Blood Substitutes and Perfusion Solutions

Blood Substitutes and Perfusion Solutions
Accession Number

Not Available

ATC Classification
DrugDrug Description
LysineAn amino acid commonly found as a component of total parenteral nutrition.
ArginineAn amino acid commonly found as a component of total parenteral nutrition.
GlycineAn amino acid commonly used as a component of total parenteral nutrition and is also used as irrigation during surgery.
Magnesium sulfateA drug used to treat convulsions during pregnancy, nephritis in children, magnesium deficiency, and tetany.
Sodium bicarbonateA compound used for the symptomatic treatment of heartburn, acid indigestion, and upset stomach as well as the treatment of metabolic acidosis associated with conditions such as severe renal disease and circulatory insufficiency due to shock.
SorbitolA product that can be used as a laxative to relieve constipation, and also as a urologic irrigating fluid. May also be used as a pharmaceutical sweetener.
TromethamineA proton acceptor used for the prevention and correction of metabolic acidosis associated with various clinical conditions, such as cardiac bypass surgery.
Ammonium chlorideExpectorant in cough syrups. The ammonium ion (NH4+) in the body plays an important role in the maintenance of acid-base balance. The kidney uses ammonium (NH4+) in place of sodium...
Hydroxyethyl StarchA plasma volume substitute used to treat and prevent hypovolemia.
Sodium chlorideAn ingredient found in a variety of nutritional products as a source of electrolytes and water.
Sodium citrateAn ingredient used for the anticoagulation of whole blood as part of automated apheresis procedures.
DextranA low molecular weight dextran used as an adjunctive treatment of shock or impending shock due to hemorrhage, burns, surgery or other trauma, as well as the prophylaxis of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during high-risk medical procedures.
Amino acidsMixture of amino acids ; used for parenteral nutrition in infants.
Sodium acetateA compound used for electrolyte replenishment and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) therapy.
Magnesium chlorideAn ionic compound and source of magnesium used for electrolyte replenishment and conditions associated with magnesium deficiencies.
Potassium lactateNot Annotated
Sodium glycerophosphateA medication used to treat hypophosphatemia.
Alanyl glutamineA dipeptide consisting of alanine and glutamine used for supplementation.
TaurolidineAn antimicrobial derivative of taurine used for prophylaxis of catheter-related infections.
Mandelic acidMandelic acid is an approved aromatic, alpha hydroxy acid . Mandelic acid is used as an ingredient in cosmetics and drug products applied topically.
Hemoglobin raffimerNot Annotated
NoxytiolinLocal antibacterial that probably acts by releasing formaldehyde in aqueous solutions. It is used for THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION of infected body cavities - bladder, peritoneum, etc. and as a spray for...
Magnesium phosphateA supplement indicated in the treatment of magnesium deficiency.
Hemoglobin crosfumarilHemoglobin in which the alpha-subunit are cross-linked intramolecularly.
NitrofuralA topical antibacterial for the prevention and treatment of bacterial infections of the skin.
SulfamethizoleA sulfonamide antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of susceptible bacterial infections.
MannitolA sugar alcohol used to test for asthma, to reduce intracranial and intraocular pressure, to measure glomerular filtration rate, and to manage pulmonary symptoms associated with cystic fibrosis.
Potassium chlorideA potassium salt used to treat hypokalemia.
NeomycinAn aminoglycoside antibiotic agent used orally and topically to treat a wide variety of infections in the body.
Calcium chlorideAn ionic compound used for the treatment of hypocalcemia and hyperkalemia, and as an antidote to magnesium intoxication due to overdosage of magnesium sulfate.
CetylpyridiniumA compound used to reduce plaque and gingivitis, as well as whiten teeth.
Magnesium citrateA laxative used in bowel preparation for colonoscopy or as a magnesium supplement.
EthacridineNot Annotated
Hydrochloric acidA strong acid used to adjust the pH of injections and ophthalmic solutions.
Potassium acetateA medication used to treat hypokalemia.
Zinc chlorideA medication used to treat zinc deficiencies and associated symptoms and also in total parenteral nutrition.
UreaA keratolytic emollient used to treat hyperkeratotic lesions and moisturize the skin.
Albumin humanA purified form of human serum albumin used to replace lost albumin in patients with hypoalbuminemia, to treat hypovolemia and ascites, and as a part of some diagnostic imaging kits.
Sodium phosphate, monobasicA source of phosphorus used prevent or correct hypophosphatemia in patients with restricted or no oral intake.
GelatinGelatin is used for weight loss and for treating osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and brittle bones (osteoporosis). Some people also use it for strengthening bones, joints, and fingernails. Gelatin is also...
Zinc sulfateA drug used to replenish low levels of zinc or prevent zinc deficiency, or to test for zinc deficiency.
Calcium gluconateAn ingredient found in a variety of supplements and vitamins, and is used to lower potassium in the blood or treat magnesium poisoning.
Selenious acidAn ingredient found in supplements, vitamins, parenteral nutrition, and dandruff shampoo.
Drugs & Drug Targets
LysineHigh affinity cationic amino acid transporter 1target
LysineCationic amino acid transporter 4target
LysineCationic amino acid transporter 3target
LysineLow affinity cationic amino acid transporter 2target
LysineLysine--tRNA ligasetarget
LysineMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
LysineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
ArginineCationic amino acid transporter 3target
ArginineArginine decarboxylasetarget
ArginineArgininosuccinate lyasetarget
ArginineNitric oxide synthase, inducibletarget
ArginineHigh affinity cationic amino acid transporter 1target
ArginineArginase-2, mitochondrialtarget
ArginineCationic amino acid transporter 4target
ArginineArgininosuccinate synthasetarget
ArginineNitric oxide synthase, endothelialtarget
ArginineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
ArginineMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
ArginineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
GlycineGlutathione synthetasetarget
GlycineGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
GlycineSerine--pyruvate aminotransferasetarget
GlycineGlycine receptor subunit betatarget
GlycineSerine hydroxymethyltransferase, cytosolictarget
GlycineGlycine receptor subunit alpha-3target
GlycineGlycine receptor subunit alpha-2target
GlycineGlycine N-methyltransferasetarget
GlycineGlycine amidinotransferase, mitochondrialtarget
GlycineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Btarget
Glycine2-amino-3-ketobutyrate coenzyme A ligase, mitochondrialtarget
Glycine5-aminolevulinate synthase, nonspecific, mitochondrialtarget
Glycine5-aminolevulinate synthase, erythroid-specific, mitochondrialtarget
GlycineGlycine--tRNA ligasetarget
GlycineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
GlycineBile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferasetarget
GlycineN-arachidonyl glycine receptortarget
GlycineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Ctarget
GlycineSerine hydroxymethyltransferasetarget
GlycineGlycine N-acyltransferasetarget
GlycineSerine hydroxymethyltransferase, mitochondrialtarget
GlycineGlycine N-acyltransferase-like protein 2target
GlycineGlycine N-acyltransferase-like protein 1target
GlycineAlanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase 2, mitochondrialtarget
GlycinePeroxisomal sarcosine oxidasetarget
GlycineMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
GlycineProton-coupled amino acid transporter 1transporter
GlycineVesicular inhibitory amino acid transportertransporter
GlycineSodium- and chloride-dependent glycine transporter 2transporter
GlycineSodium- and chloride-dependent glycine transporter 1transporter
GlycineAminomethyltransferase, mitochondrialenzyme
GlycineGlycine dehydrogenase [decarboxylating], mitochondrialenzyme
GlycineDihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
GlycineGlycine cleavage system H protein, mitochondrialenzyme
Magnesium sulfateVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channeltarget
Sodium bicarbonateElectrogenic sodium bicarbonate cotransporter 1transporter
Sodium bicarbonateSodium bicarbonate cotransporter 3transporter
Sodium bicarbonateElectroneutral sodium bicarbonate exchanger 1transporter
Sodium bicarbonateElectrogenic sodium bicarbonate cotransporter 4transporter
