Vadimezan

Identification

Generic Name
Vadimezan
DrugBank Accession Number
DB06235
Background

Not Available

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Investigational
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 282.2907
Monoisotopic: 282.089208936
Chemical Formula
C17H14O4
Synonyms
  • (5,6-dimethyl-9-oxoxanthen-4-yl)acetic acid
  • 5,6-Dimethyl-9-oxo-9H-xanthene-4-acetic acid
  • 5,6-Dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid
  • 5,6-Dimethylxanthenoneacetic acid
  • 5,6-MeXAA
  • Dimethyloxoxanthene acetic acid
  • DMXAA
  • Vadimezan
  • Vadimézan
  • Vadimezanum
External IDs
  • AS-1404
  • AS1404
  • ASA-404
  • ASA404
  • NSC-640488

Pharmacology

Indication

Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, and prostate cancer.

Pharmacology
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Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
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Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action

ASA404 (DMXAA) is a small-molecule vascular disrupting agent which targets the blood vessels that nourish tumours. The proposed mechanism of action for ASA404 is directly increasing permeability of the tumor's endothelial cells. Vasoactive mediators such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) may also be implicated. Increased permeability of tumor cell vasculature may allow increased permeation of anticancer treatments such as cytotoxic drugs, antibodies, drug conjugates and gene therapy.

Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism

Hover over products below to view reaction partners

Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
AbametapirThe serum concentration of Vadimezan can be increased when it is combined with Abametapir.
AbataceptThe metabolism of Vadimezan can be increased when combined with Abatacept.
AbirateroneThe serum concentration of Vadimezan can be increased when it is combined with Abiraterone.
AcenocoumarolThe metabolism of Vadimezan can be decreased when combined with Acenocoumarol.
AcetaminophenThe metabolism of Vadimezan can be decreased when combined with Acetaminophen.
AcyclovirThe metabolism of Vadimezan can be decreased when combined with Acyclovir.
AdalimumabThe metabolism of Vadimezan can be increased when combined with Adalimumab.
AgomelatineThe metabolism of Agomelatine can be decreased when combined with Vadimezan.
AlbendazoleThe metabolism of Vadimezan can be increased when combined with Albendazole.
AlosetronThe metabolism of Vadimezan can be decreased when combined with Alosetron.
Interactions
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Food Interactions
Not Available

Products

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Product Ingredients
IngredientUNIICASInChI Key
Vadimezan sodiumC35T92HIZM129095-08-5CUHSZPRXKQDLCJ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Categories

Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as xanthones. These are polycyclic aromatic compounds containing a xanthene moiety conjugated to a ketone group at carbon 9. Xanthene is a tricyclic compound made up of two benzene rings linearly fused to each other through a pyran ring.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organoheterocyclic compounds
Class
Benzopyrans
Sub Class
1-benzopyrans
Direct Parent
Xanthones
Alternative Parents
Chromones / Pyranones and derivatives / Benzenoids / Heteroaromatic compounds / Oxacyclic compounds / Monocarboxylic acids and derivatives / Carboxylic acids / Organic oxides / Hydrocarbon derivatives / Carbonyl compounds
Substituents
Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound / Benzenoid / Carbonyl group / Carboxylic acid / Carboxylic acid derivative / Chromone / Heteroaromatic compound / Hydrocarbon derivative / Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives / Organic oxide
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
monocarboxylic acid, xanthones (CHEBI:75934)
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
0829J8133H
CAS number
117570-53-3
InChI Key
XGOYIMQSIKSOBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C17H14O4/c1-9-6-7-13-15(20)12-5-3-4-11(8-14(18)19)17(12)21-16(13)10(9)2/h3-7H,8H2,1-2H3,(H,18,19)
IUPAC Name
2-(5,6-dimethyl-9-oxo-9H-xanthen-4-yl)acetic acid
SMILES
CC1=C(C)C2=C(C=C1)C(=O)C1=CC=CC(CC(O)=O)=C1O2

References

General References
  1. Zhao L, Ching LM, Kestell P, Kelland LR, Baguley BC: Mechanisms of tumor vascular shutdown induced by 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA): Increased tumor vascular permeability. Int J Cancer. 2005 Aug 20;116(2):322-6. [Article]
  2. McKeage MJ: The potential of DMXAA (ASA404) in combination with docetaxel in advanced prostate cancer. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2008 Jan;17(1):23-9. [Article]
  3. Link [Link]
PubChem Compound
123964
PubChem Substance
347827766
ChemSpider
110486
ChEBI
75934
ChEMBL
CHEMBL71263
ZINC
ZINC000003777432
PDBe Ligand
1YE
Wikipedia
Vadimezan
PDB Entries
4lol / 4qxo / 4qxp / 4qxq / 4qxr

