- Neurotransmitter Agents
- Accession Number
Agents affecting the activity of neurotransmitter systems.
Drug Drug Description Botulinum toxin type A A purified form of botulinum toxin type A used to block acetylcholine release in the treatment of chronic sialorrhea, muscle spasticity, and dystonia, as well as in cosmetic applications. Glycine An amino acid commonly used as a component of total parenteral nutrition and is also used as irrigation during surgery. Baclofen A GABA-ergic agonist used to manage severe spasticity of cerebral or spinal origin in adult and pediatric patients. Amphetamine A CNS stimulant and sympathomimetic agent indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Lorazepam A short-acting benzodiazepine commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, and seizures. Esmolol A cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocker used for the short-term control of ventricular rate and heart rate in various types of tachycardia, including perioperative tachycardia and hypertension. Phentermine A sympathomimetic anorectic agent used as a short-term adjunct therapy that is included in a regimen of weight reduction in cases of exogenous obesity. Caffeine A stimulant present in tea, coffee, cola beverages, analgesic drugs, and agents used to increase alertness. It is also used in to prevent and treat pulmonary complications of premature birth. Citalopram A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used in the treatment of depression. Benzatropine An anticholinergic drug used to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) and extrapyramidal symptoms, except tardive dyskinesia. Ropinirole A non-ergoline dopamine agonist used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease and Restless Legs Syndrome. Betazole For use clinically to test gastric secretory function. Clemastine An antihistamine with sedative and anticholinergic effects used to treat the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Atomoxetine A selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used in the management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Zolmitriptan A member of the triptan class of 5-HT(1B/1D/1F) receptor agonist drugs used for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults. Dihydroergotamine An ergot alkaloid used in the acute treatment of migraine headache and cluster headache. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Ipratropium An anticholinergic drug used in the control of symptoms related to bronchospasm in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Olanzapine An antipsychotic drug used in the management of schizophrenia, bipolar 1 disorder, and agitation associated with these disorders. Terfenadine An antihistamine for the treatment of allergy symptoms. Alfuzosin An alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist used in the symptomatic management of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). Buclizine An antihistamine and antiemetic drug for the treatment of allergy symptoms and prevention of nausea and vomiting. Doxylamine An antihistamine used to treat insomnia and allergy symptoms and is used with pyridoxine in the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Mirtazapine A tetracyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of major depression and is used off-label as a drug for insomnia and to increase appetite. Trihexyphenidyl An antispasmodic drug used as an adjunct drug in the management of parkinsonism and as a treatment for extrapyramidal symptoms caused by drugs affecting the central nervous system (CNS). Phenylephrine An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used in the management of hypotension, generally in the surgical setting associated with the use of anesthetics. Sulpiride A selective D2 dopamine receptor antagonist indicated to treat chronic and acute schizophrenia. Profenamine An antidyskinetic phenothiazine used to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Alprazolam A triazolobenzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders and generalized anxiety in addition to anxiety associated with depression. Dexbrompheniramine An antihistamine used to treat allergy symptoms including upper respiratory tract symptoms. Remoxipride An discontinued atypical antipsychotic selective for dopamine D2 receptors. Carbamoylcholine A direct acting miotic agent administered ophthalmically to decrease intraocular pressure after cataract surgery, and to induce miosis during surgery. Pramipexole A non-ergot dopamine agonist used to treat the signs and symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease and Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Methylphenidate A stimulant used in the management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Hyoscyamine An anticholinergic indicated to treat functional gastrointestinal disorders, biliary and renal colic, and acute rhinitis. Zolpidem A sedative hypnotic used for the short-term treatment of insomnia to improve sleep latency. Triprolidine A sedating antihistamine combined with pseudoephedrine and guaifenesin in various types of cold and allergy medications to relieve allergy symptoms, hay fever and common cold symptoms, and to aid in sleep. Prochlorperazine A phenothiazine derivative used in the treatment of schizophrenia and anxiety and to relieve severe nausea and vomiting. Cyproheptadine A combined serotonin and histamine antagonist used in the treatment of allergic symptoms, for appetite stimulation, and off-label in the treatment of serotonin syndrome. Loratadine A second generation antihistamine used to manage the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis. Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Sotalol A methane sulfonanilide beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and to maintain sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation or flutter. Buspirone An anxiolytic agent used for short-term treatment of generalized anxiety and second-line treatment of depression. Cimetidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to manage GERD, peptic ulcer disease, and indigestion. Dextromethorphan An NMDA receptor antagonist used to treat cases of dry cough. Nortriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Pyridostigmine A cholinesterase inhibitor used for symptomatic treatment of myasthenia gravis and congenital myasthenic syndromes and to reverse neuromuscular blockade by nondepolarizing muscle relaxants. Hydroxyzine An antihistamine used to treat anxiety and tension associated with psychoneuroses, as well as allergic conditions such as pruritus and chronic urticaria. Cinnarizine A drug used for the management of labyrinthine disorder symptoms, including vertigo, tinnitus, nystagmus, nausea, and vomiting. Propranolol A non-selective beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, migraine, essential tremor, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, and pheochromocytoma. Fenfluramine Fenfluramine is a phenethylamine that is structurally similar to serotonin. Due to its ability to