Central Nervous System Stimulants

Name
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Accession Number
DBCAT000437
Description

A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
AmphetamineA CNS stimulant and sympathomimetic agent indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
CaffeineA stimulant present in tea, coffee, cola beverages, analgesic drugs, and agents used to increase alertness. It is also used in to prevent and treat pulmonary complications of premature birth.
MethylphenidateA stimulant used in the management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
LisdexamfetamineA central nervous system (CNS) stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and moderate to severe eating disorders.
DextroamphetamineA sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
MetamfetamineA sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity.
DexmethylphenidateA norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor used in the treatment of ADHD in conjunction with other therapies.
Megestrol acetateA progestin that is administered orally to treat anorexia and cachexia or serious unexplained weight loss and is also used as an antineoplastic agent to treat certain types of malignancy.
PicrotoxinUsed internally for relieving respiratory distress. Also for use as an antidote in poisoning by CNS depressants, especially barbiturates.
DoxapramA short acting respiratory stimulant used to treat acute respiratory insufficiency in COPD patients.
MazindolA sympathomimetic used to treat obesity in combination with lifestyle modifications.
ModafinilA stimulant used to improve wakefulness in patients with sleep apnea, narcolepsy, or shift work disorder.
MinaprineFor the treatment of depression
PhenmetrazineUsed as an anorectic in the treatment of obesity.
BenzphetamineA sympathomimetic used to manage exogenous obesity short term.
PemolineA central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that was previously used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
EphedrineAn alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist indicated to treat hypotension under anesthesia, allergic conditions, bronchial asthma, and nasal congestion.
FencamfaminFor the the treatment of depressive fatigue in convalescence and other debilitated states as well as in the treatment of depressive day-time fatigue, lack of concentration and lethargy.
FenethyllineNot Available
CathinoneCathinone is a monoamine alkaloid found in the shrub Catha edulis (Khat). Closely related to ephedrine, cathine and other amphetamines, it is probably the main contributor to the stimulant effect...
PhendimetrazineA sympathomimetic amine used as adjunct therapy for the short term management of exogenous obesity.
ArmodafinilA stimulant used to improve wakefulness in adult patients with excessive sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, or shift work disorder.
FlurothylFlurothyl is a convulsant primarily used in experimental animals. It was formerly used to induce convulsions as a alternative to electroshock therapy.
BicucullineBicuculline is a light-sensitive competitive antagonist of GABAA receptors. It was originally identified in 1932 in plant alkaloid extracts and has been isolated from Dicentra cucullaria, Adlumia fungosa, Fumariaceae, and...
DoxifluridineDoxifluridine has been investigated for the treatment of Stomach Cancer.
ProlintaneNot Annotated
PhenibutNot Annotated
NikethamideNot Annotated
BemegrideBemegride is a CNS stimulant that is used to induce convulsions in experimental animals. It has also been used as a respiratory stimulant and in the treatment of barbiturate overdose.
HarmalineNot Annotated
ClobenzorexNot Annotated
4-MethylaminorexNot Available
PentetrazolNot Annotated
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
AmphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
AmphetamineCocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript proteintarget
AmphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
AmphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
AmphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
AmphetamineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
AmphetamineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
AmphetamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
AmphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
AmphetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
AmphetamineMonoamine oxidasetarget
Amphetaminevesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2)target
CaffeineAdenosine receptor A1target
CaffeinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
CaffeineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
CaffeineRyanodine receptor 1target
CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
CaffeineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
CaffeineCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
CaffeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
CaffeineCyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterasetarget
CaffeineDNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunittarget
CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoformtarget
CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoformtarget
CaffeineInositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptortarget
CaffeineSerine-protein kinase ATMtarget
CaffeineATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
CaffeineAdenosine receptor A2btarget
CaffeineAdenosine receptor A3target
CaffeinePhosphodiesterase enzymestarget
MethylphenidateSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
MethylphenidateSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
MethylphenidateCarboxylesteraseenzyme
Methylphenidate5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
LisdexamfetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
LisdexamfetamineSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
LisdexamfetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DextroamphetamineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DextroamphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DextroamphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DextroamphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DextroamphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DextroamphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DextroamphetaminePrimary amine oxidaseenzyme
DextroamphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertransporter
DextroamphetamineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
MetamfetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MetamfetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
MetamfetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
MetamfetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
MetamfetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
MetamfetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
MetamfetamineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
MetamfetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
MetamfetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
MetamfetamineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DexmethylphenidateSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DexmethylphenidateSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DexmethylphenidateSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DexmethylphenidateCarboxylesteraseenzyme
Megestrol acetateProgesterone receptortarget
Megestrol acetateGlucocorticoid receptortarget
Megestrol acetateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
Megestrol acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
PicrotoxinGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1target
PicrotoxinGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
PicrotoxinGlycine receptor subunit alpha-2target
PicrotoxinGlycine receptor subunit alpha-3target
PicrotoxinCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
PicrotoxinGlutamine synthetaseenzyme
PicrotoxinGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DoxapramPotassium channel subfamily K member 3target
DoxapramPotassium channel subfamily K member 9target
MazindolSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
MazindolSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
MazindolSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
MazindolSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
ModafinilSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
ModafinilAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
ModafinilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ModafinilCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
ModafinilCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
ModafinilCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
ModafinilCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
ModafinilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
MinaprineDopamine D1 receptortarget
MinaprineDopamine D2 receptortarget
Minaprine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
Minaprine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Btarget
Minaprine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
MinaprineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
MinaprineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MinaprineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
MinaprineAcetylcholinesterasetarget
MinaprineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
PhenmetrazineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
PhenmetrazineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
BenzphetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
BenzphetamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
BenzphetamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
BenzphetamineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
BenzphetamineNADPH--cytochrome P450 reductaseenzyme
BenzphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
BenzphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
EphedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
EphedrineCholinesteraseenzyme
EphedrineSerum albumincarrier
EphedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
EphedrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertransporter
EphedrineAcetylcholinesteraseenzyme
FencamfaminSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
FenethyllineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
PhendimetrazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
PhendimetrazineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
PhendimetrazineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
ArmodafinilCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
ArmodafinilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ArmodafinilCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
ArmodafinilCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
ArmodafinilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
ArmodafinilCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
ArmodafinilSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
HarmalineHistamine N-methyltransferasetarget