- Accession Number
Purine or pyrimidine bases attached to a ribose or deoxyribose. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Drug Drug Description Ademetionine S-Adenosylmethionine (SAMe) is used as a drug in Europe for the treatment of depression, liver disorders, fibromyalgia, and osteoarthritis. It has also been introduced into the United States market as... Vidarabine An antiviral agent used to treat various viral infections. Cladribine A purine antimetabolite used for the management of relapsing forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), used in patients who have not responded to or who were unable to tolerate alternative MS drugs. Idoxuridine A pyrimidine analog antiviral used for the treatment of viral eye infections, including herpes simplex keratitis. Floxuridine An antimetabolite used as palliative management for liver metastases of gastrointestinal malignancy. Trifluridine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used to treat keratoconjunctivitis and epithelial keratitis caused by simplex virus, and as a part of chemotherapy for certain types of metastatic gastrointestinal cancers. Gemcitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used as adjunct therapy in the treatment of certain types of ovarian cancer, non-small cell lung carcinoma, metastatic breast cancer, and as a single agent for pancreatic cancer. Zidovudine A dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection. Pentostatin An adenosine deaminase inhibitor used to treat hairy cell leukemia. Clofarabine A purine nucleoside used to treat relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia in patients 1 to 21 years old. Adenosine A medication used in myocardial perfusion scintigraphy and to treat supraventricular tachycardia. Stavudine A dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection. Lamivudine A reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV and hepatitis B infections. Ribavirin A guanosine nucleoside used to treat some forms of Hepatitis C. Emtricitabine A nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used for the treatment and prophylaxis of HIV. Didanosine A reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV. Azacitidine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat certain subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome. Zalcitabine A dideoxynucleoside used to treat HIV. Cytarabine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, lymphocytic leukemia, and the blast phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia. Azathioprine An immunosuppressant used to prevent renal transplant rejection, treat rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis. Abacavir An antiviral nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Fludarabine A purine analog antimetabolite that inhibits DNA synthesis. Capecitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated to treat colon, colorectal and breast cancer. Decitabine A chemotherapeutic pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) by inducing DNA hypomethylation and corresponding alterations in gene expression. Telbivudine A thymidine nucleoside analog used for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B with clinical evidence of viral replication or persistent elevations in serum aminotransferases (ALT or AST). Nelarabine A purine nucleoside analog and antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of with acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma with inadequate clinical response to prior chemotherapeutic treatments. 5-fluorouridine 5-fluorouridine is also known as FUrd, 5-Fluorouracil 1-beta-D-ribofuranoside, 5-Fur, or 5-Fluoro-uridine. 5-fluorouridine is a solid. This compound belongs to the pyrimidine nucleosides and analogues. These are compounds comprising a pyrimidine... Sinefungin Sinefungin is a solid. This compound belongs to the purine nucleosides and analogues. These are compounds comprising a purine base attached to a sugar. The proteins that adenosyl-ornithine target include... Cytidine A drug used to manage neuropsychiatric deficits associated with cerebrovascular diseases in combination with uridine. Formycin Not Available 5'-S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine Not Available Deoxyinosine Not Available 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine Not Available Uridine A drug used to manage neuropsychiatric deficits associated with cerebrovascular diseases in combination with cytidine. 9-deazainosine Not Available S-Adenosyl-1,8-Diamino-3-Thiooctane Not Available Guanosine Guanosine is a nucleoside comprising guanine attached to a ribose (ribofuranose) ring via a β-N9-glycosidic bond. Guanosine can be phosphorylated to become GMP (guanosine monophosphate), cGMP (cyclic guanosine monophosphate), GDP... Methylthioinosine An analog of inosine with a methylthio group replacing the hydroxyl group in the 6-position. Zebularine A chemically stable, cytidine analog that displays anti-tumor properties. It acts as a transition state analog inhibitor of cytidine deaminase by binding to the active site as covalent hydrates. Also... Tubercidin An antibiotic purine ribonucleoside that readily substitutes for adenosine in the biological system, but its incorporation into DNA and RNA has an inhibitory effect on the metabolism of these nucleic... Deoxycytidylyl-3',5'-guanosine Not Available 7-Methylguanosine Not Available 5'-Fluoro-5'-Deoxyadenosine Not Available Formycin B Not Available Inosine A nutritional supplement touted to improve athletic performance and a drug used in vitro as a red blood cell rejuvenator for a unit of red blood cells that will be used in a clinical setting. 