihydroxyacetoneA ketotriose compound. Its addition to blood preservation solutions results in better maintenance of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate levels during storage. It is readily phosphorylated to dihydroxyacetone phosphate by triokinase in erythrocytes. In...
CellotetraoseNot Available
L-Glycero-D-Manno-HeptopyranoseNot Available
BimosiamoseInvestigated for use/treatment in asthma, psoriasis and psoriatic disorders, atopic dermatitis, inflammatory disorders (unspecified), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
XyloseThe predominant everyday nutritional usage of xylose is as a parent sugar alcohol from which another sugar alcohol - xylitol- can be derived from and used as an extremely common...
GalactoseThere are limited therapeutic uses for which galactose is formally indicated. Some predominant indications include (a) the use of galactose to facilitate the construction of structurally and immunologically effective attenuated...
MannoseMannose is under investigation for the basic science of IUGR and Pregnancy.
RiboseRibose is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01727479 (Ribose and Sport Performance).
PsicosePsicose is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02459834 (The Fructose and Allulose Catalytic Effects (FACE) Trial).
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
TopiramateGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
TopiramateVoltage-gated sodium channel alpha subunittarget
TopiramateCarbonic anhydrase 2target
TopiramateCarbonic anhydrase 4target
TopiramateKainate receptorstarget
TopiramateCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
TopiramateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
TopiramateCarbonic anhydrase 1target
TopiramateCarbonic anhydrase 3target
TopiramateVoltage gated L-type calcium channeltarget
TopiramateVoltage-dependent R-type calcium channeltarget
TopiramateSerum albumincarrier
TopiramateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
Topiramate5'-AMP-activated protein kinasetransporter
FructoseMaltoporintarget
D-glucoseHexokinase-1enzyme
D-glucoseGlucokinaseenzyme
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 1transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 2transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 3transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 4transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 5transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 6transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 7transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 8transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 9transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 10transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 11transporter
D-glucoseSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 12transporter
D-glucoseSodium/glucose cotransporter 1transporter
D-glucoseSodium/glucose cotransporter 2transporter
D-glucoseSerum albumincarrier
GhavamiolAlpha-mannosidase 2target
AbequoseBifunctional tail proteintarget
5-fluoro-beta-L-gulosyl fluorideAlpha-mannosidase 2target
beta-D-glucuronic acidHyaluronate lyasetarget
beta-D-glucuronic acidChondroitinase-ACtarget
beta-D-glucuronic acidAlpha-glucuronidasetarget
N-acetyl-N'-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ureaGlycogen phosphorylase, muscle formtarget
1-thio-beta-D-glucopyranoseEndoglucanase Gtarget
TyveloseBifunctional tail proteintarget
N-(Benzoylcarbamoyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosylamineGlycogen phosphorylase, muscle formtarget
Invert sugarSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 2transporter
Invert sugarSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 5transporter
Invert sugarGlucokinaseenzyme
Invert sugar6-phosphofructokinaseenzyme
DihydroxyacetoneDihydroxyacetone kinasetarget
CellotetraoseCellulose 1,4-beta-cellobiosidasetarget
L-Glycero-D-Manno-HeptopyranoseFerrichrome-iron receptortarget