Identification

Name
Glycerin
Accession Number
DB09462
Description

A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved, Investigational
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 92.0938
Monoisotopic: 92.047344122
Chemical Formula
C3H8O3
Synonyms
  • 1,2,3-propanetriol
  • 1,2,3-trihydroxypropane
  • Glycerin, anhydrous
  • Glycerin,anhydrous
  • Glycerine
  • glycérine
  • Glycerinum
  • Glycerol
  • glycérol
  • Glyzerin
  • Monoctanoin component D
  • Ölsüß
  • Propanetriol
  • Trihydroxypropane
External IDs
  • E-422
  • Fema no. 2525
  • INS No.422
  • INS-422
  • M 314429
  • NSC-9230
  • PZN 7474853

Pharmacology

Indication

It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.

Associated Conditions
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Learn about our commercial Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings data.
Learn More
Pharmacodynamics

Glycerin is commonly classified as an osmotic laxative but may act additionally or alternatively through its local irritant effects; it may also have lubricating and fecal softening actions. Glycerin suppositories usually work within 15 to 30 minutes.

Mechanism of action

When administered rectally, glycerin exerts a hygroscopic and/or local irritant action, drawing water from the tissues into the feces and reflexively stimulating evacuation. Glycerin decreases intraocular pressure by creating an osmotic gradient between the blood and intraocular fluid, causing fluid to move out of the aqueous and vitreous humors into the bloodstream.

TargetActionsOrganism
APeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta
agonist
Humans
UGroup IIE secretory phospholipase A2Not AvailableHumans
UInositol-3-phosphate synthase 1Not AvailableHumans
UAlcohol dehydrogenase 1BNot AvailableHumans
UInositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1Not AvailableHumans
UGlycodelinNot AvailableHumans
UAlpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidaseNot AvailableHumans
UADP-ribosylation factor 1Not AvailableHumans
UBifunctional 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate synthase 1Not AvailableHumans
UDNA mismatch repair protein MutLNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
URibonucleoside-diphosphate reductase 1 subunit betaNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
UA/G-specific adenine glycosylaseNot AvailableEscherichia coli (strain K12)
UtRNA (cytosine(38)-C(5))-methyltransferaseNot AvailableHumans
UMaleylacetoacetate isomeraseNot AvailableHumans
Absorption

Well absorbed orally, poorly absorbed rectally. Studies in humans and animals indicate glycerol is rapidly absorbed in the intestine and the stomach

Volume of distribution

Glycerin is distributed throughout the blood. Although glycerin generally does not appear in ocular fluids, it may enter the orbital sac when the eye is inflamed, with a consequent decrease in osmotic effect.

Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism

Glycerin is a substrate for synthesis of triacylglycerols and of phospholipids in the liver and adipose tissue. When fat metabolized as a source of energy, glycerol and fatty acids are released into the bloodstream. Circulating glycerin does not glycate proteins and does not lead to the formation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs). In some organisms, the glycerin component can enter the glycolysis pathway directly to provide a substrate for energy or glucose production. Glycerol must be converted to their intermediate glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate before being used in glycolysis or gluconeogenesis. Glycerol metabolism is regulated by the enzymes glycerol kinase, (cytosolic) NAD+-dependent G3P dehydrogenase and (mitochondrial) FAD-linked G3P dehydrogenase.

Route of elimination

Approx 7-14% of dose is excreted unchanged in the urine within 2.5 hr.

Half-life

30 - 45 minutes

Clearance
Not Available
Adverse Effects
Learn about our commercial Adverse Effects data.
Learn More
Toxicity

Glycerol has very low toxicity when ingested ; Rat LD50 (oral)-12600mg/kg Mice LD50 (oral )-4090mg/kg Human TDLo (oral) - 1428mg/kg

Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
AcetaminophenGlycerin may increase the hepatotoxic activities of Acetaminophen.
AcetazolamideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Acetazolamide is combined with Glycerin.
AclidiniumThe therapeutic efficacy of Glycerin can be decreased when used in combination with Aclidinium.
AlfentanilThe therapeutic efficacy of Glycerin can be decreased when used in combination with Alfentanil.
AlloinThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Glycerin is combined with Alloin.
AlmasilateThe therapeutic efficacy of Glycerin can be decreased when used in combination with Almasilate.
AluminiumThe therapeutic efficacy of Glycerin can be decreased when used in combination with Aluminium.
Aluminium phosphateThe therapeutic efficacy of Glycerin can be decreased when used in combination with Aluminium phosphate.
Aluminum hydroxideThe therapeutic efficacy of Glycerin can be decreased when used in combination with Aluminum hydroxide.
AmantadineThe therapeutic efficacy of Glycerin can be decreased when used in combination with Amantadine.
Additional Data Available
  • Extended Description
    Extended Description

    Extended description of the mechanism of action and particular properties of each drug interaction.

    Learn more
  • Severity
    Severity

    A severity rating for each drug interaction, from minor to major.

    Learn more
  • Evidence Level
    Evidence Level

    A rating for the strength of the evidence supporting each drug interaction.

    Learn more
  • Action
    Action

    An effect category for each drug interaction. Know how this interaction affects the subject drug.

    Learn more
Food Interactions
No interactions found.

Products

Brand Name Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Coca-Glycerine ControlInjection, solution0.525 mL/1mLIntradermalAntigen Laboratories, Inc.1974-03-23Not applicableUS flag
Glycerol-Saline ControlInjection0.53 g/1mLCutaneous; Intradermal; SubcutaneousAllermed Laboratories, Inc.1974-03-12Not applicableUS flag
Negative Skin Test Control - GlycerinLiquidPercutaneousJubilant Hollisterstier LlcNot applicableNot applicableCanada flag
Sterile Diluent for Allergenic ExtractInjection, solution0.5 mL/1mLIntradermal; SubcutaneousAntigen Laboratories, Inc.1974-03-23Not applicableUS flag
Synovisol Irrigation Solution 2.6%SolutionIrrigationBaxter Laboratories1996-09-26Not applicableCanada flag
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
    Application Number

    A unique ID assigned by the FDA when a product is submitted for approval by the labeller.

    Learn more
  • Product Code
    Product Code

    A governmentally-recognized ID which uniquely identifies the product within its regulatory market.

    Learn more
Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
2x First EssenceCream4.0 g/200mLTopicalTonymoly Co., Ltd.2016-05-01Not applicableUS flag
3 en 1 Cleanser. Deep CleansingLiquid13 mg/1mLTopicalCasmara Cosmetics, Sa2016-06-06Not applicableUS flag
3 en 1 Cleanser. Deep CleansingLiquid13 mg/1mLTopicalCasmara Cosmetics, Sa2016-06-06Not applicableUS flag
3ce Liqu Id Eye Liner BlackLiquid0.19 g/6.5gTopicalNanda Co., Ltd.2016-08-01Not applicableUS flag
3ce Liqu Id Eye Liner BrownLiquid0.19 g/6.5gTopicalNanda Co., Ltd.2016-08-01Not applicableUS flag
3D LiftingLiquid0.067 mL/2mLTopicalBabor Cosmetics America, Corp.2009-06-012017-02-17US flag
75% Olive Oil MarseilleSoap15 g/100gTopicalInternational Nature Soap Institute2015-06-17Not applicableUS flag
Ab Duo Whitening ASolution10 g/100mLTopicalGeneral Bio Co., Ltd.2014-12-082019-09-30US flag
Absolute PPCCream2 g/100mLTopicalCellalab2018-10-01Not applicableUS flag
Ac AllLiquid2 g/100mLTopicalGL BioTech2014-10-17Not applicableUS flag
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
    Application Number

    A unique ID assigned by the FDA when a product is submitted for approval by the labeller.

    Learn more
  • Product Code
    Product Code

    A governmentally-recognized ID which uniquely identifies the product within its regulatory market.

    Learn more
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
7 Select Redness ReliefGlycerin (0.0025 mg/1mL) + Naphazoline hydrochloride (0.00012 mg/1mL)Solution / dropsOphthalmic7-Select, Inc2017-03-28Not applicableUS flag
AdipoWinGlycerin (60 mg/1mL) + Dimethicone (5 mg/1mL)CreamTopicalSupadelixir Co Ltd2017-01-02Not applicableUS flag
Advanced Eye Relief Dry Eye RejuvenationGlycerin (3 mg/1mL) + Propylene glycol (10 mg/1mL)Solution / dropsOphthalmicBausch & Lomb Incorporated2010-09-01Not applicableUS flag
Agarol Eml StrawberryGlycerin (200 mg) + Mineral oil (1.6 ml) + Phenolphthalein (65 mg)EmulsionOralWarner Lambert Canada Inc.1992-12-311997-09-15Canada flag
Agarol PlainGlycerin (800 mg) + Mineral oil (1.6 ml)EmulsionOralNumark Laboratories, Inc.1998-11-302016-06-02Canada flag
Agarol Plain EmlGlycerin (800 mg) + Mineral oil (1.6 ml)EmulsionOralWarner Lambert Canada Inc.1992-12-311998-08-17Canada flag
Agarol Vanilla Laxative LiqGlycerin (200 mg) + Mineral oil (1.6 ml) + Phenolphthalein (65 mg)LiquidOralWarner Lambert Canada Inc.1992-12-311997-09-15Canada flag
Aloe Vera GelGlycerin (10 g/100g) + Propylene glycol (4 g/100g)GelTopicalNINGBO JIANGBEI OCEAN STAR TRADING CO.,LTD2015-02-20Not applicableUS flag
Aloe Vera SprayerGlycerin (4 g/100g) + Aloe Vera Leaf (2 g/100g) + Propylene glycol (2 g/100g) + Tocopherol (0.5 g/100g)LiquidTopicalNINGBO JIANGBEI OCEAN STAR TRADING CO.,LTD2015-02-20Not applicableUS flag
Always Bright Spot LumedicGlycerin (12.8 g/100mL) + Nicotinamide (2.0 g/100mL)CreamTopicalDms International Co., Ltd.2016-02-012019-01-02US flag
Unapproved/Other Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
2x First EssenceGlycerin (4.0 g/200mL)CreamTopicalTonymoly Co., Ltd.2016-05-01Not applicableUS flag
3ce Liqu Id Eye Liner BlackGlycerin (0.19 g/6.5g)LiquidTopicalNanda Co., Ltd.2016-08-01Not applicableUS flag
3ce Liqu Id Eye Liner BrownGlycerin (0.19 g/6.5g)LiquidTopicalNanda Co., Ltd.2016-08-01Not applicableUS flag
3D LiftingGlycerin (0.067 mL/2mL)LiquidTopicalBabor Cosmetics America, Corp.2009-06-012017-02-17US flag
AC Clear Sheet MaskGlycerin (1.84 g/23mL)PatchTopicalMiguhara2016-01-02Not applicableUS flag
AC Control Daily MaskGlycerin (1.8 g/101)SolutionTopicalModecos Co., Ltd.2016-02-01Not applicableUS flag
Advanced DNA Medicated CollectionGlycerin (0.5 g/1mL) + Lidocaine hydrochloride (20 mg/1mL)KitOral; TopicalAsclemed Usa, Inc1995-07-102018-02-21US flag
Advanced DNA Medicated Collection Kit IIGlycerin (0.5 g/1mL) + Lidocaine hydrochloride (20 mg/1mL)KitOral; TopicalAsclemed Usa, Inc.2014-02-042018-02-21US flag
Advanced DNA Medicated Collection Kit IIIGlycerin (0.5 g/1mL) + Lidocaine hydrochloride (20 mg/1mL)KitOral; TopicalAsclemed Usa, Inc.2014-02-042018-02-21US flag
All In One Multi Foam CleanserGlycerin (6 mg/150mL)GelTopicalWow Ventures2015-05-012017-07-31US flag

Categories

ATC Codes
A06AX01 — GlycerolA06AG04 — Glycerol
Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar alcohols. These are hydrogenated forms of carbohydrate in which the carbonyl group (aldehyde or ketone, reducing sugar) has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organic oxygen compounds
Class
Organooxygen compounds
Sub Class
Carbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct Parent
Sugar alcohols
Alternative Parents
Secondary alcohols / Polyols / Primary alcohols / Hydrocarbon derivatives
Substituents
Alcohol / Aliphatic acyclic compound / Hydrocarbon derivative / Polyol / Primary alcohol / Secondary alcohol / Sugar alcohol
Molecular Framework
Aliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
triol, alditol (CHEBI:17754) / Glycerols (C00116) / a sugar alcohol (GLYCEROL)

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
PDC6A3C0OX
CAS number
56-81-5
InChI Key
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2
IUPAC Name
propane-1,2,3-triol
SMILES
OCC(O)CO

References

General References
  1. Toxnet [Link]
  2. ChemIDplus [Link]
  3. DAILYMED [Link]
Human Metabolome Database
HMDB0000131
KEGG Drug
D00028
KEGG Compound
C00116
PubChem Compound
753
PubChem Substance
347827856
ChemSpider
733
RxNav
4910
ChEBI
17754
ChEMBL
CHEMBL692
ZINC
ZINC000000895048
PharmGKB
PA449783
PDBe Ligand
GOL
Wikipedia
Glycerol
AHFS Codes
  • 84:24.12 — Basic Ointments and Protectants
  • 56:12.00 — Cathartics and Laxatives
  • 40:36.00 — Irrigating Solutions
  • 48:01.00* — Other Cold and Cough Preparations
  • 36:89.00* — Other Diagnostics
PDB Entries
1ah8 / 1ahp / 1ayf / 1b4e / 1b6g / 1b8f / 1bcs / 1bf6 / 1bg4 / 1bhp
show 18487 more

