- Immunologic Factors
- Accession Number
Biologically active substances whose activities affect or play a role in the functioning of the immune system.
Drug Drug Description Etanercept A protein therapy based on the binding fragment of the tumour necrosis factor alpha receptor used to treat severe rheumatoid arthritis and moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Sargramostim A modified form of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor used to increase immune cell production after myelosuppressive therapy or bone marrow transplant. Human immunoglobulin G A purified form of human immunoglobulin G and other proteins used to treat immunodeficiency and a wide variety of autoimmune disorders. Rituximab A monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody used to treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Wegener's granulomatosis, pemphigus vulgaris, and rheumatoid arthritis. Basiliximab A monoclonal anti-C25 antibody (interleukin-2 receptor alpha subunit) used as immunosuppressive therapy in kidney transplant patients. Cyclosporine A steroid-sparing immunosuppressant used in organ and bone marrow transplants as well as inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and atopic dermatitis. Natalizumab A monoclonal anti-integrin antibody which binds to the alpha 4 subunit of integrins to prevent migration of immune cells, and is used to treat Crohn's disease or multiple sclerosis. Vitamin A A vitamin important for retinal function that is used clinically to correct vitamin A deficiency. Lenalidomide A thalidomide derivative used to treat multiple myeloma and anemia in low to intermediate risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Methotrexate An antineoplastic agent used the treatment of a wide variety of cancers as well as severe psoriasis, severe rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Triamcinolone A glucocorticoid used to treat a wide variety of inflammatory conditions of organ systems and tissues. Mycophenolate mofetil An inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor used to prevent the rejection of kidney, heart, or liver transplants. Tacrolimus A calcineurin inhibitor used to prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. Sirolimus An mTOR inhibitor immunosuppressant used to prevent organ transplant rejections, treat lymphangioleiomyomatosis, and treat adults with perivascular epithelioid cell tumors. Azathioprine An immunosuppressant used to prevent renal transplant rejection, treat rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis. Prasterone A steroid formulated as a vaginal insert indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe dyspareunia associated with menopausal vulvar and vaginal atrophy. Afelimomab Investigated for use/treatment in sepsis and septicemia. Human C1-esterase inhibitor A C1 inhibitor used to prevent angioedema attacks associated with hereditary angioedema. Hyaluronic acid A glycosaminoglycan used for the relief of joint pain, wound healing, ophthalmologic treatment, cosmetic treatment, and various other applications. Fingolimod A sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator used to treat patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis (MS) and studied to manage lung complications of COVID-19. Certolizumab pegol A tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker used to treat a variety of autoimmune and autoinflammatory conditions like Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, active psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, axial spondyloarthritis, and plaque psoriasis. Pomalidomide A thalidomide analogue used in combination with dexamethasone to treat patients with multiple myeloma. Pidotimod A synthetic agent with immunomodulatory properties used in patients with documented cell-mediated immunosuppression to stimulate their immunity during lung and urinary tract infections. Bryostatin 1 Bryostatin 1 has been investigated for the treatment of HIV Infection and Alzheimer's Disease. Guadecitabine Guadecitabine is under investigation for the treatment of Previously Treated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. Blisibimod Blisibimod has been used in trials studying the treatment of IgA Nephropathy, Microscopic Polyangiitis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, and Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis. Fosfructose A phosphorylated form of fructose indicated in the treatment of hypophosphatemia. Human interferon beta A polypeptide drug used in the treatment of relapsing forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Alefacept A recombinant fusion protein that binds CD2 and is used treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Antithymocyte immunoglobulin (rabbit) A purified form of rabbit anti-thymocyte antibodies used for immunosuppression in patients receiving kidney transplants. Lexatumumab Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified). Tafamidis A medication used to treat transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis. Ocrelizumab