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
3TerminatedTreatmentNon-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC)2
2CompletedTreatmentLung Cancers1
2CompletedTreatmentProstate Cancer1
2WithdrawnTreatmentTransitional Cell, Carcinoma1
1CompletedTreatmentAdvanced or Recurrent Solid Tumors1
1CompletedTreatmentNon-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC)1
1CompletedTreatmentRefractory Tumors1
1CompletedTreatmentTumors, Solid1
1CompletedTreatmentUnspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific1
1TerminatedTreatmentHistologically-proven and Radiologically-confirmed Solid Tumors1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0225 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.06ALOGPS
logP3.62ChemAxon
logS-4.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.6ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area63.6 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity78.21 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability29.37 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Retinoic acid binding
Specific Function
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols. Isoform 2 lacks trans...
Gene Name
UGT1A9
Uniprot ID
O60656
Uniprot Name
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9
Molecular Weight
59940.495 Da
References
  1. Zhou S, Kestell P, Baguley BC, Paxton JW: 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA): a new biological response modifier for cancer therapy. Invest New Drugs. 2002 Aug;20(3):281-95. [Article]
  2. Zhou S, Kestell P, Paxton JW: Predicting pharmacokinetics and drug interactions in patients from in vitro and in vivo models: the experience with 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA), an anti-cancer drug eliminated mainly by conjugation. Drug Metab Rev. 2002 Nov;34(4):751-90. [Article]
  3. Miners JO, Valente L, Lillywhite KJ, Mackenzie PI, Burchell B, Baguley BC, Kestell P: Preclinical prediction of factors influencing the elimination of 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid, a new anticancer drug. Cancer Res. 1997 Jan 15;57(2):284-9. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Glucuronosyltransferase activity
Specific Function
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol su...
Gene Name
UGT2B7
Uniprot ID
P16662
Uniprot Name
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7
Molecular Weight
60694.12 Da
References
  1. Zhou S, Paxton JW, Tingle MD, Kestell P: Identification of the human liver cytochrome P450 isoenzyme responsible for the 6-methylhydroxylation of the novel anticancer drug 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid. Drug Metab Dispos. 2000 Dec;28(12):1449-56. [Article]
  2. Zhou S, Kestell P, Baguley BC, Paxton JW: Preclinical factors affecting the interindividual variability in the clearance of the investigational anti-cancer drug 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid. Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 Jun 1;65(11):1853-65. [Article]
  3. Zhou S, Kestell P, Baguley BC, Paxton JW: 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA): a new biological response modifier for cancer therapy. Invest New Drugs. 2002 Aug;20(3):281-95. [Article]
  4. Zhou S, Kestell P, Paxton JW: Predicting pharmacokinetics and drug interactions in patients from in vitro and in vivo models: the experience with 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA), an anti-cancer drug eliminated mainly by conjugation. Drug Metab Rev. 2002 Nov;34(4):751-90. [Article]
  5. Miners JO, Valente L, Lillywhite KJ, Mackenzie PI, Burchell B, Baguley BC, Kestell P: Preclinical prediction of factors influencing the elimination of 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid, a new anticancer drug. Cancer Res. 1997 Jan 15;57(2):284-9. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
Curator comments
Data supporting this enzyme action are limited to in vitro studies.
General Function
Oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen, reduced flavin or flavoprotein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP1A2
Uniprot ID
P05177
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 1A2
Molecular Weight
58293.76 Da
References
  1. Zhou S, Paxton JW, Tingle MD, Kestell P: Identification of the human liver cytochrome P450 isoenzyme responsible for the 6-methylhydroxylation of the novel anticancer drug 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid. Drug Metab Dispos. 2000 Dec;28(12):1449-56. [Article]
  2. Zhou S, Kestell P, Baguley BC, Paxton JW: Preclinical factors affecting the interindividual variability in the clearance of the investigational anti-cancer drug 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid. Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 Jun 1;65(11):1853-65. [Article]
  3. Zhou S, Kestell P, Baguley BC, Paxton JW: 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA): a new biological response modifier for cancer therapy. Invest New Drugs. 2002 Aug;20(3):281-95. [Article]
  4. Zhou S, Kestell P, Paxton JW: Predicting pharmacokinetics and drug interactions in patients from in vitro and in vivo models: the experience with 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA), an anti-cancer drug eliminated mainly by conjugation. Drug Metab Rev. 2002 Nov;34(4):751-90. [Article]

Drug created on March 19, 2008 16:18 / Updated on June 12, 2020 16:52