3-Deazacytidine Not Available Nebularine Not Available 2-Fluoroadenosine Not Available Thymidine Thymidine is a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside. Thymidine is the DNA nucleoside T, which pairs with deoxyadenosine (A) in double-stranded DNA. In cell biology it is used to synchronize the cells in... 5-iodotubercidin Not Available Cyclouridine Not Available Binodenoson For cardiac pharmacologic stress SPECT imaging, which is used to diagnose coronary artery disease. Isatoribine For the treatment of Hepatitis C. Acadesine Investigated for use/treatment in cardiac reperfusion injury, cardiovascular disorders, and coronary artery disease. Tecadenoson Investigated for use/treatment in arrhythmia and atrial fibrillation. Denufosol For use as an inhaled treatment for cystic fibrosis. Apadenoson Investigated for use/treatment in cardiovascular disorders and inflammatory disorders (unspecified). Thymectacin Investigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer. Elacytarabine Investigated for use/treatment in leukemia (unspecified) and melanoma. Piclidenoson Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified), eye disorders/infections, psoriasis and psoriatic disorders, and rheumatoid arthritis. Can-Fite BioPharma has reported that by targeting the adenosine A3-receptor, CF101 may also be used... OSI-7836 Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors. Forodesine Investigated for use/treatment in lymphoma (non-hodgkin's) and leukemia (lymphoid). Alovudine Investigated for use/treatment in HIV infection. Maribavir Investigated for use/treatment in viral infection, transplantation (organ or tissue), cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis, and retinal disorders (unspecified). Elvucitabine Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, B) and HIV infection. Sapacitabine Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors, cutaneous t-cell lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndrome, and leukemia (lymphoid). Taribavirin Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C). Tezacitabine Investigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer, lung cancer, leukemia (unspecified), and gastric cancer. Amdoxovir Investigated for use/treatment in HIV infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and aids-related infections. TAS-106 Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors and cancer/tumors (unspecified). Clevudine Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, B). Puromycin Puromycin is an antibiotic that prevents bacterial protein translation. It is utilized as a selective agent in laboratory cell cultures. Puromycin is toxic to both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, resulting... Ticagrelor A P2Y12 platelet inhibitor used in patients with a history of myocardial infarction or with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to prevent future myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death. Sofosbuvir A direct-acting antiviral agent used to treat specific hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in combination with other antiviral agents. TAS-102 TAS-102 (Taiho Pharma USA, Inc.) is an anti-cancer drug under development and in stage 3 clinical trials for the treatment of colorectal cancer. It is composed of the thymidine phosphorylase... Uridine triacetate A pyrimidine analog used for the reversal of overdose, regardless of the presence of symptoms, and early-onset, severe or life-threatening CNS toxicity or cardiotoxicity of fluorouracil or capecitabine. 2'-cyano-2'-deoxy-1-(beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)cytosine 2'-cyano-2'-deoxy-1-(beta-D-arabinofuranosyl)cytosine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Advanced Colorectal Cancer. Galidesivir Galidesivir is an adenosine analogue that has been investigated for use against Zaire Ebolavirus. In animal studies, galidesivir was effective in increasing the survival rates from infections caused by various... Guadecitabine Guadecitabine is under investigation for the treatment of Previously Treated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. Sorivudine Sorivudine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Chickenpox and HIV Infections. Broxuridine Broxuridine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Leukemia, Stage I Prostate Cancer, Stage IIB Prostate Cancer, and Stage IIA Prostate Cancer. Mericitabine Mericitabine has been investigated for the treatment of Hepatitis C, Chronic. Mericitabine is a polymerase inhibitor being developed for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Mericitabine is a prodrug of... Censavudine Censavudine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV-1 Infection. Cordycepin Cordycepin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Leukemia. Triciribine Triciribine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Leukemia, Ovarian Cancer, HER2/Neu Negative, Breast Adenocarcinoma, and Stage IV Breast Cancer, among others. Fozivudine Tidoxil Fozivudine Tidoxil has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections. Sonedenoson Sonedenoson has been used in trials studying the treatment of Foot Ulcer, Diabetic and Diabetes Complications. Dexelvucitabine Dexelvucitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections and Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Tetrahydrouridine Tetrahydrouridine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Neoplasms, Lung Neoplasms, Breast Neoplasms, Sickle Cell Disease, and Head and Neck Cancer, among others. Gemcitabine elaidate Gemcitabine elaidate has been used in trials studying the treatment of Solid Tumor, Lung Cancer, Non-small-cell Lung Cancer, and Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. Netivudine Netivudine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Chickenpox and HIV Infections. Mizoribine Mizoribine has been investigated for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. UK-432097 UK-432,097 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive. Racivir Racivir, also known as RCV, is an oxothiolane nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor similar to emtricitabine and lamivudine. Racivir is a 50:50 mixture of emtricitabine DB00879 and its positive enantiomer. Racivir... Apricitabine Apricitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections. Raluridine Raluridine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections. Fiacitabine Fiacitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections and Cytomegalovirus Infections. LY-2334737 LY2334737 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Solid Tumor, Metastatic Tumor, and Malignant Solid Tumor. Doxifluridine Doxifluridine has been investigated for the treatment of Stomach Cancer. 