A CD20 specific monoclonal antibody used to treat relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. Visilizumab Visilizumab has been investigated for the treatment of Ulcerative Colitis. Sifalimumab Sifalimumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting interferon-alpha. The levels of interferon-alpha are elevated in many patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, or lupus) and other autoimmune disorders,... Tocladesine Tocladesine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Colorectal Cancer and Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm. Umirolimus Not Annotated Ebola Zaire vaccine (live, attenuated) A vaccine used in the prophylaxis of Ebola virus disease caused by the species of Zaire ebolaviruses. Dethiobiotin Not Available Maritime pine extract A plant extract in nutritional supplements for healthy hair, skin, and nails. Antilymphocyte immunoglobulin (horse) A primarily IgG immune globulin used to manage allograft rejection in renal transplant patients. Muromonab A monoclonal anti-CD3 antibody used as immunosuppressive therapy in kidney, heart, and liver transplant patients. Ubenimex An adjuvant therapy used for acute and chronic myelonous leukemia, lung cancer and nasopharyngeal cancer. It is also used to treat hypercholesterolaemia. Interferon alfa An immunomodulator used to treat hepatitis B and C as well as certain types of cancer including cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and renal cell carcinoma. Etrolizumab A humanized IgG1κ anti-β7 integrin subunit monoclonal antibody under investigation for use in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Mifamurtide A muramyl dipeptide derivative used to treat high grade, resectable, non-metastatic osteosarcoma after surgical resection. Felzartamab Felzartamab is under investigation in clinical trial NCT04145440 (Trial to Assess Safety and Efficacy of MOR202 in Anti-pla2r + Membranous Nephropathy (Amn)). Gemtuzumab ozogamicin A monoclonal anti-CD33 antibody used to treat CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia. Interferon beta-1a A form of recombinant human interferon used to slow disease progression and reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms in patients who have relapsing multiple sclerosis. Interferon beta-1b A form of recombinant human interferon used to slow the progression of relapsing multiple sclerosis and to reduce the frequency of clinical symptoms. Daclizumab A monoclonal anti-CD25 antibody that blocks the interleukin-2 receptor which is used to treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Cladribine A purine antimetabolite used for the management of relapsing forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), used in patients who have not responded to or who were unable to tolerate alternative MS drugs. Pimecrolimus A topical calcineurin inhibitor used in the treatment of mild-moderate atopic dermatitis who are not candidates for other types of therapy due to previous lack of response or other reasons. Cyclophosphamide A nitrogen mustard used to treat lymphomas, myelomas, leukemia, mycosis fungoides, neuroblastoma, ovarian adenocarcinoma, retinoblastoma, and breast carcinoma. Fluorouracil A pyrimidine analog used to treat basal cell carcinomas, and as an injection in palliative cancer treatment. Nedocromil A pyrano quinoline used to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Imiquimod A toll-like receptor 7 agonist used to treat non hyperkeratotic, non hypertrophic actinic keratosis, basal cell carcinoma, genital or perianal warts, and condyloma acuminata. Levamisole Levamisole is a nicotinic receptor agonist used to treat helminth infections and some skin infections. Cytarabine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, lymphocytic leukemia, and the blast phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia. Cromoglicic acid A medication used to treat asthma, allergic reactions of the eyes and nose, as well as other mast cell reactions. Busulfan An alkylating agent used to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia. Mercaptopurine An antineoplastic agent used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia. Thalidomide A medication used to treat cancers, particularly newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, and erythema nodosum leprosum. Melphalan An alkylating antineoplastic agent used for high-dose conditioning prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplant in patients with multiple myeloma. Fludarabine A purine analog antimetabolite that inhibits DNA synthesis. Leflunomide A pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor indicated to treat rheumatoid arthritis. Eculizumab A recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody used to reduce the risk of hemolysis in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). Abatacept A disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) used in the management of rheumatic conditions, such as rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis, and for the prophylaxis of acute graft-versus-host disease. Stepronin Strepronin is a mucolytic (expectorant) drug. Everolimus A mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase inhibitor used to treat various types of malignancies. Castanospermine Not Available 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine Not Available Ditiocarb A chelating agent that has been used to mobilize toxic metals from the tissues of man and experimental animals. It is the main metabolite of DISULFIRAM. Colforsin Potent activator of the adenylate cyclase system and the biosynthesis of cyclic AMP. From the plant Coleus forskohlii. Has antihypertensive, positive inotropic, platelet aggregation inhibitory, and smooth muscle relaxant activities;... 2-Methoxyethanol Not Available Arsanilic acid An arsenical which has been used as a feed additive for enteric conditions in pigs and poultry. It causes blindness and is ototoxic and nephrotoxic in animals. [PubChem] Lexacalcitol Lexacalcitol is a solid. This compound belongs to the vitamin D and derivatives class of chemicals. These are compounds containing a secosteroid backbone, usually secoergostane or secocholestane. It is known... Brequinar Not Available Bropirimine Not Available Seocalcitol Not Available Thiotepa An alkylating agent used to prevent graft rejection in stem cell transplantation and to treat a variety of malignancies including certain types of adenocarcinoma and superficial bladder carcinomas. Thymalfasin Indicated as an adjuvant for influenza vaccine in elderly patients and as an adjuvant for both influenza and hepatitis B vaccines in chronic hemodialysis patients who failed to achieve adequate... Glatiramer An immunomodulator used to reduce the frequency of relapses in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Keyhole limpet hemocyanin Investigated for use/treatment in bladder cancer and solid tumors. QS-21 Investigated for use/treatment in genital herpes, HIV infection, hepatitis (viral, B), influenza, malaria, melanoma, and viral infection. ISS-1018 Investigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer, hepatitis (viral, B), and lymphoma (non-hodgkin's). ISS 1018 is currently being investigated in combination with HBsAg vaccine as a prophylactic treatment for to prevent... Trastuzumab emtansine An antineoplastic agent and antibody-drug conjugate used to treat HER2-overexpressing breast cancer. Oglufanide Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C). Arylacenamide Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified), immunosuppressive, and prostate cancer. Inotuzumab ozogamicin An antibody-drug conjugate used to treat B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Glembatumumab vedotin Investigated for use/treatment in melanoma. Icatibant A bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist used to treat acute episodes of swelling and inflammation associated with hereditary angioedema (HAE). Alicaforsen Investigated for use/treatment in crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Temsirolimus A antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that works by inhibiting mTOR. BIIB015 Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors. Abetimus Investigated for use/treatment in kidney disease and systemic lupus erythematosus. Golimumab A TNFα inhibitor used in the symptomatic treatment of various active inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and ulcerative colitis. Belatacept A selective T-cell costimulation blocker used in the prophylaxis of organ rejection in adult patients receiving a kidney transplant. Aluminum hydroxide An antacid used for the symptomatic relief of heartburn, acid indigestion, and sour stomach. Wortmannin Wortmannin is a steroid metabolite of Penicillium funiculosum and Talaromyces wortmannii fungi. This drug acts as a nonspecific, covalent inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase enzymes (PI3Ks). GS 0573 Not Annotated Brentuximab vedotin A CD30-directed antibody-drug conjugate used to treat various types of lymphoma. Belimumab A B-lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS)-specific inhibitor used to treat systemic lupus erythematosus and active lupus nephritis as an add-on therapy. Teriflunomide A pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties used to treat patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis. Dimethyl fumarate A medication used to treat patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis. Potassium alum Potassium alum is considered safe by the FDA and its use is in homepathic or OTC products. Due to its presence in several different drugs, the main indications for the... Aluminum sulfate A medication used to prevent infections and to treat minor bleeding. Roquinimex Roquinimex is investigated to be used as a treatment of a number of cancers and autoimmune conditions. As well, roquinimex is researched to be used as adjuvant therapy after bone... Tepoxalin Tepoxalin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for veterinary use in the United States and many other countries. It