Narrow Therapeutic Index Drugs
- Narrow Therapeutic Index Drugs
- Accession Number
Narrow therapeutic index (NTI) drugs are defined as those drugs where small differences in dose or blood concentration may lead to dose and blood concentration dependent, serious therapeutic failures or adverse drug reactions. Serious events are those which are persistent, irreversible, slowly reversible, or life-threatening, possibly resulting in hospitalization, disability, or even death.
Drug Drug Description Warfarin A vitamin K antagonist used to treat venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, thromboembolism with atrial fibrillation, thromboembolism with cardiac valve replacement, and thromboembolic events post myocardial infarction. Levothyroxine A synthetic T4 hormone used to treat hypothyroidism that can be used along with surgery and radioiodine therapy to manage thyrotropin-dependent well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Digoxin A cardiac glycoside used in the treatment of mild to moderate heart failure and for ventricular response rate control in chronic atrial fibrillation. Digitoxin A cardiac glycoside used in the treatment and management of congestive cardiac insufficiency, arrhythmias and heart failure. Lithium carbonate A medication used to treat manic episodes of bipolar disorder. Fosphenytoin An antiepileptic agent used for the management of generalized convulsive status epilepticus and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during neurosurgery. Phenytoin An anticonvulsant drug used in the prophylaxis and control of various types of seizures. Theophylline A xanthine used to manage the symptoms of asthma, COPD, and other lung conditions caused by reversible airflow obstruction. Cyclosporine A steroid-sparing immunosuppressant used in organ and bone marrow transplants as well as inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and atopic dermatitis. Procainamide A medication used to treat life threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Tacrolimus A calcineurin inhibitor used to prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. Sirolimus An immunosuppressant used to prevent organ transplant rejections and to treat lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Temsirolimus A antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that works by inhibiting mTOR. Thiopental A barbiturate used to induce general anesthesia, treat convulsions, and reduce intracranial pressure. Pimozide An antipsychotic used to manage debilitating motor and phonic tics in patients with Tourette's Disorder. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Heparin An anticoagulant indicated for thromboprophylaxis and to treat thrombosis associated with a variety of conditions such as pulmonary embolism and atrial fibrillation. Vancomycin A glycopeptide antibiotic used to treat severe but susceptible bacterial infections such as MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) infections. Aminophylline A bronchodilator consisting of theophylline that is used for the treatment of bronchospasm due to asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Gentamicin An aminoglycoside used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Amikacin An aminoglycoside used to treat infections caused by more resistant strains of Gram negative bacteria and some Gram positive bacteria. Amphotericin B An antifungal used to treat fungal infections in neutropenic patients, cryptococcal meningitis in HIV infection, fungal infections, and leishmaniasis. Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Phenobarbital A long-lasting barbiturate and anticonvulsant used in the treatment of all types of seizures, except for absent seizures. Flecainide A class Ic antiarrhythmic agent used to manage atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias (PSVT). Dofetilide A class III antiarrhythmic drug used for the maintenance of normal sinus rhythm and cardioversion in cases of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Amiodarone A class III antiarrhythmic indicated for the treatment of recurrent hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia and recurrent ventricular fibrillation. Sotalol A methane sulfonanilide beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and to maintain sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation or flutter. Argatroban A synthetic direct thrombin inhibitor used for the prevention and treatment of thrombosis related to heparin use. Everolimus A mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase inhibitor used to treat various types of malignancies. Mycophenolic acid An immunosuppressant used to prevent organ transplant rejections. Butriptyline Butriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant which has been used in Europe since 1974. It is the isobutyl side chain homologue of amitriptyline. Amitriptylinoxide Amitriptylinoxide has been used in trials studying Major Depression. Amineptine For the treatment of depression. Dosulepin Indicated in the treatment of symptoms of depressive illness, especially where an anti-anxiety effect is required. Tianeptine Used primarily in the treatment of major depressive disorder and anxiety . It is currently being studied for fibromyalgia pain treatment . Dibenzepin Dibenzepin is approved for use in Europe. Iprindole Not Annotated Imipramine oxide Not Annotated Tobramycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat cystic fibrosis, lung infections, eye infections, and a variety of other infections. Neomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic agent used orally and topically to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Streptomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic indicated to treat mycobacterium tuberculosis and various non-tuberculosis infections. Netilmicin An aminoglycoside used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Kanamycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic agent used in the treatment of various infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Ribostamycin A broad spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic on the list of WHO critical antimicrobials for human medicine. Gentamicin C1a Not Available Arbekacin Arbekacin is used for the short term treatment of multi-resistant bacterial infections, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Sisomicin Sisomicin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Pyoderma. Plazomicin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat complicated urinary tract infections. Dibekacin Dibekacin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic marketed in Japan . Micronomicin Micronomicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic which is marketed in Japan, and sold under the brand names Sagamicin and Luxomicina. Isepamicin Not Annotated Bekanamycin Not Annotated Acenocoumarol An anticoagulant drug used in the prevention of thromboembolic diseases in infarction and transient ischemic attacks, as well as management of deep vein thrombosis and myocardial infarction. Dicoumarol For decreasing blood clotting. Often used along with heparin for treatment of deep vein thrombosis. Phenprocoumon Used for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disease including venous thrombosis, thromboembolism, and pulmonary embolism as well as for the prevention of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation... Phenindione For the treatment of pulmonary embolism, cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation and flutter, cerebral embolism, mural thrombosis, and thrombophili. Also used for anticoagulant prophylaxis. Fluindione Fluindione is under investigation for the treatment of Venous Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism, Permanent Atrial Fibrillation, and Anticoagulating Treatment on a Duration at Least 12-month-old Superior. Fluindione has been investigated for... Busulfan An alkylating agent used to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia. Paclitaxel A taxoid chemotherapeutic agent used as first-line and subsequent therapy for the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the ovary, and other various cancers including breast and lung cancer. Capreomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used as an adjunct drug in tuberculosis. Methotrexate An antineoplastic agent used the treatment of a wide variety of cancers as well as severe psoriasis, severe rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Zanubrutinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat mantle cell lymphoma, a type of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, in adults who previously received therapy. Vorinostat A histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor used for the treatment of cutaneous manifestations in patients with progressive, persistent, or recurrent cutaneous T- cell lymphoma (CTCL) following prior systemic therapies. Vinorelbine A vinca alkaloid used in the treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSLC) and in conjunction with other drugs in locally advanced NSCLC. Vinflunine A vinca alkaloid used to treat advanced or metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelial tract after a platinum containing treatment has failed. Vincristine A vinca alkaloid used to treat acute leukemia, malignant lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, acute erythraemia, and acute panmyelosis. Aldesleukin A recombinant analog of interleukin-2 used to induce an adaptive immune response in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma. Vinblastine A vinca alkaloid used to treat breast cancer, testicular cancer, neuroblastoma, Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkins lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, histiocytosis, and Kaposi's sarcoma. Venetoclax A BCL-2 inhibitor used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia, small lymphocytic lymphoma, or acute myeloid leukemia. Alemtuzumab A monoclonal anti-CD52 antibody used in the treatment of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Vemurafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with Erdheim-Chester Disease who have the BRAF V600 mutation, and melanoma in patients who have the BRAF V600E mutation. Vandetanib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat symptomatic or progressive medullary thyroid cancer in patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease. Uracil mustard Used for its antineoplastic properties. Altretamine An antineoplastic agent used in palliative treatment of persistent or recurrent ovarian cancer. Decitabine A chemotherapeutic pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) by inducing DNA hypomethylation and corresponding alterations in gene expression. Trimetrexate A folate antagonist used for the treatment of moderate-to-severe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients as an alternative therapy in combination with leucovorin. Trilostane Used in the treatment of Cushing's syndrome. It is normally used in short-term treatment until permanent therapy is possible. Amsacrine A cytotoxic agent used to induce remission in acute adult leukemia that is not adequately responsive to other agents. Denileukin diftitox A recombinant cytotoxic protein based on a combination of diphtheria toxin fragments and interleukin-2 used to treat cutaneous T-cell lymphoma by targeting the interleukin-2 receptor. Trastuzumab emtansine An antineoplastic agent and antibody-drug conjugate used to treat HER2-overexpressing breast cancer. Trastuzumab A monoclonal anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 protein antibody used to treat HER2-positive breast, gastroesophageal, and gastric cancers. Fluorouracil A pyrimidine analog used to treat basal cell carcinomas, and as an injection in palliative cancer treatment. Dinutuximab An immunotherapeutic agent used in combination with other immunomodulating agents to treat high-risk neuroblastoma in pediatric patients who achieve at least a partial response to prior first-line multiagent, multimodality therapy. Gemcitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used as adjunct therapy in the treatment of certain types of ovarian cancer, non-small cell lung carcinoma, metastatic breast cancer, and as a single agent for pancreatic cancer. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin A monoclonal anti-CD33 antibody used to treat CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia. Trabectedin An alkylating agent approved for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma). Asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi An asparagine specific enzyme used as part of a chemotherapeutic regimen to treat patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Durvalumab An antineoplastic monoclonal antibody used to treat urothelial carcinoma and locally advanced, unresectable non-small cell lung cancer. Asparaginase Escherichia coli An asparaginase enzyme from E. coli used as part of treatment regimens for acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Topotecan An antineoplastic agent used to treat ovarian cancer, small cell lung cancer, or cervical cancer. Hydroxyurea An antimetabolite used to treat sickle cell anemia crisis. Axicabtagene ciloleucel A CAR T cell therapy for relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, high grade B-cell lymphoma, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma from follicular lymphoma. Thiotepa An alkylating agent used to prevent graft rejection in stem cell transplantation and to treat a variety of malignancies including certain types of adenocarcinoma and superficial bladder carcinomas. Eribulin A microtubule inhibitor used to treat metastatic breast cancer and metastatic or unresectable liposarcoma. Teniposide A cytotoxic drug used as an adjunct for chemotherapy induction in the treatment of refractory childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Bendamustine An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that has progressed following rituximab therapy. Ixabepilone A microtubule inhibitor administered in combination with capecitabine or alone in the treatment of metastatic or locally advanced breast cancer that has shown inadequate response to taxanes and anthracyclines. Bicalutamide An androgen receptor inhibitor used to treat Stage D2 metastatic carcinoma of the prostate. Temozolomide An alkylating agent used to treat glioblastoma multiforme and refractory anaplastic astrocytoma. Fludarabine A purine analog antimetabolite that inhibits DNA synthesis. Temoporfin A photosensitizer used to treat squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. Bleomycin A chemotherapy agent used to treat various malignancies, including head and neck malignancy, lymphoma, and testicular tumors, among others. Tegafur An antineoplastic agent used in combination with other anticancer medications to treat advanced gastric and colorectal cancers. Blinatumomab An antineoplastic antibody used to treat Philadelphia chromosome-negative relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Interferon alfa-2b A form of recombinant human interferon used to treat hepatitis B and C infection, genital warts, hairy cell leukemia, follicular lymphoma, malignant melanoma, and AIDs-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Melphalan An alkylating antineoplastic agent used to treat multiple myeloma and ovarian carcinoma. Mercaptopurine An antineoplastic agent used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia. Mitomycin An antimetabolite used as an adjunct to ab externo (outside approach) eye surgeries for the treatment of glaucoma and used as a chemotherapeutic agent for various malignancies. Mitotane An adrenal cortex inhibitor used to treat adrenocortical tumors and Cushing's syndrome. Omacetaxine mepesuccinate A cephalotaxine used in the treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) that is intolerant to or resistant to two or more tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Osimertinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of certain types of non-small cell lung carcinoma. Tamoxifen A selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer following surgery, or reduce the risk of breast cancer in high risk women. Oxaliplatin A platinum based chemotherapy agent used to treat carcinoma of the colon or rectum or stage III colon cancer. Moxetumomab pasudotox A CD22-specific antibody conjugated to a truncated exotoxin used to treat relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia in patients who have already been treated with a purine nucleoside analog and one other treatment. Talazoparib A poly-ADP ribose polymerase inhibitor used to treat HER2-, BRCA mutated locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Lomustine An alkylating agent used as a part of chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of primary and metastatic brain tumors as well as refractory or relapsed Hodgkin's disease in addition to surgical and/or radiotherapeutic treatments. Nelarabine A purine nucleoside analog and antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of with acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma with inadequate clinical response to prior chemotherapeutic treatments. Tagraxofusp A CD123-directed cytotoxin used to treat plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm. Sunitinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor and chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and imatinib-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Palbociclib An endocrine-based chemotherapeutic agent used in combination with other antineoplastic agents to treat HER2-negative and HR-positive advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Streptozocin A nitrosourea antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic islet cell carcinoma. Peginterferon alfa-2a A modified form of recombinant human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C viruses. Pemetrexed A folate analog used to treat mesothelioma and non-small cell lung cancer. Pentostatin An adenosine deaminase inhibitor used to treat hairy cell leukemia. Pexidartinib An antitumor agent that is used for the treatment of rare disease tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCT) by inhibiting colony-stimulating factor 1 and its receptor. Sorafenib A kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of unresectable liver carcinoma and advanced renal carcinoma. Carboplatin A alkylating agent used to treat advanced ovarian cancer. Sonidegib An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of locally advanced recurrent basal cell carcinoma (BCC) following surgery and radiation therapy, or in cases where surgery or radiation therapy are not appropriate. Pixantrone An antineoplastic agent use to treat patients with relapsed or refractory aggressive Non-Hodgkin B-cell Lymphomas (NHL). Carmustine An alkylating agent used in the treatment of various malignancies, including brain tumours and multiple myeloma, among others. Niraparib A poly-ADP ribose polymerase inhibitor used to treat recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer responding to platinum based chemotherapy. Mechlorethamine An antineoplastic agent used to treat Hodgkin's disease, lymphosarcoma, and chronic myelocytic or lymphocytic leukemia. Ponatinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with various types of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Cemiplimab A programmed death receptor-1 blocking antibody used to treat metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Ruxolitinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat various types of myelofibrosis, polycythemia vera in patients who have not responded to or cannot tolerate hydroxyurea, and to treat graft-versus-host disease in cases that are refractory to steroid treatment. Pralatrexate An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Trametinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Rituximab A monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody used to treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Wegener's granulomatosis, pemphigus vulgaris, and rheumatoid arthritis. Ceritinib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with inadequate clinical response or intolerance to crizotinib. Cetuximab An endothelial growth factor receptor binding fragment used to treat colorectal cancer as well as squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Procarbazine An antineoplastic agent indicated for the treatment of stage III and stage IV Hodgkin's disease in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents. Chlorambucil A chemotherapy agent used in the management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and malignant lymphomas. Vindesine A vinca alkaloid derived from vinblastine used for various types of malignancies, but mainly acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Cisplatin A platinum based chemotherapy agent used to treat various sarcomas, carcinomas, lymphomas, and germ cell tumors. Cladribine A purine antimetabolite used for the management of relapsing forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), used in patients who have not responded to or who were unable to tolerate alternative MS drugs. Romidepsin A histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor used to treat cutaneous and peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Ipilimumab A human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) blocking antibody used to treat metastatic or unresectable melanoma. Daratumumab A CD38-directed cytolytic antibody used alone or as an adjunct drug in the treatment of multiple myeloma. Elotuzumab An antineoplastic agent and SLAMF7-directed immunostimulatory antibody used for the treatment of refractory multiple myeloma in combination with other antineoplastic agents. Mogamulizumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat relapsed or refractory mycosis fungoides or Sézary syndrome after attempting one other therapy. Necitumumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat metastatic squamous non-small cell lung cancer. Cyclophosphamide A nitrogen mustard used to treat lymphomas, myelomas, leukemia, mycosis fungoides, neuroblastoma, ovarian adenocarcinoma, retinoblastoma, and breast carcinoma. Raltitrexed A folate analog thymidylate synthase inhibitor used in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Ramucirumab An antineoplastic agent and direct VEGFR2 (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2) antagonist that blocks the binding of natural VEGF ligands, which are secreted by solid tumors to promote angiogenesis and enhance tumor blood supply. Sodium phosphate P 32 Not Annotated Ziconotide An N-type calcium channel antagonist used to manage patients with severe chronic pain who cannot tolerate, or who have not responded adequately to other treatments such as intrathecal morphine and systemic analgesics. Chloramphenicol succinate A broad-spectrum antibiotic agent used for the treatment of acute and severe infections caused by susceptible bacterial strains. Bortezomib A proteasome inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have not been successfully treated with at least two previous therapies. Carbamazepine An anticonvulsant used to treat various types of seizures and pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia. Clomipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component, such as depression, schizophrenia, and Tourette’s disorder. Clonidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines. Desipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Nortriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Tizanidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the short-term treatment of muscle spasticity. Melitracen Not Annotated Trimipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used to treat depression. Opipramol Opipramol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Dementia, Depression, Schizophrenia, Anxiety Disorders, and Psychosomatic Disorders. Protriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant that is indicated in the treatment of depression only under close clinical supervision. Amoxapine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of neurotic or reactive depressive disorders and endogenous or psychotic depression. Siponimod A medication used to treat relapsing multiple sclerosis. Abemaciclib A medication used to treat HR+ HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Baricitinib A Janus kinase inhibitor used to treat moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis that has responded poorly to at least one TNF antagonist. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Dalfampridine A potassium channel blocker used for the improvement of motor function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Tipiracil A thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor used as an adjunct treatment of adult patients with certain types of gastric or colorectal malignancies. Dihydroergotamine An ergot alkaloid used in the acute treatment of migraine headache and cluster headache. Ergotamine A alpha-1 selective adrenergic agonist vasoconstrictor used to treat migraines with or without aura and cluster headaches. Astemizole A second generation antihistamine used to treat allergy symptoms. Lomitapide A microsomal triglyceride transfer protein inhibitor used to lower cholesterol associated with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH), reducing risk of cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Conivaptan An antidiuretic hormone inhibitor used to raise serum sodium levels. Dronedarone An antiarrhythmic agent used in the reduce the risk of hospitalization in patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation. Tolvaptan A selective vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist to slow kidney function decline in patients at risk for rapidly progressing autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Also used to treat hypervolemic and euvolemic hyponatremia. Dasatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of lymphoblastic or chronic myeloid leukemia with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. Levacetylmethadol For the treatment and management of opiate dependence. It is sometimes used to treat severe pain in terminal patients. Lithium citrate Lithium is used as a mood stabilizer, and is used for treatment of depression and mania. It is often used in bipolar disorder treatment. Lithium hydroxide Used for tryptophan determinations in proteins & foods. Teicoplanin For the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms. Colistin A polymyxin antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible Gram negative bacteria. Acalabrutinib A Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat mantle cell lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and small lymphocytic lymphoma. Alatrofloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. Alectinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive metastatic non small cell lung cancer. Alpelisib Alpelisib is indicated in combination with fulvestrant to treat postmenopausal women, and men, with advanced or metastatic breast cancer.[Label] This cancer must be hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor... Aminoglutethimide An adrenocortical steroid synthesis inhibitor used in the treatment of Cushing's syndrome. Anagrelide A platelet-reducing agent used to treat thrombocythemia, and its related complications, secondary to myeloproliferative neoplasms. Arsenic trioxide A chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of refractory or relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia in patients with prior retinoid and anthracycline chemotherapy. Atezolizumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma with disease progression during or up to 12 months after platinum-containing chemotherapy. Avelumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat metastatic merkel cell carcinoma, metastatic urothelial carcinoma, or renal cell carcinoma. Axitinib An oral VEGFR and kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma after failure of one prior systemic therapy. Azacitidine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat certain subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome. Belinostat A histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor used for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). Bevacizumab A monoclonal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor antibody used in combination with antineoplastic agents for the treatment of many types of cancer. Binimetinib A medication used to treat metastatic melanoma with specific mutations. Bosutinib An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of chronic, accelerated, or blast phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in adults with inadequate clinical response to other treatments. Brentuximab vedotin A CD30-directed antibody-drug conjugate used to treat various types of lymphoma. Brigatinib An anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor used to treat anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive metastatic non small cell lung cancer. Cabazitaxel An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer previously treated with a docetaxel-containing treatment regimen. Cabergoline A dopamine receptor agonist used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemic conditions due to various causes. Cabozantinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and medullary thyroid cancer. Capecitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated to treat colon, colorectal and breast cancer. Carfilzomib A proteasome inhibitor used either alone or in conjunction with a chemotherapy regimen to treat patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Clofarabine A purine nucleoside used to treat relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia in patients 1 to 21 years old. Cobimetinib An antineoplastic agent and selective inhibitor of the mitogen-activated extracellular kinase (MEK) pathway used to treat unresectable or metastatic melanoma. Copanlisib A medication used to treat relapsed follicular lymphoma who have attempted at least two other treatments. Crizotinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) where the tumors have been confirmed to be anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), or ROS1-positive. Cytarabine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, lymphocytic leukemia, and the blast phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia. Dabrafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Dacarbazine An antineoplastic agent used to treat malignant melanoma and Hodgkin's disease. Dacomitinib A medication used to treat non small cell lung cancer with EGFR exon 19 deletion of exon 21 L858R substitution. Dactinomycin An actinomycin used to treat a wide variety of cancers. Daunorubicin An anthracycline aminoglycoside used to induce remission of nonlymphocytic leukemia and acute lymphocytic leukemia. Docetaxel A taxoid antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of various cancers, such as locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, metastatic prostate cancer, gastric adenocarcinoma, and head and neck cancer. Doxorubicin A medication used to treat various cancers and Kaposi's Sarcoma. Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Entrectinib Entrectinib is indicated for the treatment of metastatic ROS1-positive non-small cell lung cancer in adults. Entrectinib is also indicated in adults and children over 12 years old for the treatment... Epirubicin An anthracycline topoisomerase II inhibitor used as an adjuvant to treating axillary node metastases in patients who have undergone surgical resection of primary breast cancer. Erdafitinib A fibroblast growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Erlotinib An EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat certain small cell lung cancers or advanced metastatic pancreatic cancers. Etoposide A podophyllotoxin derivative used to treat testicular and small cell lung tumors. Floxuridine An antimetabolite used as palliative management for liver metastases of gastrointestinal malignancy. Gallium nitrate A medication indicated for cancer-related hypercalcemia. Idarubicin An anthracycline antineoplastic agent used to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults. Idelalisib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), relapsed follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (FL), and relapsed small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). Ifosfamide An alkylating and immunosuppressive agent used in chemotherapy for the treatment of cancers, including testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, osteocarcinoma, bladder cancer, small cell lung cancer, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Inotuzumab ozogamicin An antibody-drug conjugate used to treat B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Iobenguane A radiopharmaceutical agent used for the diagnosis of primary and metastatic pheochromocytoma or neuroblastoma. Irinotecan An antineoplastic enzyme inhibitor used to treat metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum. Isatuximab A chimeric monoclonal antibody targeted against surface CD38 glycoproteins for the treatment of multiple myeloma in patients who have failed previous therapies. Ivosidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 inhibitor used to treat acute myeloid leukemia with a susceptible mutation. Ixazomib A monoclonal antibody used with other medications to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have received one other therapy already. Midostaurin An antineoplastic agent used to treat high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with specific mutations, aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), systemic mastocytosis with associated hematologic neoplasm (SM-AHN), or mast cell leukemia (MCL). Mitoxantrone A chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of secondary progressive, progressive relapsing, or worsening relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Nedaplatin Used in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, oesophygeal cancer, and head and neck cancers . Neratinib A protein kinase inhibitor used to treat breast cancer that over expresses the HER2 receptor. Nilotinib A kinase inhibitor used for the chronic phase treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) that is Philadelphia chromosome positive and for the treatment of CML that is resistant to therapy containing imatinib. Olaparib A chemotherapeutic agent used to treat recurrent or advanced ovarian cancer and metastatic breast cancer in patients with specific mutations and prior history of chemotherapy. Panobinostat A non-selective histone deacetylase inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in combination with other antineoplastic agents. Pazopanib An antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of advanced renal cell cancer and advanced soft tissue sarcoma in patients with prior chemotherapy. Pomalidomide A thalidomide analogue used in combination with dexamethasone to treat patients with multiple myeloma. Regorafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Ribociclib A kinase inhibitor used to treat HR+, HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Rucaparib An anti-cancer agent used to treat recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer. Tioguanine A purine analogue antineoplastic agent used for the induction of remission, and for remission consolidation in patients with acute nonlymphocytic anemias. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis.
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