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Displaying drugs 2301 - 2325 of 14935 in total
Aminoacridine derivative that is a potent intercalating antineoplastic agent. It is effective in the treatment of acute leukemias and malignant lymphomas, but has poor activity in the treatment of solid tumors. It is frequently used in combination with other antineoplastic agents in chemotherapy protocols. It produces consistent but acceptable myelosuppression...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … It produces consistent but acceptable myelosuppression and cardiotoxic effects. ... It is effective in the treatment of acute leukemias and malignant lymphomas, but has poor activity in …
Matched Categories: … Indicators and Reagents ... Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents …
Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, obtained from Commiphora abyssinica, Burseraceae.
Approved
Matched Description: … Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential …
The coenzyme form of Vitamin B1 present in many animal tissues. It is a required intermediate in the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and the ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex.
Approved
Experimental
Matched Description: … It is a required intermediate in the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and the ketoglutarate dehydrogenase …
Matched Categories: … Enzymes and Coenzymes …
Peppermint allergenic extract is used in allergenic testing.
Approved
Matched Categories: … Herbs and Natural Products …
Metergoline is an ergot-derived psychoactive drug that acts as a ligand for serotonin and dopamine receptors. Metergoline is an antagonist at various 5-HT receptor subtypes at a relatively low concentration and agonist at dopamine receptors. Its use has been studied in various clinical settings such as a treatment for seasonal...
Approved
Matched Description: … Metergoline is an antagonist at various 5-HT receptor subtypes at a relatively low concentration and ... Metergoline is an ergot-derived psychoactive drug that acts as a ligand for serotonin and dopamine receptors ... due to its inhibitory effect on prolactin release,[A27182] premenstrual dysphoric disorder in women and
Matched Categories: … Ergot Alkaloids and Derivatives ... Genito Urinary System and Sex Hormones …
Vibegron is a potent, selective beta-3 adrenergic receptor (β3) agonist that relaxes the detrusor smooth muscle of the bladder, thereby increasing bladder capacity. Vibegron was first approved in Japan in September 2018 for the treatment of overactive bladder, a condition associated with distressing symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … urinary frequency, and reduced quality of life of patients. ... bladder,[A226050] a condition associated with distressing symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and
Matched Categories: … Genito Urinary System and Sex Hormones ... Drugs for Urinary Frequency and Incontinence …
Synthetic conjugated estrogens A are composed of a blend of the following nine synthetic estrogenic substances: estrone sulfate, sodium equilin sulfate, sodium 17α-dihydroequilin sulfate, sodium 17α-estradiol sulfate, sodium 17β­ dihydroequilin sulfate, sodium 17α-dihydroequilenin sulfate, sodium 17β-dihydroequilenin sulfate, sodium equilenin sulfate, and sodium 17β-estradiol sulfate. This blend of nine estrogen derivatives...
Approved
Matched Description: … dryness, and vulvovaginal atrophy. ... estradiol by the ovaries and a consequent fluctuation in LH and FSH due to a lack of feedback control ... after menopause and includes hot flashes and other vasomotor symptoms, painful intercourse, vaginal …
Matched Categories: … Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists …
Synthetic conjugated estrogens, B tablets contain a blend of ten synthetic estrogenic substances. The estrogenic substances are: sodium estrone sulfate, sodium equilin sulfate, sodium 17α-dihydroequilin sulfate, sodium 17α-estradiol sulfate, sodium 17β­ dihydroequilin sulfate, sodium 17α-dihydroequilenin sulfate, sodium 17β-dihydroequilenin sulfate, sodium equilenin sulfate, sodium 17β-estradiol sulfate, and sodium Δ8,9-dehydroestrone sulfate. This...
Approved
Matched Description: … dryness, and vulvovaginal atrophy. ... estradiol by the ovaries and a consequent fluctuation in LH and FSH due to a lack of feedback control ... after menopause and includes hot flashes and other vasomotor symptoms, painful intercourse, vaginal …
Matched Categories: … Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists …
Pirfenidone is a synthetic pyridone drug. It is an antifibrotic agent with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that is used to treat idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which is a chronic, progressive form of interstitial pneumonia. While its mechanism of action is not yet fully understood, pirfenidone is proposed to primarily regulate...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … [A251370] It is an antifibrotic agent with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties [A251370] that ... fully understood, pirfenidone is proposed to primarily regulate tumor necrosis factor (TNF) pathways and
Matched Categories: … Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents …
Ivacaftor (also known as Kalydeco or VX-770) is a drug used for the management of Cystic Fibrosis (CF). It is manufactured and distributed by Vertex Pharmaceuticals. It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration on January 31, 2012 , and by Health Canada in late 2012. Ivacaftor is administered...
