AZD1222

Identification

Name
AZD1222
Accession Number
DB15656
Description

AZD1222 (previously known as ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) is a vaccine currently being investigated for prophylaxis against SARS-CoV-2.3 The ChAdOx1 viral vector was developed at the University of Oxford and has been investigated as a potential vector for vaccines against another human coronavirus, Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).1,4 The ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine, produced in a partnership between The University of Oxford's Jenner Institute and Italian pharmaceutical manufacturer Advent Srl, consists of an attenuated adenovirus capable of producing the spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2, allowing for the formation of endogenous antibodies against these proteins and, consequently, against SARS-CoV-2.4

A phase I/II single-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to investigate the safety, efficacy, and immunogenicity of the vaccine began in March 2020 with an expected completion date of May 2021.3 The trial is taking place in the UK, where the vaccine will be administered intramuscularly to healthy adult volunteers between the ages of 18 and 55.3

Type
Biotech
Groups
Investigational
Biologic Classification
Vaccines
Other vaccines
Synonyms
  • ChAdOx1 nCoV-19
  • Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) vaccine ChAdOx1 nCoV-19
  • Covishield
External IDs
  • AZD 1222
  • AZD-1222
  • AZD1222

Pharmacology

Indication
Not Available
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
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Pharmacodynamics
Not Available
Mechanism of action
Not Available
Absorption
Not Available
Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination
Not Available
Half-life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Adverse Effects
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Toxicity
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

Products

Brand Name Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Astrazeneca Covid-19 VaccineInjection, suspension50000000000 {VP}/0.5mLIntramuscularAstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP2020-12-22Not applicableUS flag
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
    Application Number
    Available for Purchase

    A unique ID assigned by the FDA when a product is submitted for approval by the labeller.

    Learn more
  • Product Code
    Product Code
    Available for Purchase

    A governmentally-recognized ID which uniquely identifies the product within its regulatory market.

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Unapproved/Other Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Astrazeneca Covid-19 VaccineAZD1222 (50000000000 {VP}/0.5mL)Injection, suspensionIntramuscularAstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP2020-12-22Not applicableUS flag

Categories

Drug Categories
Classification
Not classified

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
B5S3K2V0G8
CAS number
Not Available

References

General References
  1. Alharbi NK, Padron-Regalado E, Thompson CP, Kupke A, Wells D, Sloan MA, Grehan K, Temperton N, Lambe T, Warimwe G, Becker S, Hill AVS, Gilbert SC: ChAdOx1 and MVA based vaccine candidates against MERS-CoV elicit neutralising antibodies and cellular immune responses in mice. Vaccine. 2017 Jun 27;35(30):3780-3788. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.05.032. Epub 2017 Jun 1. [PubMed:28579232]
  2. Voysey M, Clemens SAC, Madhi SA, Weckx LY, Folegatti PM, Aley PK, Angus B, Baillie VL, Barnabas SL, Bhorat QE, Bibi S, Briner C, Cicconi P, Collins AM, Colin-Jones R, Cutland CL, Darton TC, Dheda K, Duncan CJA, Emary KRW, Ewer KJ, Fairlie L, Faust SN, Feng S, Ferreira DM, Finn A, Goodman AL, Green CM, Green CA, Heath PT, Hill C, Hill H, Hirsch I, Hodgson SHC, Izu A, Jackson S, Jenkin D, Joe CCD, Kerridge S, Koen A, Kwatra G, Lazarus R, Lawrie AM, Lelliott A, Libri V, Lillie PJ, Mallory R, Mendes AVA, Milan EP, Minassian AM, McGregor A, Morrison H, Mujadidi YF, Nana A, O'Reilly PJ, Padayachee SD, Pittella A, Plested E, Pollock KM, Ramasamy MN, Rhead S, Schwarzbold AV, Singh N, Smith A, Song R, Snape MD, Sprinz E, Sutherland RK, Tarrant R, Thomson EC, Torok ME, Toshner M, Turner DPJ, Vekemans J, Villafana TL, Watson MEE, Williams CJ, Douglas AD, Hill AVS, Lambe T, Gilbert SC, Pollard AJ: Safety and efficacy of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine (AZD1222) against SARS-CoV-2: an interim analysis of four randomised controlled trials in Brazil, South Africa, and the UK. Lancet. 2020 Dec 8. pii: S0140-6736(20)32661-1. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32661-1. [PubMed:33306989]
  3. Clinical Trials: A Study of a Candidate COVID-19 Vaccine (COV001) [Link]
  4. TrialSite News: University of Oxford Commences Clinical Trial for Vaccine Candidate (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) Targeting COVID-19 [Link]
Wikipedia
COVID-19_vaccine

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
3RecruitingPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19) / Infections, Coronavirus1
3RecruitingTreatmentCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
3SuspendedPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
2Not Yet RecruitingPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
2, 3RecruitingPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19) / Infections, Coronavirus1
1, 2Active Not RecruitingPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1
1, 2Active Not RecruitingPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19) / Infections, Coronavirus1
1, 2Active Not RecruitingTreatmentCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19) / Infections, Coronavirus1
1, 2Not Yet RecruitingPreventionCoronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID‑19)1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
Injection, suspensionIntramuscular50000000000 {VP}/0.5mL
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available

Drug created on April 01, 2020 09:25 / Updated on January 18, 2021 10:26

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