Lonoctocog alfa

Identification

Summary

Lonoctocog alfa is a recombinant Factor VIII used to treat hemophilia A to control bleeding.

Brand Names
Afstyla
Generic Name
Lonoctocog alfa
DrugBank Accession Number
DB13998
Background

Not Available

Type
Biotech
Groups
Approved, Investigational
Synonyms
  • Lonoctocog alfa

Pharmacology

Indication

For the treatment of hemophilia A, von Willebrand disease and Factor XIII deficiency.

Pharmacology
Reduce drug development failure rates
Build, train, & validate machine-learning models
with evidence-based and structured datasets.
See how
Build, train, & validate predictive machine-learning models with structured datasets.
See how
Associated Conditions
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events
Improve clinical decision support with information on contraindications & blackbox warnings, population restrictions, harmful risks, & more.
Learn more
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events & improve clinical decision support.
Learn more
Pharmacodynamics

Antihemophilic Factor binds factor IXa along with calcium and phospholipid, This complex converts factor X to factor Xa to facilitate clotting cascade.

Mechanism of action

Antihemophilic factor (AHF) is a protein found in normal plasma which is necessary for clot formation. The administration of AHF provides an increase in plasma levels of AHF and can temporarily correct the coagulation defect of patients with hemophilia A (classical hemophilia).

TargetActionsOrganism
ACoagulation factor X
activator
Humans
UPhytanoyl-CoA dioxygenase, peroxisomal
antagonist
Humans
ACoagulation factor IX
cofactor
Humans
UAsialoglycoprotein receptor 2
binder
Humans
U78 kDa glucose-regulated protein
chaperone
Humans
UCalreticulin
chaperone
Humans
UCalnexin
chaperone
Humans
UProtein ERGIC-53
chaperone
Humans
UProlow-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1
modulator
Humans
UMultiple coagulation factor deficiency protein 2
modulator
Humans
Avon Willebrand factor
binder
Humans
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

8.4-19.3 hrs

Clearance
  • 4.1 mL/h•kg [Previously treated pediatric patients]
Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
Improve decision support & research outcomes
With structured adverse effects data, including: blackbox warnings, adverse reactions, warning & precautions, & incidence rates.
Learn more
Improve decision support & research outcomes with our structured adverse effects data.
Learn more
Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
No interactions found.

Products

Products2
Drug product information from 10+ global regions
Our datasets provide approved product information including:
dosage, form, labeller, route of administration, and marketing period.
Access now
Access drug product information from over 10 global regions.
Access now
Brand Name Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
AfstylaInjection, powder, for solution1000 IUIntravenousCsl Behring2021-02-11Not applicableEU flag
AfstylaKit; Powder, for solution3000 unit / vialIntravenousCsl BehringNot applicableNot applicableCanada flag
AfstylaKit; Powder, for solution1500 unit / vialIntravenousCsl BehringNot applicableNot applicableCanada flag
AfstylaKit; Powder, for solution250 unit / vialIntravenousCsl BehringNot applicableNot applicableCanada flag
AfstylaInjection, powder, for solution2000 IUIntravenousCsl Behring2021-02-11Not applicableEU flag
AfstylaKit; Powder, for solution2500 unit / vialIntravenousCsl BehringNot applicableNot applicableCanada flag
AfstylaInjection, powder, for solution500 IUIntravenousCsl Behring2021-02-11Not applicableEU flag
AfstylaKit; Powder, for solution1000 unit / vialIntravenousCsl BehringNot applicableNot applicableCanada flag
AfstylaInjection, powder, for solution3000 IUIntravenousCsl Behring2021-02-11Not applicableEU flag
AfstylaInjection, powder, for solution1500 IUIntravenousCsl Behring2021-02-11Not applicableEU flag

Categories

Drug Categories
Classification
Not classified
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
VQ723R7O8R
CAS number
1388129-63-2

References

General References
  1. Titheradge MA, Coore HG: Initial rates of pyruvate transport in mitochondria determined by an "inhibitor-stop" technique. Biochem J. 1975 Sep;150(3):553-6. [Article]
Wikipedia
Factor_VIII_(medication)

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
Not AvailableCompletedNot AvailableHemophilia1
Not AvailableRecruitingNot AvailableHemophilia As1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous1000 IU
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous1500 IU
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous2000 IU
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous2500 IU
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous3000 IU
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous500 IU
Kit; powder, for solutionIntravenous1000 unit / vial
Kit; powder, for solutionIntravenous1500 unit / vial
Kit; powder, for solutionIntravenous2000 unit / vial
Kit; powder, for solutionIntravenous250 unit / vial
Kit; powder, for solutionIntravenous2500 unit / vial
Kit; powder, for solutionIntravenous3000 unit / vial
Kit; powder, for solutionIntravenous500 unit / vial
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous
Kit; solutionIntravenous1000 [iU]/2.5mL
Kit; solutionIntravenous1500 [iU]/5mL
Kit; solutionIntravenous2000 [iU]/5mL
Kit; solutionIntravenous250 [iU]/2.5mL
Kit; solutionIntravenous2500 [iU]/5mL
Kit; solutionIntravenous3000 [iU]/5mL
Kit; solutionIntravenous500 [iU]/2.5mL
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous250 IU
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available

Targets

Drugtargets2
Build, predict & validate machine-learning models
Use our structured and evidence-based datasets to unlock new
insights and accelerate drug research.
Learn more
Use our structured and evidence-based datasets to unlock new insights and accelerate drug research.
Learn more
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Activator
General Function
Serine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific Function
Factor Xa is a vitamin K-dependent glycoprotein that converts prothrombin to thrombin in the presence of factor Va, calcium and phospholipid during blood clotting.
Gene Name
F10
Uniprot ID
P00742
Uniprot Name
Coagulation factor X
Molecular Weight
54731.255 Da
References
  1. BLATRIX C, SOULIER JP: [Preparation of a fraction rich in prothrombin, proconvertin, Stuart factor and antihemophilic factor B (P.P.B. fraction)]. Pathol Biol (Paris). 1959 Dec;7:2477-86. [Article]
  2. LUNDBLAD RL, DAVIE EW: THE ACTIVATION OF STUART FACTOR (FACTOR X) BY ACTIVATED ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR (ACTIVATED FACTOR 8). Biochemistry. 1965 Jan;4:113-20. [Article]
  3. Radnoff OD, Saito H: Inhibition of Hageman factor, plasma thromboplastin antecedent, thrombin and other clotting factors by phenylglyoxal hydrate (38500). Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1975 Jan;148(1):177-82. [Article]
  4. Orthner CL: Characterization of proteases in AHF concentrates: effect on factor VIII:von Willebrand protein as assessed by high-pressure gel permeation chromatography. J Lab Clin Med. 1984 Nov;104(5):816-28. [Article]
  5. Freedman J, Mody M, Lazarus AH, Dewar L, Song S, Blanchette VS, Garvey MB, Ofosu FA: Platelet activation and hypercoagulability following treatment with porcine factor VIII (HYATE:C). Am J Hematol. 2002 Mar;69(3):192-9. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Antagonist
General Function
Phytanoyl-coa dioxygenase activity
Specific Function
Converts phytanoyl-CoA to 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA.
Gene Name
PHYH
Uniprot ID
O14832
Uniprot Name
Phytanoyl-CoA dioxygenase, peroxisomal
Molecular Weight
38538.065 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Chen C, Wang Q, Fang X, Xu Q, Chi C, Gu J: Roles of phytanoyl-CoA alpha-hydroxylase in mediating the expression of human coagulation factor VIII. J Biol Chem. 2001 Dec 7;276(49):46340-6. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Cofactor
General Function
Serine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific Function
Factor IX is a vitamin K-dependent plasma protein that participates in the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation by converting factor X to its active form in the presence of Ca(2+) ions, phospholi...
Gene Name
F9
Uniprot ID
P00740
Uniprot Name
Coagulation factor IX
Molecular Weight
51778.11 Da
References
  1. Hule V: [Factor IX inhibitor (antihemophilic factor B, PTC) in a woman]. Vnitr Lek. 1975 Mar;21(3):274-7. [Article]
  2. Yoshitake S, Schach BG, Foster DC, Davie EW, Kurachi K: Nucleotide sequence of the gene for human factor IX (antihemophilic factor B). Biochemistry. 1985 Jul 2;24(14):3736-50. [Article]
  3. LUNDBLAD RL, DAVIE EW: THE ACTIVATION OF ANTIHEMOPHILIC FACTOR (FACTOR 8) BY ACTIVATED CHRISTMAS FACTOR (ACTIVATED FACTOR9 9). Biochemistry. 1964 Nov;3:1720-5. [Article]
  4. Hoofnagle JH, Gerety RJ, Thiel J, Barker LF: The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen in commercially prepared plasma products. J Lab Clin Med. 1976 Jul;88(1):102-13. [Article]
  5. Prince AM, Horowitz B, Brotman B, Huima T, Richardson L, van den Ende MC: Inactivation of hepatitis B and Hutchinson strain non-A, non-B hepatitis viruses by exposure to Tween 80 and ether. Vox Sang. 1984;46(1):36-43. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Binder
General Function
Carbohydrate binding
Specific Function
Mediates the endocytosis of plasma glycoproteins to which the terminal sialic acid residue on their complex carbohydrate moieties has been removed. The receptor recognizes terminal galactose and N-...
Gene Name
ASGR2
Uniprot ID
P07307
Uniprot Name
Asialoglycoprotein receptor 2
Molecular Weight
35092.04 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Bovenschen N, Rijken DC, Havekes LM, van Vlijmen BJ, Mertens K: The B domain of coagulation factor VIII interacts with the asialoglycoprotein receptor. J Thromb Haemost. 2005 Jun;3(6):1257-65. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Chaperone
General Function
Unfolded protein binding
Specific Function
Probably plays a role in facilitating the assembly of multimeric protein complexes inside the endoplasmic reticulum. Involved in the correct folding of proteins and degradation of misfolded protein...
