- Neuromuscular Agents
- Accession Number
Drugs used for their actions on skeletal muscle. Included are agents that act directly on skeletal muscle, those that alter neuromuscular transmission (NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKING AGENTS), and drugs that act centrally as skeletal muscle relaxants (MUSCLE RELAXANTS, CENTRAL). Drugs used in the treatment of movement disorders are ANTI-DYSKINESIA AGENTS.
Drug Drug Description Dantrolene A direct-acting skeletal muscle relaxant used for the treatment of management of the fulminant hypermetabolism of skeletal muscle leading to malignant hyperthermia crisis. Succinylcholine A depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxant used adjunctly to anesthesia and for skeletal muscle relaxation during intubation, mechanical ventilation, and surgical procedures. Metocurine iodide For use as an anesthesia adjunct to induce skeletal muscle relaxation and to reduce the intensity of muscle contractions in convulsive therapy. Gallamine triethiodide A nondepolarizing nerve blocker used in addition to anesthesia to cause skeletal muscle relaxation. Cisatracurium A skeletal muscle relaxant used to facilitate tracheal intubation, muscle relaxation in surgery, or mechanical ventilation. Tizanidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the short-term treatment of muscle spasticity. Rocuronium A vecuronium analog used to facilitate tracheal intubation and to relax skeletal muscles during surgery. Atracurium besylate A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker used to facilitate endotracheal intubation and relax skeletal muscles during surgery. Doxacurium A nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used as an adjunct to general anesthesia to facilitate tracheal intubation, and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgical procedures. Chlormezanone Used in the management of anxiety and in the treatment of muscle spasm. Tubocurarine Tubocurarine is a non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent and the first identified curare alkaloid. Curare is one of the names used to describe plant-derived poisons used by indigenous South Americans to... Mivacurium A short-acting non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used to induce anesthesia during intubation and promote skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or mechanical ventilation. Decamethonium For use as a skeletal muscle relaxant Metocurine Metocurine is a muscle relaxant. Pancuronium A neuromuscular blocker used as an adjunct to general anesthesia to facilitate tracheal intubation and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or mechanical ventilation. Pipecuronium A nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used to relax muscles during anesthesia and surgical procedures. Vecuronium A nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used to relax muscles or as an adjunct in general anesthesia during surgical procedures. Domoic Acid Not Available Rapacuronium A nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used as an adjunct to general anesthesia to facilitate tracheal intubation, and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgical procedures. Tolperisone A muscle relaxant used to relieve spasticity after stroke in adults. Arbaclofen Placarbil Investigated for the treatment of spasticity in multiple sclerosis, acute back spasms, and GERD. Eperisone An antispasmodic that functions through voltage-gated channel blockade, notably with little to no sedation, effective in relaxing skeletal muscles and vascular smooth muscles. Pyrantel An anthelmintic used to treat helminth infections. Xylazine Xylazine is a clonidine analog which acts as an agonist at α2 adrenoceptors. Veterinarians also use xylazine as an emetic, especially in cats. Neosaxitoxin Neosaxitoxin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01786655 (Safety Study of Long-Acting Local Anesthetic). Atracurium A neuromuscular blocker indicated to relax muscles during mechanical ventilation under general anesthesia or intubation. Tetrazepam Not Annotated Chlorproethazine Not Annotated Medazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine used for its sedative and anxiolytic properties. Mephenesin A cresol glyceryl ether used to treat muscle spasticity in Parkinson's and Multiple Sclerosis. Gallamine Not Annotated Alcuronium A non-depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxant similar to tubocurarine. It is used as an anesthesia adjuvant. Botulinum toxin type A A purified form of botulinum toxin type A used to block acetylcholine release in the treatment of chronic sialorrhea, muscle spasticity, and dystonia, as well as in cosmetic applications. Quinine An alkaloid used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Y-27632 Y-27632 is an inhibitor of Rho-associated protein kinase. It inhibits calcium sensitization to affect smooth muscle relaxation.
- Drugs & Drug Targets