Adrenergic alpha-Agonists

Name
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Accession Number
DBCAT000536
Description

Drugs that selectively bind to and activate alpha adrenergic receptors.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
MidodrineAn alpha-adrenergic antagonist used to treat orthostatic hypotension.
BrimonidineAn alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat glaucoma and ocular hypertension, as well as facial erythema in rosacea.
EpinephrineA hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma.
ApraclonidineAn alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat raised intraocular pressure.
PhenylephrineAn alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used in the management of hypotension, generally in the surgical setting associated with the use of anesthetics.
NorepinephrineA sympathomimetic used in the control of blood pressure during various hypotensive states and as an adjunct treatment during cardiac arrest.
PhenylpropanolamineA sympathomimetic that was previously used in nasal decongestants and weight loss products, but has been withdrawn by the FDA due to safety risks and lack of efficacy.
ClonidineAn alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines.
MetaraminolFor the treatment and prevention of hypotension due to hemorrhage, spinal anesthesia, and shock associated with brain damage
GuanabenzAn alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension.
DexmedetomidineAn alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures.
TizanidineAn alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the short-term treatment of muscle spasticity.
MethoxamineAn alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat hypotension.
OxymetazolineAn alpha-1A adrenoceptor agonist used to treat nasal congestion, allergic reactions of the eye, and facial erythema associated with rosacea.
MethyldopaAn alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension.
GuanfacineAn alpha-2A adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat ADHD.
MephentermineA sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of hypotension.
LofexidineA centrally acting alpha2-adrenergic agonist used for the symptomatic treatment of acute opioid withdrawal syndrome to facilitate abrupt opioid discontinuation in adults.
XylometazolineA direct acting sympathomimetic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of nasal congestion and minor inflammation due to allergies or colds.
NaphazolineA sympathomimetic vasoconstrictor used for the symptomatic relief of redness and itching of the eye, and nasal congestion.
AdrafinilUsed to relieve excessive sleepiness and inattention in elderly patients.
EtilefrineEtilefrine is an adrenergic agonist that appears to interact with beta-2 and some alpha adrenergic receptors. It has been used as a vasoconstrictor agent.
CirazolineCirazoline acts on a number of α adrenergic receptors. It is an agonist of α1A, partial agonist of α1B and α1D, and a nonselective antagonist of α2. It is believed...
SynephrineSynephrine, also referred to as, p-synephrine, is naturally occurring alkaloid. It is present in approved drug products as neo-synephrine, its m-substituted analog. p-synephrine and m-synephrine are known for their longer...
RacepinephrineA bronchodilator used to treat intermittent asthma.
AmitrazAmitraz is a non-systemic acaricide and insecticide. It was generated in 1969 by the Boots Co. in England. Amitraz presents insect repellent effects and hence, it can be used as...
MedetomidineMedetomidine is a synthetic compound used as a surgical anesthetic and analgesic. It is normally found as its hydrochloride salt, medetomidine hydrochloride. Medetomidine is an intravenously available alpha-2 adrenergic agonist....
XylazineXylazine is a clonidine analog which acts as an agonist at α2 adrenoceptors. Veterinarians also use xylazine as an emetic, especially in cats.
RomifidineRomifidine is a veterinary drug utilized as a sedative primarily in large animals, most frequently horses. It is also used less commonly in a wide variety of other animal species....
DetomidineUsed as a large animal sedative, primarily in horses.
RilmenidineRilmenidine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease.
OctopamineOctopamine is structurally similar to norepinephrine. It has been used as a nootropic, and therefore it and all of its enantiomer are prohibited by the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) as...
NorfenefrineNot Annotated
PseudoephedrineAn alpha and beta adrenergic agonist used to treat nasal and sinus congestion, as well as allergic rhinitis.
EphedrineAn alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist indicated to treat hypotension under anesthesia, allergic conditions, bronchial asthma, and nasal congestion.
DipivefrinA prodrug of epinephrine used in ophthalmic solutions to reduce intraocular pressure in chronic open-angle glaucoma.
DroxidopaA medication used to treat symptomatic neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) caused by dopamine beta-hydroxylase deficiency, non-diabetic autonomic neuropathy and primary autonomic failure caused by conditions such as Parkinson's disease.
PergolideA long-acting dopamine agonist that is uncommonly used for the management of Parkinson's disease, due to the risk for cardiac valvulopathy.
BromocriptineA dopamine D2 receptor agonist used for the treatment of galactorrhea due to hyperprolactinemia and other prolactin-related conditions, as well as in early Parkinsonian Syndrome.
Ephedra sinica rootAn alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist used for the management of respiratory conditions related to bronchial asthma, such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and tightness of chest.
MetamfetamineA sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity.
MoxonidineFor the treatment of mild to moderate essential or primary hypertension . Effective as most first-line antihypertensives when used as monotherapy .
DL-MethylephedrineUsed as an antitussive and decongestant .
PhendimetrazineA sympathomimetic amine used as adjunct therapy for the short term management of exogenous obesity.
ErgometrineAn ergot alkaloid used for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage and post abortion hemorrhage in patients with uterine atony.
IsomethepteneIsometheptene is a sympathomimetic drug which causes vasoconstriction. It is used for treating migraines and tension headaches.
TetryzolineAn alpha-adrenergic agonist used in the temporary symptomatic relief of discomfort and redness of the eyes due to minor irritations.
EtomidateA short-acting intravenous anesthetic indicated for the induction of anesthesia and supplementation of subpotent anesthesia during short operative procedures.
BethanidineFor the treatment of hypertension.
DobutamineA beta-1 agonist used to treat cardiac decompensation in patients with organic heart disease or from cardiac surgery.
BenzphetamineA sympathomimetic used to manage exogenous obesity short term.
