Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Substrates
- Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Substrates
- Accession Number
Drug Drug Description Celecoxib An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, menstrual symptoms, and to reduce polyps is familial adenomatous polyposis. Zafirlukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used for prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma. Diclofenac An NSAID used to treat the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Losartan An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension and diabetic nephropathy, and is used to reduce the risk of stroke. Irbesartan An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension, delay progression of diabetic nephropathy, and treat congestive heart failure. Ibuprofen An NSAID and non-selective COX inhibitor used to treat mild-moderate pain, fever, and inflammation. Glipizide A sulfonylurea medication used in Type 2 Diabetes to sensitize pancreatic beta cells and stimulate insulin release. Fluvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Torasemide A diuretic used to treat hypertension and edema associated with heart failure, renal failure, or liver disease. Phenytoin An anticonvulsant drug used in the prophylaxis and control of various types of seizures. Rosiglitazone A thiazolidinedione indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to maintain glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Glyburide A sulfonylurea used in the treatment of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Naproxen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, acute gout, primary dysmenorrhea, and mild to moderate pain. Piroxicam An NSAID used to treat the symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Acenocoumarol An anticoagulant drug used in the prevention of thromboembolic diseases in infarction and transient ischemic attacks, as well as management of deep vein thrombosis and myocardial infarction. Phenprocoumon An anticoagulant drug used for the prevention of thrombosis. (S)-Warfarin Warfarin consists of a racemic mixture of two active enantiomers—R- and S- forms—each of which is cleared by different pathways. S-warfarin is 2-5 times more potent than the R-isomer in... Fluindione Fluindione is under investigation for the treatment of Venous Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, Permanent Atrial Fibrillation, and Anticoagulating Treatment on a Duration at Least 12-month-old Superior. Fluindione has been investigated for... Lynestrenol A progestin used for contraception and in the treatment of menstrual disorders. Etravirine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) used in the treatment of HIV-1 infections in combination with other antiretroviral agents. Progesterone A hormone used for a variety of functions, including contraception, control of abnormal uterine bleeding, maintenance of pregnancy, and prevention of endometrial hyperplasia. Voriconazole A triazole compound used to treat fungal infections. Dicoumarol For decreasing blood clotting. Often used along with heparin for treatment of deep vein thrombosis. Phenylbutazone An NSAID used to treat backache and ankylosing spondylitis. Vortioxetine A serotonin modulating antidepressant indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Apixaban An anticoagulant used for the prophylaxis of stroke and systemic embolism in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, and deep vein thrombosis(DVT) leading to pulmonary embolism(PE), including in patients after a hip or knee replacement surgery. Chlorpropamide A sulfonylurea used in the treatment of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Tolazamide A sulfonylurea used in the treatment of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Gliclazide A sulfonylurea used to treat hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Glimepiride A sulfonylurea drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. Acetohexamide Used in the management of diabetes mellitus type 2 (adult-onset). Gliquidone A sulfonylurea drug used in the management of diabetes mellitus type 2. Glisoxepide For the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2. Glibornuride Glibornuride is a sulfonylurea-type anti-diabetic drug. Carbutamide Not Annotated Metahexamide Not Annotated (R)-warfarin Warfarin consists of a racemic mixture of two active enantiomers—R- and S- forms—each of which is cleared by different pathways. S-warfarin is 2-5 times more potent than the R-isomer in... Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Fosphenytoin An antiepileptic agent used for the management of generalized convulsive status epilepticus and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during neurosurgery. Enzalutamide A second-generation androgen receptor inhibitor used to treat castration-resistant prostate cancer and metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer. Lansoprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Omeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to treat GERD associated conditions such as heartburn and gastric acid hypersecretion, and to promote healing of tissue damage and ulcers caused by gastric acid and H. pylori infection. Alprazolam A triazolobenzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders and generalized anxiety in addition to anxiety associated with depression. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Rosuvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Cinnarizine A drug used for the management of labyrinthine disorder symptoms, including vertigo, tinnitus, nystagmus, nausea, and vomiting. Trimethadione An anticonvulsant agent indicated for the control of treatment-refractory petit mal seizures. Bexarotene A retinoid drug used for cutaneous manifestations of T-cell lymphoma in patients who have not responded well to previous systemic therapy. Bosentan A dual endothelin receptor antagonist used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension. Propacetamol Propacetamol is a paracetamol prodrug of intravenous administration used to control fever and pain of perioperative period in multimodal analgesia therapy. Lacosamide An antiepileptic drug used to treat partial onset seizures in adults. Primidone An antiepileptic used to treat grand mal, psychomotor, and focal epileptic seizures. Sildenafil A phosphodiesterase inhibitor used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Dapsone A sulfone drug used to treat acne vulgaris, Hansen's disease, and dermatitis herpetiformis. Hydromorphone An opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain when the use of an opioid is indicated. Tenoxicam An anti inflammatory analgesic used to treat mild to moderate pain as well as the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Dronabinol A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. Montelukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used as part of an asthma therapy regimen, to prevent exercise induced bronchoconstriction, and to treat seasonal allergic rhinitis. Valdecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor used to treat osteoarthritis and dysmenorrhoea. Paramethadione Used for the control of absence (petit mal) seizures that are refractory to treatment with other medications. Tamoxifen A selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer following surgery, or reduce the risk of breast cancer in high risk women. Warfarin A vitamin K antagonist used to treat venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, thromboembolism with atrial fibrillation, thromboembolism with cardiac valve replacement, and thromboembolic events post myocardial infarction. Flurbiprofen An NSAID used to treat the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Nateglinide A meglitinide used to treat non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Zileuton A leukotriene synthesis inhibitor used in the prophylaxis and treatment of chronic asthma. Etodolac An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as acute pain. Mefenamic acid An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain for no more than a week, and primary dysmenorrhea. Meloxicam An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis in adults, rheumatoid arthritis in adults, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in pediatrics. Suprofen An NSAID used to prevent pupil constriction in ocular surgery. Formoterol An inhaled long-acting beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist used as a bronchodilator in the management of asthma and COPD. Sulfamethoxazole An oral sulfonamide antibiotic, given in combination with trimethoprim, used to treat a variety of infections of the urinary tract, respiratory system, and gastrointestinal tract. Sertraline A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) indicated to treat major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder and many other psychiatric conditions. Carvedilol A non selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used to treat mild to severe chronic heart failure, hypertension, and left ventricular dysfunction following myocardial infarction in clinically stable patients. Lumiracoxib For the acute and chronic treatment of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee in adults. Alosetron A 5-HT3 antagonist used to treat diarrhea-predominant IBS. Mephenytoin A phenylhydantoin used to treat refractory partial epilepsy. Melatonin An endogenous hormone produced by the pineal gland that regulates sleep-wake cycles and when provided exogenously has beneficial effects on sleep-onset latency; available as an over-the-counter supplement. Candesartan cilexetil An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension, systolic hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and delay progression of diabetic nephropathy. Atazanavir An antiviral protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Ifosfamide An alkylating and immunosuppressive agent used in chemotherapy for the treatment of cancers, including testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, osteocarcinoma, bladder cancer, small cell lung cancer, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Imatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat a number of leukemias, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, systemic mastocytosis, hypereosinophilic syndrome, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Quinine An alkaloid used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Doxepin A psychotropic agent used for the treatment of depression, anxiety, manic-depressive disorder, and insomnia. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Arachidonic Acid A natural fatty acid that plays an essential role in physiological homeostases, such as repair and growth of cells. Phenobarbital A long-lasting barbiturate and anticonvulsant used in the treatment of all types of seizures, except for absent seizures. Clozapine An atypical or second-generation antipsychotic drug used in treatment-resistant schizophrenia and to decrease suicide risk in schizophrenic patients. Diazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. Mestranol A synthetic estradiol found in oral contraceptive pills for contraception and the treatment of other conditions in the female reproductive system, such as dysmenorrhea and dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Cyclophosphamide A nitrogen mustard used to treat lymphomas, myelomas, leukemia, mycosis fungoides, neuroblastoma, ovarian adenocarcinoma, retinoblastoma, and breast carcinoma. Hexobarbital For the induction of anesthesia prior to the use of other general anesthetic agents and for induction of anesthesia for short surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures associated with minimal painful... Antipyrine An antipyretic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of acute otitis media, most commonly in combination with benzocaine. Valsartan An angiotensin-receptor blocker used to manage hypertension alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents and to manage heart failure in patients who are intolerant to ACE inhibitors. Bortezomib A proteasome inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have not been successfully treated with at least two previous therapies. Thalidomide A medication used to treat cancers, particularly newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, and erythema nodosum leprosum. Trabectedin An alkylating agent approved for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma). Venlafaxine A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of major depression, generalized or social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder. Terbinafine An allylamine antifungal used to treat dermatophyte infections of toenails and fingernails as well as other fungal skin infections. Nevirapine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used as part of a management regimen for HIV-1 virus infection. Vicriviroc Investigated for use/treatment in HIV infection and viral infection. Azelastine A histamine H1-receptor antagonist used intranasally to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis and in an ophthalmic solution to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Flunarizine A selective calcium-entry blocker used as migraine prophylaxis in patients with severe and frequent episodes who have not responded adequately to more common treatments. Diphenhydramine A H1 receptor antihistamine used in the treatment of seasonal allergies, and various allergic reactions including sneezing, runny nose, itchy/watery eyes, itching of nose or throat, pruritus, urticaria, insect bites/stings, and allergic rashes. Lornoxicam An NSAID indicated in the treatment of mild to moderate pain, as well as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Ketamine A rapid-acting general anesthetic and NMDA receptor antagonist used for induction of anesthesia diagnostic and surgical procedures typically in combination with a muscle relaxant. Trimethoprim An antifolate antibiotic often used in combination with sulfamethoxazole to treat a number of infections, including those of the urinary tract, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract. Zopiclone A nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic used for the short-term management of insomnia. Leflunomide A pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor indicated to treat rheumatoid arthritis. Sitaxentan Investigated for use/treatment in pulmonary hypertension, connective tissue diseases, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. Aminophenazone An analgesic drug used to treat acute migraine attacks in combination with ergotamine and caffeine. Eletriptan A triptan used for the treatment of migraines. Clopidogrel An antiplatelet agent used to prevent blood clots in peripheral vascular disease, coronary artery disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Donepezil An acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used to treat the behavioral and cognitive effects of Alzheimer's Disease and other types of dementia. Verapamil A non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of angina, arrhythmia, and hypertension. Zolpidem A sedative hypnotic used for the short-term treatment of insomnia to improve sleep latency. Tolterodine A muscarinic receptor antagonist used to treat overactive bladder with urinary incontinence, urgency, and frequency. Indomethacin A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) used for symptomatic management of chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions and to induce closure of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants. Salicylic acid An acid used to treat acne, psoriasis, calluses, corns, keratosis pilaris, and warts. Etoricoxib A selective COX-2 inhibitor used to relieve moderate post-surgical dental pain as a short-term treatment and inflammatory and painful symptoms of various forms of arthritis. Buprenorphine A partial opioid agonist used for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Propofol A medication used in general anesthesia and for sedation. Caffeine A stimulant present in tea, coffee, cola beverages, analgesic drugs, and agents used to increase alertness. It is also used in to prevent and treat pulmonary complications of premature birth. Dextromethorphan An NMDA receptor antagonist used to treat cases of dry cough. Ketoprofen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, dysmenorrhea, mild to moderate muscle pain, postoperative pain, and postpartum pain. Licofelone For the management of osteoarthritis. Zaltoprofen A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for use in Japan in 1993. Seratrodast Seratrodast (INN) is a thromboxane receptor antagonist used primarily in the treatment of asthma. Ketobemidone For the treatment of all types of severe pain, such as postoperative, cancer, kidney stones and fractures. Aceclofenac Aceclofenac is indicated for the relief of pain and inflammation in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Artemether An antimalarial agent used in combination with lumefantrine for the treatment of acute uncomplicated malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum. Acetylsalicylic acid A salicylate used to treat pain, fever, inflammation, migraines, and reducing the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events. Amprenavir A protease inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Bupropion A norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), seasonal affective disorder (SAD), and as an aid to smoking cessation. Diltiazem A calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension and to manage chronic stable angina. Dolasetron An antinauseant and antiemetic used in chemotherapy and postoperatively. Dorzolamide A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used to treat high intraocular pressure in ocular hypertension and open angle glaucoma. Estradiol An estrogenic steroid used to treat vasomotor symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy in menopause, hypoestrogenism, prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment of breast cancer, and advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate. Estrone An estrogen used to treat perimenopausal and postmenopausal symptoms. Flunitrazepam A benzodiazepine used to manage anxiety disorders and insomnia. Haloperidol An antipsychotic agent used to treat schizophrenia and other psychoses, as well as symptoms of agitation, irritability, and delirium. Halothane A general inhalation anesthetic used for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. Idarubicin An anthracycline antineoplastic agent used to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults. Lidocaine A local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures. Methadone An opioid analgesic indicated for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used to aid in detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Methoxyflurane For use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia Moclobemide A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Nicotine A stimulatory alkaloid found in tobacco products that is often used for the relief of nicotine withdrawal symptoms and as an aid to smoking cessation. Ondansetron A serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used to prevent nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy and postoperatively. Perphenazine A phenothiazine used to treat schizophrenia as well as nausea and vomiting. Phenacetin Used principally as an analgesic. Pioglitazone A thiazolidinedione used adjunctively with diet and exercise to normalize glycemic levels in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Proguanil A medication indicated for prophylaxis and treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Quazepam A long -acting benzodiazepine used to manage insomnia. Rofecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, primary dysmenorrhea, and migraine attacks. Selegiline A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder and Parkinson's. Temazepam A short-acting benzodiazepine commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, and insomnia. Testosterone A hormone used to treat hypogonadism, breast carcinoma in women, or the vasomotor symptoms of menopause. Trimipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used to treat depression. Troglitazone For the treatment of Type II diabetes mellitus. It is used alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea, metformin, or insulin as an adjunct to diet and exercise. Zidovudine A dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection. Tretinoin A vitamin A derivative used to treat acne vulgaris, certain types of promyelocytic leukemia, and fine wrinkles. Arformoterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for long-term, symptomatic treatment of reversible bronchoconstriction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Promazine A phenothiazine used to manage schizophrenia. Indisulam Investigated for use/treatment in lung cancer. Niclosamide An anthelmintic indicated in the treatment of beef, pork, fish, and dwarf tapeworm infections in adults and children. Thiamylal Used for the production of complete anaesthesia of short duration, for the induction of general anaesthesia, and for inducing a hypnotic state. Vismodegib A hedgehog pathway inhibitor used to treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma. Treprostinil A prostacyclin vasodilator for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension to relieve exercise associated symptoms and to prevent clinical deterioration after stopping epoprostenol. Tapentadol An opioid used to manage severe pain that has not responded to non-opioid medications, and for which opioid analgesic therapy is appropriate. Prasugrel A P2Y12 platelet inhibitor used to reduce risk of thrombotic cardiovascular events in unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and in patients with STEMI when managed with either primary or delayed PCI. Pitavastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Cabozantinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and medullary thyroid cancer. Ospemifene A non-hormonal estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) used to treat moderate to severe dyspareunia, a symptom of vulvar and vaginal atrophy, due to menopause. Dapagliflozin A sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Netupitant An antiemetic agent used in combination with palonosetron to prevent acute and delayed vomiting and nausea caused by chemotherapy. Olodaterol A long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist used in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. Parecoxib A selective COX-2 inhibitor and NSAID used for the short-term management of perioperative pain. Ixazomib A monoclonal antibody used with other medications to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have received one other therapy already. Lesinurad A uric acid 1 transporter inhibitor typically used in combination with a xanthine oxidase inhibitor to treat hyperuricemia associated with gout in patients with inadequate control of uric acid levels with xanthine oxidase inhibitor monotherapy. Brivaracetam An anticonvulsant used for the treatment of partial-onset seizures that functions by binding to synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A (SV2A) in the brain. Doconexent An omega 3 fatty acid used in a variety of nutritional supplements to support central nervous system and cardiovascular health. Rupatadine A selective histamine H1 receptor antagonist and platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonist used to treat allergic rhinitis. Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Candesartan An angiotensin-receptor blocker indicated in the treatment of hypertension. Cannabidiol An active cannabinoid used as an adjunctive treatment for the management of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome and symptomatic relief of moderate to severe neuropathic pain or other painful conditions, like cancer. Testosterone cypionate An androgen used to treat low or absent testosterone. Testosterone enanthate An androgen used to treat low or absent testosterone. Testosterone undecanoate An androgen indicated for testosterone replacement therapy in adult males with primary hypogonadism and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Estradiol acetate An estrogen used to treat vasomotor symptoms and moderate to severe vulvar and vaginal atrophy from menopause. Estradiol benzoate An estrogen indicated in combination with progesterone for the treatment of irregular menstruation. Estradiol cypionate An estradiol prodrug used to treat vasomotor symptoms and hypoestrogenisms from hypogonadism. Estradiol dienanthate An estrogen used in some combined hormonal oral contraceptives. Estradiol valerate An estradiol prodrug used to treat some effects of menopause, hypoestrogenism, androgen dependant carcinoma of the prostate, and in combination products for endometriosis and contraception. Piperaquine For the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection in adults, children, and infants aged 6 months and up weighing over 5 kg [FDA Label]. Used in combination with DB11638. Asunaprevir An NS3 protease inhibitor used to treat hepatitis C genotype 1b. Nabiximols In Canada, Sativex has received a Notice of Compliance (NOC) for use as an as adjunctive treatment for symptomatic relief of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have... Bioallethrin Bioallethrin was used for lice and scabies infestation. Other pyrethroids are now used in place of bioallethrin. Medical Cannabis The use of the plant species Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, popularly known as marijuana, has gained popularity in recent years for the management of a wide variety of medical... Estrone sulfate An estrogen used as monotherapy or in several combination hormone replacement products for managing menopause symptoms and hormone disorders. Ramelteon A melatonin receptor agonist used to treat insomnia. Ximelagatran For the treatment of acute deep vein thrombosis. Tolbutamide A sulfonylurea used to treat hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Coumarin Not Available Dacomitinib A medication used to treat non small cell lung cancer with EGFR exon 19 deletion of exon 21 L858R substitution. Tranilast For the treatment of bronchial asthma, keloid and hypertrophic scar, and allergic disorders such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis. Triclabendazole An anthelmintic drug used to treat fascioliasis. Esketamine A NMDA receptor antagonist used for treatment-resistant depression. Desogestrel A synthetic progestin used in contraception, often in combination with ethinyl estradiol. Siponimod A medication used to treat relapsing multiple sclerosis. Erdafitinib A fibroblast growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Duloxetine A serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, and stress incontinence. Nabumetone An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Doxazosin An alpha-1 adrenergic receptor used to treat mild to moderate hypertension and urinary obstruction due to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Istradefylline A selective adenoside A2A receptor antagonist indicated in adjunct to levodopa and carbidopa for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease. Dexibuprofen A pharmacologically active enantiomer of racemic ibuprofen (NSAID) used to treat pain and inflammation. Ketorolac An NSAID used to treat moderate to severe pain, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, menstrual disorders, and headaches. Loratadine A second generation antihistamine used to manage the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Dexloxiglumide For the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Capravirine Investigated for use/treatment in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and aids-related infections and HIV infection. Trifarotene A topical retinoid indicated for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Voxelotor A drug used to inhibit the polymerization of hemoglobin S, preventing the painful and sometimes lethal vaso-occlusive crises associated with sickle cell disease. Avapritinib A selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor being investigated for the treatment of multidrug resistant gastrointestinal tumors. Norgestimate A progesterone used as a contraceptive and to treat acne vulgaris. Ethinylestradiol An estradiol used as a contraceptive. Rimegepant An oral CGRP receptor antagonist used for the acute treatment of migraines with or without aura in adults. Umifenovir A dual direct-acting antiviral/host-targeting agent used in the treatment and prophylaxis of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Selumetinib A MEK 1/2 inhibitor used in pediatric patients to treat neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) accompanied by symptomatic, inoperable plexiform neurofibromas (PN). Capecitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated to treat different gastrointestinal and breast cancer. Fenfluramine Fenfluramine is a phenethylamine that is structurally similar to serotonin. Due to its ability to increase extracellular serotonin levels, modulate serotonergic and other neurologic receptors, and control neurotransmission, it is effective in treating pharmacoresistant seizures. Oliceridine A biased opioid agonist indicated for the management of severe acute pain in adult patients. Through preferential activation of G-protein-coupled signalling pathways, oliceridine provides analgesic effect with a comparable or improved safety profile over conventional opioid agonists. Lonafarnib A potent farnesyl transferase inhibitor used to reduce mortality associated with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and other progeroid laminopathies. Pirfenidone An agent used for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Umbralisib A kinase inhibitor used to treat rare forms of refractory lymphoma. Ruxolitinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat various types of myelofibrosis, polycythemia vera in patients who have not responded to or cannot tolerate hydroxyurea, and to treat graft-versus-host disease in cases that are refractory to steroid treatment. Febuxostat A xanthine oxidase inhibitor used for the management of chronic hyperuricemia in adults with gout who have an inadequate response or intolerance to allopurinol. Avanafil A phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitor used to treat erectile dysfunction. Azilsartan medoxomil An angiotensin II receptor blocker used to treat hypertension alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents, such as chlorthalidone. Glycopyrronium An anticholinergic agent used to treat hyperhidrosis, severe drooling, COPD, used with other medications to treat ulcers, and used in anesthesia. Macitentan An endothelin receptor antagonist used to manage pulmonary arterial hypertension to delay disease progression. Abrocitinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in adults. Mitapivat A pyruvate kinase activator used to treat hemolytic anemia in adults with pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency. Nabilone A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. Cannabinol Cannabinol (CBN) is a physiologically inactive constituent of Cannabis sativa. Mavacamten A myosin inhibitor used to treat obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Tapinarof A therapeutic aryl hydrocarbon receptor-modulating agent (TAMA) indicated for the treatment of adult psoriasis. Dabrafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Futibatinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in previously treated adults. Linzagolix A selective gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor antagonist used for the symptomatic treatment of uterine fibroids. Vonoprazan A potassium-competitive acid blocker used in the treatment of acid-related disorders and as an adjunct to Helicobacter pylori eradication. Olutasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) inhibitor indicated for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with a susceptible IDH1 mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. Adagrasib A KRAS inhibitor indicated for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic KRAS G12C-mutated non-small cell lung cancer in patients who have received at least one prior systemic therapy.
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