- Accession Number
Compounds that show activity in animal models of human PAIN such as tail flick and hot plate assays.
- ATC Classification
Drug Drug Description Tramadol A centrally-acting opioid agonist and SNRI (serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) used for the management of moderate to severe pain in adults. Morphine An opioid agonist used for the relief of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain. Acetaminophen An analgesic drug used alone or in combination with opioids for pain management, and as an antipyretic agent. Dihydroergotamine An ergot alkaloid used in the acute treatment of migraine headache and cluster headache. Hydromorphone An opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain when the use of an opioid is indicated. Methadone An opioid analgesic indicated for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used to aid in detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Meperidine An opioid agonist with analgesic and sedative properties used to manage severe pain. Oxycodone An opioid used in the management of moderate to severe pain. Butorphanol An opioid agonist-antagonist used to treat moderate to severe pain. Dextropropoxyphene An opioid analgesic used to treat mild to moderate pain. Pentazocine An analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain. Ergotamine An alpha-1 selective adrenergic agonist vasoconstrictor used to treat migraines with or without aura and cluster headaches. Fentanyl An opioid analgesic used in anesthesia, for breakthrough cancer pain, or round the clock pain management. Nalbuphine An opioid agonist-antagonist used to treat pain, for pre and postoperative analgesia, and for analgesia in labor and delivery. Diflunisal An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain, inflammation, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Salicylic acid An acid used to treat acne, psoriasis, calluses, corns, keratosis pilaris, and warts. Dezocine Indicated in the treatment of moderate to severe pain. Salsalate A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent used in the symptomatic relief of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and related rheumatic disorders. Bezitramide A narcotic analgesic once used for the treatment of severe chronic pain. Dextromoramide An opioid analgesic structurally related to methadone and used in the treatment of severe pain. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1070) Dihydrocodeine An opioid analgesic agent used for the management of pain severe enough to require an opioid analgesic and for which alternative treatments are inadequate. Phenacetin Used principally as an analgesic. Metamizole An antipyretic and analgesic drug used to relieve severe and persistent fever and pain. Pizotifen A serotonin and tryptamine antagonist indicated for migraine prophylaxis. Ziconotide An N-type calcium channel antagonist used to manage patients with severe chronic pain who cannot tolerate, or who have not responded adequately to other treatments such as intrathecal morphine and systemic analgesics. Flupirtine Investigated for use/treatment in fibromyalgia. Ketobemidone For the treatment of all types of severe pain, such as postoperative, cancer, kidney stones and fractures. Salicylamide Salicylamide is the common name for the substance o-hydroxybenzamide, or amide of salicyl. Salicylamide is a non-prescription drug with analgesic and antipyretic properties. It has similar medicinal uses to aspirin.... Glafenine An anthranilic acid derivative with analgesic properties used for the relief of all types of pain. Glafenine is withdrawn from the American market. Floctafenine An anti-inflammatory analgesic used to manage mild to moderate acute pain. Propacetamol Propacetamol is a paracetamol prodrug of intravenous administration used to control fever and pain of perioperative period in multimodal analgesia therapy. Nefopam A non-opioid analgesic used for moderate to severe pain, especially post-surgical pain. Piritramide A synthetic opioid used in the treatment of severe pain. Meptazinol Not Annotated Propyphenazone Not Annotated Guacetisal Not Annotated Ethenzamide Not Annotated Phenazocine Not Annotated Benorilate Not Annotated Tilidine A synthetic opioid indicated in the treatment of severe pain. Imidazole salicylate Not Annotated Carbaspirin calcium An NSAID indicated in the treatment of short term pain and fever. Choline A nutrient found in a wide variety of vitamins including pre-natal formulations. Masoprocol Used for the treatment of actinic keratoses (precancerous skin growths that can become malignant if left untreated). Pregabalin An anticonvulsant drug used to treat neuropathic pain conditions and fibromyalgia, and for the treatment of partial onset seizures in combination with other anticonvulsants. Mesalazine An aminosalicylate drug used to treat mild to moderate active ulcerative colitis and also to maintain remission once achieved. Codeine An opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain when the use of an opioid is indicated. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Indomethacin A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) used for symptomatic management of chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions and to induce closure of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants. Pimecrolimus A topical calcineurin inhibitor used in the treatment of mild-moderate atopic dermatitis who are not candidates for other types of therapy due to previous lack of response or other reasons. Carbamoylcholine A direct acting miotic agent administered ophthalmically to decrease intraocular pressure after cataract surgery, and to induce miosis during surgery. Nabumetone An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Ketorolac An NSAID used to treat moderate to severe pain, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, menstrual disorders, and headaches. Quinine An alkaloid used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Tenoxicam An anti inflammatory analgesic used to treat mild to moderate pain as well as the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Dronabinol A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. Duloxetine A serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, and stress incontinence. Celecoxib An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, menstrual symptoms, and to reduce polyps is familial adenomatous polyposis. Tolmetin An NSAID used to treat acute flares of various painful conditions and used for the long term management of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile arthritis. Rofecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, primary dysmenorrhea, and migraine attacks. Piroxicam An NSAID used to treat the symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Carbamazepine An anticonvulsant used to treat various types of seizures and pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia. Fenoprofen An anti-inflammatory analgesic used to treat mild to moderate pain in addition to the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Clonidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines. Valdecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor used to treat osteoarthritis and dysmenorrhoea. Diclofenac An NSAID used to treat the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Sulindac An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, acute subacromial bursitis or supraspinatus tendinitis, and acute gouty arthritis. Chloroquine An antimalarial drug used to treat susceptible infections with P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. falciparum. It is also used for second line treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Dexmedetomidine An alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures. Adenosine A medication used in myocardial perfusion scintigraphy and to treat supraventricular tachycardia. Magnesium sulfate A drug used to treat convulsions during pregnancy, nephritis in children, magnesium deficiency, and tetany. Tizanidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the short-term treatment of muscle spasticity. Sufentanil An opioid used to induce and maintain anesthesia, to act as an analgesic in labor and delivery, and to treat severe, acute pain. Flurbiprofen An NSAID used to treat the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Zileuton A leukotriene synthesis inhibitor used in the prophylaxis and treatment of chronic asthma. Etodolac An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as acute pain. Mefenamic acid An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain for no more than a week, and primary dysmenorrhea. Naproxen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, acute gout, primary dysmenorrhea, and mild to moderate pain. Sulfasalazine An anti-inflammatory drug used to treat Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Alfentanil An opioid agonist used to induce and maintain anesthesia, as well as an analgesic. Phenylbutazone An NSAID used to treat backache and ankylosing spondylitis. Meloxicam An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis in adults, rheumatoid arthritis in adults, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in pediatrics. Carprofen For use as a pain reliever in the treatment of joint pain and post-surgical pain. Levorphanol An opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain. Suprofen An NSAID used to prevent pupil constriction in ocular surgery. Remifentanil An opioid analgesic used in anesthesia. Amantadine A medication used to treat dyskinesia in Parkinson's patients receiving levodopa, as well as extrapyramidal side effects of medications. Buprenorphine A partial opioid agonist used for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Meclofenamic acid An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain, primary dysmenorrhea, heavy menstrual blood loss, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis. Acetylsalicylic acid A salicylate used to treat pain, fever, inflammation, migraines, and reducing the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events. Hydrocodone An opioid agonist used as an analgesic and antitussive agent. Bromfenac An NSAID used to treat postoperative pain and inflammation of the eye. Oxaprozin An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Gabapentin An anticonvulsant medication used in the management of peripheral neuropathic pains, postherpetic