Sodium bicarbonateHydrogen ionstarget
Sodium bicarbonateSodium-driven chloride bicarbonate exchangertransporter
TromethamineAmyloid beta A4 proteintarget
Sodium citrateMitochondrial 2-oxodicarboxylate carriertransporter
Sodium citrateSolute carrier family 13 member 2transporter
Sodium citrateSolute carrier family 13 member 5transporter
Sodium citrateTricarboxylate transport protein, mitochondrialtransporter
Sodium acetateAcetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, cytoplasmicenzyme
NitrofuralGlutathione reductasetarget
NitrofuralXanthine dehydrogenase/oxidaseenzyme
SulfamethizoleDihydropteroate synthasetarget
SulfamethizoleSerum albumincarrier
SulfamethizoleCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
MannitolMannitol dehydrogenaseenzyme
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 2target
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 1target
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 5target
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 6target
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 7target
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 4target
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 2transporter
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 1transporter
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 5transporter
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 6transporter
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 7transporter
Potassium chlorideSolute carrier family 12 member 4transporter
Neomycin30S ribosomal protein S12target
Neomycin16S ribosomal RNAtarget
NeomycinExtracellular calcium-sensing receptortarget
Calcium chlorideProtein S100-A13target
Potassium acetateSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1target
Zinc chlorideB1 bradykinin receptortarget
Zinc chlorideMethylated-DNA--protein-cysteine methyltransferasetarget
Zinc chlorideFructose-bisphosphate aldolase Atarget
Zinc chlorideElongation factor 1-alpha 1target
Zinc chlorideAlpha-enolasetarget
Zinc chlorideGlyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, testis-specifictarget
Zinc chlorideNucleoside diphosphate kinase Atarget
Zinc chlorideProtein disulfide-isomerasetarget
Zinc chlorideProtein disulfide-isomerase A3target
Zinc chloridePeroxiredoxin-1target
Zinc chloridePhosphoserine phosphatasetarget
Zinc chlorideTriosephosphate isomerasetarget
Zinc chlorideElongation factor Tu, mitochondrialtarget
Zinc chlorideEstrogen receptor alphatarget
Zinc chlorideInterleukin-3target
Zinc chlorideMetallothionein-2target
Zinc chlorideCopper chaperone for superoxide dismutasetarget
Zinc chlorideHistone deacetylase 1target
Zinc chlorideHistone deacetylase 4target
Zinc chlorideDNA-3-methyladenine glycosylasetarget
Zinc chlorideSemenogelin-1target
Zinc chlorideSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
Zinc chlorideHistone deacetylase 8target
Zinc chlorideApoptosis regulatory protein Sivatarget
Zinc chlorideGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
Zinc chlorideE3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2target
Zinc chlorideInsulintarget
Zinc chlorideUtrophintarget
Zinc chlorideAspartoacylasetarget
Zinc chlorideProtein S100-A8target
Zinc chlorideProtein S100-A9target
Zinc chlorideMatrix metalloproteinase-9target
Zinc chlorideTumor protein p73target
Zinc chlorideProtein S100-A2target
Zinc chlorideCellular tumor antigen p53target
Zinc chlorideMetallothionein-3target
Zinc chlorideMetallothionein-1Atarget
Zinc chlorideAlpha-2-macroglobulintarget
Zinc chlorideAlpha-2-HS-glycoproteintarget
Zinc chlorideApolipoprotein A-Itarget
Zinc chlorideApolipoprotein B receptortarget
Zinc chlorideApolipoprotein Etarget
Zinc chlorideApolipoprotein L1target
Zinc chlorideComplement C1q subcomponent subunit Btarget
Zinc chlorideComplement C1q subcomponent subunit Ctarget
Zinc chlorideComplement C1r subcomponenttarget
Zinc chlorideComplement C1s subcomponenttarget
Zinc chlorideComplement C3target
Zinc chlorideComplement C4-Btarget
Zinc chlorideC4b-binding protein alpha chaintarget
Zinc chlorideC4b-binding protein beta chaintarget
Zinc chlorideComplement C5target
Zinc chlorideLys-63-specific deubiquitinase BRCC36target
Zinc chlorideComplement factor Htarget
Zinc chlorideClusterintarget
Zinc chlorideCeruloplasmintarget
Zinc chlorideCarboxypeptidase N catalytic chaintarget
Zinc chlorideCarboxypeptidase N subunit 2target
