Inhibition of carbonic anhydrases with glycosyltriazole benzene sulfonamides.

Article Details


Wilkinson BL, Innocenti A, Vullo D, Supuran CT, Poulsen SA

Inhibition of carbonic anhydrases with glycosyltriazole benzene sulfonamides.

J Med Chem. 2008 Mar 27;51(6):1945-53. doi: 10.1021/jm701426t. Epub 2008 Feb 29.

PubMed ID
18307288 [ View in PubMed

A library of glycoconjugate benzene sulfonamides have been synthesized and investigated for their ability to inhibit the enzymatic activity of physiologically relevant human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) isozymes: hCA I, II, and tumor-associated IX. Our synthetic strategy directly links the known CA pharmacophore (ArSO 2NH 2) to a sugar "tail" moiety through a rigid 1,2,3-triazole linker unit using the Cu(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction or "click chemistry". Many of the glycoconjugates were potent CA inhibitors and exhibited some isozyme selectivity. In particular, the methyl-D-glucuronate triazoles 6 and 14 were potent inhibitors of hCA IX (K(i)s 9.9 and 8.4 nM, respectively) with selectivity also favoring this isozyme. Other exceptional compounds included the deprotected beta-D-ribofuranosyl triazole 15 and alpha-D-mannosyl triazole 17, which were potent and selective hCA II inhibitors (K(i) 7.5 nM and K(i) 2.3 nM, respectively). Collectively, the results confirm that modification of ring size, stereochemical configuration, and chain length in the sugar tail moiety of glycoconjugate CA inhibitors permits tunable potency and selectivity that may constitute an important avenue for the future development of efficacious and selective CA-based therapeutics.

DrugBank Data that Cites this Article

Binding Properties
DrugTargetPropertyMeasurementpHTemperature (°C)
AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 1Ki (nM)250N/AN/ADetails
AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 2Ki (nM)12N/AN/ADetails
BrinzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 1Ki (nM)450N/AN/ADetails
BrinzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 2Ki (nM)3N/AN/ADetails
DiclofenamideCarbonic anhydrase 1Ki (nM)1200N/AN/ADetails
DiclofenamideCarbonic anhydrase 2Ki (nM)38N/AN/ADetails
DorzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 1Ki (nM)500N/AN/ADetails
DorzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 2Ki (nM)9N/AN/ADetails
EthoxzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 1Ki (nM)25N/AN/ADetails
EthoxzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 2Ki (nM)8N/AN/ADetails