This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

Summary

Cloprednol is a glucocorticoid indicated in the treatment of arthritis and asthma.

Generic Name
Cloprednol
DrugBank Accession Number
DB13843
Background

Cloprednol is a synthetic glucocorticoid that has been investigated for use in the treatment of asthma. 1,2

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Experimental
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 392.88
Monoisotopic: 392.1390516
Chemical Formula
C21H25ClO5
Synonyms
  • Cloprednol
External IDs
  • RS-4691

Pharmacology

Indication

Not Available

Pharmacology
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Associated Conditions
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
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Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action
Not Available
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
AbataceptThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Abatacept is combined with Cloprednol.
AbemaciclibThe metabolism of Abemaciclib can be increased when combined with Cloprednol.
AcalabrutinibThe metabolism of Acalabrutinib can be increased when combined with Cloprednol.
AcarboseThe risk or severity of hyperglycemia can be increased when Cloprednol is combined with Acarbose.
AceclofenacThe risk or severity of gastrointestinal irritation can be increased when Cloprednol is combined with Aceclofenac.
AcemetacinThe risk or severity of gastrointestinal irritation can be increased when Cloprednol is combined with Acemetacin.
AcenocoumarolCloprednol may increase the anticoagulant activities of Acenocoumarol.
AcetohexamideThe risk or severity of hyperglycemia can be increased when Cloprednol is combined with Acetohexamide.
AcetyldigitoxinThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Cloprednol is combined with Acetyldigitoxin.
Acetylsalicylic acidThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Cloprednol is combined with Acetylsalicylic acid.
Interactions
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Food Interactions
Not Available

Products

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Categories

ATC Codes
H02AB14 — Cloprednol
Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 21-hydroxysteroids. These are steroids carrying a hydroxyl group at the 21-position of the steroid backbone.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Lipids and lipid-like molecules
Class
Steroids and steroid derivatives
Sub Class
Hydroxysteroids
Direct Parent
21-hydroxysteroids
Alternative Parents
Gluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins and derivatives / 20-oxosteroids / 11-beta-hydroxysteroids / 17-hydroxysteroids / 3-oxo delta-1,4-steroids / Halogenated steroids / Delta-1,4-steroids / Tertiary alcohols / Alpha-hydroxy ketones / Cyclic ketones
show 8 more
Substituents
11-beta-hydroxysteroid / 11-hydroxysteroid / 17-hydroxysteroid / 20-oxosteroid / 21-hydroxysteroid / 3-oxo-delta-1,4-steroid / 3-oxosteroid / 6-halo-steroid / Alcohol / Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
show 23 more
Molecular Framework
Aliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
SYP56O3GJG
CAS number
5251-34-3
InChI Key
YTJIBEDMAQUYSZ-FDNPDPBUSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C21H25ClO5/c1-19-5-3-11(24)7-14(19)15(22)8-12-13-4-6-21(27,17(26)10-23)20(13,2)9-16(25)18(12)19/h3,5,7-8,12-13,16,18,23,25,27H,4,6,9-10H2,1-2H3/t12-,13-,16-,18+,19-,20-,21-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name
(1S,2R,10S,11S,14R,15S,17S)-8-chloro-14,17-dihydroxy-14-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadeca-3,6,8-trien-5-one
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@](O)(C(=O)CO)[C@@]1(C)C[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])C=C(Cl)C2=CC(=O)C=C[C@]12C

References

General References
  1. Ortega E, Rodriguez C, Strand LJ, Bessler S, Segre E: Metabolic effects of cloprednol-a new systemic corticosteroid. J Clin Pharmacol. 1976 Feb-Mar;16(2-3):122-8. [Article]
  2. Ellis EF, Morris HG, Kiechel F 3rd, Pollock JD, Strand LJ: Short-term efficacy and side effects of cloprednol in children with asthma. J Clin Pharmacol. 1979 Oct;19(10):675-83. [Article]
  3. DIMDI Product Information: Syntestan (cloprednol) tablet [Link]
KEGG Drug
D03561
ChemSpider
4447592
RxNav
21285
ChEBI
135619
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1697832
ZINC
ZINC000004215431
Wikipedia
Cloprednol

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
Tablet2.5 MG
Tablet5.0 MG
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.099 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.94ALOGPS
logP1.15ChemAxon
logS-3.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.58ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity104.33 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability40.42 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inducer
General Function
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation react...
Gene Name
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID
P08684
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 3A4
Molecular Weight
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Dvorak Z, Pavek P: Regulation of drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 enzymes by glucocorticoids. Drug Metab Rev. 2010 Nov;42(4):621-35. doi: 10.3109/03602532.2010.484462. [Article]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inducer
General Function
Oxygen binding
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP3A5
Uniprot ID
P20815
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 3A5
Molecular Weight
57108.065 Da
References
  1. Dvorak Z, Pavek P: Regulation of drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 enzymes by glucocorticoids. Drug Metab Rev. 2010 Nov;42(4):621-35. doi: 10.3109/03602532.2010.484462. [Article]

Drug created at June 23, 2017 20:49 / Updated at May 21, 2021 10:23