is primarily used to reduce inflammation and relief of pain caused... Ravulizumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, and myasthenia gravis. Recombinant Cholera Toxin B Subunit Recombinant Cholera Toxin B Subunit is an ingredient in the EMA-authorised product Dukoral. Peficitinib Peficitinib has been used in trials studying the treatment and basic science of Psoriasis, Pharmacodynamics, Drug Interactions, Colitis, Ulcerative, and RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, among others. Depatuxizumab mafodotin No approved indication. Benfotiamine A derivative of thiamine thought to be useful in the management of diabetic neuropathy, although evidence is lacking. Benznidazole A trypanocidal agent used to treat Chagas disease. Thymopentin Thymopentin has been used in trials studying the treatment and prevention of HIV Infections and Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Ponesimod A sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator indicated to treat relapsing multiple sclerosis. Triptolide Triptolide has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV, Crohn's Disease, Intestinal Diseases, Gastrointestinal Diseases, and Digestive System Diseases, among others. Vesnarinone Vesnarinone has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections and Sarcoma, Kaposi. Mafosfamide Mafosfamide has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lymphoma, Leukemia, Meningeal Neoplasm, and Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors. Lorvotuzumab mertansine Lorvotuzumab mertansine has been used in trials studying the treatment of SCLC, Leukemia, Ovarian Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, and Merkel Cell Carcinoma, among others. Semapimod Semapimod has been used in trials studying the treatment of Crohn Disease. Zuretinol acetate Zuretinol acetate has been used in trials studying the treatment of Impaired Dark Adaptation, RP (Retinitis Pigmentosa), Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP), and LCA (Leber Congenital Amaurosis). Binetrakin Binetrakin has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections, Sarcoma, Kaposi, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS), and Leukemia, Acute Myelogenous (AML), among others. Squaric acid dibutyl ester Squaric acid dibutyl ester is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01971385 (Safety and Efficacy of Squaric Acid Dibutyl Ester for the Treatment of Herpes Labialis). KRN-7000 KRN7000 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lung Cancer, Chronic Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, Chronic, Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific, and Prevention of GvHD in Patients... Polatuzumab vedotin A CD79b antibody conjugate indicated to treat different types of large B-cell lymphoma. Siponimod A medication used to treat relapsing multiple sclerosis. Lisofylline Lisofylline has been investigated for the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Mirvetuximab soravtansine A folate receptor alpha-directed antibody and microtubule inhibitor conjugate used to treat folate receptor alpha positive, platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer. Nafamostat Used as an anticoagulant in patients with disseminative blood vessel coagulation, hemorrhagic lesions, and hemorrhagic tendencies. It prevents blood clot formation during extracorporeal circulation in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement... Ozanimod A sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator being studied to treat Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Mizoribine Mizoribine has been investigated for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Aviscumine Cy 503 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00658437 (Aviscumine for the Treatment of Malignant Melanoma Stage IV After Failure of Prior Therapy). Moxetumomab pasudotox A CD22-specific antibody conjugated to a truncated exotoxin used to treat relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia in patients who have already been treated with a purine nucleoside analog and one other treatment. Gusperimus Gusperimus has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lupus Nephritis, Wegeners Granulomatosis, and Wegener's Granulomatosis. BCG vaccine A vaccine indicated in the prevention of tuberculosis and the treatment of non-invasive urothelial bladder cancer. Naptumomab estafenatox Naptumomab Estafenatox has been used in trials studying the treatment of Pancreatic Cancer, Renal Cell Carcinoma, and Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma. Sacituzumab govitecan Sacituzumab govitecan targets TROP-2-expressing cancer cells through a humanized antibody (RS7) before subsequently becoming internalized and releasing the topoisomerase I inhibitor SN-38 to induce DNA damage-mediated apoptosis. Trofosfamide Trofosfamide has been used in trials studying the treatment of Ependymomas, Medulloblastomas, Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Supratentorial PNETs, and Recurrent Brain