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
4CompletedPreventionObesity, Visceral1
4CompletedSupportive CareFecal Incontinence / Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction1
4CompletedTreatmentDentin Hypersensitivity1
4CompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndromes4
4CompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndromes / Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca2
4CompletedTreatmentDry Mouth / Primary Sjogren / Secondary Sjogren1
4CompletedTreatmentHysterectomy / Postoperative pain1
4CompletedTreatmentPain1
4Not Yet RecruitingPreventionDuration of Labor1
4RecruitingOtherDry Eyes1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
CreamTopical4.0 g/200mL
LiquidTopical13 mg/1mL
LiquidTopical0.19 g/6.5g
LiquidTopical0.067 mL/2mL
SoapTopical15 g/100g
SolutionTopical10 g/100mL
SolutionTopical1.8 g/101
CreamCutaneous28 mg/140mL
CreamTopical0.08 g/1g
LiquidTopical0.08 mg/1mL
CreamTopical11.55 g/55mL
CreamTopical24.6 g/120mL
CreamTopical12.1 g/55mL
KitOral; Topical
Solution / dropsOphthalmic10 mg/1mL
CreamTopical31.5 g/150mL
EmulsionOral
CreamTopical4 mg/1mL
SolutionIntravenous0.25 g/mL
Gel70 mL/100mL
PatchTopical3 g/101
LiquidTopical6.8 g/100mL
GelTopical6 mg/150mL
GelVaginal2 g/100mL
EmulsionTopical2.55 g/50mL
LiquidTopical1.9 g/50mL
GelTopical6.2 g/31mL
LiquidTopical5.2 g/200mL
GelTopical16.0 g/200mL
Aerosol, foamTopical0.54 mg/1mL
CreamTopical2.85 g/50g
SolutionTopical6.22 g/100mL
CreamTopical10.0 g/100mL
PatchTopical1.3 g/26mL
CreamTopical1.8 g/60mL
LiquidTopical4.5 g/150mL
CreamTopical5 g/25g
CreamTopical8.81 g/25g
CreamTopical8.006 g/100mL
CreamTopical5.0 g/50mL
SolutionTopical2.8 g/35mL
CreamTopical1.2 g/20mL
SolutionTopical1.65 g/120mL
CreamTopical3 g/30mL
LiquidTopical0.5 g/100mL
PatchTopical1.89 g/27g
PatchTopical2.7 g/27g
PatchTopical7.0 g/100g
PatchTopical1.65 g/22mL
Injectable foamTopical12 g/120mL
PatchTopical0.8 g/8g
PatchTopical1.5 g/25g
CreamTopical1.8 g/9g
PatchTopical1.7 g/8.5g
CreamTopical0.084 g/1mL
PowderTopical0.0000167 g/1g
Solution / dropsAuricular (otic)
LotionTopical6 g/100mL
LotionTopical13 g/100mL
CreamTopical11 g/100mL
SolutionOral5 mg/1mL
CreamTopical5 mg/50mL
CreamTopical4 mg/40mL
ShampooTopical3.075 g/100g
CreamTopical8.06 g/100g
GelTopical11.985 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.075 g/100mL
ShampooTopical3.845 g/100g
CreamTopical6.46 mg/100mL
SprayTopical0.075 g/75mL
LiquidTopical10 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.1406 mL/200mL
CreamTopical4.9947 mL/50mL
SolutionTopical9.5 g/100mL
SolutionTopical11 g/100mL
LiquidTopical2.5 g/100g
LiquidTopical0.002035 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3 g/100g
PatchTopical1.75 g/25g
EmulsionTopical9.6 mg/120mL
SolutionTopical41.85 mg/150mL
SolutionTopical8.13 mg/150mL
CreamTopical1.21 mg/30mL
CreamTopical1.0 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.9 g/30g
CreamTopical1.2 mg/10mL
LiquidTopical10.82 g/100mL
LiquidTopical15 g/100g
CreamTopical10.03 g/100g
PatchTopical1.92 mg/32mL
PatchTopical0.6 g/20g
PatchTopical1.8 mg/30mL
LiquidTopical8.13 g/100g
GelTopical13.5 g/45g
Lozenge13 mg
CreamTopical0.08 g/1mL
LiquidTopical25 g/100mL
LiquidTopical6.0 mg/150mL
CreamTopical2.7 mg/90mL
SolutionTopical19.60 g/200mL
SprayTopical0.5 g/50mL
SolutionRectal2.25 G/3G
SolutionRectal6.75 G/9G
Solution / dropsAuricular (otic)3 g/100mL
PatchTopical0.50 g/25mL
PatchTopical0.5 g/25mL
LiquidTopical4 g/100g
PowderTopical1.8 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.15 g/100mL
PatchTopical3.04264 g/100mL
CreamTopical5.0613 g/100mL
LotionTopical6.502 g/100mL
CreamTopical2.3315 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.1535 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.1535 g/100mL
ShampooTopical0.01 g/1mL
LiquidTopical0.01 g/1mL
PatchTopical9 g/51
CreamTopical10 g/50g
LotionTopical2 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.5 g/4.5mL
GelTopical5 g/100g
LiquidTopical40 g/100mL
GelTopical0.01 g/100mL
PatchTopical4.72 g/105mL
GelTopical0.16 g/160mL
CreamTopical30.75 g/150mL
CreamTopical31.2 g/150mL
LotionTopical32.12 g/400mL
CreamTopical12.9 g/150mL
LiquidTopical0.05 g/1mL
OintmentTopical5 g/100mL
LiquidOral
CreamTopical0.012 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.7675 g/100g
CreamTopical6.5 g/100g
GelTopical15.0 g/150mL
CreamTopical3 mg/1mL
LiquidTopical4.8 g/120mL
SoapTopical
CreamTopical1.5 mg/30mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic2.5 mg/1mL
LiquidOphthalmic
CreamTopical200 mg/1mL
LotionTopical0.09 g/1mL
CreamTopical0.0433 g/1mL
CreamTopical0.0279 g/1mL
PatchTopical2.1 g/101
PatchTopical2.94 g/101
PatchTopical2.1 g/7.5g
CreamTopical6.88 mg/160mL
GelTopical5.6 mg/80mL
KitTopical
Injection, solutionIntradermal0.525 mL/1mL
PatchTopical0.22 g/22g
SoapTopical0.1 g/100g
CreamTopical7 mg/35mL
JellyEnteral19.312 g/48.28g
ShampooTopical0.001 g/100mL
EmulsionTopical10 g/100mL
GelTopical0.2 g/100mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic
LiquidRectal2.8 g/1
SuppositoryRectal83 g/100g
LiquidRectal5.4 g/1
LiquidTopical1.0300049 g/100mL
OilTopical8.0075 g/100mL
LiquidTopical1 kg/20kg
CreamTopical15.585 g/100mL
LiquidTopical11.3 g/100mL
LiquidTopical20.009 g/100mL
CreamTopical11.0005 g/100mL
LiquidTopical10.05 g/100mL
CreamTopical10.0002 g/100mL
GelTopical91.16098 g/100mL
LiquidTopical26 g/200mL
GelTopical37.5 g/150mL
LiquidTopical30.78 mL/100mL
LiquidTopical1.6 g/100mL
CreamTopical4.073 g/100mL
LiquidTopical2.53 g/100g
CreamTopical1.77 g/50g
SprayTopical0.13 g/100mL
CreamTopical1.90 g/30g
LiquidTopical20 g/100g
LiquidTopical6 g/100g
LiquidTopical0.877 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.045 g/100mL