5-fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine 5-fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Neoplasms, Lung Neoplasms, Breast Neoplasms, Head and Neck Neoplasms, and Urinary Bladder Neoplasms, among others. 2'-fluoro-5-ethylarabinosyluracil 2'-fluoro-5-ethylarabinosyluracil (FAU) has been used in trials studying the treatment of Small Intestine Lymphoma, Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Waldenström Macroglobulinemia, Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma, and Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma,... Inosine pranobex A medication used to treat subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. Tunicamycin Tunicamycin is a mixture of homologous nucleoside antibiotics that inhibits the UDP-HexNAc: polyprenol-P HexNAc-1-P family of enzymes. One member of this family is the enzyme GlcNAc phosphotransferase (GPT), which catalyzes... Tiazofurine Tiazofurine has potential clinical use in cancer treatment as it is a potential inhibitor of Inosine- 5’-monophosphate (IMP) dehydrogenase . Edoxudine A deoxythymidine analog used to treat herpetic keratitis. Toyocamycin 4-Amino-5-cyano-7-(D-ribofuranosyl)-7H- pyrrolo(2,3-d)pyrimidine. Antibiotic antimetabolite isolated from Streptomyces toyocaensis cultures. It is an analog of adenosine, blocks RNA synthesis and ribosome function, and is used mainly as a tool in biochemistry. Valopicitabine The 3-O-valine ester prodrug of the nucleoside analog 2'-C-methylcytidine with anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activity. Upon administration, valopicitabine is converted into 2'-C-methylcytidine; upon phosphorylation into its 5-triphosphate form, this metabolite... 2'-C-methylcytidine A nucleoside analog with anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activity. Upon phosphorylation into its 5-triphosphate form, this metabolite inhibits viral RNA chain elongation and viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity. This blocks... Trabodenoson Trabodenoson has been used in trials studying the treatment of Ocular Hypertension (OHT) and Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG). S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine 5'-S-(3-Amino-3-carboxypropyl)-5'-thioadenosine. Formed from S-adenosylmethionine after transmethylation reactions. Brivudine Brivudine is used in the treatment of herpes zoster. Although not approved in the U.S. or Canada, it is approved in several European countries. Lumicitabine Lumicitabine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03010059 (A Study to Assess the Relative Bioavailability of JNJ64041575 Administered as 2 Different New Concept Formulations (Oral Suspension and Tablet) Compared to... AZD-8848 AZD-8848 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01818869 (To Assess the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Multiple Doses AZD8848 in Healthy Subjects). Alovudine F-18 Alovudine F-18 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02819024 (Dexamethasone Effects in Patients With Refractory Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Using FLT Positron Emission Tomography). KRN-5500 KRN-5500 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00002923 (KRN5500 in Treating Patients With Metastatic Solid Tumors). Fialuridine Fialuridine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01337466 (Biodistribution and Dosimetry Evaluation of [124I]FIAU). Adafosbuvir Adafosbuvir is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02894905 (A Study to Evaluate the Effect of Renal Impairment on the Pharmacokinetics of AL-335). Uprifosbuvir Uprifosbuvir is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02332707 (Efficacy and Safety of Grazoprevir (MK-5172) and Uprifosbuvir (MK-3682) With Elbasvir (MK-8742) or Ruzasvir (MK-8408) for Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype (GT)1 and... CYC-065 CYC-065 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03739554 (CYC065 CDK Inhibitor and Venetoclax Study in Relapsed/Refractory CLL). Zidovudine monophosphate Not Available 5'-O-(N-(Alanyl)sulfamoyl)adenosine Not Available Zidovudine diphosphate Not Available 3-Deazaadenosine Not Available N(6)-dimethylallyladenine Not Available Dichlororibofuranosylbenzimidazole Not Available Islatravir Islatravir is under investigation in clinical trial NCT04233216 (Doravirine/islatravir (DOR/ISL) in Heavily Treatment-experienced (HTE) Participants for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Infection (MK-8591A-019)). N4-Hydroxycytidine A cytidine analog being investigated to treat COVID-19. 8-Chloroadenosine 8-Chloroadenosine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02509546 (8-chloroadenosine in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia). Fluorocyclopentenylcytosine Fluorocyclopentenylcytosine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03189914 (RX-3117 in Combination With Abraxane® in Subjects With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer). Selodenoson Selodenoson is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00040001 (Safety and Efficacy Study of an A1-adenosine Receptor Agonist to Slow Heart Rate in Atrial Fibrillation). Azvudine Azvudine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT04668235 (Study on Safety and Clinical Efficacy of AZVUDINE in COVID-19 Patients (Sars-cov-2 Infected)). Bentracimab Bentracimab is under investigation in clinical trial NCT04286438 (Bentracimab (PB2452) in Ticagrelor-treated Patients With Uncontrolled Major or Life-threatening Bleeding or Requiring Urgent Surgery or Invasive Procedure).
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