Tumors. Doxifluridine Doxifluridine has been investigated for the treatment of Stomach Cancer. Deoxyspergualin Deoxyspergualin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lupus Nephritis, Chronic Rejection, and Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1. Acteoside Acteoside is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02662283 (Validity and Security of Reh-acteoside Therapy for Patients of IgA Nephropathy). Hypericin Hypericin is under investigation for the treatment of Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma. Rovalpituzumab tesirine Rovalpituzumab Tesirine has been used in trials studying the treatment of GLIOBLASTOMA, Malignant Melanoma, Other Solid Tumors, Small Cell Lung Cancer, and Medullary Thyroid Cancer, among others. Sizofiran A beta-D-glucan obtained from the Aphyllophoral fungus Schizophyllum commune. It is used as an immunoadjuvant in the treatment of neoplasms, especially tumors found in the stomach. Sizofiran has been used... Lenograstim A granulocyte colony-stimulating factor indicated in the reduction of duration of neutropenia in bone marrow transplant and cytotoxic chemotherapy, as well as mobilizing hematopoietic stem cells in healthy donors. Inosine pranobex A medication used to treat subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. Edrecolomab Not Annotated Lentinan Not Annotated Cridanimod Not Annotated Meldonium Not Annotated Tetrandrine Not Annotated Distearyldimonium Not Annotated Ditiocarb zinc Ditiocarb Zinc is approved for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in persons 6... Aluminium phosphate Not Available Gancotamab Gancotamab is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02213744 (MM-302 Plus Trastuzumab vs. Chemotherapy of Physician's Choice Plus Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Locally Advanced/Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients). Anetumab ravtansine Anetumab ravtansine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03455556 (Anetumab Ravtansine and Atezolizumab in Treating Participants With Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer). Rozanolixizumab Rozanolixizumab is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03861481 (A Study to Assess the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Rozanolixizumab in Subjects With Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy). Trastuzumab deruxtecan An antibody used to treat certain types of unresectable or metastatic HER-2 positive breast cancer. Sofituzumab vedotin Sofituzumab vedotin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01335958 (Safety and Pharmacokinetics of DMUC5754A Administered Intravenously to Patients With Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Cancer or Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer). Ladiratuzumab vedotin Ladiratuzumab vedotin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01969643 (A Safety Study of SGN-LIV1A in Breast Cancer Patients). Pinatuzumab vedotin Pinatuzumab vedotin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01691898 (A Study of Pinatuzumab Vedotin (DCDT2980S) Combined With Rituximab or Polatuzumab Vedotin (DCDS4501A) Combined With Rituximab or Obinutuzumab in Participants With... Inolimomab Inolimomab is under investigation as an agent to treat steroid-resistant graft vs host disease. It has thus far offered similar efficacy to other monoclonal antibody options, though it may carry... Edodekin alfa Edodekin alfa is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01468896 (Cetuximab and Recombinant Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck That Is Recurrent, Metastatic, or... Fasitibant Fasitibant is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02205814 (Fasitibant Intra-articular Injection in Patients With Symptomatic Osteoarthritis of the Knee). Ceralifimod Ceralifimod is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01226745 (Phase 2 Extension Trial in Patients With Relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS)). Indatuximab ravtansine Indatuximab ravtansine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01001442 (Safety and Dose Determining Multi-dose Study of BT062 in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma). Vilobelimab An antibody directed against anti-human complement factor 5a is used to treat COVID-19 in adults for emergency use. OM85 OM-85, a bacterial extract, is an immunomodulator of interferon-β production and inflammasome activity. Lithium chloride An injection indicated for cardiac output measurement. Azodicarbonamide Not Annotated Tanshinone I Not Annotated Plumbagin Plumbagin is a compound investigated for its anticancer activity. It has been found that it inactivates the Akt/NF-kB, MMP-9 and VEGF pathways. Ukrain cation Not Annotated Cantuzumab mertansine Not Annotated Hiltonol Not Available Disitamab vedotin Disitamab vedotin is an antibody-drug conjugate drug targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). It is currently being investigated for cancers. Propagermanium Not Annotated
- Drugs & Drug Targets