XL228

Identification

Generic Name
XL228
DrugBank Accession Number
DB05184
Background

XL228 is a novel anticancer compound designed to inhibit the insulin-like growth factor type-1 receptor (IGF1R), Src and Abl tyrosine kinases – targets that play crucial roles in cancer cell proliferation, survival and metastasis.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Investigational
Synonyms
Not Available

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in leukemia (lymphoid) and leukemia (myeloid).

Pharmacology
Reduce drug development failure rates
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Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events
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Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events & improve clinical decision support.
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Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action

XL228 potently inhibits the T315I mutant form of ABL, which is resistant to inhibition by other targeted therapies approved for chronic myelogenous leukemia. XL228 also targets IGF1R, which is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is highly expressed and activated in a broad range of human tumors and is thought to promote tumor growth, survival and resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. XL228 showed efficacy in a variety of solid tumor xenograft models.

TargetActionsOrganism
UInsulin-like growth factor 1 receptorNot AvailableHumans
UProto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase SrcNot AvailableHumans
UTyrosine-protein kinase ABL1Not AvailableHumans
UAbelson tyrosine-protein kinase 2Not AvailableHumans
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
Improve decision support & research outcomes
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

Categories

Drug Categories
Not Available
Classification
Not classified
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
Not Available
CAS number
Not Available
InChI Key
Not Available
InChI
Not Available
IUPAC Name
Not Available
SMILES
Not Available

References

General References
Not Available
PubChem Substance
347910008

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
1TerminatedTreatmentLeukemia Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) / Leukemia, Lymphoblastic, Acute, Philadelphia-Positive1
1TerminatedTreatmentMalignancies / Malignant Lymphomas1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
Not Available
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
Not Available

Targets

Drugtargets2
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Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Protein tyrosine kinase activity
Specific Function
Receptor tyrosine kinase which mediates actions of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1). Binds IGF1 with high affinity and IGF2 and insulin (INS) with a lower affinity. The activated IGF1R is involv...
Gene Name
IGF1R
Uniprot ID
P08069
Uniprot Name
Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor
Molecular Weight
154791.73 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Sh3/sh2 adaptor activity
Specific Function
Non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase which is activated following engagement of many different classes of cellular receptors including immune response receptors, integrins and other adhesion recept...
Gene Name
SRC
Uniprot ID
P12931
Uniprot Name
Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src
Molecular Weight
59834.295 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Syntaxin binding
Specific Function
Non-receptor tyrosine-protein kinase that plays a role in many key processes linked to cell growth and survival such as cytoskeleton remodeling in response to extracellular stimuli, cell motility a...
Gene Name
ABL1
Uniprot ID
P00519
Uniprot Name
Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1
Molecular Weight
122871.435 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Receptor binding
Specific Function
Non-receptor tyrosine-protein kinase that plays an ABL1-overlapping role in key processes linked to cell growth and survival such as cytoskeleton remodeling in response to extracellular stimuli, ce...
Gene Name
ABL2
Uniprot ID
P42684
Uniprot Name
Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase 2
Molecular Weight
128341.935 Da

Drug created on October 21, 2007 22:24 / Updated on June 12, 2020 16:52