ClothExtracorporeal
LiquidTopical10.01 g/100mL
LotionTopical2 mL/40mL
GelTopical3.75 g/15g
GelTopical0.5 g/2g
PowderTopical8 g/100g
LotionTopical0.0015 mg/150mL
SoapTopical0.45 g/90g
ShampooTopical15 g/300mL
LotionTopical5 mg/50mg
Paste, dentifriceDental7.68 g/120g
CreamTopical3.25 g/50mL
CreamTopical1.5 g/50mL
ShampooTopical6 g/300mL
SoapTopical21 g/300mL
Solution / dropsTopical
CreamTopical
GelTopical9.6 g/120mL
GelTopical0.57 g/100mL
GelTopical5.088 mL/100mL
CreamTopical1.729 g/100g
LiquidTopical5.006 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.05 g/1mL
CreamTopical0.04 g/1mL
LiquidTopical2.53045 g/100g
CreamTopical7.05 g/100mL
LiquidTopical8.05 g/100mL
CreamTopical4.07 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.04 g/100mL
GelTopical4 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3 g/100mL
CreamTopical3 g/100mL
CreamTopical5 g/100g
CreamTopical6.1000565 g/100mL
LiquidTopical7.1270547 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.044 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.0125 g/1mL
CreamTopical6.3 g/18g
LiquidTopical5.021 g/100g
CreamTopical5.105 g/100mL
PatchTopical1 g/100g
KitOral
SwabTopical200 mg/0.5mL
LiquidAuricular (otic)
PatchTopical1.3 g/25mL
LiquidTopical4.8 g/160mL
GelTopical14.4 g/120mL
GelTopical24.0 g/120mL
SolutionTopical4.97 mg/1mL
CreamTopical1.0 g/25mL
PatchTopical1.75 mg/101
LiquidTopical10.87 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.102 g/100mL
LotionTopical10.2 g/100mL
LiquidTopical12 g/100g
LotionTopical5 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.025 g/100g
PatchTopical10 g/100g
Solution / dropsOphthalmic4 mg/400mcL
GelTopical2.65 g/100g
GelTopical30 g/100mL
SprayTopical5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.935 g/100mL
CreamTopical53.67 g/250mL
LotionTopical35 mg/1mL
CreamCutaneous
Solution / dropsOphthalmic2 mg/1mL
LiquidTopical12 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.01 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.01 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.0798 g/1mL
LiquidTopical11 g/100mL
CreamTopical10 g/100mL
LiquidTopical1 g/100g
ClothTopical
CreamTopical4 g/100mL
CreamTopical26 mg/130mL
CreamTopical10.5 mg/1mL
CreamTopical31.65 g/155mL
CreamTopical8.15 g/40mL
CreamRectal; Topical25 g/100mL
GelTopical30 mL/150mL
LiquidTopical0.02 g/2mL
CreamTopical29 mg/145mL
GelTopical20 g/100g
PatchTopical70.4 mg/1
CreamTopical1.25 mg/25mL
GelTopical41.85 g/150mL
PatchTopical3.36 g/51
PatchTopical3.36 g/101
PatchTopical3.36 mg/32mL
LiquidTopical0.08 g/1g
CreamTopical4.83 g/23mL
CreamTopical4.6 g/23mL
SuppositoryRectal1237.7 mg
Suppository1.375 G
Suppository2.250 G
SuppositoryRectal0.908 g
SuppositoryRectal1.375 g
SuppositoryRectal2.25 g
Injection, solutionIntravenous10 %
SolutionRectal2.25 G
SolutionRectal6.75 G
Suppository1375 MG
Suppository2250 MG
SuppositoryRectal3300 mg
SuppositoryRectal1400 mg
SprayTopical0.5 mg/1mL
Injection, solutionIntravenous5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical995 mg/1mL
SuppositoryRectal1 g/1.21
SuppositoryRectal1.614 g/1
SuppositoryRectal2 g/1
Solution / dropsOphthalmic99.5 mL/100mL
SolutionOral50 g/100mL
Syrup50 g/100mL
SolutionTopical12 g/100g
SolutionTopical70 mL/100mL
SuppositoryRectal1.2 g/1
SuppositoryRectal2.1 g/1
LiquidOral; Topical
LiquidRectal12.5 g/1
SuppositoryRectal
Suppository2.32 g
LiquidTopical
CreamRectal; Topical
LiquidIntradermal; Subcutaneous
SolutionOral500 mg/100mL
SolutionRectal50 mL/100mL
SolutionOral100 mL/100mL
SolutionOral50 mL/100mL
SolutionOral12 g/100mL
SolutionOral88 mL/100mL
Solution / dropsAuricular (otic)12 g/100g
Solution / dropsAuricular (otic)12 g/100mL
LiquidOral
SolutionOral12 g/100g
SolutionOral99.5 g/100mL
EnemaRectal
SolutionOral10 g/100mL
InjectionCutaneous; Intradermal; Subcutaneous0.53 g/1mL
SolutionUnknown
SolutionOral700 mg/100mL
Suppository1.5 mg
Suppository1.365 g
SolutionTopical
SolutionExtracorporeal
GelTopical0.5 mg/1mL
LiquidTopical6 g/100mL
LiquidTopical100 mg/1mL
CreamTopical10.20052486 g/100g
LiquidTopical0.04 mg/1mL
SolutionOphthalmic
SolutionOphthalmic10 mg
SolutionTopical8.7 g/145mL
CreamTopical6.5 g/130mL
CreamTopical11.7 g/130mL
CreamTopical1.07 g/20mL
LotionTopical3 g/100mL
LiquidTopical7 g/100mL
SolutionTopical4 mg/1mL
ShampooTopical3.88 mg/1mL
CreamTopical
LiquidTopical30 g/150mL
LiquidTopical9.0 g/300mL
SolutionTopical15.96 g/120mL
GelTopical15.0 g/150g
SprayTopical0.4 g/40mL
CreamTopical5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical5 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.1 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.1 g/100g
ShampooTopical0.2 g/100mL
CreamTopical4.0 g/50mL
EmulsionTopical12.0 g/120mL
LotionTopical10.5 g/150mL
SprayTopical12 g/150mL
SprayTopical7.2 g/120mL
CreamTopical3.5 g/50mL
CreamTopical2.5 g/50mL
LiquidTopical2.00008 g/100mL
CreamTopical8 mg/1mL
CreamTopical11 mg/1mL
CreamTopical13 mg/1mL
CreamTopical5.00008 g/100mL
LiquidTopical5.007 g/100mL
LiquidTopical5.740794 g/100mL
Solution / dropsAuricular (otic)97 mL/100mL
LiquidTopical0.0001 g/1mL
EmulsionTopical0.034 g/1mL
LiquidTopical0.04 g/1mL
EmulsionTopical0.02 g/1mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic1 g/100mL
LiquidTopical2.5 g/250mL
LotionTopical8.0 g/200mL
CreamTopical1.67 mg/33mL
CreamTopical0.66 mg/33mL
PatchTopical20 g/100g
GelVaginal0.04 g/1g
SuppositoryRectal1.3 g/1
LiquidTopical15 g/100mL
SolutionVaginal6.0 g/100g
LiquidTopical1.5 g/100mL
CreamTopical31 mg/155mL
CreamTopical11.57 mg/50mL
CreamTopical9 mg/45mL
LiquidTopical0.8 mg/81
LotionTopical28 mg/140mL
CreamTopical5 mg/25mL
PatchTopical5 g/25g
LiquidTopical11 g/100g
LiquidTopical9 g/100g
LiquidTopical8 g/100g
CreamTopical8 g/100g