Approved
Matched Description: … It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration on January 31, 2012[L768], and by Health Canada in ... It is manufactured and distributed by Vertex Pharmaceuticals. ... consequently abnormal fluid and ion transport across cell membranes. …
Matched Categories: … ivacaftor and tezacaftor ... ivacaftor and lumacaftor ... ivacaftor, tezacaftor and elexacaftor …
Chlorcyclizine is a first generation phenylpiperazine class antihistamine used to treat urticaria, rhinitis, pruritus, and other allergy symptoms. Chlorcyclizine also has some local anesthetic, anticholinergic, and antiserotonergic properties, and can be used as an antiemetic.
Approved
Matched Description: … Chlorcyclizine also has some local anesthetic, anticholinergic, and antiserotonergic properties, and ... first generation phenylpiperazine class antihistamine used to treat urticaria, rhinitis, pruritus, and
Betrixaban is a non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant whose action is driven by the competitive and reversible inhibition of the factor Xa . It was selected among all lead compounds due to its low hERG channel affinity while sustaining its factor Xa inhibition capacity . Betrixaban, now developed by Portola Pharmaceuticals...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … Betrixaban is a non-vitamin K oral anticoagulant whose action is driven by the competitive and reversible ... VTE can be manifested as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism and it is a leading cause of preventable …
Matched Categories: … Blood and Blood Forming Organs …
Severe acute pain occurs through nociceptive signalling involving both ascending and descending spinal pathways, in which nerve conductance is mediated in part by the action of opioid receptors.[A218041, A218046] Opioid receptors are seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), of which the μ-opioid receptor subtype is predominantly targeted by and is responsible for...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … Severe acute pain occurs through nociceptive signalling involving both ascending and descending spinal ... beneficial analgesic effects of opioids are coupled with severe adverse effects such as constipation and ... G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), of which the μ-opioid receptor subtype is predominantly targeted by and
Mirtazapine is a tetracyclic piperazino-azepine antidepressant agent that was initially approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) in the Netherlands in 1994. This drug was first manufactured by Organon Inc., and received FDA approval in 1997 for the treatment of major depressive disorder.[T595, L6157] The effects of this...
Approved
Matched Description: … prevent nausea and vomiting after surgery. ... ., and received FDA approval in 1997 for the treatment of major depressive disorder. ... symptoms of neurological disorders, reverse weight loss caused by medical conditions, improve sleep, and
Vismodegib is an orally active small molecule that inhibits the hedgehog signaling pathway by binding to and inhibiting the transmembrane protein smoothened homologue (SMO).[A258613,A258618,L45803] It was discovered by high-throughput screening of a library of small-molecule compounds and subsequent optimization through medicinal chemistry. Since it targets the hedgehog signaling pathway, vismodegib...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … Afterwards, it is silenced in all cells and tissues, except for hair, skin and stem cells. ... Vismodegib is an orally active small molecule that inhibits the hedgehog signaling pathway by binding to and ... The Hedgehog signaling pathway plays an important role in the development of organs and tissues during …
Matched Categories: … Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents …
A synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen used in the treatment of menopausal and postmenopausal disorders. It was also used formerly as a growth promoter in animals. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), diethylstilbestrol has been listed as a known carcinogen. (Merck, 11th ed) The FDA withdrew its...
Approved
Investigational
Withdrawn
Matched Description: … A synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen used in the treatment of menopausal and postmenopausal disorders. ... (Merck, 11th ed) The FDA withdrew its approval for the use of all oral and parenteral drug products …
Matched Categories: … Hormones and Related Agents ... Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents ... Genito Urinary System and Sex Hormones ... Sex Hormones and Modulators of the Genital System ... Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists …
Peginterferon alfa-2a is a form of recombinant interferon used as part of combination therapy to treat chronic Hepatitis C, an infectious liver disease caused by infection with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). HCV is a single-stranded RNA virus that is categorized into nine distinct genotypes, with genotype 1 being the most...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … development of endocrine and autoimmune disorders, retinopathies, cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric ... 36% for genotype 1 and 59% for genotypes 2-6 after 48 weeks of treatment. ... the janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway. …
Matched Categories: … Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins ... Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents ... Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins …
Fluoroestradiol F-18 is an imaging agent used with positron emission tomography (PET) to detect estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer lesions. The ability to image ER-positive tumors in vivo is advantageous in that, while helping to visualize tumor progression/regression, it may also be used to assess for heterogeneity in ER expression across...
Approved
Matched Description: … PETNET Solutions, Inc. and Zionexa USA under the brand name Cerianna. ... [A203912] Fluoroestradiol F-18 was first granted FDA approval in May 2020, and will be developed by …
Matched Categories: … Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists …
Golimumab is a human IgG1қ monoclonal antibody derived from immunizing genetically engineered mice with human TNFα. Golimumab binds and inhibits soluble and transmembrane human TNFα. Increased TNFα is associated with chronic inflammation. Thus golimumab is indicated for use in adults (i) as an adjunct to methotrexate treatment in patients with...
Approved
Matched Description: … Golimumab binds and inhibits soluble and transmembrane human TNFα. ... Additionally in children and adolescents taking golimumab, there have been lymphoma and other malignancies ... In the U.S. and Canada, golimumab is marketed under the brand name Simponi®. …
Matched Categories: … Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins ... Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents …
Pexidartinib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor that works by inhibiting the colony-stimulating factor (CSF1)/CSF1 receptor pathway. Pexidartinib was originally developed by Daiichi Sankyo, Inc. and it was approved by the FDA in August 2019 as the first systemic therapy for adult patients with symptomatic tenosynovial giant cell tumor. Tenosynovial...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … tendon sheaths to thicken and overgrow, leading to damage in surrounding joint tissue. ... Pexidartinib was originally developed by Daiichi Sankyo, Inc. and it was approved by the FDA in August ... [A182243] Pexidartinib is available in oral formulations and it is commonly marketed as Turalio. …
Matched Categories: … Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents …
Roflumilast is a highly selective phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) inhibitor. PDE4 is a major cyclic-3',5′-adenosinemonophosphate (cyclic AMP, cAMP)-metabolizing enzyme expressed on nearly all immune and pro-inflammatory cells, in addition to structural cells like those of the smooth muscle or epithelium. The resultant increase in intracellular cAMP induced by roflumilast's inhibition of PDE4...
Approved
Matched Description: … [L46546] It was first approved by the EMA in July 2010, and by the FDA in January 2018. ... adenosinemonophosphate (cyclic AMP, cAMP)-metabolizing enzyme [L37564] expressed on nearly all immune and ... The cream formulation was first approved by the FDA in July 2022 [L42580] and by Health Canada in April …
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by significant muscle weakness - particularly in the eye, throat, and extremities - caused by autoantibodies attacking the neuromuscular junction. The production of IgG autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) is one of the more common pathophysiological mechanisms behind MG, and results in...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … results in the destruction of these receptors and a reduction in electrical nerve impulses. ... autoimmune disorder characterized by significant muscle weakness - particularly in the eye, throat, and ... acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) is one of the more common pathophysiological mechanisms behind MG, and
Matched Categories: … Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents …
Bisoctrizole, or methylene bis-benzotriazolyl tetramethylbutylphenol, is a broad-spectrum organic UV filter that is marketed as Tinosorb M . It is a benzotriazole-based organic compound that absorbs, reflects, and scatters both UV-A and UV-B rays. Bisoctrizole is not approved by the FDA, but is approved in the EU and other parts...
Approved
Matched Description: … It is a benzotriazole-based organic compound that absorbs, reflects, and scatters both UV-A and UV-B ... Bisoctrizole is not approved by the FDA, but is approved in the EU and other parts of the world as a ... UV-filter in sunscreens, day care products and skin lightening products at a maximum concentration of …
Segesterone acetate is a steroidal progestin or synthetic progesterone and a 19-norprogesterone derivative with no CH3 group radical in position 6 . In animal studies, segesterone acetate was shown to be one of the most potent progestins . It mediates progestational activity 100 times higher than that of progesterone ....
Approved
Experimental
Investigational
Matched Description: … low-birth-weight infants, and physical and mental health risks [L4246]. ... It is commonly sold under the brand names Nestorone and Elcometrine and serves as an active component ... Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as the first and only contraceptive that provides an entire year of …
Matched Categories: … Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists …
Ritlecitinib (PF-06651600) is a highly selective inhibitor of Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) and the tyrosine kinase expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (TEC) kinase family. In June 2023, it was approved by the FDA for the treatment of severe alopecia areata in adults and adolescents 12 years and older.[L47092,L47127] It was further...
Approved
Investigational
Matched Description: … 12 years and older. ... This makes ritlecitinib a highly selective and irreversible JAK3 inhibitor. ... [L48181] Ritlecitinib is administered orally and is the first member of its class. …
Matched Categories: … Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents …
Displaying drugs 2301 - 2325 of 14935 in total