Identification

Generic Name
(R)-Propylene glycol
DrugBank Accession Number
DB02159
Background

A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Experimental
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 76.0944
Monoisotopic: 76.0524295
Chemical Formula
C3H8O2
Synonyms
  • R-1,2-propanediol
External IDs
  • NSC-90793

Pharmacology

Indication

Not Available

Pharmacology
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Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events
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Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events & improve clinical decision support.
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Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action
TargetActionsOrganism
UIsocitrate dehydrogenase [NADP]Not AvailableBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
ULysozyme CNot AvailableHumans
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
Improve decision support & research outcomes
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

Categories

Drug Categories
Not Available
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1,2-diols. These are polyols containing an alcohol group at two adjacent positions.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organic oxygen compounds
Class
Organooxygen compounds
Sub Class
Alcohols and polyols
Direct Parent
1,2-diols
Alternative Parents
Secondary alcohols / Primary alcohols / Hydrocarbon derivatives
Substituents
1,2-diol / Aliphatic acyclic compound / Hydrocarbon derivative / Primary alcohol / Secondary alcohol
Molecular Framework
Aliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
propane-1,2-diol (CHEBI:28972)
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
602HN5L69H
CAS number
4254-14-2
InChI Key
DNIAPMSPPWPWGF-GSVOUGTGSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C3H8O2/c1-3(5)2-4/h3-5H,2H2,1H3/t3-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
(2R)-propane-1,2-diol
SMILES
C[C@@H](O)CO

References

General References
Not Available
KEGG Compound
C02912
PubChem Compound
259994
PubChem Substance
46507661
ChemSpider
228188
RxNav
1314303
ChEBI
28972
ZINC
ZINC000000895318
PDBe Ligand
PGR
PDB Entries
1hhz / 1hqs / 1rem / 1uc5 / 1yiq / 2hb4 / 2pc0 / 2v2b / 2vbk / 2xe4
show 41 more

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility952.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.1ALOGPS
logP-0.79ChemAxon
logS1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)14.47ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area40.46 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity18.97 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability8.01 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9832
Blood Brain Barrier+0.7184
Caco-2 permeable-0.6594
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.7162
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.9157
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.944
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.9401
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.832
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8739
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.7434
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.7858
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9388
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9526
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8969
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9599
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.958
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9132
CarcinogenicityCarcinogens 0.5
BiodegradationReady biodegradable0.9505
Rat acute toxicity0.6112 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9568
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9008
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397)

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-004i-9000000000-0a1a58ae50ca7bfbc92f
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0a6r-9000000000-4f58eaf424aa13185ca2
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-052f-9000000000-d0e5def95a7a7879dc71
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-004i-9000000000-5bf5d9d3c7cf604af9a3
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-056r-9000000000-ea5b27ac0cc585591f63
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0a4i-9000000000-ecc48f7be3304c6cc1e0

Targets

Drugtargets2
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Kind
Protein
Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Nad binding
Specific Function
Not Available
Gene Name
icd
Uniprot ID
P39126
Uniprot Name
Isocitrate dehydrogenase [NADP]
Molecular Weight
46417.39 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Lysozyme activity
Specific Function
Lysozymes have primarily a bacteriolytic function; those in tissues and body fluids are associated with the monocyte-macrophage system and enhance the activity of immunoagents.
Gene Name
LYZ
Uniprot ID
P61626
Uniprot Name
Lysozyme C
Molecular Weight
16536.885 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [Article]

Drug created at June 13, 2005 13:24 / Updated at June 12, 2020 16:52