- Serotonin Agents
- Accession Number
Drugs used for their effects on serotonergic systems. Among these are drugs that affect serotonin receptors, the life cycle of serotonin, and the survival of serotonergic neurons.
Drug Drug Description Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Citalopram A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used in the treatment of depression. Eletriptan A triptan used for the treatment of migraines. Ziprasidone An atypical antipsychotic used to manage schizophrenia, bipolar mania, and agitation in patients with schizophrenia. Methysergide An ergot alkaloid used for the prophylaxis of migraine and cluster headaches. Zolmitriptan A member of the triptan class of 5-HT(1B/1D/1F) receptor agonist drugs used for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults. Olanzapine An antipsychotic drug used in the management of schizophrenia, bipolar 1 disorder, and agitation associated with these disorders. Clozapine An atypical or second-generation antipsychotic drug used in treatment-resistant schizophrenia and to decrease suicide risk in schizophrenic patients. Palonosetron A serotonin antagonist used in the prophylaxis or management of vomiting that results from emetogenic chemotherapy, and for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Cyproheptadine A combined serotonin and histamine antagonist used in the treatment of allergic symptoms, for appetite stimulation, and off-label in the treatment of serotonin syndrome. Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Amoxapine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of neurotic or reactive depressive disorders and endogenous or psychotic depression. Fenfluramine Fenfluramine is a phenethylamine that is structurally similar to serotonin. Due to its ability to increase extracellular serotonin levels, modulate serotonergic and other neurologic receptors, and control neurotransmission, it is effective in treating pharmacoresistant seizures. Lisuride For the management of Parkinson's Disease Trazodone A serotonin uptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Sumatriptan A serotonin receptor agonist used to treat migraines and cluster headaches. Ergotamine An alpha-1 selective adrenergic agonist vasoconstrictor used to treat migraines with or without aura and cluster headaches. Paroxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, panic disorder, OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, the vasomotor symptoms of menopause, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Risperidone A second-generation antipsychotic medication used to treat a number of mental health disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar mania, psychosis, or as an adjunct in severe depression. Dolasetron An antinauseant and antiemetic used in chemotherapy and postoperatively. Granisetron A 5HT3 antagonist used to treat nausea and vomiting in cancer therapy and postoperatively. Ondansetron A serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used to prevent nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy and postoperatively. Almotriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Naratriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Rizatriptan A triptan used to treat migraines with or without aura. Pindolol A beta adrenoceptor antagonist used to treat hypertension, edema, ventricular tachycardias, and atrial fibrillation. Alosetron A 5-HT3 antagonist used to treat diarrhea-predominant IBS. Frovatriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Sertraline A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) indicated to treat major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder and many other psychiatric conditions. Escitalopram A selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and other select psychiatric disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Clomipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component, such as depression, schizophrenia, and Tourette’s disorder. Paliperidone An atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other schizoaffective or delusional disorders. Midomafetamine Clinical trials are now testing the therapeutic potential of MDMA for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety associated with terminal cancer. MDMA is one of the four most widely used... 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine Not Available Dimethyltryptamine Some people use this compound as a psychedelic inducing agent. Lysergic acid diethylamide Debate continues over the nature and causes of chronic flashbacks. Explanations in terms of LSD physically remaining in the body for months or years after consumption have been discounted by... Zimelidine For the treatment of depression. Milnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of fibromyalgia and a short-term treatment of major depressive disorder. Renzapride For the treatment of constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C). APD791 For the treatment and prophylaxis of arterial thrombosis. Naronapride Investigated for use/treatment in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and gastroparesis. Naluzotan Investigated for use/treatment in anxiety disorders and depression. YKP-1358 Investigated for use/treatment in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. Mianserin A tetracyclic antidepressant with therapeutic activity similar to amitriptyline used to treat depression and anxiety. Pizotifen A serotonin and tryptamine antagonist indicated for migraine prophylaxis. Dotarizine A calcium antagonist used to treat and prevent migraines. Deramciclane Investigated for use/treatment in anxiety disorders. Vilazodone An antidepressant agent used for the treatment of major depressive disorder that targets the 5-HT transporter and 5-HT1A receptors. Lurasidone An atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and depressive episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. Serotonin For temporary relief of nervousness, anxiety, mood swings, joint pains, weakness, drowsiness, itching and lethargy. Not evaluated by the FDA, homeopathic product. Levomilnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults. Amperozide Amperozide is a diphenylbutylpiperazine atypical antipsychotic which antagonizes 5-HT2A receptors. It inhibits dopamine release and alters the firing of dopaminergic neurons. Investigations regarding the use of the agent revolved primarily... Indalpine Indalpine was one of the first selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors to reach the American market. It was initially marketed by Pharmuka. However, after the emergence of widespread concern regarding adverse... Vortioxetine A serotonin modulating antidepressant indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Brexpiprazole A serotonin–dopamine activity modulator used in the treatment of major depressive disorder as an adjunct, schizophrenia, and agitation associated with dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease. Pipamperone Treatment of chronic psychoses and states of aggressiveness of various origins . Ramosetron A selective 5-HT3 antagonist used as an antiemetic for chemotherapy- and postoperative-associated nausea and vomiting. It may also possess efficacy in irritable bowel syndrome. Mosapride A prokinetic 5-HT4 receptor agonist used to stimulate gastric motility. Tropisetron A 5HT-3 receptor antagonist used as an antiemetic in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. m-Chlorophenylpiperazine m-Chlorophenylpiperazine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Alcoholism. MK-212 MK-212 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Alcoholism. Sarpogrelate Sarpogrelate has been investigated for the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Nephropathy, Coronary Artery Disease, and Renal Insufficiency, Chronic. Eplivanserin Eplivanserin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Sleep, Insomnia, Chronic Pain, Fibromyalgia, and Primary Insomnia, among others. Gepirone Gepirone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cocaine-Related Disorders. Piclozotan Piclozotan has been investigated for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease. Ketanserin Ketanserin has been investigated for the treatment of Septic Shock, Severe Sepsis, and Diabetic Foot Ulcer. Urapidil A combination adrenergic antagonist and serotonin agonist given orally for the treatment of essential hypertension and intravenously in hypertensive emergencies. Ritanserin Ritanserin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cocaine-Related Disorders. Tandospirone Tandospirone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Schizophrenia. Eltoprazine Eltoprazine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Schizophrenia and Cognitive Impairment. Alaproclate Alaproclate was developed as one of the first selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants by Astra AB (now AstraZeneca) in the 1970s. Development was discontinued due to concerns over hepatotoxicity... Metergoline An ergot-derivative that acts as an antagonist at certain 5-HT receptor subtypes and as an agonist at dopamine receptors. It is often used in situations where inhibition of prolactin is desirable. Iprazochrome Not Annotated Naftidrofuryl A peripheral vasodilator indicated in the treatment of chronic venous ulcers. Wortmannin Wortmannin is a steroid metabolite of Penicillium funiculosum and Talaromyces wortmannii fungi. This drug acts as a nonspecific, covalent inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase enzymes (PI3Ks). Meperidine An opioid agonist with analgesic and sedative properties used to manage severe pain. Tramadol A centrally-acting opioid agonist and SNRI (serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) used for the management of moderate to severe pain in adults. Dextromethorphan An NMDA receptor antagonist used to treat cases of dry cough. Methadone An opioid analgesic indicated for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used to aid in detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Tenamfetamine An amphetamine derivative that inhibits uptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters. It is a hallucinogen. It is less toxic than its methylated derivative but in sufficient doses may still destroy serotonergic neurons... Dihydroergotamine An ergot alkaloid used in the acute treatment of migraine headache and cluster headache. Cabergoline A dopamine receptor agonist used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemic conditions due to various causes. Flibanserin A 5-HT receptor modulator used for the treatment of selected premenopausal women with acquired, generalized hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). Rotigotine A non-selective dopamine agonist used for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease and Restless Leg Syndrome. Cinitapride A benzamide with gastroprokinetic and antiemetic properties typically used for the treatment of gastrointestinal motility disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), non-ulcer dyspepsia, and delayed gastric emptying. Cariprazine An atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and acute manic or mixed episodes due to bipolar I disorder. 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) is a tryptamine with psychedelic properties. It is found in a wide variety of plant species, and a single psychoactive toad species, the Colorado River toad. This drug,... Tetrahydrocannabivarin THCV does not currently have any FDA, Health Canada, or EMA approved indications. Pergolide A long-acting dopamine agonist that is uncommonly used for the management of Parkinson's disease, due to the risk for cardiac valvulopathy. Bromocriptine A dopamine D2 receptor agonist used for the treatment of galactorrhea due to hyperprolactinemia and other prolactin-related conditions, as well as in early Parkinsonian Syndrome. MMDA MMDA is a recreational drug. It has no current medical uses and is a Schedule I controlled substance in the USA at present. Trimipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used to treat depression. 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylthioamphetamine 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylthioamphetamine (ALEPH-2) is a phenylisopropylamine derivative with alleged anxiolytic and hallucinogenic properties. N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-2,5-dimethoxy-4-cyanophenylethylamine 25CN-NBOH (N-(2-hydroxybenzyl)-2,5-dimethoxy-4-cyanophenylethylamine) is a newly developed selective 5-HT2A agonist. It has been tested with regard to the head-twitch-response (HTR) model of 5-HT2A activity and effects on locomotion . It was... Etoperidone Etoperidone has been studied for the treatment of depression , tremors in Parkinson, extrapyramidal symptoms and male impotence . It is not certain if it was ever approved and marketed... Lofexidine A centrally acting alpha2-adrenergic agonist used for the symptomatic treatment of acute opioid withdrawal syndrome to facilitate abrupt opioid discontinuation in adults. Felcisetrag Felcisetrag (TD-8954) has been used in trials studying the treatment of Enteral Feeding Intolerance and Gastrointestinal Motility Disorder. Lorcaserin A serotonin 2C receptor agonist used in conjunction with physical activity and calorie restriction for weight loss in obese patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and above, and in overweight patients with weight-related comorbidities. Vabicaserin Vabicaserin has been used in trials studying the health services research and treatment of Schizophrenia. Cannabidiol An active cannabinoid used as an adjunctive treatment for the management of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome and symptomatic relief of moderate to severe neuropathic pain or other painful conditions, like cancer. Iferanserin Iferanserin has been investigated for the treatment of Hemorrhoids. Idalopirdine Idalopirdine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cognition, Schizophrenia, and Alzheimer's Disease. Cerlapirdine Cerlapirdine has been investigated for the treatment of Alzheimer Disease. Cilansetron For the treatment of symptoms associated with irritable bowel syndrome. Triflupromazine Used mainly in the management of psychoses. Also used to control nausea and vomiting. Chlorprothixene A thioxanthene antipsychotic. Doxepin A psychotropic agent used for the treatment of depression, anxiety, manic-depressive disorder, and insomnia. Yohimbine An alpha-2-adrenergic blocker and sympatholytic found in supplements used to. PRX-08066 Investigated for use/treatment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pulmonary hypertension. Mirtazapine A tetracyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of major depression and is used off-label as a drug for insomnia and to increase appetite. Nefazodone An antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Quetiapine A psychotropic agent used for the management of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and major depressive disorder. Promazine A phenothiazine used to manage schizophrenia. Chlorpromazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat nausea, vomiting, preoperative anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe behavioral problems in children. Thioridazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and generalized anxiety disorder. Propiomazine Propiomazine is largely used for its antihistamininc sleep inducing effects in treating insomnia. Mesoridazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia, organic brain disorders, alcoholism, and psychoneuroses. Aripiprazole An atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of a wide variety of mood and psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar I, major depressive disorder, irritability associated with autism, and Tourette's syndrome. Epinastine An H1 receptor antagonist used to prevent itching in allergic conjunctivitis. Sertindole An atypical antipsychotic indicated in the treatment of schizophrenia. Iloperidone An atypical antipsychotic agent used for the acute treatment of schizophrenia in adults. Flupentixol A thioxanthene neuroleptic used to treat schizophrenia and depression. Methotrimeprazine A phenothiazine used in the management of psychosis, particular those of schizophrenia, and manic phases of bipolar disorder. Zuclopenthixol An antipsychotic indicated for the management of schizophrenia. The acuphase formulation is indicated for initial treatment of acute psychosis or exacerbation of psychosis, while the depot formulation is best for maintenance. Loxapine A antipsychotic used for the treatment of schizophrenia. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Desipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis. Nortriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Fluspirilene An antipsychotic agent used in the treatment of schizophrenia. Acepromazine Acepromazine was first used in humans in the 1950s as an antipsychotic agent. It is now rarely used in humans. Acepromazine is frequently used in animals as a sedative and... Thioproperazine An antipsychotic indicated for the management of acute and chronic schizophrenia, including cases that are refractory to more common neuroleptics. May also be used to treat manic syndromes. Butriptyline Butriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant which has been used in Europe since 1974. It is the isobutyl side chain homologue of amitriptyline. Blonanserin Used for the treatment of schizophrenia . Zotepine Zotepine, like other atypical antipsychotics, is considered as the first-line treatment in newly diagnosed schizophrenia. It is usually thought to be an option of choice for managing acute schizophrenic episodes... Agomelatine Agomelatine is indicated to treat major depressive episodes in adults. Captodiame Captodiame is indicated for the treatment of anxiety. Alprenolol For the treatment of hypertension, angina, and arrhythmia Alverine A smooth muscle relaxant used to relieve abdominal pain associated with gastrointestinal conditions like heartburn, flatulence, and Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Penbutolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of mild to moderate arterial hypertension, alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents. Pirlindole For the treatment of major depression. It is being studied in the treatment of fibromyalgia pain syndrome. One study determined that the effect of pirlindole on sensorimotor performance while driving... Aripiprazole lauroxil An antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia in adults. Venlafaxine A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of major depression, generalized or social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder. Protriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant that is indicated in the treatment of depression only under close clinical supervision. Duloxetine A serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, and stress incontinence. Linezolid An oxazolidinone antibiotic used to treat infections by susceptible strains of aerobic Gram-positive bacteria. Tranylcypromine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Phenelzine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat atypical, nonendogenous, or neurotic depression. Fentanyl An opioid analgesic used in anesthesia, for breakthrough cancer pain, or round the clock pain management. Maprotiline A tetracyclic antidepressant used to treat depressive illness, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and anxiety associated with depression. Selegiline A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder and Parkinson's. Ergoloid mesylate A nootropic with an unknown mechanism of action indicated in individuals over sixty who manifest signs and symptoms of an idiopathic decline in mental capacity. Procarbazine An antineoplastic agent indicated for the treatment of stage III and stage IV Hodgkin's disease in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents. Moclobemide A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Isocarboxazid A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat enduring and debilitating symptoms of depression following inadequate clinical response to other antidepressant drugs. Ergometrine An ergot alkaloid used for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage and post abortion hemorrhage in patients with uterine atony. Lithium cation A drug used for the management of bipolar disorder and other psychiatric conditions. Rasagiline An irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase used for the symptomatic management of idiopathic Parkinson's disease as initial monotherapy and as adjunct therapy to levodopa. Tapentadol An opioid used to manage severe pain that has not responded to non-opioid medications, and for which opioid analgesic therapy is appropriate. Desvenlafaxine An antidepressant agent and SNRI used for the treatment of major depressive disorders in adults. Tedizolid phosphate An oxazolidinone class antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis and is proven to be effective in the treatment of certain Gram-positive bacterial infections. Tianeptine An atypical tricyclic antidepressant with antidepressant and anxiolytic effects primarily used to treat major depressive disorder. Sibutramine A norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine reuptake inhibitor indicated to assist with weight loss in obesity. Dapoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used in the treatment of premature ejaculation. Mazindol A sympathomimetic used to treat obesity in combination with lifestyle modifications. Chlorpheniramine A histamine-H1 receptor antagonist indicated for the management of symptoms associated with upper respiratory allergies. Dexmethylphenidate A norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor used in the treatment of ADHD in conjunction with other therapies. Cisapride A medication used to treat heartburn associated with GERD. Asenapine An atypical antipsychotic used to treat patients with bipolar I disorder and patients with schizophrenia. Apomorphine A morphine derivative D2 dopamine agonist used to treat hypomobile "off" episodes of advanced Parkinson's disease. Promethazine A first-generation antihistamine used for the treatment of allergic conditions, nausea and vomiting, and motion sickness. Dosulepin A tricyclic antidepressant commonly used only in patients for whom alternative therapies are ineffective due to its toxicity potential. Seproxetine Seproxetine is also known as (S)-norfluoxetine. It is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). It is an active metabolite of fluoxetine. Seproxetine was being investigated by Eli Lilly as an... Esmirtazapine Investigated for use/treatment in insomnia and sleep disorders. Brilaroxazine Investigated for the treatment of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Lithium citrate Lithium is used as a mood stabilizer, and is used for treatment of depression and mania. It is often used in bipolar disorder treatment. Lithium carbonate A medication used to treat manic episodes of bipolar disorder. Lorpiprazole In 2016, lorpiprazole was classified in the "Chemical structure-related drug-like criteria of global approved drugs" as an antipsychotic and anxiolytic. An antipsychotic is a medication used to treat a state... Lumateperone A novel 2nd generation antipsychotic used to manage both positive and negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. Minaprine For the treatment of depression Molindone An antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia. Tegaserod A serotonin-4 (5-HT4) receptor agonist indicated for the treatment of constipation predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) specifically in women under the age of 65. There is currently no safety or efficacy data for use of tegaserol in men. Amisulpride A dopamine D2 receptor antagonist used in the treatment of acute and chronic schizophrenia, and in the prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting in adults. Thiothixene An antipsychotic indicated for the management of schizophrenia. Buspirone An anxiolytic agent used for short-term treatment of generalized anxiety and second-line treatment of depression. Bufotenine A hallucinogenic serotonin analog found in frog or toad skins, mushrooms, higher plants, and mammals, especially in the brains, plasma, and urine of schizophrenics. Bufotenin has been used as a... SUVN-502 Investigated for use/treatment in neurologic disorders. Volinanserin Volinanserin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00464243 (Efficacy and Safety of Volinanserin on Sleep Maintenance Insomnia - Polysomnographic Study). Cyclobenzaprine A skeletal muscle relaxant that works on the brainstem to treat muscle spasms of local origin. Pipotiazine An antipsychotic indicated for the management of chronic, non-agitated schizophrenic patients. Prucalopride A 5-HT4 receptor agonist indicated to treat adults with chronic idiopathic constipation. Pimavanserin A second generation atypical antipsychotic used for the treatment of hallucinations and delusions caused by Parkinson's Disease. Dexfenfluramine For the management of obesity including weight loss and maintenance of weight loss in patients on a reduced calorie diet 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine Not Available Xaliproden Investigated for use/treatment in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and alzheimer's disease. Repinotan Investigated for use/treatment in strokes, cerebral ischemia, and depression. Lasmiditan An oral 5HT1F agonist used for the acute treatment of migraine headache with or without aura. Lecozotan Lecozotan has been used in trials studying the treatment of Alzheimer Disease. Azasetron Not Annotated F-15599 Not Annotated
- Drugs & Drug Targets