PowderTopical0.1 g/1g
LiquidTopical0.002 g/1mL
SwabTopical0.25 g/2.5mL
PatchTopical2.50 g/25mL
LiquidTopical0.30 g/1.5mL
PatchTopical1.08 g/27mL
LiquidTopical0.1 g/1.5mL
CreamTopical0.06 g/1.5mL
PatchTopical1.61 g/30mL
EmulsionTopical15.62 g/130mL
LiquidTopical7.80 g/130mL
PatchTopical1.37 g/25mL
PatchTopical1.87 g/25mL
CreamTopical1.75 g/50mL
CreamTopical2.50 g/50mL
LiquidTopical0.10 g/1.5mL
PatchTopical1.06 g/25mL
PatchTopical0.81 g/27mL
PatchTopical1.50 g/25mL
LiquidTopical0.2 g/1.5mL
PatchTopical1.0 g/25mL
EmulsionTopical9.10 g/130mL
LiquidTopical0.98 g/130mL
GelTopical5.5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical10.013 g/100mL
CreamTopical8.013 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3.2 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.001 g/100mL
CreamTopical8.001 g/100mL
GelTopical11 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3.02 g/100mL
LiquidTopical5.5 g/100mL
LiquidVaginal7 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.3 g/100mL
GelTopical2 g/100g
Gel18 mL/100mL
GelRectal53.5 %
ClothExtracorporeal0.21 1/701
ShampooTopical4 g/100mL
Ointment5.5 g/100g
CreamTopical1.5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.2 g/100mL
GelTopical1.5 g/100mL
OilTopical1 g/100mL
SuppositoryRectal2.3896 g
Cream5 mL/100g
GelTopical2.0 g/10mL
GelTopical6.59 g/10mL
GelTopical8.99 g/10mL
GelTopical2.01 g/10mL
CreamTopical0.579998 g/100mL
SwabOral7.5 1/1
SwabOral0.3 g/4g
SwabOral7.5 mL/100mL
SwabOral7.5 g/100g
SwabTopical0.43 mL/10mL
SwabTopical0.500 mg/1mL
SwabTopical500 mg/1mL
SwabTopical7.5 g/100g
SolutionTopical1.94 mg/60mL
GelRectal5.31 %
SolutionOral99.99 g/100mL
GelOral97 g/100mL
GelOral98 g/100mL
GelOral99 g/100mL
CreamTopical30 mg/1mL
Injection, emulsionIntravenous
InjectionIntravenous12 g/L
CreamTopical0.4 mg/40mL
CreamTopical20 g/100g
CreamTopical10 mg/1mL
OintmentTopical40 mg/1g
SolutionTopical5 g/100mL
SoapTopical12 g/60g
LiquidTopical8.7675 g/100g
PatchTopical0.34 g/17g
GelTopical3 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4.001 g/100g
CreamTopical0.00007 g/1mL
CreamTopical0.02 g/1mL
CreamTopical0.00001 mg/1mL
PatchTopical2.0 g/10g
LiquidTopical0.24 g/8mL
LiquidTopical0.5 mg/1mL
LiquidTopical0.03 g/1g
SprayOral29.5 mg/1mL
CreamTopical3 g/100g
PowderTopical
LiquidTopical0.08 g/1mL
CreamTopical0.10295 g/1mL
ShampooTopical2 g/100mL
CreamTopical1.222 g/100mL
GelTopical1.222 g/100mL
LiquidTopical2.185 g/100mL
CreamTopical4.555 g/100mL
LiquidTopical5 g/100g
SwabOral0.075 g/1
SwabTopical0.5 g/1
PatchTopical0.13 g/3g
GelTopical4.8 g/120mL
PatchTopical0.14 g/7g
LiquidTopical3.97 g/100mL
EnemaRectal480 mg/g
SolutionTopical
EnemaRectal80 mL/100mL
CreamTopical2 g/100mL
SoapTopical1 g/100g
LiquidTopical0.0224 g/1mL
PatchTopical0.16 g/1.6g
PatchTopical3.0 g/101
LiquidTopical0.01 g/1g
CreamTopical4.2 g/100g
SprayTopical4.8 g/80mL
LiquidTopical25 g/100g
LotionTopical15 g/300mL
CreamTopical2.005 g/100mL
GelVaginal4 g/100g
LiquidTopical0.05205 g/1mL
EmulsionTopical0.075205 g/1mL
CreamTopical11.45 g/50mL
LiquidTopical2 g/100g
CreamTopical0.175 mg/5mL
Solution / dropsAuricular (otic)17.84 g/100mL
PasteOral
SolutionTopical6 g/100mL
GelTopical10.0 g/200mL
CreamTopical8.6 g/200mL
EmulsionTopical9 g/150mL
LiquidTopical0.15 g/150mL
LiquidTopical2.5 g/100mL
LiquidPercutaneous
CreamTopical16 mg/80mL
GelTopical
GelDental
LiquidTopical8.75 g/100g
EmulsionTopical0.8 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.29 g/30mL
CreamTopical1.4 g/50mL
CreamTopical1.97 g/30mL
CreamTopical3.14 g/50mL
ShampooTopical7.5 g/300g
Solution / dropsOphthalmic2 g/1000mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic0.25 g/100mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic0.22 g/100mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic.22 g/100mL
LotionTopical16 mg/200mL
LiquidTopical10.5 g/100g
LiquidTopical19.91 g/100g
LiquidTopical4.975 g/100mL
SoapTopical12 g/100g
Injection, emulsionIntravenous2.035 g
LiquidTopical1.01 mg/2.8mL
LiquidTopical0.57 mg/2.8mL
PatchTopical5.55 mg/27mL
LiquidTopical0.58 mg/2.8mL
PatchTopical5.56 mg/27mL
SprayOphthalmic1 mg/1mL
SolutionOphthalmic5 mg
GelOphthalmic2 mg/1mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic5 mg/1mL
SolutionConjunctival; Ophthalmic1.75 mg
EmulsionOphthalmic500 mg/100mL
SolutionConjunctival; Ophthalmic5 mg
SolutionOphthalmic2 mg
OintmentOphthalmic; Topical5 mg
GelTopical1 g/100mL
SolutionOral9 mL/100mL
GelTopical180 mg/1g
SoapTopical8 g/100g
PatchTopical1.84 g/23mL
CreamTopical0.00012 mg/120mL
SolutionAuricular (otic)0.06 g
LiquidTopical4.80 g/20mL
SolutionTopical69.8 g/100mL
LiquidRectal2.8 g/4mL
SuppositoryRectal1 g/1
CreamTopical0.5 mg/1mL
LiquidTopical0.29 g/5mL
EmulsionTopical3.5 mg/35mL
LiquidTopical30 g/100g
LiquidTopical2.145 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.055 g/100g
LiquidTopical3.005 g/100g
CreamTopical10 g/100g
Syrup12 g/100mL
SolutionTopical7.35 g/30mL
LiquidOral5 g/100g
LiquidOral2 g/100mL
CreamOral5.05 g/100mL
LotionTopical20 mg/100mL
CreamTopical24 g/120g
LotionTopical0.5 g/200mL
LotionTopical3.38 g/200mL
LotionTopical1.22 g/200mL
LotionTopical6.84 g/180mL
CreamTopical37.8 g/180mL
CreamTopical7 g/35mL
LiquidTopical7 g/100g
SolutionTopical2.37 g/40mL
OintmentTopical
GelTopical9 g/100mL
LiquidOral4.5 mg/100mL
CreamTopical7 g/100mL
EmulsionTopical6 g/100mL
LiquidTopical4 g/100mL
InjectionIntravenous
SolutionParenteral3 g/100ml
SprayTopical0.5 g/100mL
PatchTopical7.5 g/30g
LotionTopical4 g/100mL
CreamTopical1 g/100mL
LiquidTopical1 g/100mL
CreamTopical1.2 g/100mL
CreamTopical4.0015 g/100mL
GelTopical6.459996 g/100mL
ShampooTopical0.02 mg/1mL
LiquidTopical0.19 g/8g
LiquidTopical8 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.8 g/100g
Cream
CreamTopical18 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.05 g/100g
LiquidTopical6.25 g/250mL
CreamTopical12.5 g/50mL
LotionTopical1.45 g/15mL
CreamTopical2.92 mg/50mL
EmulsionTopical2.35 mg/125mL
CreamTopical2.55 mg/50mL
GelTopical9.6 mg/160mL
LiquidTopical7.81 mg/150mL
SoapTopical5 g/100g
CreamTopical28 g/140mL
GelTopical15 g/150g
EmulsionOphthalmic
LiquidTopical2 g/100mL
SolutionTopical2.6 g/40mL
SolutionTopical0.21 mg/121
CreamTopical2.53 mg/150mL
CreamTopical1.87 mg/150mL
CreamTopical0.25 g/20mL
CreamTopical7.8 mg/1mL
CreamTopical1.98 mg/1mL
CreamTopical0.25 mg/1mL
PatchTopical0.8 g/16mL
PatchTopical0.56 g/14mL
PatchTopical0.33 g/3mL
PatchTopical2 g/25mL
LiquidTopical0.7426 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3.6201 g/100mL
CreamTopical2.04 g/30mL
GelTopical3.002 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.100005 g/1g
LiquidTopical0.03 mg/1mL
LiquidNasal
SolutionIrrigation4.75 mL/100mL
LiquidTopical4.0 g/200mL
PatchTopical1.50 g/50g
CreamTopical0.03 g/1mL
LiquidTopical0.06 g/1mL
CreamTopical0.03 g/1g
PatchTopical0.05 g/1mL
LiquidTopical0.07 g/1mL
Solution0.35 g
CreamTopical0.9 g/9g
CreamTopical3.1545 g/100g
LotionTopical4.305 g/100mL
CreamTopical1.9345 g/100g
CreamTopical0.02 g/1g
LiquidTopical0.018 mg/1mL
CreamTopical0.000001 g/1g
CreamRectal
SoapTopical0.5 g/100g
LotionTopical0.4 g/100mL
SoapTopical0.4 g/100g
CreamTopical15 mg/100mL
CreamTopical10 mg/100mL
PatchTopical6 g/100g
GelTopical5 mg/1mL
GelTopical13.8 mg/100mL
GelTopical2.661 g/100mL
LotionTopical5.75 g/100mL
CreamTopical2 g/100g
GelTopical0.02 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.1 g/100mL
CreamTopical5.05 g/100g
PatchTopical2.1 g/7g
CreamTopical1.33 mg/30mL
SprayTopical
CreamCutaneous19.2 g/48g
CreamCutaneous16.8 g/48g
CreamTopical2.49 mL/50mL
SprayTopical1.5 g/150mL
CreamTopical9.0 g/75mL
LotionTopical7.5 g/150mL
LotionTopical6.0 g/120mL
CreamTopical1.69 mg/60mL
PatchTopical0.8 g/101
LiquidTopical5.92 g/150mL
CreamTopical3.3 g/50g
CreamTopical5.82 g/60mL
PatchTopical1.96 g/28g
LiquidTopical13.50 g/150mL
CreamTopical0.07 mg/1mL
PatchTopical1.2 g/20g
CreamTopical3.5 g/70g
CreamTopical4.2 g/20g
CreamTopical6 g/30mL
GelTopical5 g/25g
CreamTopical4 g/20mL
PatchTopical1.37 mg/101
CreamTopical10 g/50mL
CreamTopical36 g/160mL
GelTopical60 g/300mL
GelTopical146.88 g/300mL
CreamTopical6 g/100mL
CreamTopical5.15 mL/100mL
PatchTopical0.27 g/27g
CreamTopical5.6 g/50g
Injection, solutionIntradermal; Subcutaneous
Injection, solutionIntradermal; Subcutaneous0.5 mL/1mL
GelTopical5 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.16 g/1mL
CreamTopical1.6 mg/80mL
GelTopical4.65 mg/155mL
CreamTopical8 g/40mL
LiquidTopical0.03 g/1mL
SuppositoryRectal1.3672 g
LiquidTopical
EmulsionTopical
SolutionIrrigation
PatchTopical1.84 g/23g
PatchTopical
ShampooTopical0.04 g/1mL
CreamTopical6 g/30g
CreamTopical4.03 g/100mL
LiquidTopical1.001 g/100mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic100 mg/100mL
SolutionTopical0.12 mg/101
LiquidTopical6.0 g/200mL
Injectable foamTopical16.5 g/150mL
CreamTopical30 g/150mL
EmulsionTopical2 g/100mL
CreamTopical10.16 g/40mL
CreamTopical18 g/90mL
LiquidTopical0.02 g/1mL
LiquidTopical4.4 g/100mL
LiquidTopical28 mg/140mL
ShampooTopical2 g/100g
CreamTopical24 g/80g
LotionTopical12742.339 mg/145mL
CreamTopical5926.7425 mg/35mL
CreamTopical5.05 g/50g
LotionTopical8377.386 mg/60mL
LotionTopical
Injectable foamTopical
CreamTopical1.0 g/45g
CreamTopical78.1 g/95g
GelTopical0.252 g/45g
CreamTopical5.04 g/30mL
LiquidTopical5287.8 mg/140mL
CreamTopical2.1 g/70g
CreamTopical3147.5 mg/50mL
PatchTopical1.5 g/30g
CreamTopical4910.1 mg/50mL
EmulsionTopical9694.3 mg/140mL
LotionTopical503 mg/50mL
CreamTopical1510.8 mg/140mL
LiquidTopical1762.6 mg/140mL
LiquidTopical14100.8 mg/140mL
EnemaRectal3 g/100mL
OilCutaneous; Extracorporeal; Vaginal48 g/240mL
LotionTopical0.008 g/100mL
LiquidTopical3.5 g/100mL
CreamTopical32.7 g/150mL
CreamTopical0.1 g/1g
LiquidTopical0.1 g/1mL
LiquidTopical0.02 mg/1mL
LiquidTopical0.015 g/1mL
SolutionTopical12.3 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.06 g/1mL
LiquidTopical0.04 g/5mL
LiquidTopical1.005 g/100g
LiquidTopical0.01 mg/1mL
Syrup14 mL/100mL
CreamTopical8 g/100mL
GelTopical2 g/100mL
GelTopical15 g/100mL
SprayOral
SolutionOphthalmic1 g/100g
LotionTopical8.28 g/180mL
LiquidTopical0.001 g/1mL
CreamTopical0.04 g/1g
GelTopical0.015 g/1mL
CreamTopical5 mg/1mL
CreamTopical3.43 g/50mL
LiquidTopical2.59 g/150mL
LiquidTopical0.06 g/1g
LiquidTopical0.04 g/1g
GelTopical91.16 g/100mL
GelTopical91.16098 g/100g
CreamTopical4 g/100g
CreamTopical6 mg/150mL
PatchTopical2.3 g/23mL
For solution1 mg/100mL
SprayTopical70 mL/100mL
ExtractTopical13.226 g/100mL
CreamTopical0.2 g/100mL
LiquidTopical10 g/100mL
LiquidTopical0.2 g/100mL
EmulsionTopical2.04 g/100mL
CreamTopical6.2 g/100mL
PatchTopical10 g/100mL
ConcentrateTopical7 g/100mL
SwabTopical
GelVaginal0.17 g/1g
GelVaginal0.306 g/101
GelVaginal0.11 g/101
PatchTopical1.57 g/35g
LotionTopical
CreamTopical3.55 g/100mL
GelTopical3.55 g/100mL
GelOral20 mg/100g
CreamTopical12.6 g/100mL
GelTopical9.7 g/100mL
GelTopical8.752 g/100mL
GelVaginal0.1 g/100mL
SolutionOral0.02 mL/100mL
LiquidTopical16 g/100mL
LiquidVaginal0.5 g/100mL
ShampooTopical2.5 g/100mL
SolutionTopical0.25 g/5mL
CreamTopical0.16 g/8g
SolutionTopical20 g/100mL
SuspensionOral196 mg/100mL
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Patent NumberPediatric ExtensionApprovedExpires (estimated)Region
US9717852No2017-08-012033-04-08US flag
US9034300No2015-05-192030-10-15US flag
US9259494No2016-02-162035-05-04US flag
US9849199No2017-12-262036-02-11US flag
Additional Data Available
  • Filed On
    Filed On