Gene Name
HSPA5
Uniprot ID
P11021
Uniprot Name
78 kDa glucose-regulated protein
Molecular Weight
72332.425 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Kaufman RJ, Pipe SW, Tagliavacca L, Swaroop M, Moussalli M: Biosynthesis, assembly and secretion of coagulation factor VIII. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 1997 Dec;8 Suppl 2:S3-14. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Chaperone
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Calcium-binding chaperone that promotes folding, oligomeric assembly and quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) via the calreticulin/calnexin cycle. This lectin interacts transiently wit...
Gene Name
CALR
Uniprot ID
P27797
Uniprot Name
Calreticulin
Molecular Weight
48141.2 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Pipe SW, Morris JA, Shah J, Kaufman RJ: Differential interaction of coagulation factor VIII and factor V with protein chaperones calnexin and calreticulin. J Biol Chem. 1998 Apr 3;273(14):8537-44. [Article]
  4. Srour MA, Grupp J, Aburubaiha Z, Albert T, Brondke H, Oldenburg J, Schwaab R: Modified expression of coagulation factor VIII by addition of a glycosylation site at the N terminus of the protein. Ann Hematol. 2008 Feb;87(2):107-12. Epub 2007 Sep 26. [Article]
  5. Kaufman RJ, Pipe SW, Tagliavacca L, Swaroop M, Moussalli M: Biosynthesis, assembly and secretion of coagulation factor VIII. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 1997 Dec;8 Suppl 2:S3-14. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Chaperone
General Function
Poly(a) rna binding
Specific Function
Calcium-binding protein that interacts with newly synthesized glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum. It may act in assisting protein assembly and/or in the retention within the ER of unassembl...
Gene Name
CANX
Uniprot ID
P27824
Uniprot Name
Calnexin
Molecular Weight
67567.695 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Pipe SW, Morris JA, Shah J, Kaufman RJ: Differential interaction of coagulation factor VIII and factor V with protein chaperones calnexin and calreticulin. J Biol Chem. 1998 Apr 3;273(14):8537-44. [Article]
  4. Becker S, Simpson JC, Pepperkok R, Heinz S, Herder C, Grez M, Seifried E, Tonn T: Confocal microscopy analysis of native, full length and B-domain deleted coagulation factor VIII trafficking in mammalian cells. Thromb Haemost. 2004 Jul;92(1):23-35. [Article]
  5. Srour MA, Grupp J, Aburubaiha Z, Albert T, Brondke H, Oldenburg J, Schwaab R: Modified expression of coagulation factor VIII by addition of a glycosylation site at the N terminus of the protein. Ann Hematol. 2008 Feb;87(2):107-12. Epub 2007 Sep 26. [Article]
  6. Kaufman RJ, Pipe SW, Tagliavacca L, Swaroop M, Moussalli M: Biosynthesis, assembly and secretion of coagulation factor VIII. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 1997 Dec;8 Suppl 2:S3-14. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Chaperone
General Function
Unfolded protein binding
Specific Function
Mannose-specific lectin. May recognize sugar residues of glycoproteins, glycolipids, or glycosylphosphatidyl inositol anchors and may be involved in the sorting or recycling of proteins, lipids, or...
Gene Name
LMAN1
Uniprot ID
P49257
Uniprot Name
Protein ERGIC-53
Molecular Weight
57548.665 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Cunningham MA, Pipe SW, Zhang B, Hauri HP, Ginsburg D, Kaufman RJ: LMAN1 is a molecular chaperone for the secretion of coagulation factor VIII. J Thromb Haemost. 2003 Nov;1(11):2360-7. [Article]
  4. Miao HZ, Sirachainan N, Palmer L, Kucab P, Cunningham MA, Kaufman RJ, Pipe SW: Bioengineering of coagulation factor VIII for improved secretion. Blood. 2004 May 1;103(9):3412-9. Epub 2004 Jan 15. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Modulator
General Function
Receptor activity
Specific Function
Endocytic receptor involved in endocytosis and in phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. Required for early embryonic development. Involved in cellular lipid homeostasis. Involved in the plasma clearance...
Gene Name
LRP1
Uniprot ID
Q07954
Uniprot Name
Prolow-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1
Molecular Weight
504601.695 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Franchini M, Montagnana M: Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1: new functions for an old molecule. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2011 Jun;49(6):967-70. doi: 10.1515/CCLM.2011.154. Epub 2011 Mar 11. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Modulator
General Function
Calcium ion binding
