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A class of chemicals derived from barbituric acid or thiobarbituric acid. Many of these are GABA MODULATORS used as HYPNOTICS AND SEDATIVES, as ANESTHETICS, or as ANTICONVULSANTS.
Drug Drug Description Methohexital An anesthetic used to induce deep sedation. Primidone An antiepileptic used to treat grand mal, psychomotor, and focal epileptic seizures. Phenobarbital A long-lasting barbiturate and anticonvulsant used in the treatment of all types of seizures, except for absent seizures. Secobarbital A barbiturate used for the short-term treatment of insomnia. Pentobarbital A barbiturate drug used to induce sleep, cause sedation, and control certain types of seizures. Thiopental A barbiturate used to induce general anesthesia, treat convulsions, and reduce intracranial pressure. Methylphenobarbital For the relief of anxiety, tension, and apprehension, also used as an anticonvulsant for the treatment of epilepsy. Thiamylal Used for the production of complete anaesthesia of short duration, for the induction of general anaesthesia, and for inducing a hypnotic state. Amobarbital A barbiturate derivative used for the induction of sedation during procedures, short-term management of insomnia, and acute management of refractory tonic-clonic seizures. Hexobarbital For the induction of anesthesia prior to the use of other general anesthetic agents and for induction of anesthesia for short surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures associated with minimal painful... Barbital A long-acting barbiturate that depresses most metabolic processes at high doses. It is used as a hypnotic and sedative and may induce dependence. Barbital is also used in veterinary practice... Barbexaclone Created for the treatment for epilepsy, with the intent of creating an antiepileptic with less sedative properties than phenobarbital. Butalbital A barbiturate drug used for symptomatic treatment of tension-type headache in various combinations with acetaminophen, aspirin, caffeine, and codeine. Butabarbital A barbiturate drug used as a sedative and hypnotic.
- Drugs & Drug Targets