- Immunosuppressive Agents
- Accession Number
Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.
- ATC Classification
Drug Drug Description Etanercept A protein therapy based on the binding fragment of the tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor used to treat severe rheumatoid arthritis and moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Basiliximab A monoclonal anti-C25 antibody (interleukin-2 receptor alpha subunit) used as immunosuppressive therapy in kidney transplant patients. Muromonab A monoclonal anti-CD3 antibody used as immunosuppressive therapy in kidney, heart, and liver transplant patients. Cyclosporine A steroid-sparing immunosuppressant used in organ and bone marrow transplants as well as inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and atopic dermatitis. Daclizumab A monoclonal anti-CD25 antibody that blocks the interleukin-2 receptor which is used to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Cladribine A purine antimetabolite used for the management of relapsing forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), used in patients who have not responded to or who were unable to tolerate alternative MS drugs. Mycophenolate mofetil An inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor used to prevent the rejection of kidney, heart, or liver transplants. Tacrolimus A calcineurin inhibitor used to prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. Sirolimus An immunosuppressant used to prevent organ transplant rejections and to treat lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Azathioprine An immunosuppressant used to prevent renal transplant rejection, treat rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis. Mycophenolic acid An immunosuppressant used to prevent organ transplant rejections. Thalidomide A medication used to treat newly diagnosed multiple myeloma and erythema nodosum leprosum. Leflunomide A pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor indicated to treat rheumatoid arthritis. Abatacept A disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) used for the management of moderate-to-severe active rheumatoid arthritis and active polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis as monotherapy or in combination with other DMARDs. Everolimus A mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase inhibitor used to treat various types of malignancies. Belatacept A selective T-cell costimulation blocker used in the prophylaxis of organ rejection in adult patients receiving a kidney transplant. Fingolimod A sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator used to treat patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis (MS) and studied to manage lung complications of COVID-19. Belimumab A B-lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS)-specific inhibitor that indirectly inhibits B cell survival, and is used to treat patients with autoantibody positive, active systemic lupus erythematosus. Teriflunomide A pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties used to treat patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis. Certolizumab pegol A tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker used to treat a variety of autoimmune and autoinflammatory conditions like Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, active psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, axial spondyloarthritis, and plaque psoriasis. Canakinumab An interleukin-1β blocker used to treat Periodic Fever Syndromes such as Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS) and Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF), and also to treat active Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (SJIA). Vedolizumab An integrin blocker and anti-inflammatory agent used to manage ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease in adults with inadequate clinical response to immunomodulators. Siltuximab An interleukin antagonist used to treat multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) in patients who are HIV and HHV-8 negative. Gusperimus Gusperimus has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lupus Nephritis, Wegeners Granulomatosis, and Wegener's Granulomatosis. Voclosporin A calcineurin inhibitor for the treatment of lupus nephritis (LN) in patients diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Antilymphocyte immunoglobulin (horse) A primarily IgG immune globulin used to manage allograft rejection in renal transplant patients. Mepolizumab A fully-humanized monoclonal IgG1 kappa anti-IL-5 antibody used in conjunction with other therapies to treat severe asthma, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and hypereosinophilic syndrome. Gemcitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used as adjunct therapy in the treatment of certain types of ovarian cancer, non-small cell lung carcinoma, metastatic breast cancer, and as a single agent for pancreatic cancer. Cyclophosphamide A nitrogen mustard used to treat lymphomas, myelomas, leukemia, mycosis fungoides, neuroblastoma, ovarian adenocarcinoma, retinoblastoma, and breast carcinoma. Fluorouracil A pyrimidine analog used to treat basal cell carcinomas, and as an injection in palliative cancer treatment. Methotrexate An antineoplastic agent used the treatment of a wide variety of cancers as well as severe psoriasis, severe rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Triamcinolone A glucocorticoid used to treat a wide variety of inflammatory conditions of organ systems and tissues. Cytarabine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, lymphocytic leukemia, and the blast phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia. Busulfan An alkylating agent used to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia. Mercaptopurine An antineoplastic agent used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia. Melphalan An alkylating antineoplastic agent used to treat multiple myeloma and ovarian carcinoma. Fludarabine A purine analog antimetabolite that inhibits DNA synthesis. Thiotepa An alkylating agent used to prevent graft rejection in stem cell transplantation and to treat a variety of malignancies including certain types of adenocarcinoma and superficial bladder carcinomas. Glatiramer An immunomodulator used to reduce the frequency of relapses in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Anakinra A recombinant form of human interleukin-1 receptor antagonist used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease. Adalimumab A monoclonal anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha antibody used in the treatment of a wide variety of inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and ankylosing spondylitis. Infliximab A monoclonal anti tumor necrosis factor alpha antibody used in the treatment of a wide variety of inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and ankylosing spondylitis. Alemtuzumab A monoclonal anti-CD52 antibody used in the treatment of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Antithymocyte immunoglobulin (rabbit) A purified form of rabbit anti-thymocyte antibodies used for immunosuppression in patients receiving kidney transplants. Natalizumab A monoclonal anti-integrin antibody which binds to the alpha 4 subunit of integrins to prevent migration of immune cells, and is used to treat Crohn's disease or multiple sclerosis. Lenalidomide A thalidomide derivative used to treat multiple myeloma and anemia in low to intermediate risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Eculizumab A recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody used to reduce the risk of hemolysis in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). Ustekinumab A targeted antibody therapy used to manage inflammatory conditions such as plaque psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, Crohn's Disease, and ulcerative colitis. Tocilizumab An interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor antagonist used to treat Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS), Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (sJIA), Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA), and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Rilonacept An IL-1 inhibitor used to treat cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome, a rare hereditary inflammatory disorder. Golimumab A TNFα inhibitor used in the symptomatic treatment of various active inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and ulcerative colitis. Tofacitinib A Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor used to treat rheumatoid and psoriatic arthritis, and ulcerative colitis. It is not recommended to be combined with biologic therapies or potent immunosuppressants like cyclosporine or azathioprine. Pomalidomide A thalidomide analogue used in combination with dexamethasone to treat patients with multiple myeloma. Secukinumab An immunomodulating agent and interleukin antagonist used to manage moderate to severe plaque psoriasis and active psoriatic arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin A monoclonal anti-CD33 antibody used to treat CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia. Pegaspargase A modified form of L-asparagine amidohydrolase used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which is dependent on an external source of asparagine. Rituximab A monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody used to treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Wegener's granulomatosis, pemphigus vulgaris, and rheumatoid arthritis. Ibritumomab tiuxetan A monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody used to treat B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma via a conjugated radioactive isotope. Tositumomab A monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody used to treat B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma via a conjugated radioactive isotope. Phenylalanine An amino acid commonly found as a component of total parenteral nutrition. Carmustine An alkylating agent used in the treatment of various malignancies, including brain tumours and multiple myeloma, among others. Amsacrine A cytotoxic agent used to induce remission in acute adult leukemia that is not adequately responsive to other agents. Bleomycin A chemotherapy agent used to treat various malignancies, including head and neck malignancy, lymphoma, and testicular tumors, among others. Chlorambucil A chemotherapy agent used in the management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and malignant lymphomas. Mitomycin An antimetabolite used as an adjunct to ab externo (outside approach) eye surgeries for the treatment of glaucoma and used as a chemotherapeutic agent for various malignancies. Vindesine A vinca alkaloid derived from vinblastine used for various types of malignancies, but mainly acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Floxuridine An antimetabolite used as palliative management for liver metastases of gastrointestinal malignancy. Tioguanine A purine analogue antineoplastic agent used for the induction of remission, and for remission consolidation in patients with acute nonlymphocytic anemias. Vinorelbine A vinca alkaloid used in the treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSLC) and in conjunction with other drugs in locally advanced NSCLC. Sorafenib A kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of unresectable liver carcinoma and advanced renal carcinoma. Streptozocin A nitrosourea antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic islet cell carcinoma. Betamethasone A systemic corticosteroid used to relieve inflammation in various conditions, including but not limited to allergic states, dermatologic disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, and hematological disorders. Teniposide A cytotoxic drug used as an adjunct for chemotherapy induction in the treatment of refractory childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Epirubicin An anthracycline topoisomerase II