neuralgia, and partial-onset seizures. Ketoprofen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, dysmenorrhea, mild to moderate muscle pain, postoperative pain, and postpartum pain. Balsalazide An aminosalicylate used to treat ulcerative colitis. Ibuprofen An NSAID and non-selective COX inhibitor used to treat mild-moderate pain, fever, and inflammation. Diphenoxylate An antidiarrheal medication used with atropine to manage diarrhea. Nefazodone An antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Oxymorphone An opioid analgesic used in the management of moderate-to-severe pain and for analgesic therapies. Mitoxantrone A chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of secondary progressive, progressive relapsing, or worsening relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Ketamine A rapid-acting general anesthetic and NMDA receptor antagonist used for induction of anesthesia diagnostic and surgical procedures typically in combination with a muscle relaxant. Levacetylmethadol For the treatment and management of opiate dependence. It is sometimes used to treat severe pain in terminal patients. Olsalazine An anti-inflammatory agent used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease and ulcerative colitis. Lumiracoxib For the acute and chronic treatment of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee in adults. Magnesium salicylate An NSAID analgesic used in the symptomatic relief of mild to moderate muscular pain. Choline magnesium trisalicylate Choline magnesium trisalicylate is used to reduce pain and inflammation caused by conditions such as arthritis. This medication is also used to treat fever in adults. Methotrimeprazine A phenothiazine used in the management of psychosis, particular those of schizophrenia, and manic phases of bipolar disorder. Methadyl acetate Used mainly in the treatment of narcotic dependence. Antipyrine An antipyretic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of acute otitis media, most commonly in combination with benzocaine. Dihydroetorphine Not Available Diamorphine An opioid analgesic agent used in the relief of severe pain associated with surgical procedures, myocardial infarction or pain in the terminally ill and for the relief of dyspnea in acute pulmonary edema. Ethylmorphine An opioid analgesic and antitussive agent used to reduce coughs caused by colds and lung infections in combination with codeine. Etorphine Etorphine is only available for its use in veterinary. This main usage is related to the immobilization of large mammals. Ecgonine Not Available Carfentanil Carfentanil is similar (but more potent) to the opioid analgesic fentanyl. It is used as a tranquilizer for large animals. Drotebanol Not Available Alphacetylmethadol A narcotic analgesic with a long onset and duration of action. It is used mainly in the treatment of narcotic dependence. [PubChem] Dihydromorphine Dihydromorphine is an opioid analgesic used for moderate to severe pain relief. Ohmefentanyl Ohmefentanyl is an extremely potent opioid analgesic drug which selectively binds to the µ-opioid receptor. The Chinese have recorded ohmefentanyl as having a potency that is 6,300 times morphine. Ohmefentanyl... 3-Methylfentanyl 3-Methylfentanyl is an opioid analgesic and is an analog of the potent opioid, fentanyl. 3-Methylfentanyl is one of the most powerful opioid drugs sold illegally and is estimated to be... Tiaprofenic acid A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) used to manage inflammation and analgesia associated with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Etoricoxib A selective COX-2 inhibitor used to relieve moderate post-surgical dental pain as a short-term treatment and inflammatory and painful symptoms of various forms of arthritis. Castanospermine Not Available 7-Nitroindazole Not Available Resveratrol Being investigated for the treatment of Herpes labialis infections (cold sores). Oxyphenbutazone A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) no longer commonly used for the symptomatic relief of musculoskeletal pain. Niflumic acid A cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor used to alleviate inflammation, pain, and edema associated with acute and chronic inflammatory conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, post-operative inflammatory conditions, and physical trauma. Methylecgonine Not Available Nimesulide A cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor used to treat acute pain and primary dysmenorrhea. Benoxaprofen The use of benoxaprofen, formerly marketed as Oraflex tablets, was associated with fatal cholestatic jaundice among other serious adverse reactions. The holder of the approved application voluntarily withdrew Oraflex tablets... Zomepirac Zomepirac was indicated for the management of mild to severe pain. Bicifadine For the treatment of pain. Vapreotide For the treatment of esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with cirrhotic liver disease and has also shown efficacy in the treatment of patients with AIDS-related diarrhea. Pirfenidone An agent used for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). PTC299 Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified) and solid tumors. Samarium (153Sm) lexidronam A chelated complex of samarium isotope and EDTMP that concentrates in areas with high bone turnover such as sites of metastases to relieve pain associated with osteoblastic metastatic bone lesions. Andrographolide Investigated for use/treatment in ulcerative colitis. Icatibant A bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist used to treat acute episodes of swelling and inflammation associated with hereditary angioedema (HAE). Exisulind Investigated for use/treatment in adenomatous polyposis coli, lung cancer, prostate cancer, colon polyps, Barrett's esophagus disease, and pediatric indications. Gaboxadol Investigated for use/treatment in sleep disorders and insomnia. Nitrous oxide An inhalatory gas used as an adjunct to improve oxygenation and reduce the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in certain neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure. Lornoxicam An NSAID indicated in the treatment of mild to moderate pain, as well as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Aceclofenac Aceclofenac is indicated for the relief of pain and inflammation in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Zaltoprofen A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for use in Japan in 1993. Seratrodast Seratrodast (INN) is a thromboxane receptor antagonist used primarily in the treatment of asthma. Drotaverine A phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor used to alleviate gastrointestinal and genitourinary smooth muscle spasms. Nepafenac An ophthalmic NSAID used for the symptomatic treatment of pain and inflammation associated with cataract surgery. Azapropazone Not Available Felbinac Not Available Tranilast For the treatment of bronchial asthma, keloid and hypertrophic scar, and allergic disorders such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis. Epibatidine Not Available Ferulic acid Not Available Parecoxib A selective COX-2 inhibitor and NSAID used for the short-term management of perioperative pain. DPDPE A heterodetic cyclic peptide that is a cyclic enkephalin analogue, having D-penicillaminyl residues located at positions 2 and 5, which form the heterocycle via a disulfide bond. Teriflunomide A pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties used to treat patients with the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis. Kebuzone Kebuzone (also known as ketophenylbutazone ) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Isoxicam Isoxicam is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is not marketed in the United States. Indoprofen A drug that has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Following reports of adverse reactions including reports of carcinogenicity in animal studies it was withdrawn from the market worldwide. Ibuproxam Ibuproxam is a non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Fenbufen Fenbufen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used primarily to treat inflammation in osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and tendinitis. It can also be used to relieve backaches, sprains, and fractures. Fenbufen is... Etofenamate An NSAID used to treat muscle and joint pain. Epirizole Epirizole is an oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used for muscle and joint pain. Lofentanil Lofentanil is an analog of fentanyl and is one of the most potent opioids available today. It displays most similarity to carfentanil (4-carbomethoxyfentanyl) and is considered to be slightly more... Pholcodine An opioid antitussive used to suppress unproductive coughing. Loxoprofen An NSAID used to treat pain and inflammation in musculoskeletal conditions. Droxicam Droxicam is an NSAID previously used for the treatment of inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis . Tolfenamic acid In the information for tolfenamic acid, it is stated that this drug, being an NSAID, is effective in treating the pain associated with the acute attack of migraines in adults. Clonixin An NSAID used to relieve pain associated with arthritis, migraines, and various soft tissue disorders. Tianeptine An atypical tricyclic antidepressant with antidepressant and anxiolytic effects primarily used to treat major depressive disorder. Opium A medication used to treat moderate to severe pain. Medetomidine Medetomidine is a synthetic compound used as a surgical anesthetic and analgesic. It is normally found as its hydrochloride salt, medetomidine hydrochloride. Medetomidine is an intravenously available alpha-2 adrenergic agonist.... Tepoxalin Tepoxalin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug approved for veterinary use in the United States and many other countries. It is primarily used to reduce inflammation and relief of pain caused... Xylazine Xylazine is a clonidine analog which acts as an agonist at α2 adrenoceptors. Veterinarians also use xylazine as an emetic, especially in cats. Flunixin Flunixin is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for use in pigs, cattle and horses. It exerts analgesic and antipyretic effects. This drug is often prepared for use in meglumine salt form.... Detomidine Used as a large animal sedative, primarily in horses. Normethadone An opioid antitussive used to treat a cough