Pituitary Hormone-Releasing Hormones
- Pituitary Hormone-Releasing Hormones
- Accession Number
Peptides, natural or synthetic, that stimulate the release of PITUITARY HORMONES. They were first isolated from the extracts of the HYPOTHALAMUS; MEDIAN EMINENCE; PITUITARY STALK; and NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. In addition, some hypophysiotropic hormones control pituitary cell differentiation, cell proliferation, and hormone synthesis. Some can act on more than one pituitary hormone.
Drug Drug Description Leuprolide A peptide-based GnRH receptor superagonist used for the palliative treatment of prostate cancer, uterine leiomyomata, endometriosis, and central precocious puberty. Sermorelin For the treatment of dwarfism, prevention of HIV-induced weight loss Goserelin A synthetic analog of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone used to treat breast cancer and prostate cancer by reducing secretion of gonadotropins from the pituitary. Cetrorelix A synthetic peptide antagonist of gonadotropin releasing hormone used to prevent luteinizing hormone surges in women undergoing assisted reproduction therapy. Gonadorelin A synthetic GnRH used to test the function of gonadotropes and the pituitary. Nafarelin A gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist used to treat central precocious puberty. Corticorelin A synthetic corticotropin-releasing factor analog used to diagnose causes of excessive adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) production. Buserelin A LHRH agonist used for the palliative treatment of hormone-dependent advanced carcinoma of the prostate gland in males and treatment of endometriosis in females. Ganirelix A GnRH antagonist used in assisted reproduction in women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation to control ovulation by inhibiting the premature LH surges. Histrelin A GnRH agonist found in subcutaneous implants used for the treatment of pediatric patients with central precocious puberty and the palliative treatment of advanced prostate cancer. Triptorelin A GnRH agonist indicated for the palliative treatment of advanced prostate cancer. Tesamorelin A growth hormone releasing factor (GRF) analog used to reduce excessive abdominal fat in HIV patients who have developed lipodystrophy. Corticorelin ovine triflutate A synthetic corticotropin-releasing hormone used for diagnostic purposes in differentiating pituitary and ectopic production of ACTH in patients with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Protirelin A synthetic analogue of thyrotropin-releasing hormone that has been used during diagnostic tests to evaluate function of the thyroid gland. Deslorelin Deslorelin acetate is an injectable gonadotropin releasing hormone super-agonist also known as an LHRH agonist. It stops the production of sex hormones. Zoptarelin doxorubicin Zoptarelin doxorubicin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Breast Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Prostate Cancer, Endometrial Cancer, and Urothelial Carcinoma, among others.
- Drugs & Drug Targets