4-MethoxyamphetamineNot Available
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamineNot Available
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
MidodrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
MidodrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
MidodrineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MidodrineSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
MidodrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
BrimonidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
BrimonidineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
BrimonidineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
BrimonidineAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
EpinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
EpinephrineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
EpinephrineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EpinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
EpinephrineTumor necrosis factortarget
EpinephrineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
EpinephrineMonoamine oxidaseenzyme
ApraclonidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
ApraclonidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
ApraclonidineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylephrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
PhenylephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylephrineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
PhenylephrineSulfotransferase 1A3/1A4enzyme
PhenylephrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Benzyme
NorepinephrinePhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
NorepinephrinePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
NorepinephrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
NorepinephrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
NorepinephrineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
PhenylpropanolamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
PhenylpropanolamineDopamine D1 receptortarget
PhenylpropanolamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylpropanolamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
PhenylpropanolamineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
ClonidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
ClonidineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
ClonidineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
ClonidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
ClonidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ClonidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
ClonidineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
ClonidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineSerum albumincarrier
MetaraminolAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
GuanabenzAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
GuanabenzCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
GuanabenzAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DexmedetomidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DexmedetomidineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DexmedetomidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DexmedetomidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DexmedetomidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
TizanidineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
TizanidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
TizanidineNischarintarget
TizanidineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
MethoxamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
MethoxamineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
MethoxamineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
OxymetazolineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
MethyldopaAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
MethyldopaCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
MethyldopaSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
MethyldopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylasetarget
GuanfacineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
GuanfacineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
GuanfacineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
GuanfacineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
GuanfacineMultidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1transporter
GuanfacineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
GuanfacineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
MephentermineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
MephentermineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
LofexidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
LofexidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
Lofexidine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
Lofexidine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
Lofexidine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
Lofexidine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
LofexidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
LofexidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
LofexidineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
LofexidineATP-binding cassette sub-family B member 5transporter
LofexidineMultidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1transporter
XylometazolineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
XylometazolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
XylometazolineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
XylometazolineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
XylometazolineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
XylometazolineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
NaphazolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
NaphazolineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
CirazolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
CirazolineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
CirazolineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
CirazolineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
SynephrineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
RacepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
XylazineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
RilmenidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
PseudoephedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
PseudoephedrineNuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1target
PseudoephedrineTumor necrosis factortarget
PseudoephedrineNuclear factor NF-kappa-B p105 subunittarget
Pseudoephedrineactivator protein 1target
PseudoephedrineInterleukin-2target
PseudoephedrineSerum albumincarrier
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertransporter
PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertransporter
EphedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
EphedrineCholinesteraseenzyme
EphedrineSerum albumincarrier
EphedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertransporter
EphedrineAcetylcholinesteraseenzyme
DipivefrinAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DipivefrinCholinesterasetarget
DipivefrinBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DipivefrinAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DipivefrinAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DroxidopaPhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
DroxidopaAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DroxidopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylaseenzyme
DroxidopaMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
DroxidopaSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
PergolideDopamine D2 receptortarget
PergolideDopamine D1 receptortarget
PergolideDopamine D3 receptortarget
Pergolide5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
PergolideAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
PergolideAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
PergolideAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
PergolideAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
PergolideDopamine D4 receptortarget
PergolideDopamine D5 receptortarget
Pergolide5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
Pergolide5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
Pergolide5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
Pergolide5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Btarget
Pergolide5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
PergolideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
BromocriptineDopamine D2 receptortarget
BromocriptineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Bromocriptine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
BromocriptineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
BromocriptineDopamine D3 receptortarget
Bromocriptine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
BromocriptineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
BromocriptineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
Bromocriptine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Btarget
BromocriptineDopamine D4 receptortarget
Bromocriptine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
Bromocriptine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
Bromocriptine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
BromocriptineDopamine D5 receptortarget
BromocriptineDopamine D1 receptortarget
BromocriptineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
BromocriptineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
BromocriptineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
Bromocriptine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
BromocriptineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
Ephedra sinica rootSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
Ephedra sinica rootSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
Ephedra sinica rootChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
Ephedra sinica rootSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
Ephedra sinica rootAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
Ephedra sinica rootAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
Ephedra sinica rootSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
Ephedra sinica rootAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
Ephedra sinica rootAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
Ephedra sinica rootAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
Ephedra sinica rootBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
Ephedra sinica rootBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
Ephedra sinica rootBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
MetamfetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MetamfetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
MetamfetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
MetamfetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
MetamfetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
MetamfetamineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
MetamfetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
MetamfetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
MoxonidineNischarintarget
MoxonidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DL-MethylephedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DL-MethylephedrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DL-MethylephedrineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
DL-MethylephedrineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
PhendimetrazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
PhendimetrazineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
PhendimetrazineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
ErgometrineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ErgometrineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
ErgometrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
IsomethepteneAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
IsomethepteneSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
TetryzolineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
EtomidateGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
EtomidateAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
EtomidateSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 1carrier
EtomidateCytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrialenzyme
EtomidateCytochrome P450 11B2, mitochondrialenzyme
EtomidateGABA(A) Receptortarget
BethanidineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
BethanidineATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 1target
BethanidineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DobutamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DobutamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DobutamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DobutamineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
DobutamineEstrogen receptor alphatarget
BenzphetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
BenzphetamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
BenzphetamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
BenzphetamineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
BenzphetamineNADPH--cytochrome P450 reductaseenzyme
BenzphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
BenzphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
4-MethoxyamphetamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
4-MethoxyamphetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
4-MethoxyamphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
4-MethoxyamphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
4-MethoxyamphetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
4-MethoxyamphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
4-MethoxyamphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
4-MethoxyamphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget