Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C8 Inhibitors
- Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C8 Inhibitors
- Accession Number
- DBCAT000868 (DBCAT004221)
Drugs and compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP2C8.
Drug Drug Description Trimethoprim An antifolate antibiotic often used in combination with sulfamethoxazole to treat a number of infections, including those of the urinary tract, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract. Gemfibrozil A lipid regulator that is used in the reduction of serum triglyceride levels in high-risk patients with hyperlipidemia. Clopidogrel An antiplatelet agent used to prevent blood clots in peripheral vascular disease, coronary artery disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Rosiglitazone A thiazolidinedione indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to maintain glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Felodipine A calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension. Tamoxifen A selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer following surgery, or reduce the risk of breast cancer in high risk women. Irbesartan An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension, delay progression of diabetic nephropathy, and treat congestive heart failure. Quinine An alkaloid used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Efavirenz A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection or prevent the spread of HIV. Rabeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Crisaborole A non-steroidal topical medication used for the treatment of mild-moderate atopic dermatitis. Nabilone A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. Rucaparib An anti-cancer agent used to treat recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer. Levothyroxine A synthetic T4 hormone used to treat hypothyroidism that can be used along with surgery and radioiodine therapy to manage thyrotropin-dependent well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Liotrix May be used to treat primary, secondary or tertiary hypothyroidism. May also be used to suppress thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion in patients with simple (nontoxic) goiter, subacute or chronic... Medroxyprogesterone acetate A progestin used as a contraceptive and in the treatment of secondary amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, pain from endometriosis, endometrial and renal carcinomas, paraphilia in males, and GnRH-dependent precocious puberty. Mometasone A corticosteroid with no indications. Mometasone furoate A corticosteroid used to treat asthma, allergic rhinitis, nasal congestion, nasal polyps, dermatitis, and pruritus. Fluticasone Fluticasone's 2 esters are indicated as inhalers for the treatment and management of asthma by prophylaxis[FDA Label] as well as inflammatory and pruritic dermatoses . A DB00588 nasal spray is... Fluticasone furoate An inhaled corticosteroid that can be used as maintenance treatment of asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depending on the product. Also available as a nasal spray to manage symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Fluticasone propionate A glucocorticoid used to treat asthma, inflammatory pruritic dermatoses, and nonallergic rhinitis. Regorafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nifedipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker indicated for the management of several subtypes of angina pectoris, and hypertension. Pazopanib An antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of advanced renal cell cancer and advanced soft tissue sarcoma in patients with prior chemotherapy. Bosutinib An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of chronic, accelerated, or blast phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in adults with inadequate clinical response to other treatments. Cabozantinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat advanced renal cell carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and medullary thyroid cancer. Genistein Currently Genistein is being studied in clinical trials as a treatment for prostate cancer. Lenvatinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of metastatic thyroid cancer, advanced renal cell carcinoma in combination with everolimus, and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Atazanavir An antiviral protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Ritonavir An HIV protease inhibitor used in combination with other antivirals in the treatment of HIV infection. Nilvadipine For the management of vasospastic angina, chronic stable angina and hypertension. Metronidazole A nitroimidazole used to treat trichomoniasis, amebiasis, inflammatory lesions of rosacea, and bacterial infections, as well as prevent postoperative infections. Bexarotene A retinoid drug used for cutaneous manifestations of T-cell lymphoma in patients who have not responded well to previous systemic therapy. Fluvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Deferasirox An iron chelator used to treat chronic iron overload caused by blood transfusions. Also used in patients with non-transfusion-dependent thalassemia syndromes, and in patients with elevated liver iron concentration and serum ferritin. Cerivastatin A statin (or HMG CoA reductase inhibitor) used with dietary changes to decrease lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Warfarin A vitamin K antagonist used to treat venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, thromboembolism with atrial fibrillation, thromboembolism with cardiac valve replacement, and thromboembolic events post myocardial infarction. Lapatinib An antineoplastic agent and tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of advanced or metastatic HER-negative breast cancer in patients who received prior chemotherapeutic treatments. Lovastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower LDL cholesterol and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and associated conditions, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Montelukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used as part of an asthma therapy regimen, to prevent exercise induced bronchoconstriction, and to treat seasonal allergic rhinitis. Zafirlukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used for prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma. Nicardipine A calcium channel blocker used for the short-term treatment of hypertension and chronic stable angina. Troglitazone For the treatment of Type II diabetes mellitus. It is used alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea, metformin, or insulin as an adjunct to diet and exercise. Candesartan cilexetil An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension, systolic hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and delay progression of diabetic nephropathy. Salmeterol A long-acting beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat asthma and COPD. Raloxifene A selective estrogen receptor modulator that is used to prevent and treat osteoporosis and reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer in high-risk postmenopausal women. Fenofibrate A peroxisome proliferator receptor alpha activator used to lower LDL-C, total-C, triglycerides, and Apo B, while increasing HDL-C in hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. Loratadine A second generation antihistamine used to manage the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Quercetin Quercetin is a flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin. Oxybutynin An antimuscarinic agent that reduces detrusor muscle activity, relaxing the bladder and preventing the urge to void. Ethinylestradiol An estradiol used as a contraceptive. Spironolactone An aldosterone receptor antagonist used for the treatment of hypertension, hyperaldosteronism, edema due to various conditions, hirsutism (off-label) and hypokalemia. Sorafenib A kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of unresectable liver carcinoma and advanced renal carcinoma. Eltrombopag A thrombopoietin receptor agonist used to treat thrombocytopenia or aplastic anemia associated with various etiologies. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Amlodipine A calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension and angina. Bezafibrate A lipid-lowering fibrate used in the management of primary and secondary hyperlipidaemia, when there is a lack of clinical improvement following lifestyle modifications or correction of the underlying disorder. Cimetidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to manage GERD, peptic ulcer disease, and indigestion. Colchicine An alkaloid used in the symptomatic relief of pain in attacks of gout and to treat the inflammatory symptoms of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). Cholecalciferol A form of Vitamin D used in the treatment of specific medical conditions such as refractory rickets, hypoparathyroidism, and familial hypophosphatemia, as well as osteoporosis and chronic kidney disease. Isoniazid An antibiotic used to treat mycobacterial infections; most commonly use in combination with other antimycobacterial agents for the treatment of active or latent tuberculosis. Ketoprofen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, dysmenorrhea, mild to moderate muscle pain, postoperative pain, and postpartum pain. Mefenamic acid An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain for no more than a week, and primary dysmenorrhea. Nilutamide An antineoplastic hormone used to treat prostate cancer. Phenelzine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat atypical, nonendogenous, or neurotic depression. Piroxicam An NSAID used to treat the symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Pyrimethamine An antiparasitic drug used in the prevention and treatment of toxoplasmosis and malaria. Saquinavir An HIV protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 with advanced immunodeficiency. Sulfaphenazole For the treatment bacterial infections. Tegaserod A serotonin-4 (5-HT4) receptor agonist indicated for the treatment of constipation predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) specifically in women under the age of 65. There is currently no safety or efficacy data for use of tegaserol in men. Terfenadine For the treatment of allergic rhinitis, hay fever, and allergic skin disorders. Ticlopidine A platelet aggregation inhibitor used in the prevention of conditions associated with thrombi, such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Triazolam A benzodiazepine used for short term treatment of insomnia. Troleandomycin For the treatment of bacterial infection. Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Erlotinib An EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat certain small cell lung cancers or advanced metastatic pancreatic cancers. Diethylstilbestrol Used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Previously used in the prevention of miscarriage or premature delivery in pregnant women prone to miscarriage or premature delivery. Abiraterone An antiandrogen used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Vismodegib A hedgehog pathway inhibitor used to treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma. Enzalutamide An androgen receptor inhibitor used to treat castration-resistant prostate cancer. Trametinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Idelalisib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), relapsed follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (FL), and relapsed small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). Lumacaftor A protein chaperone used in combination with ivacaftor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients who are homozygous for the F508del mutation in the CFTR gene. Midostaurin An antineoplastic agent used to treat high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with specific mutations, aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), systemic mastocytosis with associated hematologic neoplasm (SM-AHN), or mast cell leukemia (MCL). Belinostat A histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor used for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Candesartan Candesartan is an angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB) that may be used alone or with other agents to treat hypertension. It is available as a prodrug in the form of candesartan cilexetil. Letermovir An antiviral medication used to treat CMV infections and disease in adult CMV-seropositive recipients of an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Opicapone A catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor used as an adjunct treatment for Parkinson's Disease in adults currently receiving levodopa and a dopa decarboxylase inhibitor. Diltiazem A calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension and to manage chronic stable angina. Terbinafine An allylamine antifungal used to treat dermatophyte infections of toenails and fingernails as well as other fungal skin infections. Rifampicin An antibiotic used to treat several types of mycobacterial infections including Mycobacterium avium complex, leprosy, and in combination with other antibacterials to treat latent or active tuberculosis. Verapamil A non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of angina, arrhythmia, and hypertension. Dabrafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Rofecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, primary dysmenorrhea, and migraine attacks. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Simvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction and stroke. Sulfinpyrazone A platelet inhibitory and uricosuric agent used to inhibit thrombotic and embolic processes and to manage the chronic phases of gout . Mifepristone A cortisol receptor blocker used to treat Cushing's syndrome, and to terminate pregnancies up to 70 days gestation. Vemurafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with Erdheim-Chester Disease who have the BRAF V600 mutation, and melanoma in patients who have the BRAF V600E mutation. Ketoconazole A broad spectrum antifungal used to treat seborrheic dermatitis and fungal skin infections. Pioglitazone A thiazolidinedione used adjunctively with diet and exercise to normalize glycemic levels in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Clotrimazole A topical broad-spectrum antifungal agent used for the treatment of a wide variety of dermatophyte infections and candidiasis. Nilotinib A kinase inhibitor used for the chronic phase treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) that is Philadelphia chromosome positive and for the treatment of CML that is resistant to therapy containing imatinib. Teriflunomide A pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties used to treat patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis. Topiroxostat Indicated for the treatment of gout and hyperurcemia in Japan. Licofelone For the management of osteoarthritis. Rutin A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including buckwheat; tobacco; forsythia; hydrangea; viola, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility. Ponatinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with various types of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Isavuconazole Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis [FDA Label]. Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of... Rifamycin An antibacterial used to treat traveler's diarrhea. Triclabendazole An anthelmintic drug used to treat fascioliasis. Rivoglitazone Rivoglitazone (INN) is a thiazolidinedione undergoing research for use in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It is being developed by Daiichi Sankyo Co. Netoglitazone Netoglitazone (MCC-555) is a hypoglycemic agent. Lobeglitazone Lobeglitazone was approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (South Korea) in 2013, and is being monitored by postmarketing surveillance until 2019. Lobeglitazone is not approved for use... Ciglitazone Developed by Takeda Pharmaceuticals in the early 1980s, it is considered the prototypical compound for the thiazolidinedione class. Ciglitazone was never used as a medication, but it sparked interest in... Balaglitazone Balaglitazone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2. Alpelisib Alpelisib is indicated in combination with fulvestrant to treat postmenopausal women, and men, with advanced or metastatic breast cancer.[Label] This cancer must be hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor... Tolbutamide A sulfonylurea used to treat hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Atorvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Losartan An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension and diabetic nephropathy, and is used to reduce the risk of stroke. Ezetimibe A cholesterol absorption inhibitor used to lower total cholesterol, LDL-C, Apo-B, and non-HDL-C in primary hyperlipidemia and familial cholesterolemia. Anastrozole A competitive, selective, non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor used as adjuvant therapy for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Abemaciclib A medication used to treat HR+ HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Elexacaftor A small molecule CFTR corrector used in combination with tezacaftor and ivacaftor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis patients with one F508del-CFTR mutation. Ubrogepant An oral CGRP antagonist used in the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura. Amoxicillin A penicillin derivative used for the treatment of infections caused by gram-positive bacteria, in particular streptococcal bacteria causing upper respiratory tract infections. Favipiravir An antiviral used to manage influenza, and that has the potential to target other viral infections. Methylene blue An oxidation-reduction agent used for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with acquired methemoglobinemia. Selpercatinib A RET receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of RET-driven non-small cell lung cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, and thyroid cancer in appropriate patient populations. Ripretinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Clofazimine A riminophenazine antimycobacterial used to treat leprosy. Miconazole An azole antifungal with broad-spectrum activity used to treat fungal infections affecting the vagina, mouth and skin, including candidiasis. Clascoterone An androgen receptor antagonist used for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older. Pralsetinib A RET receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of metastatic RET-driven non-small cell lung cancer. Lumasiran Lumasiran is an interfering RNA that silences hydroxyacid oxidase 1 for the treatment of primary hypoxaluria type 1. Lonafarnib A potent farnesyl transferase inhibitor used to reduce mortality associated with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and other progeroid laminopathies. Tirbanibulin A tyrosine kinase and tubulin inhibitor used to treat actinic keratosis on the face or scalp. Menadione The primary known function of vitamin K is to assist in the normal clotting of blood, but it may also play a role in normal bone calcification. Rilpivirine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) used in combination with other antiretrovirals to specifically treat human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1).
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