Dietary Carbohydrates

Name
Dietary Carbohydrates
Accession Number
DBCAT004980
Description

Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
InulinHistorically used in an important medical test of renal function, specifically a measure of glomerular filtration rate. Sometimes used to help relieve symptoms of diabetes mellitus - a condition characterised...
BetadexNot Available
IT-101Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified) and solid tumors.
SugammadexA modified gamma cyclodextrin used to reverse neuromuscular blockade induced by vecuronium bromide and rocuronium bromide which are agents used for anesthesia.
Dextrin 2-sulfateInvestigated for use/treatment in HIV prevention.
Hydroxyethyl StarchA plasma volume substitute used to treat and prevent hypovolemia.
PentastarchA plasma volume expander used as an adjunct in the management of shock due to hemorrhage, surgery, sepsis, burns or other trauma.
Starch, cornCorn starch refers to the starch extracted from the corn grain that is commonly used as a food ingredient and chemical additive. Starch is any of a group of polysaccharides...
BrexanoloneBrexanolone is a synthetic neuroactive steroid gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABA(a)) receptor positive modulator indicated for the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD) in adult women [FDA Label][A176080, A176083, F4063, F4066, F4072].
AmylopectinAmylopectin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01708694 (Role of Slowly Digesible Starch on Diabetes Risk Factors).
AmyloseAmylose is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01027325 (Resistant Starch Insulin Sensitivity Trial).
Hydroxypropyl betadexHydroxypropyl betadex is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03471143 (Study of IV VTS-270 for Infantile Liver Disease Associated With Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C).
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
InulinCycloinulo-oligosaccharide fructanotransferasetarget
BetadexNeopullulanase 2target
BetadexMaltose-binding periplasmic proteintarget
BetadexMaltogenic amylasetarget
BrexanoloneGABA(A) Receptortarget
BrexanoloneAldose reductaseenzyme