- Adrenergic Agents
- Accession Number
Drugs that act on adrenergic receptors or affect the life cycle of adrenergic transmitters. Included here are adrenergic agonists and antagonists and agents that affect the synthesis, storage, uptake, metabolism, or release of adrenergic transmitters.
Drug Drug Description Amphetamine A CNS stimulant and sympathomimetic agent indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Esmolol A cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocker used for the short-term control of ventricular rate and heart rate in various types of tachycardia, including perioperative tachycardia and hypertension. Phentermine A sympathomimetic anorectic agent used as a short-term adjunct therapy that is included in a regimen of weight reduction in cases of exogenous obesity. Betaxolol A cardioselective beta blocking agent commonly used to treat hypertension and elevated intraocular pressure (when administered ophthalmically). Reserpine For the treatment of hypertension Midodrine An alpha-adrenergic antagonist used to treat orthostatic hypotension. Bethanidine For the treatment of hypertension. Isoetharine For the treatment of asthma, wheezing, and chronic asthmatic bronchitis. Reboxetine For the treatment of clinical depression. Metoprolol A beta-blocker used in the treatment of hypertension and angina, and used to reduce mortality due to myocardial infarction. Atomoxetine A selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used in the management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Dapiprazole Used in the treatment of iatrogenically induced mydriasis produced by adrenergic (phenylephrine) or parasympatholytic (tropicamide) agents used in certain eye examinations. Atenolol A synthetic beta-1 selective blocker used in the management of hypertension and chronic angina, and to reduce mortality in known or suspected myocardial infarction in hemodynamically stable patients. Protriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant that is indicated in the treatment of depression only under close clinical supervision. Alfuzosin An alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist used in the management of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). Norepinephrine A sympathomimetic used in the control of blood pressure during various hypotensive states and as an adjunct treatment during cardiac arrest. Mirtazapine A tetracyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of major depression and is used off-label as a drug for insomnia and to increase appetite. Phenylephrine An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used in the management of hypotension, generally in the surgical setting associated with the use of anesthetics. Profenamine An antidyskinetic phenothiazine used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Phenylpropanolamine A sympathomimetic that was previously used in nasal decongestants and weight loss products, but has been withdrawn by the FDA due to safety risks and lack of efficacy. Dipivefrin A prodrug of epinephrine used in ophthalmic solutions to reduce intraocular pressure in chronic open-angle glaucoma. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis. Brimonidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat glaucoma and ocular hypertension, as well as facial erythema in rosacea. Sotalol A methane sulfonanilide beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and to maintain sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation or flutter. Carteolol A beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat arrhythmia, angina, hypertension, and glaucoma. Nortriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Amoxapine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of neurotic or reactive depressive disorders and endogenous or psychotic depression. Propranolol A non-selective beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, migraine, essential tremor, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, and pheochromocytoma. Clonidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines. Mazindol A sympathomimetic used to treat obesity in combination with lifestyle modifications. Doxazosin An alpha-1 adrenergic receptor used to treat mild to moderate hypertension and urinary obstruction due to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Labetalol An alpha and beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, and sympathetic overactivity syndrome. Metaraminol For the treatment and prevention of hypotension due to hemorrhage, spinal anesthesia, and shock associated with brain damage Bisoprolol A beta-1 adrenergic blocking agent used to prevent myocardial infarction and heart failure and to treat mild to moderate hypertension. Guanabenz An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension. Dexmedetomidine An alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures. Epinephrine A hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma. Phentolamine An alpha adrenergic antagonist used to reverse soft tissue anesthesia. Ergotamine A alpha-1 selective adrenergic agonist vasoconstrictor used to treat migraines with or without aura and cluster headaches. Nicergoline For the treatment of senile dementia, migraines of vascular origin, transient ischemia, platelet hyper-aggregability, and macular degeneration. Tamsulosin An alpha-1A and alpha-1B adrenergic receptor antagonist used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia, ureteral stones, prostatitis, and female voiding dysfunction. Methoxamine An alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat hypotension. Trimipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used to treat depression. Tolazoline A vasodilator used to treat pulmonary artery anomalies. Orciprenaline A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat bronchospasm, asthma, and COPD. Dobutamine A beta-1 agonist used to treat cardiac decompensation in patients with organic heart disease or from cardiac surgery. Benzphetamine A sympathomimetic used to manage exogenous obesity short term. Alprenolol For the treatment of hypertension, angina, and arrhythmia Ritodrine An adrenergic beta agonist used to treat premature labor. Terbutaline A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and to prevent premature labor. Bitolterol Used to dilate air passages in the lungs that have become narrowed as a result of disease or inflammation. It is used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive... Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Phenoxybenzamine An alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat pheochromocytoma and episodes of hypertension and sweating. Maprotiline A tetracyclic antidepressant used to treat depressive illness, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and anxiety associated with depression. Oxymetazoline An alpha-1A adrenoceptor agonist used to treat nasal congestion, allergic reactions of the eye, and facial erythema associated with rosacea. Salmeterol A long-acting beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat asthma and COPD. Pindolol A beta adrenoceptor antagonist used to treat hypertension, edema, ventricular tachycardias, and atrial fibrillation. Apraclonidine An alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat raised intraocular pressure. Methyldopa An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension. Formoterol An inhaled long-acting beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist used as a bronchodilator in the management of asthma and COPD. Salbutamol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat asthma, bronchitis, COPD, as well as prevent exercise induced bronchospasms. Guanfacine An alpha-2A adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat ADHD. Ergoloid mesylate A nootropic with an unknown mechanism of action indicated in individuals over sixty who manifest signs and symptoms of an idiopathic decline in mental capacity. Isoprenaline A non-selective beta-adrenergic agonist typically used to treat bradycardia and heart block; it is structurally related to epinephrine. Arbutamine Used to elicit acute cardiovascular responses (cardiac stumulant), similar to those produced by exercise, in order to aid in diagnosing the presence or absence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in... Carvedilol A non selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used to treat mild to severe chronic heart failure, hypertension, and left ventricular dysfunction following myocardial infarction in clinically stable patients. Desipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Bretylium A norepinephrine release inhibitor used for the prophylaxis and therapy of ventricular fibrillation, as well as the treatment of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Terazosin An alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist used in the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia and management of hypertension. Guanethidine An antihypertensive agent used in the management of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the management of renal hypertension. Acebutolol A selective β1-receptor antagonist used for the management of hypertension and ventricular premature beats in adults. Nadolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and hypertension. Levobunolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Metipranolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Arformoterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for long term, symptomatic treatment of reversible bronchoconstriction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Fenoterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for the symptomatic treatment of asthma. Pirbuterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for the symptomatic treatment of asthma. Bevantolol For the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension. Practolol Used in the emergency treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Penbutolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of mild to moderate arterial hypertension, alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents. Ephedrine An alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist indicated to treat hypotension under anesthesia, allergic conditions, bronchial asthma, and nasal congestion. Mephentermine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of hypotension. Procaterol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist and bronchodilator used for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Yohimbine An alpha-2-adrenergic blocker and sympatholytic found in supplements used to. Clenbuterol Used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of asthma patients. Midomafetamine Clinical trials are now testing the therapeutic potential of MDMA for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety associated with terminal cancer. MDMA is one of the four most widely used... Tenamfetamine An amphetamine derivative that inhibits uptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters. It is a hallucinogen. It is less toxic than its methylated derivative but in sufficient doses may still destroy serotonergic neurons... Metamfetamine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity. Oxprenolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, and anxiety. Platelet Activating Factor Not Available 1-benzylimidazole 1-benzylimidazole, an N-imidazole derivative, has been shown to have strong cardiotonic activity. Prenylamine Prenylamine was withdrawn from the Canadian, US, and UK markets in 1988 due to concerns regarding cardiac arrhythmias. Debrisoquine For the treatment of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the treatment of renal hypertension. Tetrabenazine A vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT) inhibitor used for the management of chorea associated with Huntington's Disease. Celiprolol Celiprolol is indicated for the management of mild to moderate hypertension and effort-induced angina pectoris. Nebivolol A beta blocking agent used to treat hypertension and aid in the management of heart failure. Milnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of fibromyalgia and a short-term treatment of major depressive disorder. Lofexidine A centrally acting alpha2-adrenergic agonist used for the symptomatic treatment of acute opioid withdrawal syndrome to facilitate abrupt opioid discontinuation in adults. Amibegron Investigated for use/treatment in depression, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and obesity. Mianserin For the treatment of depression. Nylidrin A vasodilator used to treat patients with peripheral vascular disorders, and elderly patients with symptoms associated with organic mental disorders. Solabegron Investigated for use/treatment in diabetes mellitus type 2, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and urinary incontinence. Silodosin An alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist used to treat symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Esmirtazapine Investigated for use/treatment in insomnia and sleep disorders. Naphazoline A sympathomimetic vasoconstrictor used for the symptomatic relief of redness and itching of the eye, and nasal congestion. Bufuralol Bufuralol is a new, non-selective -adrenoceptor blocking agent. Bopindolol For the management of hypertension, edema, ventricular tachycardias, and atrial fibrillation. Bupranolol Used to manage hypertension and tachycardia. Also used to treat glaucoma. Lurasidone An atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and depressive episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. Tyramine Tyramine (4-hydroxyphenethylamine; para-tyramine, mydrial or uteramin) is a naturally occurring monoamine compound and trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyramine acts by inducing the release of catecholamine. An... Mirabegron A beta-3 adrenergic agonist used to treat urge urinary incontinence, urinary frequency and urgency associated with overactive bladder (OAB). Adrafinil Used to relieve excessive sleepiness and inattention in elderly patients. Isoxsuprine A beta-adrenergic agonist used in the symptomatic treatment of cerebrovascular insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease of arteriosclerosis obliterans, thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) and Raynaud's disease. Indoramin Indoramin is a discontinued piperidine antiadrenergic drug with the trade names Baratol and Doralese. It is a selective alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist with no reflex tachycardia and direct myocardial depression action. Indenolol Indenolol is a drug of the beta-adrenergic blocker class. Ifenprodil N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs) are members of the ionotropic glutamate receptor family, with key roles in brain development and neurological function.[A220118, A220128] NMDARs are heterotetramers that typically involve a dimer... Hexoprenaline Hexoprenaline is a stimulant of beta 2 adrenergic receptors. It is used as a bronchodilator, antiasthmatic, and tocolytic agent. Etilefrine Etilefrine is an adrenergic agonist that appears to interact with beta-2 and some alpha adrenergic receptors. It has been used as a vasoconstrictor agent. Befunolol Used in the management of open angle glaucoma. PMID: 12480285. Dosulepin Indicated in the treatment of symptoms of depressive illness, especially where an anti-anxiety effect is required. Viloxazine Indicated for the treatment of clinical depression. Cirazoline Cirazoline acts on a number of α adrenergic receptors. It is an agonist of α1A, partial agonist of α1B and α1D, and a nonselective antagonist of α2. It is believed... Synephrine Synephrine, also