inhibitor used as an adjuvant to treating axillary node metastases in patients who have undergone surgical resection of primary breast cancer. Altretamine An antineoplastic agent used in palliative treatment of persistent or recurrent ovarian cancer. Cisplatin A platinum based chemotherapy agent used to treat various sarcomas, carcinomas, lymphomas, and germ cell tumors. Oxaliplatin A platinum based chemotherapy agent used to treat carcinoma of the colon or rectum or stage III colon cancer. Vincristine A vinca alkaloid used to treat acute leukemia, malignant lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, acute erythraemia, and acute panmyelosis. Pentostatin An adenosine deaminase inhibitor used to treat hairy cell leukemia. Vinblastine A vinca alkaloid used to treat breast cancer, testicular cancer, neuroblastoma, Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkins lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, histiocytosis, and Kaposi's sarcoma. Imatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat a number of leukemias, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, systemic mastocytosis, hypereosinophilic syndrome, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Clofarabine A purine nucleoside used to treat relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia in patients 1 to 21 years old. Prednisone A corticosteroid used to treat inflammation or immune-mediated reactions and to treat endocrine or neoplastic diseases. Pemetrexed A folate analog used to treat mesothelioma and non-small cell lung cancer. Fludrocortisone A mineralocorticoid used to treat adrenocortical insufficiency and salt-losing adrenogenital syndrome. Daunorubicin An anthracycline aminoglycoside used to induce remission of nonlymphocytic leukemia and acute lymphocytic leukemia. Imiquimod A toll-like receptor 7 agonist used to treat non hyperkeratotic, non hypertrophic actinic keratosis, basal cell carcinoma, genital or perianal warts, and condyloma acuminata. Hydrocortisone A glucocorticoid used to treat corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses, endocrine disorders, immune conditions, and allergic disorders. Tretinoin A vitamin A derivative used to treat acne vulgaris, certain types of promyelocytic leukemia, and fine wrinkles. Irinotecan An antineoplastic enzyme inhibitor used to treat metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum. Etoposide A podophyllotoxin derivative used to treat testicular and small cell lung tumors. Dacarbazine An antineoplastic agent used to treat malignant melanoma and Hodgkin's disease. Temozolomide An alkylating agent used to treat glioblastoma multiforme and refractory anaplastic astrocytoma. Prednisolone A glucocorticoid used to treat adrenocortical insufficiency, inflammatory conditions, and some cancers. Mechlorethamine An antineoplastic agent used to treat Hodgkin's disease, lymphosarcoma, and chronic myelocytic or lymphocytic leukemia. Azacitidine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat certain subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome. Carboplatin A alkylating agent used to treat advanced ovarian cancer. Methylprednisolone A corticosteroid used to treat inflammation or immune reactions across a variety of organ systems, endocrine conditions, and neoplastic diseases. Dactinomycin An actinomycin used to treat a wide variety of cancers. Doxorubicin A medication used to treat various cancers and Kaposi's Sarcoma. Hydroxyurea An antimetabolite used to treat sickle cell anemia crisis. Topotecan An antineoplastic agent used to treat ovarian cancer, small cell lung cancer, or cervical cancer. Capecitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated to treat colon, colorectal and breast cancer. Procarbazine An antineoplastic agent indicated for the treatment of stage III and stage IV Hodgkin's disease in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents. Idarubicin An anthracycline antineoplastic agent used to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults. Ifosfamide An alkylating and immunosuppressive agent used in chemotherapy for the treatment of cancers, including testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, osteocarcinoma, bladder cancer, small cell lung cancer, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Estramustine An antineoplastic agent used for the management of metastatic and/or progressive prostate cancer in palliative setting. Mitoxantrone A chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of secondary progressive, progressive relapsing, or worsening relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Lomustine An alkylating agent used as a part of chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of primary and metastatic brain tumors as well as refractory or relapsed Hodgkin's disease in addition to surgical and/or radiotherapeutic treatments. Budesonide A corticosteroid used to treat Crohn's disease, asthma, COPD, hay fever and allergies, and ulcerative colitis. Paclitaxel A taxoid chemotherapeutic agent used as first-line and subsequent therapy for the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the ovary, and other various cancers including breast and lung cancer. Dexamethasone A glucocorticoid available in various modes of administration that is used for the treatment of various inflammatory conditions, including bronchial asthma, as well as endocrine and rheumatic disorders. Docetaxel A taxoid antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of various cancers, such as locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, metastatic prostate cancer, gastric adenocarcinoma, and head and neck cancer. Dasatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of lymphoblastic or chronic myeloid leukemia with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. Sunitinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor and chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and imatinib-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Nelarabine A purine nucleoside analog and antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of with acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma with inadequate clinical response to prior chemotherapeutic treatments. Corticotropin A diagnostic agent used in the screening of patients presumed to have adrenocortical insufficiency. Cortisone acetate A steroid hormone used for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses and endocrine disorders associated with inadequate production of steroid hormones. Nilotinib A kinase inhibitor used for the chronic phase treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) that is Philadelphia chromosome positive and for the treatment of CML that is resistant to therapy containing imatinib. Trabectedin An alkylating agent approved for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma). Trastuzumab emtansine An antineoplastic agent and antibody-drug conjugate used to treat HER2-overexpressing breast cancer. Temsirolimus A antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that works by inhibiting mTOR. Pazopanib An antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of advanced renal cell cancer and advanced soft tissue sarcoma in patients with prior chemotherapy. Panobinostat A non-selective histone deacetylase inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in combination with other antineoplastic agents. Cabazitaxel An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of hormone-refractory metastatic prostate cancer previously treated with a docetaxel-containing treatment regimen. Pralatrexate An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Brentuximab vedotin A CD30-directed antibody-drug conjugate used to treat various types of lymphoma. Ruxolitinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat various types of myelofibrosis, polycythemia vera in patients who have not responded to or cannot tolerate hydroxyurea, and to treat graft-versus-host disease in cases that are refractory to steroid treatment. Obinutuzumab An antineoplastic CD20 antibody used to treat untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia in combination with chlorambucil. Blinatumomab An antineoplastic antibody used to treat Philadelphia chromosome-negative relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Ibrutinib An antineoplastic agent used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia, mantle cell lymphoma, and Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia. Idelalisib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), relapsed follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (FL), and relapsed small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). Palbociclib An endocrine-based chemotherapeutic agent used in combination with other antineoplastic agents to treat HER2-negative and HR-positive advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Dinutuximab An immunotherapeutic agent used in combination with other immunomodulating agents to treat high-risk neuroblastoma in pediatric patients who achieve at least a partial response to prior first-line multiagent, multimodality therapy. Vilanterol A long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist used in combination with other bronchodilators for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. Glimepiride A sulfonylurea drug used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. Pimecrolimus A topical calcineurin inhibitor used in the treatment of mild-moderate atopic dermatitis who are not candidates for other types of therapy due to previous lack of response or other reasons. Stepronin Strepronin is a mucolytic (expectorant) drug. Castanospermine Not Available 2-Methoxyethanol Not Available Seocalcitol Not Available Gallium nitrate A medication indicated for cancer-related hypercalcemia. Dimethyl fumarate A medication used to treat patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis. Pirarubicin Not Annotated Deflazacort A corticosteroid used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Triptolide Triptolide has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV, Crohn's Disease, Intestinal Diseases, Gastrointestinal Diseases, and Digestive System Diseases, among others. Mizoribine Mizoribine has been investigated for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Trofosfamide Trofosfamide has been used in trials studying the treatment of Ependymomas, Medulloblastomas, Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Supratentorial PNETs, and Recurrent Brain Tumors. Doxifluridine Doxifluridine has been investigated for the treatment of Stomach Cancer. Deoxyspergualin Deoxyspergualin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lupus Nephritis, Chronic Rejection, and Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1. Acteoside Acteoside is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02662283 (Validity and Security of Reh-acteoside Therapy for Patients of IgA Nephropathy). Hypericin Hypericin is under investigation for the treatment of Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma. Alefacept A recombinant fusion protein that binds CD2 and is used treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Efalizumab A monoclonal anti-CD11a antibody used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Pirfenidone An agent used for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Afelimomab Investigated for use/treatment in sepsis and septicemia. Apremilast A non-steroidal medication used for the treatment of inflammatory conditions such as psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Abetimus Investigated for use/treatment in kidney disease and systemic lupus erythematosus. Brodalumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Begelomab Not Annotated Wortmannin Wortmannin is a steroid metabolite of Penicillium funiculosum and Talaromyces wortmannii fungi. This drug acts as a nonspecific, covalent inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase enzymes (PI3Ks). 9-(N-methyl-L-isoleucine)-cyclosporin A 9-(N-methyl-L-isoleucine)-cyclosporin A (NIM811) has been used in trials studying the treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype-1 Relapse. Peginterferon alfa-2a A modified form of recombinant human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C viruses. Interferon alfa-n3 A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of genital warts due to human papilloma virus. Peginterferon alfa-2b A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C, genital warts, and some cancers. Aldesleukin A recombinant analog of interleukin-2 used to induce an adaptive immune response in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma. Interferon alfacon-1 A recombinant interferon similar the interferon alfa subtype which is used to treat hepatitis C infections. Bortezomib A proteasome inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have not been successfully treated with at least two previous therapies. Raltitrexed A folate analog thymidylate synthase inhibitor used in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Bexarotene A retinoid drug used for cutaneous manifestations of T-cell lymphoma in patients who have not responded well to previous systemic therapy. Dexrazoxane A cytoprotective drug used to prevent and improve cardiomyopathy associated with doxorubicin treatment for metastatic breast cancer. Chloramphenicol A broad spectrum antibiotic that is effective against a variety of susceptible and serious bacterial infections but is not frequently used because of its high risk of bone marrow toxicity. Zidovudine A dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection. Propylthiouracil A thiourea antithyroid agent used to treat hyperthyroidism. Carbamazepine An anticonvulsant used to treat various types of seizures and pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia. Linezolid An oxazolidinone antibiotic used to treat infections by susceptible strains of aerobic Gram-positive bacteria. Methimazole A thionamide antithyroid agent that inhibits the actions of thyroid peroxidase, leading to a reduction in thyroid hormone synthesis and amelioration of hyperthyroidism. Flucytosine An antifungal indicated only to treat severe infections throughout the body caused by susceptible strains of Candida or Cryptococcus. Arsenic trioxide A chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of refractory or relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia in patients with prior retinoid and anthracycline chemotherapy. Decitabine A chemotherapeutic pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) by inducing DNA hypomethylation and corresponding alterations in gene expression. Vorinostat A histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor used for the treatment of cutaneous manifestations in patients with progressive, persistent, or recurrent cutaneous T- cell lymphoma (CTCL) following prior systemic therapies. Ixabepilone A microtubule inhibitor administered in combination with capecitabine or alone in the treatment of metastatic or locally advanced breast cancer that has shown inadequate response to taxanes and anthracyclines. Belinostat A histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor used for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). Bosutinib An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of chronic, accelerated, or blast phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in adults with inadequate clinical response to other treatments. Bendamustine An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that has progressed following rituximab therapy. Eribulin A microtubule inhibitor used to treat metastatic breast cancer and metastatic or unresectable liposarcoma. Carfilzomib A proteasome inhibitor used either alone or in conjunction with a chemotherapy regimen to treat patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Ponatinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with various types of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Tedizolid phosphate An oxazolidinone class antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis and is proven to be effective in the treatment of certain Gram-positive bacterial infections. Olaparib A chemotherapeutic agent used to treat recurrent or advanced ovarian cancer and metastatic breast cancer in patients with specific mutations and prior history of chemotherapy. Sarilumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis who have responded poorly or are intolerant of other DMARDs. Briakinumab Investigated for use/treatment in autoimmune diseases, crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, psoriasis and psoriatic disorders, and rheumatoid arthritis. Tepoxalin Tepoxalin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for veterinary use in the United States and many other countries. It is primarily used to reduce inflammation and relief of pain caused... Tetrandrine Not Annotated Sulfasalazine An anti-inflammatory drug used to treat Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Hydroxychloroquine An antimalarial medication used to treat uncomplicated cases of malaria and for chemoprophylaxis in specific regions. Also a disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) indicated for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus. Trifluridine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used to treat keratoconjunctivitis and epithelial keratitis caused by simplex virus, and as a part of chemotherapy for certain types of metastatic gastrointestinal cancers. Aldosterone A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that regulates electrolyte and water balance by increasing the renal retention of sodium and the excretion of potassium. Trilostane Used in the treatment of Cushing's syndrome. It is normally used in short-term treatment until permanent therapy is possible. Prednylidene Prednylidene is an experimental systemic glucocorticoid. Paramethasone For the treatment of all conditions in which corticosteroid therapy is indicated except adrenal-deficiency states for which its lack of sodium-retaining properties makes it less suitable than hydrocortisone with supplementary... Meprednisone Not Annotated Melengestrol Melengestrol is a steroidal progestin and antineoplastic agent which was never marketed. An acylated derivative, melengestrol acetate, is used as a growth promoter in animals. Fluprednisolone A synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory properties. Flunisolide An inhaled corticosteroid used as a prophylactic therapy in the maintenance treatment of asthma. Cortivazol Cortivazol is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00804895 (Cluster Headache Cortivazol Injection (CHCI)). Cloprednol Cloprednol is a synthetic glucocorticoid that has been investigated for use in the treatment of asthma. [A31775,A31776] Alclometasone A topical corticosteroid used to relieve the symptoms of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Amcinonide A topical corticosteroid used in the treatment of inflammation and pruritus due to a variety of dermatoses. Ciclesonide A glucocorticoid used in the symptomatic relief of nasal symptoms associated with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis in adults and adolescents. Clobetasol Clobetasol is under investigation for the treatment of Scleroderma. Clobetasol has been investigated for the prevention of Psoriasis and Cutaneous Atrophy Due to Corticosteroids. Clobetasol propionate A corticosteroid used to treat corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses and plaque psoriasis. Clobetasone A corticosteroid used to treat dry eyes, eczema, and dermatitis. Clocortolone A corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory and pruritic dermatoses of the scalp. Desonide A topical corticosteroid used for the symptomatic treatment of inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid responsive dermatoses. Desoximetasone A glucocorticoid used to treat inflammatory and pruritic corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Dexamethasone isonicotinate Dexamethasone isonicotinate is an anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic glucocorticoid that can be administered orally, by inhalation, topically, and parenterally. Its unintended mineralocorticoid action may cause salt and water retention. Diflorasone A topical corticosteroid used to treat the symptoms of various inflammatory skin conditions that cause erythema, pruritus, and discomfort. Difluocortolone A topical corticosteroid used for the symptomatic treatment of inflammatory skin disorders like eczema, seborrheic eczema, lichen planus and psoriasis. Difluprednate A topical corticosteroid used for the symptomatic treatment of inflammation and pain associated with ocular surgery. Fluclorolone Not Annotated Flumethasone A corticosteroid used to treat contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, diaper rash, and other skin conditions. Fluocinolone acetonide A corticosteroid used to treat skin conditions, eczematous otitis externa, diabetic macular edema, and non-infectious uveitis of the posterior segment of the eye. Fluocinonide A high potency corticosteroid commonly used topically for a number of inflammatory skin conditions. Fluocortin Fluocortin has been studied as a corticosteroid for treatment of dermatitis and eczema Spain . Fluocortolone Fluocortolone is a glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory activity used topically for various skin disorders. Fluorometholone An ophthalmic corticosteroid used for the relief of inflammation located in both the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, the cornea, and the anterior segment of the globe of the eye. Fluperolone Not Annotated Fluprednidene Fluprednidene is a corticosteroid. Flurandrenolide A corticosteroid used to treat corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Fluticasone Fluticasone's 2 esters are indicated as inhalers for the treatment and management of asthma by prophylaxis[FDA Label] as well as inflammatory and pruritic dermatoses . A DB00588 nasal spray is... Fluticasone furoate An inhaled corticosteroid that can be used as maintenance treatment of asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depending on the product. Also available as a nasal spray to manage symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Fluticasone propionate A glucocorticoid used to treat asthma, inflammatory pruritic dermatoses, and nonallergic rhinitis. Formocortal Not Annotated Halcinonide A corticosteroid used for the management and symptomatic relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Halometasone Not Annotated Hydrocortisone aceponate For the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Also used to treat endocrine (hormonal) disorders (adrenal insufficiency, Addisons disease). It is also used to treat many... Hydrocortisone acetate A corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory and pruritic corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses and ulcerative colitis. Hydrocortisone probutate A corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory and pruritic corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Hydrocortisone butyrate A corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory and pruritic corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Hydrocortisone succinate A corticosteroid used to treat severe allergic reactions, dermatologic diseases, endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, hematological disorders, neoplastic diseases, nervous system conditions, ophthalmic diseases, renal diseases, respiratory diseases, and rheumatic disorders. Hydrocortisone valerate A corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory and pruritic corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Loteprednol etabonate A corticosteroid used to treat allergic conjunctivitis as well as inflammation and pain after ocular surgery. Medrysone A topical glucocorticoid applied ophthalmically for the treatment of various ocular inflammatory