Zinc chlorideDermcidintarget
Zinc chlorideFibrinogen alpha chaintarget
Zinc chlorideFibronectintarget
Zinc chlorideHemoglobin subunit alphatarget
Zinc chlorideHemoglobin subunit betatarget
Zinc chlorideHaptoglobintarget
Zinc chlorideInsulin-like growth factor-binding protein complex acid labile subunittarget
Zinc chlorideInter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H1target
Zinc chlorideInter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H2target
Zinc chlorideInter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H3target
Zinc chlorideInter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4target
Zinc chlorideImmunoglobulin J chaintarget
Zinc chloridePlasma kallikreintarget
Zinc chlorideKininogen-1target
Zinc chlorideKeratin, type I cytoskeletal 9target
Zinc chlorideAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 2target
Zinc chlorideN-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidasetarget
Zinc chlorideSerum paraoxonase/arylesterase 1target
Zinc chloridePregnancy zone proteintarget
Zinc chlorideProtein S100-A7target
Zinc chlorideSelenoprotein Ptarget
Zinc chlorideAlpha-1-antitrypsintarget
Zinc chlorideAlpha-1-antichymotrypsintarget
Zinc chlorideCorticosteroid-binding globulintarget
Zinc chlorideHeparin cofactor 2target
Zinc chlorideSex hormone-binding globulintarget
Zinc chlorideSerotransferrintarget
Zinc chlorideTransthyretintarget
Zinc chlorideVitronectintarget
Zinc chlorideAmyloid-like protein 1target
Zinc chlorideAmyloid-like protein 2target
Zinc chlorideAmyloid beta A4 proteintarget
Zinc chloridePoly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1target
Zinc chlorideCarboxypeptidase Eenzyme
Zinc chlorideAlcohol dehydrogenase 1Cenzyme
Zinc chlorideInsulin-degrading enzymeenzyme
Zinc chlorideSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]enzyme
Zinc chlorideCarbonic anhydrase 2enzyme
Zinc chlorideSerum albumincarrier
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP10transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 7transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 4transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP6transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP5transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP2transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 9transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 1transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 2transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter SLC39A7transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP4transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 3transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 8transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP12transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 5transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 10transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP13transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP8transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP1transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP14transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP3transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP9transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter ZIP11transporter
Zinc chlorideZinc transporter 6transporter
Zinc chlorideApolipoprotein B-100target
Zinc chlorideHemopexintarget
Zinc chlorideHistidine-rich glycoproteintarget
Zinc chlorideCoagulation factor XItarget
Zinc chlorideC->U-editing enzyme APOBEC-1target
Zinc chlorideSemenogelin-2target
UreaCarbonic anhydrase 2target
UreaCatenin beta-1target
UreaSulfoxide reductase catalytic subunit YedYtarget
UreaUrea transporter 2transporter
UreaUrea transporter 1transporter
UreaDihydrofolate reductasetarget
Albumin humanNitric oxidetarget
Sodium phosphate, monobasicSodium-dependent phosphate transporter 1transporter
Sodium phosphate, monobasicSodium-dependent phosphate transporter 2transporter
Sodium phosphate, monobasicSodium-dependent phosphate transport protein 2Atransporter
Sodium phosphate, monobasicSodium-dependent phosphate transport protein 2Btransporter
Sodium phosphate, monobasicSodium-dependent phosphate transport protein 2Ctransporter
Selenious acidGlutathione peroxidase 1enzyme
Selenious acidSelenoprotein Ptransporter
Selenious acidThioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmicenzyme