Glutathione peroxidase 1


Glutathione peroxidase 1
  • Cellular glutathione peroxidase
  • GPx-1
Gene Name
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0037083|Glutathione peroxidase 1
Number of residues
Molecular Weight
Theoretical pI
GO Classification
glutathione binding / glutathione peroxidase activity / phospholipid-hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase activity / selenium binding / SH3 domain binding
aging / angiogenesis involved in wound healing / arachidonic acid metabolic process / blood vessel endothelial cell migration / cell redox homeostasis / cellular response to oxidative stress / endothelial cell development / fat cell differentiation / glutathione metabolic process / heart contraction / hydrogen peroxide catabolic process / interaction with symbiont / intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in response to oxidative stress / lipoxygenase pathway / myoblast proliferation / negative regulation of cysteine-type endopeptidase activity involved in apoptotic process / negative regulation of extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway via death domain receptors / negative regulation of inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus / negative regulation of oxidative stress-induced intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway / negative regulation of release of cytochrome c from mitochondria / nucleobase-containing small molecule metabolic process / positive regulation of fibril organization / positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling / protein oxidation / purine nucleobase metabolic process / purine nucleotide catabolic process / regulation of gene expression, epigenetic / regulation of mammary gland epithelial cell proliferation / regulation of neuron apoptotic process / regulation of proteasomal protein catabolic process / response to estradiol / response to folic acid / response to gamma radiation / response to glucose / response to hydrogen peroxide / response to lipid hydroperoxide / response to nicotine / response to reactive oxygen species / response to selenium ion / response to symbiotic bacterium / response to toxic substance / response to xenobiotic stimulus / sensory perception of sound / skeletal muscle fiber development / skeletal muscle tissue regeneration / small molecule metabolic process / temperature homeostasis / triglyceride metabolic process / UV protection / vasodilation
cytoplasm / cytosol / extracellular exosome / mitochondrial matrix / mitochondrion / nucleus
General Function
Sh3 domain binding
Specific Function
Protects the hemoglobin in erythrocytes from oxidative breakdown.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
Not Available
Cellular Location
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0020489|Glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1)
Chromosome Location
External Identifiers
UniProtKB IDP07203
UniProtKB Entry NameGPX1_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID577777
GenBank Gene IDY00433
GenAtlas IDGPX1
General References
  1. Sukenaga Y, Ishida K, Takeda T, Takagi K: cDNA sequence coding for human glutathione peroxidase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Sep 11;15(17):7178. [Article]
  2. Ishida K, Morino T, Takagi K, Sukenaga Y: Nucleotide sequence of a human gene for glutathione peroxidase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Dec 10;15(23):10051. [Article]
  3. Mullenbach GT, Tabrizi A, Irvine BD, Bell GI, Hallewell RA: Sequence of a cDNA coding for human glutathione peroxidase confirms TGA encodes active site selenocysteine. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Jul 10;15(13):5484. [Article]
  4. Chada S, Le Beau MM, Casey L, Newburger PE: Isolation and chromosomal localization of the human glutathione peroxidase gene. Genomics. 1990 Feb;6(2):268-71. [Article]
  5. Moscow JA, Morrow CS, He R, Mullenbach GT, Cowan KH: Structure and function of the 5'-flanking sequence of the human cytosolic selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase gene (hgpx1). J Biol Chem. 1992 Mar 25;267(9):5949-58. [Article]
  6. Muzny DM, Scherer SE, Kaul R, Wang J, Yu J, Sudbrak R, Buhay CJ, Chen R, Cree A, Ding Y, Dugan-Rocha S, Gill R, Gunaratne P, Harris RA, Hawes AC, Hernandez J, Hodgson AV, Hume J, Jackson A, Khan ZM, Kovar-Smith C, Lewis LR, Lozado RJ, Metzker ML, Milosavljevic A, Miner GR, Morgan MB, Nazareth LV, Scott G, Sodergren E, Song XZ, Steffen D, Wei S, Wheeler DA, Wright MW, Worley KC, Yuan Y, Zhang Z, Adams CQ, Ansari-Lari MA, Ayele M, Brown MJ, Chen G, Chen Z, Clendenning J, Clerc-Blankenburg KP, Chen R, Chen Z, Davis C, Delgado O, Dinh HH, Dong W, Draper H, Ernst S, Fu G, Gonzalez-Garay ML, Garcia DK, Gillett W, Gu J, Hao B, Haugen E, Havlak P, He X, Hennig S, Hu S, Huang W, Jackson LR, Jacob LS, Kelly SH, Kube M, Levy R, Li Z, Liu B, Liu J, Liu W, Lu J, Maheshwari M, Nguyen BV, Okwuonu GO, Palmeiri A, Pasternak S, Perez LM, Phelps KA, Plopper FJ, Qiang B, Raymond C, Rodriguez R, Saenphimmachak C, Santibanez J, Shen H, Shen Y, Subramanian S, Tabor PE, Verduzco D, Waldron L, Wang J, Wang J, Wang Q, Williams GA, Wong GK, Yao Z, Zhang J, Zhang X, Zhao G, Zhou J, Zhou Y, Nelson D, Lehrach H, Reinhardt R, Naylor SL, Yang H, Olson M, Weinstock G, Gibbs RA: The DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3. Nature. 2006 Apr 27;440(7088):1194-8. [Article]
  7. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [Article]
  8. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. [Article]
  9. Bian Y, Song C, Cheng K, Dong M, Wang F, Huang J, Sun D, Wang L, Ye M, Zou H: An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome. J Proteomics. 2014 Jan 16;96:253-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.11.014. Epub 2013 Nov 22. [Article]
  10. Vaca Jacome AS, Rabilloud T, Schaeffer-Reiss C, Rompais M, Ayoub D, Lane L, Bairoch A, Van Dorsselaer A, Carapito C: N-terminome analysis of the human mitochondrial proteome. Proteomics. 2015 Jul;15(14):2519-24. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201400617. Epub 2015 Jun 8. [Article]
  11. Forsberg L, de Faire U, Morgenstern R: Low yield of polymorphisms from EST blast searching: analysis of genes related to oxidative stress and verification of the P197L polymorphism in GPX1. Hum Mutat. 1999;13(4):294-300. [Article]
  12. Kote-Jarai Z, Durocher F, Edwards SM, Hamoudi R, Jackson RA, Ardern-Jones A, Murkin A, Dearnaley DP, Kirby R, Houlston R, Easton DF, Eeles R: Association between the GCG polymorphism of the selenium dependent GPX1 gene and the risk of young onset prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2002;5(3):189-92. [Article]
  13. Hamanishi T, Furuta H, Kato H, Doi A, Tamai M, Shimomura H, Sakagashira S, Nishi M, Sasaki H, Sanke T, Nanjo K: Functional variants in the glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) gene are associated with increased intima-media thickness of carotid arteries and risk of macrovascular diseases in japanese type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes. 2004 Sep;53(9):2455-60. [Article]
  14. Ichimura Y, Habuchi T, Tsuchiya N, Wang L, Oyama C, Sato K, Nishiyama H, Ogawa O, Kato T: Increased risk of bladder cancer associated with a glutathione peroxidase 1 codon 198 variant. J Urol. 2004 Aug;172(2):728-32. [Article]

Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB00143Glutathioneapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalunknowncofactorDetails
DB11127Selenious acidapproved, investigationalunknownactivatorDetails
DB11091Hydrogen peroxideapproved, vet_approvedunknownsubstrateDetails
DB09061Cannabidiolapproved, investigationalunknownstimulatorDetails
DB14009Medical Cannabisexperimental, investigationalunknowninducerDetails
DB00143Glutathioneapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalunknownDetails
DB03310Glutathione disulfideapproved, experimental, investigationalunknownDetails
DB09096Benzoyl peroxideapprovedunknowninhibitorDetails