referred to as, p-synephrine, is naturally occurring alkaloid. It is present in approved drug products as neo-synephrine, its m-substituted analog. p-synephrine and m-synephrine are known for their longer... Arotinolol Artinolol was introduced to be used as an antihypertensive agent since 1986. It has been studied for other functions like tremor control for patients with Parkinson disease and it is... Moxisylyte By the WHO, moxisylyte is indicated for the symptomatic management of sequelae of cerebral infarction or hemorrhage. The cerebral infarction is characterized by the blockage of the artery either by... Trimazosin Trimazosin is a sympatholytic alpha blocker. Racepinephrine A bronchodilator used to treat intermittent asthma. Amitraz Amitraz is a non-systemic acaricide and insecticide. It was generated in 1969 by the Boots Co. in England. Amitraz presents insect repellent effects and hence, it can be used as... Medetomidine Medetomidine is a synthetic compound used as a surgical anesthetic and analgesic. It is normally found as its hydrochloride salt, medetomidine hydrochloride. Medetomidine is an intravenously available alpha-2 adrenergic agonist.... Xylazine Xylazine is a clonidine analog which acts as an agonist at α2 adrenoceptors. Veterinarians also use xylazine as an emetic, especially in cats. Atipamezole For the reversal of the sedative and analgesic effects of dexmedetomidine and medetomidine in dogs. Ractopamine Not Annotated Romifidine Romifidine is a veterinary drug utilized as a sedative primarily in large animals, most frequently horses. It is also used less commonly in a wide variety of other animal species.... Detomidine Used as a large animal sedative, primarily in horses. Rilmenidine Rilmenidine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease. Talinolol Talinolol has been investigated for the basic science of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorder. Anisodamine Anisodamine has been investigated for the treatment of Intestinal Diseases. Ritobegron Ritobegron is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02256735 (Study to Investigate the Effect of KUC 7483 CL on the QT/QTc Interval of the ECG in Comparison to Placebo and Moxifloxacin... Naftopidil Naftopidil has been investigated for the treatment of Disorder of Urinary Stent. Tetrahydropalmatine Tetrahydropalmatine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02118610 (Treatment of Schizophrenia With L-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP): a Novel Dopamine Antagonist With Anti-inflammatory and Antiprotozoal Activity). Landiolol Landiolol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study. Bunazosin Bunazosin has been used in trials studying the treatment of High Blood Pressure. Tulobuterol Tulobuterol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Dopexamine Dopexamine has been used in trials studying the diagnostic and treatment of Free Flap, Oral Cancer, Hypotension, Septic Shock, and Head and Neck Cancer. Idazoxan Idazoxan has been used in trials studying the basic science of Molecular Imaging, Alzheimer Disease, and Major Depressive Disorder. Urapidil Urapidil has been investigated for the treatment of Hypertension During Pre-Eclampsia. Bucindolol Bucindolol has been investigated in Heart Failure. Higenamine Higenamine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01451229 (Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Higenamine in Chinese Healthy Subjects). Reproterol Reproterol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Asthma, Exercise-Induced. Opipramol Opipramol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Dementia, Depression, Schizophrenia, Anxiety Disorders, and Psychosomatic Disorders. Octopamine Octopamine is structurally similar to norepinephrine. It has been used as a nootropic, and therefore it and all of its enantiomer are prohibited by the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) as... Dihydroergocristine An ergot alkaloid used to delay progressive mental decline in conditions like Alzheimer's. Norfenefrine Not Annotated Oxyfedrine Not Annotated Cloranolol Not Annotated Mepindolol Mepindolol is a 2-methyl derivative of pindolol. It is a beta blocker. Rimiterol Not Annotated Methoxyphenamine Not Annotated Tretoquinol Not Annotated Epanolol Epanolol is an beta blocker. Tertatolol Tertatolol is a beta blocker. Prenalterol Not Annotated Xamoterol Xamoterol is a β1-adrenoceptor partial agonist that has shown to improve systolic and diastolic function in studies with heart failure patients. It modulates the sympathetic control of the heart but... Dexpropranolol Not Available Solriamfetol Solriamfetol is indicated for treatment of daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea and narcolepsy, but is not a treatment for the underlying airway obstruction in apnea patients[FDA Label][A176534,A176744]. Tizanidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the short-term treatment of muscle spasticity. 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine Not Available Methylenedioxyethamphetamine Not Available Tapentadol An opioid used to manage severe pain that has not responded to non-opioid medications, and for which opioid analgesic therapy is appropriate.
- Drugs & Drug Targets