    The date on which a patent was filed with the relevant government.

    Learn more

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1170.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.9ALOGPS
logP-1.8ChemAxon
logS1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.61ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area60.69 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity20.52 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability8.93 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-0fr2-0910000000-6497c0870b71585c6322
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-0ktb-0920000000-93408d69acffad6f48af
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-05mk-0940000000-778ba583836705f8fdf4
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)GC-MSsplash10-00kb-0920000000-2e4b358941c660851f0a
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-00dj-6920000000-6828d7b00cb31e84fac1
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-0le9-0940000000-e0b9bada9be26d720326
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-01ox-9000000000-3fe0c184a891364773a8
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-0fr2-0930000000-470b6694b25fde40d80f
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-0fr2-0910000000-6497c0870b71585c6322
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-0ktb-0920000000-93408d69acffad6f48af
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-05mk-0940000000-778ba583836705f8fdf4
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-00kb-0920000000-2e4b358941c660851f0a
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-00dj-6920000000-6828d7b00cb31e84fac1
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSGC-MSsplash10-0le9-0940000000-e0b9bada9be26d720326
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-00kb-0920000000-085a71f40d38f2729036
Mass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)MSsplash10-01ox-9000000000-3706109441e6d3017895
MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)LC-MS/MSsplash10-0a4i-9000000000-d7c139dc01453f61eb99
MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)LC-MS/MSsplash10-0a4l-9000000000-7d7844b4813b038012da
MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, PositiveLC-MS/MSsplash10-0udi-9100000000-16029dbe79f139ab904a
MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80) , PositiveLC-MS/MSsplash10-01ox-9000000000-3fe0c184a891364773a8
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0006-9000000000-a638e26fe3c3f48563c2
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-004l-9000000000-d3fd9e9abd911eb0f88e
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0a6r-9000000000-ca218dca3a5d86196d81
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0006-9000000000-b40367f5ca8d11288fbe
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0006-9000000000-ba29a0647084e32d8704
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSsplash10-0abc-9000000000-4cd85379d414c16f95c0
1H NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
13C NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
1H NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
13C NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
1H NMR Spectrum1D NMRNot Applicable
[1H,1H] 2D NMR Spectrum2D NMRNot Applicable
[1H,13C] 2D NMR Spectrum2D NMRNot Applicable