Specific Function
The MCFD2-LMAN1 complex forms a specific cargo receptor for the ER-to-Golgi transport of selected proteins. Plays a role in the secretion of coagulation factors.
Gene Name
MCFD2
Uniprot ID
Q8NI22
Uniprot Name
Multiple coagulation factor deficiency protein 2
Molecular Weight
16390.175 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Zhang B, Kaufman RJ, Ginsburg D: LMAN1 and MCFD2 form a cargo receptor complex and interact with coagulation factor VIII in the early secretory pathway. J Biol Chem. 2005 Jul 8;280(27):25881-6. Epub 2005 May 10. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Binder
General Function
Protein n-terminus binding
Specific Function
Important in the maintenance of hemostasis, it promotes adhesion of platelets to the sites of vascular injury by forming a molecular bridge between sub-endothelial collagen matrix and platelet-surf...
Gene Name
VWF
Uniprot ID
P04275
Uniprot Name
von Willebrand factor
Molecular Weight
309261.83 Da
References
  1. Shord SS, Lindley CM: Coagulation products and their uses. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2000 Aug 1;57(15):1403-17; quiz 1418-20. [Article]
  2. Lillicrap D, Poon MC, Walker I, Xie F, Schwartz BA: Efficacy and safety of the factor VIII/von Willebrand factor concentrate, haemate-P/humate-P: ristocetin cofactor unit dosing in patients with von Willebrand disease. Thromb Haemost. 2002 Feb;87(2):224-30. [Article]
  3. Gill JC, Ewenstein BM, Thompson AR, Mueller-Velten G, Schwartz BA: Successful treatment of urgent bleeding in von Willebrand disease with factor VIII/VWF concentrate (Humate-P): use of the ristocetin cofactor assay (VWF:RCo) to measure potency and to guide therapy. Haemophilia. 2003 Nov;9(6):688-95. [Article]
  4. Smith KJ, Lusher JM, Cohen AR, Salzman P: Initial clinical experience with a new pasteurized monoclonal antibody purified factor VIIIC. Semin Hematol. 1990 Apr;27(2 Suppl 2):25-9. [Article]
  5. Altieri DC, Capitanio AM, Mannucci PM: von Willebrand factor contaminating porcine factor VIII concentrate (Hyate:C) causes platelet aggregation. Br J Haematol. 1986 Aug;63(4):703-11. [Article]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Activator
General Function
Thrombospondin receptor activity
Specific Function
Thrombin, which cleaves bonds after Arg and Lys, converts fibrinogen to fibrin and activates factors V, VII, VIII, XIII, and, in complex with thrombomodulin, protein C. Functions in blood homeostas...
Gene Name
F2
Uniprot ID
P00734
Uniprot Name
Prothrombin
Molecular Weight
70036.295 Da
References
  1. Alberio L, Safa O, Clemetson KJ, Esmon CT, Dale GL: Surface expression and functional characterization of alpha-granule factor V in human platelets: effects of ionophore A23187, thrombin, collagen, and convulxin. Blood. 2000 Mar 1;95(5):1694-702. [Article]
  2. Ratnoff OD, Lewis JH: Heckathorn's disease: variable functional dificiency of antihemophilic factor (factor VIII). Blood. 1975 Aug;46(2):161-73. [Article]
  3. Anderson DM, Shelley S, Crick N, Buraglio M: No effect of the novel antidiabetic agent nateglinide on the pharmacokinetics and anticoagulant properties of warfarin in healthy volunteers. J Clin Pharmacol. 2002 Dec;42(12):1358-65. [Article]
  4. Piet MP, Chin S, Prince AM, Brotman B, Cundell AM, Horowitz B: The use of tri(n-butyl)phosphate detergent mixtures to inactivate hepatitis viruses and human immunodeficiency virus in plasma and plasma's subsequent fractionation. Transfusion. 1990 Sep;30(7):591-8. [Article]
  5. Lazarchick J, Ashby MA, Lazarchick JJ, Sens DA: Mechanism of factor VIII inactivation by human antibodies. IV. Antibody binding prevents factor VIII proteolysis by thrombin. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1986 Nov-Dec;16(6):497-501. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inactivator
General Function
Serine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific Function
Protein C is a vitamin K-dependent serine protease that regulates blood coagulation by inactivating factors Va and VIIIa in the presence of calcium ions and phospholipids (PubMed:25618265). Exerts ...
Gene Name
PROC
Uniprot ID
P04070
Uniprot Name
Vitamin K-dependent protein C
Molecular Weight
52070.82 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [Article]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [Article]
  3. Bereczky Z, Kovacs KB, Muszbek L: Protein C and protein S deficiencies: similarities and differences between two brothers playing in the same game. Clin Chem Lab Med. 2010 Dec;48 Suppl 1:S53-66. doi: 10.1515/CCLM.2010.369. Epub 2010 Nov 5. [Article]

Drug created on March 20, 2018 17:52 / Updated on September 16, 2021 13:04