Anesthetics, Inhalation

Name
Anesthetics, Inhalation
Accession Number
DBCAT000565  (DBCAT002717)
Description

Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
IsofluraneAn inhaled general anesthetic used in surgery.
HalothaneA general inhalation anesthetic used for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia.
DesfluraneA general inhalation anesthetic for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults.
SevofluraneA inhalation anaesthetic agent used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia during surgical procedures.
Nitrous oxideAn inhalatory gas used as an adjunct to improve oxygenation and reduce the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in certain neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure.
EnfluraneA halogenated inhalational anesthetic agent used for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia and for analgesia during labor and delivery.
MethoxyfluraneFor use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia
TrichloroethyleneTrichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent, not to be confused with the similar 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known as chlorothene. It has been sold under a variety of...
XenonNot Annotated
Diethyl etherNot Annotated
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
IsofluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
IsofluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
IsofluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
IsofluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
IsofluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
IsofluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
IsofluraneCalmodulintarget
IsofluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
IsofluraneSerum albumincarrier
IsofluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
IsofluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1enzyme
IsofluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
IsofluraneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
IsofluraneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
HalothaneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
HalothaneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
HalothaneCalcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1target
HalothaneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
HalothaneIntermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4target
HalothaneRhodopsintarget
HalothaneG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 2target
HalothaneG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 1target
HalothaneGuanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) subunit gamma-2target
HalothaneNeuropeptide S receptortarget
HalothaneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
HalothaneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
HalothaneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Btarget
HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
HalothanePotassium channel subfamily K member 3target
HalothanePotassium channel subfamily K member 9target
HalothaneSerum albumincarrier
HalothaneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
HalothaneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
HalothaneGABA(A) Receptortarget
HalothanePlasma membrane calcium-transporting ATPasetarget
DesfluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
DesfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DesfluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
DesfluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
DesfluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
DesfluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DesfluraneSerum albumincarrier
DesfluraneCalcium transporting ATPasestarget
SevofluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
SevofluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
SevofluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
SevofluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
SevofluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
SevofluraneSerum albumincarrier
SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
SevofluraneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
SevofluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
SevofluraneMitochondrial potassium channeltarget
EnfluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
EnfluraneGlutamate (NMDA) receptortarget
EnfluraneVoltage-gated Potassium Channelstarget
EnfluraneSarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 1target
EnfluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
EnfluraneSerum albumincarrier
EnfluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
EnfluraneVoltage-dependent calcium channeltarget
EnfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
MethoxyfluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
MethoxyfluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
MethoxyfluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
MethoxyfluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
MethoxyfluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
MethoxyfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
MethoxyfluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget