Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
- Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 Inhibitors
- Accession Number
- DBCAT000402 (DBCAT004161)
Drugs and compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP1A2.
Drug Drug Description Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Enoxacin For the treatment of adults (≥18 years of age) with the following infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms: (1) uncomplicated urethral or cervical gonorrhea due to Neisseria... Pefloxacin An antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. Cimetidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to manage GERD, peptic ulcer disease, and indigestion. Ciprofloxacin A second generation fluoroquinolone used to treat various susceptible bacterial infections. Norfloxacin A broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic with variable activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Typically reserved for the treatment of UTIs due to accumulation in the urine. Amiodarone A class III antiarrhythmic indicated for the treatment of recurrent hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia and recurrent ventricular fibrillation. Levofloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria of the upper respiratory tract, skin and skin structures, urinary tract, and prostate, as well as for post-exposure treatment of inhaled anthrax and the plague. Ofloxacin An antibacterial agent used for the treatment of bacterial infections in many parts of the body, including the respiratory tract, kidney, skin, soft tissue, and urinary tract. Mibefradil For the treatment of angina and high blood pressure. Furafylline Furafylline is a derivative of methylxanthine derivative. It was developed on the context of asthma as a long-acting alternative for theophylline. Abiraterone An antiandrogen used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Midostaurin An antineoplastic agent used to treat high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with specific mutations, aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), systemic mastocytosis with associated hematologic neoplasm (SM-AHN), or mast cell leukemia (MCL). Caffeine A stimulant present in tea, coffee, cola beverages, analgesic drugs, and agents used to increase alertness. It is also used in to prevent and treat pulmonary complications of premature birth. Lidocaine A local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures. Simeprevir A direct-acting antiviral agent that inhibits HCV NS3/4A protease to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in adults with HCV genotype 1 or 4. Zucapsaicin A topical analgesic used as an adjunct to relieve severe pain of osteoarthritis of the knee in selected adult patients. Lobeglitazone Lobeglitazone was approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (South Korea) in 2013, and is being monitored by postmarketing surveillance until 2019. Lobeglitazone is not approved for use... Curcumin No approved therapeutic indications. Mexiletine A class 1B antiarrhythmic agent used in the treatment of documented ventricular arrhythmias that warrant treatment. Dosulepin A tricyclic antidepressant commonly used only in patients for whom alternative therapies are ineffective due to its toxicity potential. Vemurafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with Erdheim-Chester Disease who have the BRAF V600 mutation, and melanoma in patients who have the BRAF V600E mutation. Technetium Tc-99m ciprofloxacin Investigated for use/treatment in infectious and parasitic disease (unspecified). Gatifloxacin A fourth generation fluoroquinolone used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Moxifloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat various bacterial infections. Pazufloxacin Pazufloxacin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02592096 (Pazufloxacin Mesilate Ear Drops Clinical Trial Protocol). Pipemidic acid A quinolone antibiotic indicated in the treatment of susceptible urinary tract infections. Trovafloxacin An antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea and chlamydia. Glecaprevir A Hepatitis C NS3/4A protease inhibitor used to treat Hepatitis C. Pibrentasvir A Hepatitis C NS5A inhibitor used to treat Hepatitis C. Anagrelide A platelet-reducing agent used to treat thrombocythemia, and its related complications, secondary to myeloproliferative neoplasms. Genistein Currently Genistein is being studied in clinical trials as a treatment for prostate cancer. Estrone sulfate An estrogen used as monotherapy or in several combination hormone replacement products for managing menopause symptoms and hormone disorders. Promazine A phenothiazine used to manage schizophrenia. Rucaparib An anti-cancer agent used to treat recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer. Estradiol benzoate An estrogen indicated in combination with progesterone for the treatment of irregular menstruation. Pirfenidone An agent used for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Dihydralazine Dihydralazine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00311974 (The Effect of Dihydralazine on Kidney Function and Hormones in Healthy Individuals). Alosetron A 5-HT3 antagonist used to treat diarrhea-predominant IBS. Zafirlukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used for prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma. Rofecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, primary dysmenorrhea, and migraine attacks. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Bortezomib A proteasome inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have not been successfully treated with at least two previous therapies. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis. Ketoconazole A broad spectrum antifungal used to treat seborrheic dermatitis and fungal skin infections. Conjugated estrogens A mixture of estrogens used in estrogen replacement therapy for menopause and hypoestrogenism, used in the treatment of various malignancies, and used in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Ondansetron A serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used to prevent nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy and postoperatively. Lomefloxacin A fluoroquinolone used to prevent and treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Propafenone A Class 1C antiarrhythmic agent used in the management of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation/flutter and ventricular arrhythmias. Thiabendazole A benzimidazole used in the treatment of strongyloides, cutaneous larva migrans, visceral larva migrans, and trichinosis infections. Carbamazepine An anticonvulsant used to treat various types of seizures and pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia. Isoniazid An antibiotic used to treat mycobacterial infections; most commonly use in combination with other antimycobacterial agents for the treatment of active or latent tuberculosis. Methoxsalen A furocoumarin used to treat psoriasis and vitiligo. Gemfibrozil A lipid regulator that is used in the reduction of serum triglyceride levels in high-risk patients with hyperlipidemia. Tranylcypromine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Resveratrol Being investigated for the treatment of Herpes labialis infections (cold sores). Anastrozole A competitive, selective, non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor used as adjuvant therapy for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Citalopram A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used in the treatment of depression. Efavirenz A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection or prevent the spread of HIV. Propofol A medication used in general anesthesia and for sedation. Rosiglitazone A thiazolidinedione indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to maintain glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Selegiline A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder and Parkinson's. Tegaserod A serotonin-4 (5-HT4) receptor agonist indicated for the treatment of constipation predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) specifically in women under the age of 65. There is currently no safety or efficacy data for use of tegaserol in men. Methimazole A thionamide antithyroid agent that inhibits the actions of thyroid peroxidase, leading to a reduction in thyroid hormone synthesis and amelioration of hyperthyroidism. Ticlopidine A platelet aggregation inhibitor used in the prevention of conditions associated with thrombi, such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Dexmedetomidine An alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures. Niclosamide An anthelmintic indicated in the treatment of beef, pork, fish, and dwarf tapeworm infections in adults and children. Sulconazole A topical antifungal agent used for the treatment of tinea cruris, tinea corporis, and tinea versicolor caused by susceptible fungal strains. Interferon alfa-2b A form of recombinant human interferon used to treat hepatitis B and C infection, genital warts, hairy cell leukemia, follicular lymphoma, malignant melanoma, and AIDs-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Obeticholic acid A bile acid analog and farnesoid X receptor agonist used to treat primary biliary cholangitis in adult patients with inadequate clinical response or intolerance to UDCA. Orphenadrine A muscarinic antagonist used as an adjunct for the symptomatic relief of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort. Paroxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, panic disorder, OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, the vasomotor symptoms of menopause, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Peginterferon alfa-2a A modified form of recombinant human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C viruses. Peginterferon alfa-2b A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C, genital warts, and some cancers. Rhein No approved indication. Diacerein An slow-onset anthraquinone IL-1 inhibitor used in the treatment of degenerative joint diseases like osteoarthritis. Stiripentol An anticonvulsant agent used with clobazam and valproate as an adjunct to treat refractory generalized tonic-clonic seizures in Dravet syndrome. Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Estradiol acetate An estrogen used to treat vasomotor symptoms and moderate to severe vulvar and vaginal atrophy from menopause. Estradiol cypionate An estradiol prodrug used to treat vasomotor symptoms and hypoestrogenisms from hypogonadism. Estradiol dienanthate An estrogen used in some combined hormonal oral contraceptives. Estradiol valerate An estradiol prodrug used to treat some effects of menopause, hypoestrogenism, androgen dependant carcinoma of the prostate, and in combination products for endometriosis and contraception. Black cohosh A herbal product indicated in the symptomatic treatment of menopause. Peppermint oil An ingredient used in a variety of natural health products and is not an approved medication. Safinamide A MAO-B inhibitor used as an add-on treatment to levodopa/carbidopa for Parkinson's disease during "off" episodes. Lenvatinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of metastatic thyroid cancer, advanced renal cell carcinoma in combination with everolimus, and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Besifloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic agent used for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. Cinoxacin For the treatment of initial and recurrent urinary tract infections in adults caused by the following susceptible microorganisms: Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Klebsiella species (including K. pneumoniae), and... Difloxacin Difloxacin is a synthetic fluoroquinolone used in veterinary. As an antibacterial, it presents a broad bactericidal spectrum and its effects are dependent on its concentration. However, it presents a reduced... Garenoxacin Investigated for use/treatment in bacterial infection. Gemifloxacin A quinolone antibacterial agent used for the treatment of acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis and mild to moderate community-acquired pneumonia caused by susceptible bacteria. Nemonoxacin Investigated for use/treatment in bacterial infection and pneumonia. Orbifloxacin Orbifloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. It is marketed by Schering-Plough Animal Health and approved for certain infections in dogs. Prulifloxacin A broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat a variety of susceptible bacterial infections. Rosoxacin For the treatment of bacterial infection of respiratory tract, urinary tract, GI, CNS and immuno compromised patients. Rufloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic indicated in the treatment of susceptible respiratory infections and uncomplicated cystitis. Sarafloxacin Sarafloxacin is a quinolone antibiotic drug, which was discontinued by its manufacturer, Abbott Laboratories, before receiving approval for use in the US or Canada. Sitafloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic indicated in the treatment of susceptible bacterial infections. Sparfloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat bacterial respiratory infections and sinusitis. Ritonavir An HIV protease inhibitor used in combination with other antivirals in the treatment of HIV infection. Nitric Oxide A vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates. Dapagliflozin A sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Deferasirox An iron chelator used to treat chronic iron overload caused by blood transfusions. Also used in patients with non-transfusion-dependent thalassemia syndromes, and in patients with elevated liver iron concentration and serum ferritin. Flumequine Flumequine is a synthetic chemotherapeutic antibiotic of the fluoroquinolone drug class used to treat bacterial infections. Rifamycin An antibacterial used to treat traveler's diarrhea. Clinafloxacin Clinafloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibacterial currently under research. It has been proven to present good antibiotic properties. However, its approval and release have been halted due to the presence of... Tocainide