associated with inflamed mucosa. Curcumin No approved therapeutic indications. Anisodamine Anisodamine has been investigated for the treatment of Intestinal Diseases. Tetrahydropalmatine Tetrahydropalmatine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02118610 (Treatment of Schizophrenia With L-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP): a Novel Dopamine Antagonist With Anti-inflammatory and Antiprotozoal Activity). Semapimod Semapimod has been used in trials studying the treatment of Crohn Disease. Bucillamine Bucillamine has been used in trials studying the treatment and prevention of Gout and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Lisofylline Lisofylline has been investigated for the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Nitroaspirin Nitroaspirin has been investigated for the treatment of Intermittent Claudication. Indobufen A reversible platelet aggregation inhibitor used to prevent coronary and peripheral artery occlusion. Nafamostat Used as an anticoagulant in patients with disseminative blood vessel coagulation, hemorrhagic lesions, and hemorrhagic tendencies. It prevents blood clot formation during extracorporeal circulation in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement... Mizoribine Mizoribine has been investigated for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Apocynin Acetovanillone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Bronchial Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Spiradoline Spiradoline has been investigated for the basic science of Bipolar Depression. Higenamine Higenamine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01451229 (Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Higenamine in Chinese Healthy Subjects). Tinoridine Tinoridine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01224756 (Efficacy of Tinoridine in Treating Pain and Inflammation in Adults). Parthenolide Parthenolide has been used in trials studying the diagnostic of Allergic Contact Dermatitis. Serrapeptase A protease indicated in the treatment of post-surgical inflammation. Alphaprodine Not Annotated Alclofenac Alclofenac is indicated in rheumatology, in particular for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and, as an analgesic, in painful arthritic pathologies. Bamifylline A methylxanthine derivative indicated in the treatment of bronchial asthma and other conditions with bronchospasm. Fentiazac Not Annotated Tribenoside An anti-inflammatory agent that reduces vascular permeability and causes vasoconstriction to treat internal and external hemorrhoids. Suxibuzone Not Annotated Bumadizone Bumadizone has been approved for use in Germany and Austria, it is a drug with anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic properties, and was marketed for the treatment of both rheumatoid arthritis... Alminoprofen Alminoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) whose physiochemical characteristics make it a member of the phenylpropionic acid class of chemical substances. Flunoxaprofen Not Annotated Bufexamac An NSAID used to treat skin conditions like atopic eczema and inflammatory dermatoses. Feprazone Not Annotated Difenpiramide Not Annotated Nifenazone Not Annotated Lonazolac Not Annotated Tenidap Not Annotated Bendazac A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) available as an eye drop for the treatment of cataracts and as a topical cream for the treatment of dermatitis, eczema, hives, skin ulcers and other inflammatory skin conditions. Pranoprofen A topical anti-inflammatory agent used for the treatment of non-infectious inflammatory conditions such as blepharitis and conjunctivitis. Pranoprofen ophthalmic solution may also be used post-operatively to manage inflammation. Mebicar Not Annotated Proglumetacin A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication used to manage pain associated with various inflammatory conditions including rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Bevonium Not Annotated Phenoperidine Not Annotated Mofebutazone Not Annotated Proquazone Not Annotated Pirprofen Not Annotated Acemetacin A NSAID indicated in the treatment of pain and inflammation. Dixyrazine Not Annotated WIN 55212-2 WIN 55,212-2 is a chemical described as an aminoalkylindole derivative, which produces effects similar to those of cannabinoids such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) but has an entirely different chemical structure. It... Nabiximols In Canada, Sativex has received a Notice of Compliance (NOC) for use as an as adjunctive treatment for symptomatic relief of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have... Thiosalicylic acid Not Annotated Eletriptan A triptan used for the treatment of migraines. Methysergide An ergot alkaloid used for the prophylaxis of migraine and cluster headaches. Zolmitriptan A member of the triptan class of 5-HT(1B/1D/1F) receptor agonist drugs used for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults. Lisuride For the management of Parkinson's Disease Almotriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Naratriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Rizatriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Frovatriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Methoxyflurane For use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia Aminophenazone An analgesic drug used to treat acute migraine attacks in combination with ergotamine and caffeine. Tapentadol An opioid used to manage severe pain that has not responded to non-opioid medications, and for which opioid analgesic therapy is appropriate. Dimetotiazine Dimetotiazine has considerable antiemetic & serotonin antagonistic action used mainly in allergic skin conditions. Bucetin Bucetin is an analgesic and antipyretic medication which was approved for use in Germany but was withdrawn from the market in 1986 due to renal toxicity caused by the medication... Rimazolium Rimazolium is an experimental analgesic drug . Viminol An opioid analgesic indicated in the treatment of pain. Nicomorphine Not Annotated Oxetorone Not Annotated Iprazochrome Not Annotated Flumedroxone Not Annotated Morpholine Not Annotated Dipyrocetyl Not Annotated Choline salicylate The oral gel is indicated for the relief of pain and discomfort of common mouth ulcers, cold sores, denture sore spots, infant teething and mouth ulcers, and sore spots due... Palmidrol A cannabinoid receptor-inactive eCB-related molecule used as prophylactic in helping to prevent respiratory viral infection. Palmidrol is available for human use as a supplement (400 mg capsules) and as food... Sumatriptan A serotonin receptor agonist used to treat migraines and cluster headaches. Aloxiprin Not Annotated SC-236 SC-236 is a potent, selective, orally active inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) that has been studied in cancer therapy , lower back pain , and inflammation , , , . NS-398 NS-398 is a COX-2 inhibitor. It was developed as part of the mechanistic study of the cyclooxygenases. Taxifolin Not Available Betulinic Acid Betulinic Acid has been used in trials studying the treatment of Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome. Ebselen Ebselen has been investigated for the treatment and basic science of Meniere's Disease, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Naltrexone A narcotic antagonist used in opioid overdose. Naloxone An opioid receptor antagonist used to rapidly reverse an opioid overdose. Also included in some drug formulations as an abuse deterrent to prevent injection. Dexketoprofen An NSAID that is the R(-)-enantiomer of racemic ketoprofen with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties used for the treatment of mild to moderate pain. Erenumab A calcitonin-gene related peptide antagonist used to prevent migraines. Galcanezumab A calcitonin-gene related peptide antagonist used to prevent migraines and treat cluster headaches. Human interleukin-2 Human interleukin-2 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03475134 (TIL-ACT After NMA Chemo With IL-2 and Nivo Rescue in mMEL). Flurbiprofen axetil Flurbiprofen axetil is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02043366 (Effect of Butorphanol Combined With Flurbiprofen Axetil on Preventing Hyperalgesia Induced by Remifentanil in Patients). Carfentanil, C-11 Carfentanil, C-11 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01899170 (Towards Individualized Deep Brain Stimulation Treatment of Chronic Neuropathic Pain). Desomorphine Not Available Licofelone For the management of osteoarthritis. Milnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of fibromyalgia and a short-term treatment of major depressive disorder. Ecallantide A kallikrein inhibitor used to prevent and treat acute attacks caused by Hereditary Angioedema (HAE). RI 624 Investigated for use/treatment in pain (acute or chronic). Fasinumab Fasinumab has been used in trials studying the basic science and treatment of Sciatica, Back Pain, Low Back Pain, Osteoarthritis, Hip, and Abdominal Pain Upper, among others. Tanezumab Tanezumab has been investigated for the treatment of Osteoarthritis, Knee and Neuralgia, Postherpetic. Dextromethadone Dextromethadone is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00588640 (Study of D-Methadone in Patients With Chronic Pain). Ursolic acid Not Annotated Kelatorphan Not Available Oliceridine A biased opioid agonist indicated for the management of severe acute pain in adult patients. Through preferential activation of G-protein-coupled signalling pathways, oliceridine provides analgesic effect with a comparable or improved safety profile over conventional opioid agonists. Fremanezumab A humanized monoclonal antibody directed against human calcitonin-gene related peptide to prevent migraines. Fepradinol Not Annotated Peoniflorin Peoniflorin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02878863 (Paeoniflorin Combination of Hepatoprotective Drugs Versus Hepatoprotective Drugs Only for Auto-immune Hepatitis). Veliflapon Veliflapon is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00353067 (Veliflapon (Dg-031)to Prevent Heart Attacks or Stroke in Patients With a History of Heart Attack or Unstable Angina). Famprofazone Famprofazone is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent found in combination products such as ‘Gewodin’ which is marketed in Taiwan. It is important to note that the drug is metabolized to methamphetamine...
- Drugs & Drug Targets