or allergic conditions. Mometasone A corticosteroid with no indications. Mometasone furoate A corticosteroid used to treat asthma, allergic rhinitis, nasal congestion, nasal polyps, dermatitis, and pruritus. Prednicarbate A medium potency topical corticosteroid used to manage pruritus and inflammation associated with responsive skin conditions. Rimexolone A glucocorticoid used to treat inflammation of the eye. Tixocortol A corticosteroid used for the symptomatic treatment of rhinitis, pharyngitis, and ulcerative colitis. Ulobetasol A lipocortin corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory and pruritic corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Ocrelizumab A CD20 specific monoclonal antibody used to treat relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. Trastuzumab A monoclonal anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 protein antibody used to treat HER2-positive breast, gastroesophageal, and gastric cancers. Denosumab A RANK ligand (RANKL) inhibitor used for the management of osteoporosis in patients at high risk for bone fractures. Monomethyl fumarate Not Annotated Penicillamine A chelator used to treat Wilson's disease, cystinuria, and rheumatoid arthritis. Indomethacin A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) used for symptomatic management of chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions and to induce closure of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants. Brequinar Not Available Interferon gamma-1b A form of recombinant human interferon used to treat infections associated with chronic granulomatous disease and to slow the progression of severe malignant osteopetrosis. Human interferon omega-1 Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C). Interferon alfa-n1 A purified form of human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of genital warts due to human papilloma virus. Peginterferon beta-1a An interferon beta used to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Cepeginterferon alfa-2B Cepeginterferon alfa-2B is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01889433 (An Open-label Comparative Efficacy and Safety Study of Algeron (Cepeginterferon Alfa-2b) in Treatment-naive Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C). Interferon beta-1b A form of recombinant human interferon used to slow the progression of relapsing multiple sclerosis and to reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms. Interferon alfa-2a A form of recombinant human interferon used to stimulate the innate antiviral response in the treatment of hepatitis B and C viruses. Interferon alfa Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C), leukemia (lymphoid), leukemia (myeloid), leukemia (unspecified), and melanoma. Interferon alfa-2b A form of recombinant human interferon used to treat hepatitis B and C infection, genital warts, hairy cell leukemia, follicular lymphoma, malignant melanoma, and AIDs-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Ixekizumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Sirukumab Sirukumab has been used in trials studying the treatment and basic science of Giant Cell Arteritis and Arthritis, Rheumatoid. Baricitinib A Janus kinase inhibitor used to treat moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis that has responded poorly to at least one TNF antagonist. Guselkumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Ozanimod A sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator being studied to treat Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Emapalumab An interferon gamma blocking antibody used to treat primary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Siponimod A medication used to treat relapsing multiple sclerosis. Risankizumab An interleukin-23 antagonist used to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Bleselumab Bleselumab is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02921789 (Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Bleselumab in Preventing the Recurrence of Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis in de Novo Kidney Transplant... Beclomethasone dipropionate An inhaled corticosteroid used as maintenance treatment in the prophylaxis of asthma attacks. Ravulizumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Peficitinib Peficitinib has been used in trials studying the treatment and basic science of Psoriasis, Pharmacodynamics, Drug Interactions, Colitis, Ulcerative, and RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, among others. Rozanolixizumab Rozanolixizumab is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03861481 (A Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Rozanolixizumab in Subjects With Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy). Umirolimus Not Annotated Lexacalcitol Lexacalcitol is a solid. This compound belongs to the vitamin D and derivatives class of chemicals. These are compounds containing a secosteroid backbone, usually secoergostane or secocholestane. It is known... Dethiobiotin Not Available Inolimomab Inolimomab is under investigation in clinical trial NCT04289103 (Evaluation of Efficacy and Safety of Leukotac (Inolimomab) in Pediatric Patients With Sr-agvhd). Fasitibant Fasitibant is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02205814 (Fasitibant Intra-articular Injection in Patients With Symptomatic Osteoarthritis of the Knee). Upadacitinib An oral Janus kinase (JAK)1-selective inhibitor used in the treatment of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis in adult patients who did not respond well to methotrexate. Imlifidase A cysteine protease that specifically cleaves human IgG antibodies, facilitating kidney transplantation in HLA sensitized patients. Darvadstrocel Darvadstrocel is a type of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (http://https://go.drugbank.com/drugs/DB15729). Ponesimod A sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator indicated to treat relapsing multiple sclerosis.
- Drugs & Drug Targets