An orally active class 1b antiarrhythmic agent that interferes with cardiac sodium channels and typically used to treat ventricular arrhythmias. Viloxazine Indicated for the treatment of clinical depression. Triclabendazole An anthelmintic drug used to treat fascioliasis. Ranitidine A histamine H2 antagonist used to treat duodenal ulcers, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, gastric ulcers, GERD, and erosive esophagitis. Enrofloxacin Enrofloxacin is an antibiotic agent from the fluoroquinolone family produced by the Bayer Corporation. Enrofloxacin is approved by the FDA for its veterinary use. Due to the identification of fluoroquinolone-resistant... Nalidixic acid A quinolone antibiotic used to treat urinary tract infections. Temafloxacin For the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections, genital and urinary infections like prostatitis, and skin infections. Grepafloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat various gram positive and gram negative bacterial infections. Albinterferon Alfa-2B Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C). Cepeginterferon alfa-2B Cepeginterferon alfa-2B is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01889433 (An Open-label Comparative Efficacy and Safety Study of Algeron (Cepeginterferon Alfa-2b) in Treatment-naive Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C). Ropeginterferon alfa-2b Ropeginterferon alfa-2b is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01949805 (Pegylated Interferon Alpha-2b Versus Hydroxyurea in Polycythemia Vera). Interferon gamma-1b A form of recombinant human interferon used to treat infections associated with chronic granulomatous disease and to slow the progression of severe malignant osteopetrosis. Interferon beta-1b A form of recombinant human interferon used to slow the progression of relapsing multiple sclerosis and to reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms. Interferon beta-1a A form of recombinant human interferon used to slow disease progression and reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms in patients who have relapsing multiple sclerosis. Interferon alfacon-1 A recombinant interferon similar the interferon alfa subtype which is used to treat hepatitis C infections. Interferon alfa-n3 A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of genital warts due to human papilloma virus. Interferon alfa-n1 A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of genital warts due to human papilloma virus. Interferon alfa-2c Interferon alfa-2c is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00485563 (A Phase II Study of EC17 (Folate-hapten Conjugate) in Patients With Progressive Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma). Interferon alfa-2a A form of recombinant human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C viruses. Interferon alfa An immunomodulator used to treat hepatitis B and C as well as certain types of cancer including cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and renal cell carcinoma. Nifedipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker indicated for the management of several subtypes of angina pectoris, and hypertension. Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Nevirapine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used as part of a management regimen for HIV-1 virus infection. Avasimibe Investigated for use/treatment in peripheral vascular disease. Cannabidiol An active cannabinoid used as an adjunctive treatment for the management of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome and symptomatic relief of moderate to severe neuropathic pain or other painful conditions, like cancer. Curcumin sulfate No approved therapeutic indications. Medical Cannabis The use of the plant species Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, popularly known as marijuana, has gained popularity in recent years for the management of a wide variety of medical... Nabiximols In Canada, Sativex has received a Notice of Compliance (NOC) for use as an as adjunctive treatment for symptomatic relief of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have... Abemaciclib A medication used to treat HR+ HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Atazanavir An antiviral protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Elexacaftor A small molecule CFTR corrector used in combination with tezacaftor and ivacaftor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis patients with one F508del-CFTR mutation. Famotidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to treat duodenal ulcers, benign gastric ulcers, GERD, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Estradiol An estrogenic steroid used to treat vasomotor symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy in menopause, hypoestrogenism, prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment of breast cancer, and advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate. Osilodrostat An oral inhibitor of cortisol synthesis used to treat Cushing's disease by normalizing hypercortisolism. Lopinavir An HIV-1 protease inhibitor used in combination with ritonavir to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Methylene blue An oxidation-reduction agent used for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with acquired methemoglobinemia. Capmatinib A kinase inhibitor targeting c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer with MET exon 14 skipping. Remoxipride An discontinued atypical antipsychotic selective for dopamine D2 receptors. Abametapir A pediculicide metalloproteinase used topically in the treatment of head lice infection. Clascoterone An androgen receptor antagonist used for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older. Tirbanibulin A tyrosine kinase and tubulin inhibitor used to treat actinic keratosis on the face or scalp. Dabrafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Opicapone A catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor used as an adjunct treatment for Parkinson's Disease in adults currently receiving levodopa and a dopa decarboxylase inhibitor. Mefenamic acid An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain for no more than a week, and primary dysmenorrhea. Menadione The primary known function of vitamin K is to assist in the normal clotting of blood, but it may also play a role in normal bone calcification. Duloxetine A serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, and stress incontinence. Trilaciclib A CDK4 and CDK6 inhibitor to reduce the risk of chemotherapy induced myelosuppression. Ethambutol An antituberculosis agent used in the prophylaxis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Ginkgo biloba A herbal supplement found in over-the-counter or unapproved homeopathic products for various health conditions, such as cognitive, neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, and reproductive health disorders. Rabeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Brincidofovir An oral lipid prodrug of cidofovir used in the treatment of human smallpox disease.
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