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Has a preference for poly-unsaturated fatty acids, such as gamma-lin...
Gene Name
PPARD
Uniprot ID
Q03181
Uniprot Name
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta
Molecular Weight
49902.99 Da
References
  1. ChEMBL [Link]
  2. UniProt [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Phospholipase a2 activity
Specific Function
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a preference for arachidonic-containing phospholipids.
Gene Name
PLA2G2E
Uniprot ID
Q9NZK7
Uniprot Name
Group IIE secretory phospholipase A2
Molecular Weight
15988.525 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Inositol-3-phosphate synthase activity
Specific Function
Key enzyme in myo-inositol biosynthesis pathway that catalyzes the conversion of glucose 6-phosphate to 1-myo-inositol 1-phosphate in a NAD-dependent manner. Rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis o...
Gene Name
ISYNA1
Uniprot ID
Q9NPH2
Uniprot Name
Inositol-3-phosphate synthase 1
Molecular Weight
61067.285 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function
Not Available
Gene Name
ADH1B
Uniprot ID
P00325
Uniprot Name
Alcohol dehydrogenase 1B
Molecular Weight
39854.21 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Phosphatidylinositol binding
Specific Function
Intracellular channel that mediates calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum following stimulation by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Involved in the regulation of epithelial secretion of elect...
Gene Name
ITPR1
Uniprot ID
Q14643
Uniprot Name
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1
Molecular Weight
313926.375 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Small molecule binding
Specific Function
This protein is, quantitatively, the main protein synthesized and secreted in the endometrium from mid-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and during the first semester of pregnancy.
Gene Name
PAEP
Uniprot ID
P09466
Uniprot Name
Glycodelin
Molecular Weight
20624.015 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Protein homodimerization activity
Specific Function
Removes terminal alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine residues from glycolipids and glycopeptides. Required for the breakdown of glycolipids.
Gene Name
NAGA
Uniprot ID
P17050
Uniprot Name
Alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase
Molecular Weight
46564.15 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Receptor signaling protein activity
Specific Function
GTP-binding protein that functions as an allosteric activator of the cholera toxin catalytic subunit, an ADP-ribosyltransferase. Involved in protein trafficking among different compartments. Modula...
Gene Name
ARF1
Uniprot ID
P84077
Uniprot Name
ADP-ribosylation factor 1
Molecular Weight
20696.62 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Sulfate adenylyltransferase (atp) activity
Specific Function
Bifunctional enzyme with both ATP sulfurylase and APS kinase activity, which mediates two steps in the sulfate activation pathway. The first step is the transfer of a sulfate group to ATP to yield ...
Gene Name
PAPSS1
Uniprot ID
O43252
Uniprot Name
Bifunctional 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate synthase 1
Molecular Weight
70832.725 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Mismatched dna binding
Specific Function
This protein is involved in the repair of mismatches in DNA. It is required for dam-dependent methyl-directed DNA mismatch repair. May act as a "molecular matchmaker", a protein that promotes the f...
Gene Name
mutL
Uniprot ID
P23367
Uniprot Name
DNA mismatch repair protein MutL
Molecular Weight
67923.04 Da
References
  1. Protein Data Bank: 1X9Z Crystal structure of the MutL C-terminal domain [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase activity, thioredoxin disulfide as acceptor
Specific Function
Provides the precursors necessary for DNA synthesis. Catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides from the corresponding ribonucleotides. R2 contains the tyrosyl radical required for catalysis.
Gene Name
nrdB
Uniprot ID
P69924
Uniprot Name
Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase 1 subunit beta
Molecular Weight
43516.885 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Metal ion binding
Specific Function
Adenine glycosylase active on G-A mispairs. MutY also corrects error-prone DNA synthesis past GO lesions which are due to the oxidatively damaged form of guanine: 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxo-dG...
Gene Name
mutY
Uniprot ID
P17802
Uniprot Name
Adenine DNA glycosylase
Molecular Weight
39148.835 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Trna methyltransferase activity
Specific Function
Specifically methylates cytosine 38 in the anticodon loop of tRNA(Asp).
Gene Name
TRDMT1
Uniprot ID
O14717
Uniprot Name
tRNA (cytosine(38)-C(5))-methyltransferase
Molecular Weight
44596.17 Da
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Curator comments
Literature referenced found the drug increased target activity in the organism of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
General Function
Protein homodimerization activity
Specific Function
Bifunctional enzyme showing minimal glutathione-conjugating activity with ethacrynic acid and 7-chloro-4-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole and maleylacetoacetate isomerase activity. Has also low glutathi...
Gene Name
GSTZ1
Uniprot ID
O43708
Uniprot Name
Maleylacetoacetate isomerase
Molecular Weight
24212.005 Da
References
  1. Jia XD, Chen XW, Chen DF, Chen J: [Expression of glutathione S-transferase zeta class genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae]. Yi Chuan. 2006 May;28(5):551-6. [PubMed:16735234]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Retinal dehydrogenase activity
Specific Function
Binds free retinal and cellular retinol-binding protein-bound retinal. Can convert/oxidize retinaldehyde to retinoic acid (By similarity).
Gene Name
ALDH1A1
Uniprot ID
P00352
Uniprot Name
Retinal dehydrogenase 1
Molecular Weight
54861.44 Da
References
  1. Hong SH, Ngo HP, Nam HK, Kim KR, Kang LW, Oh DK: Alternative Biotransformation of Retinal to Retinoic Acid or Retinol by an Aldehyde Dehydrogenase from Bacillus cereus. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016 Jun 13;82(13):3940-3946. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00848-16. Print 2016 Jul 1. [PubMed:27107124]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inducer
General Function
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Metabolizes several precarcinogens, drugs, and solvents to reactive metabolites. Inactivates a number of drugs and xenobiotics and also bioactivates many xenobiotic substrates to their hepatotoxic ...
Gene Name
CYP2E1
Uniprot ID
P05181
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 2E1
Molecular Weight
56848.42 Da
References
  1. Yang MX, Cederbaum AI: Glycerol increases content and activity of human cytochrome P-4502E1 in a transduced HepG2 cell line by protein stabilization. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1997 Apr;21(2):340-7. [PubMed:9113273]

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Forms a channel that mediates water and glycerol transport across cell membranes at neutral pH (PubMed:9405233, PubMed:11952783, PubMed:30423801, PubMed:30420639). The channel is also permeable to urea (PubMed:9405233). Plays an important role in body energy homeostasis under conditions that promote lipid catabolism, giving rise to glycerol and free fatty acids. Mediates glycerol export from adipocytes. After release into the blood stream, glycerol is used for gluconeogenesis in the liver to maintain normal blood glucose levels and prevent fasting hypoglycemia. Required for normal glycerol reabsorption in the kidney (By similarity).
Specific Function
Glycerol channel activity
Gene Name
AQP7
Uniprot ID
O14520
Uniprot Name
Aquaporin-7
Molecular Weight
37231.325 Da
References
  1. Hirako S, Wakayama Y, Kim H, Iizuka Y, Matsumoto A, Wada N, Kimura A, Okabe M, Sakagami J, Suzuki M, Takenoya F, Shioda S: The relationship between aquaglyceroporin expression and development of fatty liver in diet-induced obesity and ob/ob mice. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2016 Nov - Dec;10(6):710-718. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2015.12.001. Epub 2015 Dec 30. [PubMed:26747210]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Forms a water channel with a broad specificity. Also permeable glycerol and urea. Mediates passage of a wide variety of small, non-charged solutes including carbamides, polyols, purines, and pyrimidines.
Specific Function
Amine transmembrane transporter activity
Gene Name
AQP9
Uniprot ID
O43315
Uniprot Name
Aquaporin-9
Molecular Weight
31430.77 Da
References
  1. Hirako S, Wakayama Y, Kim H, Iizuka Y, Matsumoto A, Wada N, Kimura A, Okabe M, Sakagami J, Suzuki M, Takenoya F, Shioda S: The relationship between aquaglyceroporin expression and development of fatty liver in diet-induced obesity and ob/ob mice. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2016 Nov - Dec;10(6):710-718. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2015.12.001. Epub 2015 Dec 30. [PubMed:26747210]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
Unknown
General Function
Water channel activity
Specific Function
Transporter of glycerol across the cytoplasmic membrane, with limited permeability to water and small uncharged compounds such as polyols.
Gene Name
glpF
Uniprot ID
P0AER0
Uniprot Name
Glycerol uptake facilitator protein
Molecular Weight
29779.71 Da
References
  1. Wang Y, Schulten K, Tajkhorshid E: What makes an aquaporin a glycerol channel? A comparative study of AqpZ and GlpF. Structure. 2005 Aug;13(8):1107-18. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2005.05.005. [PubMed:16084383]

Drug created on November 30, 2015 12:10 / Updated on October 27, 2020 11:13

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