increase extracellular serotonin levels, modulate serotonergic and other neurologic receptors, and control neurotransmission, it is effective in treating pharmacoresistant seizures. Clonidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines. Nizatidine An H2 receptor antagonist used to treat GERD and a variety of ulcers. Doxazosin An alpha-1 adrenergic receptor used to treat mild to moderate hypertension and urinary obstruction due to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Labetalol An alpha and beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, and sympathetic overactivity syndrome. Bisoprolol A beta-1 adrenergic blocking agent used to prevent myocardial infarction and heart failure and to treat mild to moderate hypertension. Astemizole A second generation antihistamine used to treat allergy symptoms. Adenosine A medication used in myocardial perfusion scintigraphy and to treat supraventricular tachycardia. Trazodone A serotonin uptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Epinephrine A hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma. Sumatriptan A serotonin receptor agonist used to treat migraines and cluster headaches. Galantamine A cholinesterase inhibitor used to manage mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzheimer's Disease. Midazolam A short-acting injectable benzodiazepine with rapid onset that is commonly used in seizures, anesthesia and anxiety disorders. Tizanidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used for the short-term treatment of muscle spasticity. Tamsulosin An alpha-1A and alpha-1B adrenergic receptor antagonist used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia, ureteral stones, prostatitis, and female voiding dysfunction. Apomorphine A morphine derivative D2 dopamine agonist used to treat hypomobile "off" episodes of advanced Parkinson's disease. Paroxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, panic disorder, OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, the vasomotor symptoms of menopause, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Azatadine An H1 receptor antagonist used to treat perennial and allergic rhinitis as well as eustachian tube congestion. Risperidone A second-generation antipsychotic medication used to treat a number of mental health disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar mania, psychosis, or as an adjunct in severe depression. Meclizine A histamine H1 antagonist used to treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness. Scopolamine A belladonna alkaloid with anticholinergic effects indicated for the treatment of nausea and vomiting associated with motion sickness and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Carbinoxamine A first generation antihistamine used to treat allergic rhinitis, vasomotor rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic reactions, and mild allergic reactions. Epinastine An H1 receptor antagonist used to prevent itching in allergic conjunctivitis. Clopidogrel An antiplatelet agent used to prevent blood clots in peripheral vascular disease, coronary artery disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Olopatadine A histamine H1 antagonist used to treat allergic conjunctivitis and rhinitis. Dicyclomine An antimuscarinic agent used to treat IBS. Tropicamide A muscarinic receptor antagonist used to induce mydriasis and cycloplegia for diagnostic procedures. Oxazepam An intermediate-acting benzodiazepine with slow onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawals, and insomnia. Donepezil An acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used to treat the behavioral and cognitive effects of Alzheimer's Disease and other types of dementia. Terbutaline A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and to prevent premature labor. Flupentixol A thioxanthene neuroleptic used to treat schizophrenia and depression. Cocaine An ester local anesthetic used during diagnostic procedures and surgeries in or through the nasal cavities. Famotidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to treat duodenal ulcers, benign gastric ulcers, GERD, and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Oxymetazoline An alpha-1A adrenoceptor agonist used to treat nasal congestion, allergic reactions of the eye, and facial erythema associated with rosacea. Salmeterol A long-acting beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat asthma and COPD. Demecarium For the topical treatment of chronic open-angle glaucoma. Fexofenadine A selective H1-antagonist for the symptomatic treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis and chronic idiopathic urticaria. Pindolol A beta adrenoceptor antagonist used to treat hypertension, edema, ventricular tachycardias, and atrial fibrillation. Apraclonidine An alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat raised intraocular pressure. Methyldopa A centrally-acting alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to manage hypertension alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide, and to treat hypertensive crises. Azelastine A histamine H1-receptor antagonist used intranasally to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis and in an ophthalmic solution to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Cyclopentolate An anticholinergic used to cause mydriasis and cycloplegia for diagnostic testing. Dimenhydrinate A medication used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, vertigo, and motion sickness. Glycopyrronium An anticholinergic agent used to treat hyperhidrosis, severe drooling, COPD, used with other medications to treat ulcers, and used in anesthesia. Gabapentin An anticonvulsant medication used in the management of peripheral neuropathic pains, postherpetic neuralgia, and partial-onset seizures. Guanfacine An alpha-2A adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat ADHD. Bethanechol A muscarinic agonist used to treat postoperative and postpartum nonobstructive functional urinary retention and neurogenic atony of the bladder with retention. Memantine An NMDA receptor antagonist used to treat moderate to severe dementia in Alzheimer's. Oxybutynin An antimuscarinic agent that reduces detrusor muscle activity, relaxing the bladder and preventing the urge to void. Isoprenaline A catecholamine non-selective beta-adrenergic agonist typically used to treat bradycardia and heart block. Promethazine A first-generation antihistamine used for the treatment of allergic conditions, nausea and vomiting, and motion sickness. Mequitazine For the treatment of Hay fever, urticaria (hives) and allergic rhinitis Vigabatrin An irreversible GABA transaminase inhibitor used as an adjunct therapy to treat refractory complex partial seizures in patients ≥2 years unresponsive to alternatives. May also be used as monotherapy to treat infantile spasms in infants 1 month to 2 years. Emedastine A selective H1-receptor antagonist used topically to manage symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. Pilocarpine A muscarinic cholinergic agonist used on the eye to treat elevated intraocular pressure, various types of glaucoma, and to induce miosis. Also available orally to treat symptoms of dry mouth associated with Sjogren's syndrome and radiotherapy. Pimozide An antipsychotic used to manage debilitating motor and phonic tics in patients with Tourette's Disorder. Sertraline A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) indicated to treat major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder and many other psychiatric conditions. Levocabastine A selective histamine H1 receptor antagonist indicated for the management of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis symptoms. Chlorpheniramine A histamine-H1 receptor antagonist indicated for the management of symptoms associated with upper respiratory allergies. Carvedilol A non selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used to treat mild to severe chronic heart failure, hypertension, and left ventricular dysfunction following myocardial infarction in clinically stable patients. Doxepin A psychotropic agent used for the treatment of depression, anxiety, manic-depressive disorder, and insomnia. Terazosin An alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist used in the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia and management of hypertension. Guanethidine An antihypertensive agent used in the management of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the management of renal hypertension. Phenobarbital A long-lasting barbiturate and anticonvulsant used in the treatment of all types of seizures, except for absent seizures. Escitalopram A selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and other select psychiatric disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Cyclizine An antihistamine and antiemetic drug used for the prevention and treatment of nausea, vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness, and vertigo. Pergolide A long-acting dopamine agonist that is uncommonly used for the management of Parkinson's disease, due to the risk for cardiac valvulopathy. Nadolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and hypertension. Metoclopramide An antiemetic agent and dopamine D2 antagonist used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, prevention of nausea and vomiting, and to stimulate gastric emptying. Levodopa A dopamine precursor used in the management of Parkinson's disease, often in combination with carbidopa, as well as other conditions associated with parkinsonism. Alimemazine An antihistamine agent used to prevent and relieve allergic conditions which cause pruritus and other allergic skin conditions, including urticaria. Lisdexamfetamine A central nervous system (CNS) stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and moderate to severe eating disorders. Ephedrine An alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist indicated to treat hypotension under anesthesia, allergic conditions, bronchial asthma, and nasal congestion. Tiotropium A long-acting bronchodilator used in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Dextroamphetamine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Solifenacin A muscarinic antagonist with antispasmodic properties used to treat urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and urinary frequency associated with an overactive bladder. Phenindamine Used to treat sneezing, runny nose, itching, watery eyes, hives, rashes, itching, and other symptoms of allergies and the common cold. Zuclopenthixol An antipsychotic indicated for the management of schizophrenia. The acuphase formulation is indicated for initial treatment of acute psychosis or exacerbation of psychosis, while the depot formulation is best for maintenance. Acetylcholine A parasympathomimetic neurotransmitter used to induce miosis of the iris in seconds after delivery of the lens in cataract surgery, in penetrating keratoplasty, iridectomy and other anterior segment surgery where rapid miosis may be required. Flunarizine A selective calcium-entry blocker used as migraine prophylaxis in patients with severe and frequent episodes who have not responded adequately to more common treatments. Nebivolol A beta blocking agent used to treat hypertension and aid in the management of heart failure. Milnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of fibromyalgia and a short-term treatment of major depressive disorder. Pimavanserin A second generation atypical antipsychotic used for the treatment of hallucinations and delusions caused by Parkinson's Disease. Amibegron Investigated for use/treatment in depression, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and obesity. Mianserin A tetracyclic antidepressant with therapeutic activity similar to amitriptyline used to treat depression and anxiety. Silodosin An alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist used to treat symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Levocetirizine An H1-receptor antagonist used to treat symptoms associated with chronic allergic rhinitis and uncomplicated cases of chronic idiopathic urticaria. Amisulpride A dopamine D2 receptor antagonist used in the treatment of acute and chronic schizophrenia, and in the prevention and treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting in adults. Vilazodone An antidepressant agent used for the treatment of major depressive disorder that targets the 5-HT transporter and 5-HT1A receptors. Mepyramine An antihistamine agent used for the symptomatic treatment of allergy, hypersensitivity reactions, and pruritic skin disorders. Betahistine An antivertigo agent used for the reduction of episodes of vertigo association with Ménière's disease. Desvenlafaxine An antidepressant agent and SNRI used for the treatment of major depressive disorders in adults. Dexmethylphenidate A norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor used in the treatment of ADHD in conjunction with other therapies. Methacholine A parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor used to diagnose bronchial hyperreactivity in subjects who do not have clinically apparent asthma. Naphazoline A sympathomimetic vasoconstrictor used for the symptomatic relief of redness and itching of the eye, and nasal congestion. Alcaftadine A H1 histamine receptor antagonist for ophthalmic use to prevent itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis. Lodoxamide An ophthalmic agent used for the treatment of the ocular disorders referred to by the terms vernal keratoconjunctivitis, vernal conjunctivitis, and vernal keratitis. Antazoline An antihistamine agent used for the symptomatic treatment of nasal congestion and allergic conjunctivitis. Dimetindene A 1st generation selective H1 antagonist used topically as an antipruritic and orally to treat allergies. DPDPE A heterodetic cyclic peptide that is a cyclic enkephalin analogue, having D-penicillaminyl residues located at positions 2 and 5, which form the heterocycle via a disulfide bond. Ifenprodil N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs) are members of the ionotropic glutamate receptor family, with key roles in brain development and neurological function.[A220118, A220128] NMDARs are heterotetramers that typically involve a dimer... Dimetotiazine Dimetotiazine has considerable antiemetic & serotonin antagonistic action used mainly in allergic skin conditions. Suvorexant A orexin receptor antagonist used to treat insomnia that is characterized by difficulties with sleep onset and/or sleep maintenance. Acrivastine An antihistamine agent used for the symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis such as sneezing, rhinorrhea, pruritus, lacrimation, and nasal congestion. Dexchlorpheniramine maleate A first generation antihistamine used to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and mild urticaria and angioedema. Thonzylamine Thozylamine is indicated for use in the symptomatic control of allergic rhinitis or other upper respiratory allergic symptoms [FDA Label]. It is typically a part of combination over the counter... Bombesin Bombesin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01205321 (PET/CT Imaging for Radiation Dosimetry, Plasma Pharmacokinetics, Biodistribution, Safety and Tolerability and Diagnostic Performance of BAY86-7548 in Patients With Prostate Cancer and... Ebastine A second generation H1-receptor antagonist useful in the treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria. Istradefylline A selective adenoside A2A receptor antagonist indicated in adjunct to levodopa and carbidopa for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease. Kynurenic Acid Kynurenic Acid is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02340325 (FS2 Safety and Tolerability Study in Healthy Volunteers). Mizolastine A second-generation non-sedating antihistamine used to treat symptoms of allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria. Oxatomide An antihistamine indicated in the treatment and prevention of allergic symptoms. Tritoqualine Not Annotated Primidone An antiepileptic used to treat grand mal, psychomotor, and focal epileptic seizures. Aripiprazole An atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of a wide variety of mood and psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar I, major depressive disorder, irritability associated with autism, and Tourette's syndrome. Prucalopride A 5-HT4 receptor agonist indicated to treat adults with chronic idiopathic constipation. Eticlopride Not Annotated Dynorphin Dynorphin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00000244 (Effects of Dynorphin 1-13 on Heroin Addiction - 1). Serdexmethylphenidate A prodrug of the CNS stimulant dexmethylphenidate used as a first-line treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Hydroxydione Hydroxydione (Viadril) is a neuroactive steroid used as a general anesthetic. Alfaxalone Alfaxalone, also known as alphaxalone or alphaxolone, is a neuroactive steroid and general anaesthetic. It is used in veterinary practice under the trade name Alfaxan, and is licensed for use... Nitric Oxide A vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates. Ganaxolone A neuroactive steroid GABA-A receptor modulator used for the treatment of seizures associated with CDKL5 deficiency disorder (CDD). Brexanolone Brexanolone is a synthetic neuroactive steroid gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABA(a)) receptor positive modulator indicated for the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD) in adult women [FDA Label][A176080, A176083, F4063, F4066, F4072]. Botulinum toxin type B A purified form of botulinum toxin type B used to block acetylcholine release in the treatment of cervical dystonia and sialorrhea. Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Nicotine A stimulatory alkaloid found in tobacco products that is often used for the relief of nicotine withdrawal symptoms and as an aid to smoking cessation. Cevimeline A muscarinic agonist with parasympathomimetic activities that is used for the symptomatic treatment of dry mouth in patients with Sjögren's Syndrome. Betaxolol A cardioselective beta blocking agent commonly used to treat hypertension and elevated intraocular pressure (when administered ophthalmically). Reserpine For the treatment of hypertension Ticlopidine A platelet aggregation inhibitor used in the prevention of conditions associated with thrombi, such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Trospium An antimuscarinic agent used to treat the symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB). Midodrine An alpha-adrenergic agonist used to treat orthostatic hypotension. Eletriptan A triptan used for the treatment of migraines. Bethanidine For the treatment of hypertension. Oxyphenonium For the treatment of visceral spasms Isoetharine For the treatment of asthma, wheezing, and chronic asthmatic bronchitis. Reboxetine A drug used for the acute treatment of major depression and for maintenance therapy of depression. Ziprasidone An atypical antipsychotic used to manage schizophrenia, bipolar mania, and agitation in patients with schizophrenia. Methysergide An ergot alkaloid used for the prophylaxis of migraine and cluster headaches. Cabergoline A dopamine receptor agonist used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemic conditions due to various causes. Theophylline A xanthine used to manage the symptoms of asthma, COPD, and other lung conditions caused by reversible airflow obstruction. Venlafaxine A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of major depression, generalized or social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder. Dapiprazole Used in the treatment of iatrogenically induced mydriasis produced by adrenergic (phenylephrine) or parasympatholytic (tropicamide) agents used in certain eye examinations. Pentobarbital A barbiturate drug used to induce sleep, cause sedation, and control certain types of seizures. Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Protriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant that is indicated in the treatment of depression only under close clinical supervision. Clobazam A benzodiazepine used as adjunct treatment in seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Clozapine An antipsychotic drug used in treatment resistant schizophrenia and to decrease suicide risk in schizophrenic patients. Norepinephrine A sympathomimetic used in the control of blood pressure during various hypotensive states and as an adjunct treatment during cardiac arrest. Thiethylperazine A drug used for the treatment of nausea and vomiting. Palonosetron A serotonin antagonist used in the prophylaxis or management of vomiting that results from emetogenic chemotherapy, and for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Tacrine An anticholinesterase drug used for the management of Alzheimer's disease symptoms. Procyclidine An antispasmodic drug used to treat parkinsonism of various types and in the treatment of extrapyramidal symptoms. Phenylpropanolamine A sympathomimetic that was previously used in nasal decongestants and weight loss products, but has been withdrawn by the FDA due to safety risks and lack of efficacy. Loxapine A antipsychotic used for the treatment of schizophrenia. Secobarbital A barbiturate used for the short-term treatment of insomnia. Promazine A phenothiazine used to manage schizophrenia. Dipivefrin A prodrug of epinephrine used in ophthalmic solutions to reduce intraocular pressure in chronic open-angle glaucoma. Droperidol A butyrophenone derivative and dopamine antagonist used to prevent and treat postoperative nausea and vomiting. Picrotoxin Used internally for relieving respiratory distress. Also for use as an antidote in poisoning by CNS depressants, especially barbiturates. Chlordiazepoxide A benzodiazepine used to treat the withdrawal symptoms of acute alcoholism, to treat preoperative anxiety, and to treat anxiety over a short term period. Chlorpromazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat nausea, vomiting, preoperative anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe behavioral problems in children. Gallamine triethiodide A nondepolarizing nerve blocker used in addition to anesthesia to cause skeletal muscle relaxation. Darifenacin An M3 muscarinic receptor blocker used to treat urinary incontinence. Haloperidol An antipsychotic agent used to treat schizophrenia and other psychoses, as well as symptoms of agitation, irritability, and delirium. Triflupromazine Used mainly in the management of psychoses. Also used to control nausea and vomiting. Anisotropine methylbromide For use in conjunction with antacids or histamine H2-receptor antagonists in the treatment of peptic ulcer, to reduce further gastric acid secretion and delay gastric emptying. Carteolol A beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat arrhythmia, angina, hypertension, and glaucoma. Amoxapine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of neurotic or reactive depressive disorders and endogenous or psychotic depression. Atropine A muscarinic antagonist used to treat poisoning by muscarinic agents, including organophosphates and other drugs. Mazindol A sympathomimetic used to treat obesity in combination with lifestyle modifications. Lisuride For the management of Parkinson's Disease Thiopental A barbiturate used to induce general anesthesia, treat convulsions, and reduce intracranial pressure. Cisapride A medication used to treat heartburn associated with GERD. Metaraminol For the treatment and prevention of hypotension due to hemorrhage, spinal anesthesia, and shock associated with brain damage Fluphenazine A phenothiazine used to treat patients requiring long-term neuroleptic therapy. Clorazepic acid A benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety, partial seizures, and alcohol withdrawal. Guanabenz An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension. Dexmedetomidine An alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures. Mecamylamine A nicotine antagonist used to treat moderate to severe essential hypertension and uncomplicated malignant hypertension. Pirenzepine An antimuscarinic agent used to treat peptic ulcers, gastric ulcers, and duodenal ulcers. Aprepitant A substance P/neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist used to treat nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and surgery. Isoflurophate For use in the eye to treat certain types of glaucoma and other eye conditions, such as accommodative esotropia. Thioridazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and generalized anxiety disorder. Flurazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with a rapid onset of action that is commonly used to treat insomnia. Phentolamine An alpha adrenergic antagonist used to reverse soft tissue anesthesia. Ergotamine An alpha-1 selective adrenergic agonist vasoconstrictor used to treat migraines with or without aura and cluster headaches. Nicergoline An ergot derivative use for the treatment of symptoms associated with cerebrovascular abnormalities. Methoxamine An alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat hypotension. Trimipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used to treat depression. Atracurium besylate A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker used to facilitate endotracheal intubation and relax skeletal muscles during surgery. Pralidoxime A cholinesterase reactivator used to treat organophosphate poisoning. Riluzole A glutamate antagonist used to treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Dolasetron An antinauseant and antiemetic used in chemotherapy and postoperatively. Malathion A parasympathomimetic organophosphate used to treat head lice. Propantheline An antimuscarinic agent used to treat urinary incontinence, hyperhidrosis, as well as cramps and spasms of the stomach, intestines, and bladder. Tripelennamine A histamine H1 antagonist used to treat hypersensitivity reactions, coughs, and the common cold. Tolazoline A vasodilator used to treat pulmonary artery anomalies. Fenoldopam A dopamine D1 receptor agonist used for the short term management of hypertension. Biperiden A muscarinic receptor antagonist used to treat parkinsonism and control extrapyramidal side effects of neuroleptic drugs. Orciprenaline A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat bronchospasm, asthma, and COPD. Enprofylline Used in the management of symptoms of asthma. Also used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases and in the management of cerebrovascular insufficiency, sickle cell disease, and diabetic neuropathy. Trifluoperazine A phenothiazine used to treat depression, anxiety, and agitation. Brompheniramine A histamine H1 antagonist used to treat coughs, upper respiratory symptoms, and nasal congestion associated with allergies and the common cold. Progabide Indicated for the treatment of epilepsy. Dobutamine A beta-1 agonist used to treat cardiac decompensation in patients with organic heart disease or from cardiac surgery. Methylphenobarbital For the relief of anxiety, tension, and apprehension, also used as an anticonvulsant for the treatment of epilepsy. Perphenazine A phenothiazine used to treat schizophrenia as well as nausea and vomiting. Benzphetamine A sympathomimetic used to manage exogenous obesity short term. Alprenolol For the treatment of hypertension, angina, and arrhythmia Ritodrine An adrenergic beta agonist used to treat premature labor. Pemirolast A medication used to treat allergies such as hay fever and allergic conjunctivitis. Granisetron A 5HT3 antagonist used to treat nausea and vomiting in cancer therapy and postoperatively. Triazolam A benzodiazepine used for short term treatment of insomnia. Bitolterol Used to dilate air passages in the lungs that have become narrowed as a result of disease or inflammation. It is used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive... Tiagabine An antiepileptic used to treat partial seizures. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Amantadine A medication used to treat dyskinesia in Parkinson's patients receiving levodopa, as well as extrapyramidal side effects of medications. Almotriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Phenoxybenzamine An alpha adrenergic antagonist used to treat pheochromocytoma and episodes of hypertension and sweating. Mesoridazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia, organic brain disorders, alcoholism, and psychoneuroses. Maprotiline A tetracyclic antidepressant used to treat depressive illness, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and anxiety associated with depression. Methantheline For the treatment of peptic ulcer disease, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, gastritis, biliary dyskinesia, pylorosplasm, and reflex neurogenic bladder in children. Hexafluronium Used as an adjunct with succinylcholine (or suxamethonium chloride) to prolong muscle relaxation and to prevent succinylcholine-induced muscle fasciculations. Felbamate An anticonvulsant used to treat severe epilepsy. Naratriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Rizatriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Zaleplon A sedative used for short term treatment of insomnia in adults. Desloratadine A second generation tricyclic antihistamine used to treat seasonal and non seasonal allergic rhinitis, pruritus, and urticaria. Alosetron A 5-HT3 antagonist used to treat diarrhea-predominant IBS. Physostigmine A cholinesterase inhibitor used to treat glaucoma and anticholinergic toxicity. Dopamine A catecholamine neurotransmitter used to treat hemodynamic imbalances, poor perfusion of vital organs, low cardiac output, and hypotension. Rivastigmine A cholinesterase inhibitor used to treat mild to moderate dementia in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Frovatriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Edrophonium A cholinesterase inhibitor used to diagnose and evaluate myasthenia gravis. Tolterodine A muscarinic receptor antagonist used to treat overactive bladder with urinary incontinence, urgency, and frequency. Ergoloid mesylate A nootropic with an unknown mechanism of action indicated in individuals over sixty who manifest signs and symptoms of an idiopathic decline in mental capacity. Echothiophate An acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used in ophthalmic preparations to increase the drainage of intraocular fluid; most commonly used for the treatment of glaucoma. Pentolinium Used to produce controlled hypotension during surgical procedures and in hypertensive crises. Arbutamine Used to elicit acute cardiovascular responses (cardiac stumulant), similar to those produced by exercise, in order to aid in diagnosing the presence or absence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in... Trimethaphan For the controlled reduction of blood pressure during surgery and in the treatment of hypertensive emergencies. Ambenonium A cholinesterase inhibitor that targets both muscarinic and nicotinic receptors indicated for the treatment of myasthenia gravis. Nefazodone An antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Desipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Thiamylal Used for the production of complete anaesthesia of short duration, for the induction of general anaesthesia, and for inducing a hypnotic state. Bretylium A norepinephrine release inhibitor used for the prophylaxis and therapy of ventricular fibrillation, as well as the treatment of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Orphenadrine A muscarinic antagonist used as an adjunct for the symptomatic relief of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort. Domperidone A dopamine receptor antagonist used as a peristaltic stimulant and anti-emetic agent for dyspepsia, indigestion, epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. Dexfenfluramine For the management of obesity including weight loss and maintenance of weight loss in patients on a reduced calorie diet Acebutolol A selective β1-receptor antagonist used for the management of hypertension and ventricular premature beats in adults. Tubocurarine Tubocurarine is a non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent and the first identified curare alkaloid. Curare is one of the names used to describe plant-derived poisons used by indigenous South Americans to... Bromocriptine A dopamine D2 receptor agonist used for the treatment of galactorrhea due to hyperprolactinemia and other prolactin-related conditions, as well as in early Parkinsonian Syndrome. Flumazenil A benzodiazepine antagonist that is used for the complete or partial reversal of the sedative effects caused by benzodiazepines in various clinical settings, such as induced general anesthesia for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Levobunolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Metipranolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Estazolam A benzodiazepine used for the short-term management of insomnia. Ketamine A rapid-acting general anesthetic and NMDA receptor antagonist used for induction of anesthesia diagnostic and surgical procedures typically in combination with a muscle relaxant. Aminophylline A bronchodilator consisting of theophylline that is used for the treatment of bronchospasm due to asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Chlorprothixene A thioxanthene antipsychotic. Clomipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component, such as depression, schizophrenia, and Tourette’s disorder. Paliperidone An atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other schizoaffective or delusional disorders. Varenicline A partial agonist at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors used as an aid in smoking cessation. Fenoterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for the symptomatic treatment of asthma. Pirbuterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for the symptomatic treatment of asthma. Bevantolol For the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension. Practolol Used in the emergency treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Pancuronium A neuromuscular blocker used as an adjunct to general anesthesia to facilitate tracheal intubation and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or mechanical ventilation. Pipecuronium A nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used to relax muscles during anesthesia and surgical procedures. Vecuronium A nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used to relax muscles or as an adjunct in general anesthesia during surgical procedures. Amobarbital A barbiturate derivative used for the induction of sedation during procedures, short-term management of insomnia, and acute management of refractory tonic-clonic seizures. Hexobarbital For the induction of anesthesia prior to the use of other general anesthetic agents and for induction of anesthesia for short surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures associated with minimal painful... Penbutolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of mild to moderate arterial hypertension, alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents. Mephentermine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of hypotension. Procaterol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist and bronchodilator used for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Yohimbine An alpha-2-adrenergic blocker and sympatholytic found in supplements used to. Neostigmine A cholinesterase inhibitor used in the symptomatic treatment of myasthenia gravis by improving muscle tone. Methotrimeprazine A phenothiazine used in the management of psychosis, particular those of schizophrenia, and manic phases of bipolar disorder. Clenbuterol A decongestant and bronchodilator used in a variety of respiratory conditions. Bufotenine A hallucinogenic serotonin analog found in frog or toad skins, mushrooms, higher plants, and mammals, especially in the brains, plasma, and urine of schizophrenics. Bufotenin has been used as a... Midomafetamine Clinical trials are now testing the therapeutic potential of MDMA for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety associated with terminal cancer. MDMA is one of the four most widely used... Barbital A long-acting barbiturate that depresses most metabolic processes at high doses. It is used as a hypnotic and sedative and may induce dependence. Barbital is also used in veterinary practice... 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine Not Available Dimethyltryptamine Some people use this compound as a psychedelic inducing agent. Tenamfetamine An amphetamine derivative that inhibits uptake of catecholamine neurotransmitters. It is a hallucinogen. It is less toxic than its methylated derivative but in sufficient doses may still destroy serotonergic neurons... 4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine Not Available Flunitrazepam A benzodiazepine used to manage anxiety disorders and insomnia. Bromazepam A short-acting benzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders and severe anxiety. Methylenedioxyethamphetamine Not Available Metamfetamine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity. Oxprenolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, and anxiety. Prazepam A benzodiazepine used to manage more severe forms of anxiety disorders. Nitrazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, insomnia, and seizures. Acepromazine Acepromazine was first used in humans in the 1950s as an antipsychotic agent. It is now rarely used in humans. Acepromazine is frequently used in animals as a sedative and... Aceprometazine Aceprometazine is often used in combination with meprobamate for the treatment of sleep disorders. Thiothixene An antipsychotic indicated for the management of schizophrenia. 5,7-Dichlorokynurenic acid Not Available Aminooxyacetic acid A compound that inhibits aminobutyrate aminotransferase activity in vivo, thereby raising the level of gamma-aminobutyric acid in tissues. [PubChem] Platelet Activating Factor Not Available 1,10-Phenanthroline Not Available Cyclo(his-pro) Not Available gamma-Aminobutyric acid The most common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Quisqualic acid Quisqualic acid is an agonist at two subsets of excitatory amino acid receptors, ionotropic receptors that directly control membrane channels and metabotropic receptors that indirectly mediate calcium mobilization from intracellular... Dexpropranolol Not Available Butyric Acid A four carbon acid, CH3CH2CH2COOH, with an unpleasant odor that occurs in butter and animal fat as the glycerol ester. Phencyclidine A hallucinogen formerly used as a veterinary anesthetic, and briefly as a general anesthetic for humans. Phencyclidine is similar to ketamine in structure and in many of its effects. Like... Vanoxerine An investigational dopamine transporter antagonist suggested to be beneficial in the treatment of cocaine addiction. FG-9041 Not Available Arecoline An alkaloid obtained from the betel nut (Areca catechu), fruit of a palm tree. It is an agonist at both muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. It is used in the... 1-benzylimidazole 1-benzylimidazole, an N-imidazole derivative, has been shown to have strong cardiotonic activity. Methapyrilene Methapyrilene, formerly marketed in many drug products, was shown to be a potent carcinogen. Manufacturers voluntarily withdrew methapyriline drug products from the market in May and June 1979. Nomifensine Nomifensine, formerly marketed as Merital capsules, was associated with an increased incidence of hemolytic anemia. The approved application holder removed Merital capsules from the market on January 23, 1986. FDA... Prenylamine Prenylamine was withdrawn from the Canadian, US, and UK markets in 1988 due to concerns regarding cardiac arrhythmias. Lysergic acid diethylamide Debate continues over the nature and causes of chronic flashbacks. Explanations in terms of LSD physically remaining in the body for months or years after consumption have been discounted by... Zimelidine For the treatment of depression. Debrisoquine For the treatment of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the treatment of renal hypertension. Fluspirilene An antipsychotic agent used in the treatment of schizophrenia. Tetrabenazine A vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT) inhibitor used for the management of chorea associated with Huntington's Disease. Celiprolol A beta-blocker for the management of hypertension and angina pectoris. Binodenoson For cardiac pharmacologic stress SPECT imaging, which is used to diagnose coronary artery disease. Huperzine A Investigated for use/treatment in alzheimer's disease. Phenserine For the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Tesmilifene Intended for the treatment of various forms of cancer. Renzapride For the treatment of constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C). Lofexidine A centrally acting alpha2-adrenergic agonist used for the symptomatic treatment of acute opioid withdrawal syndrome to facilitate abrupt opioid discontinuation in adults. Tecadenoson Investigated for use/treatment in arrhythmia and atrial fibrillation. SGS-742 Investigated for use/treatment in alzheimer's disease, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), memory loss, and schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. Lobeline Investigated for use/treatment in addictions. NGX267 Investigated for use/treatment in alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. APD791 For the treatment and prophylaxis of arterial thrombosis. Rotigotine A non-selective dopamine agonist used for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease and Restless Leg Syndrome. Histamine An ingredient of topical drugs for the relief of joint pain or muscle aches and pains. AZD 3355 Investigated for use/treatment in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Naronapride Investigated for use/treatment in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and gastroparesis. Regrelor Investigated for use/treatment in cardiac surgery, coronary artery disease, thrombosis, and transfusion. Naluzotan Investigated for use/treatment in anxiety disorders and depression. GTS-21 Investigated for use/treatment in alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. YKP-1358 Investigated for use/treatment in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders. SUVN-502 Investigated for use/treatment in neurologic disorders. Nylidrin A vasodilator used to treat patients with peripheral vascular disorders, and elderly patients with symptoms associated with organic mental disorders. Pizotifen A serotonin and tryptamine antagonist indicated for migraine prophylaxis. Rimonabant For use in conjunction with diet and exercise for patients with a body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2, or patients wih a BMI greater than 27 kg/m2 with associated... Solabegron Investigated for use/treatment in diabetes mellitus type 2, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and urinary incontinence. Tapentadol An opioid used to manage severe pain that has not responded to non-opioid medications, and for which opioid analgesic therapy is appropriate. Regadenoson A coronary vasodilator used in radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). Xaliproden Investigated for use/treatment in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and alzheimer's disease. Cangrelor A P2Y12 platelet receptor antagonist used during percutaneous coronary intervention to reduce the risk for periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI), repeat coronary revascularization, and stent thrombosis (ST). Dexanabinol Investigated for use/treatment in traumatic brain injuries and neurologic disorders. Dotarizine A calcium antagonist used to treat and prevent migraines. Clomethiazole Investigated for use/treatment in strokes. Naxifylline Investigated for use/treatment in congestive heart failure. Repinotan Investigated for use/treatment in strokes, cerebral ischemia, and depression. Deramciclane Investigated for use/treatment in anxiety disorders. Tramiprosate Investigated for use/treatment in strokes and alzheimer's disease. Gaboxadol Investigated for use/treatment in sleep disorders and insomnia. Adipiplon Investigated for use/treatment in insomnia and sleep disorders. Taranabant Investigated for use/treatment in obesity. Vipadenant Investigated for use/treatment in parkinson's disease. Casopitant Investigated for use/treatment in urinary incontinence and adverse effects (chemotherapy). Esmirtazapine Investigated for use/treatment in insomnia and sleep disorders. Fesoterodine An antimuscarinic agent used in the treatment of overactive bladder with symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and frequency. Fosaprepitant An antiemetic drug used in combination with other antiemetic agents for the prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. Bufuralol Bufuralol is a new, non-selective -adrenoceptor blocking agent. Ketobemidone For the treatment of all types of severe pain, such as postoperative, cancer, kidney stones and fractures. Gavestinel Highly potent and selective non-competitive antagonist acting at the strychnine-insensitive glycine binding site of the NMDA receptor-channel complex (Kd = 0.8 nM). Gavestinel displays > 1000-fold selectivity over NMDA, AMPA... SKF-91488 Not Available Tranilast For the treatment of bronchial asthma, keloid and hypertrophic scar, and allergic disorders such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis. Epibatidine Not Available Chloropyramine For the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, and other atopic (allergic) conditions. Isothipendyl A 1st generation histamine H1 antagonist primarily applied topically as an antipruritic. Metiamide Potential in the treatment and the management of acid-reflux disorders (GERD), peptic ulcer disease, heartburn, and acid indigestion. Roxatidine acetate For the treatment of disorders of the upper gastro-intestinal region that are due to an excess of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice, i.e. duodenal ulcers, benign gastric ulcers. Also... Bopindolol For the management of hypertension, edema, ventricular tachycardias, and atrial fibrillation. Bupranolol Used to manage hypertension and tachycardia. Also used to treat glaucoma. Lurasidone An atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and depressive episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. Serotonin For temporary relief of nervousness, anxiety, mood swings, joint pains, weakness, drowsiness, itching and lethargy. Not evaluated by the FDA, homeopathic product. Tyramine Tyramine (4-hydroxyphenethylamine; para-tyramine, mydrial or uteramin) is a naturally occurring monoamine compound and trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyramine acts by inducing the release of catecholamine. An... Arbaclofen Placarbil Investigated for the treatment of spasticity in multiple sclerosis, acute back spasms, and GERD. Levomilnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). Adrafinil Used to relieve excessive sleepiness and inattention in elderly patients. Amperozide Amperozide is a diphenylbutylpiperazine atypical antipsychotic which antagonizes 5-HT2A receptors. It inhibits dopamine release and alters the firing of dopaminergic neurons. Investigations regarding the use of the agent revolved primarily... Isoxsuprine A beta-adrenergic agonist used in the symptomatic treatment of cerebrovascular insufficiency, peripheral vascular disease of arteriosclerosis obliterans, thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) and Raynaud's disease. Indoramin Indoramin is a discontinued piperidine antiadrenergic drug with the trade names Baratol and Doralese. It is a selective alpha-1 adrenergic antagonist with no reflex tachycardia and direct myocardial depression action. Indenolol Indenolol is a drug of the beta-adrenergic blocker class. Indalpine Indalpine was one of the first selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors to reach the American market. It was initially marketed by Pharmuka. However, after the emergence of widespread concern regarding adverse... Hexoprenaline Hexoprenaline is a stimulant of beta 2 adrenergic receptors. It is used as a bronchodilator, antiasthmatic, and tocolytic agent. Hexamethonium A nicotinic cholinergic antagonist often referred to as the prototypical ganglionic blocker. It is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and does not cross the blood-brain barrier. It has been... Etilefrine An adrenergic agonist primarily of α1 and β1 receptors used as an anti-hypotensive. Dexetimide A muscarinic antagonist that has been used to treat neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism. Benzetimide is the (-)-enantimorph of dexetimide. Chlorphenoxamine An antihistamine used as an antipruritic. Befunolol Used in the management of open angle glaucoma. PMID: 12480285. Bromopride A substituted benzamide, closely related to metoclopramide, used as an antiemetic. Benactyzine Benactyzine is an anticholinergic drug used as an antidepressant in the treatment of depression and associated anxiety. Benactyzine is no longer widely used in medicine, although it is still a... Vortioxetine A serotonin modulating antidepressant indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Quinagolide A dopamine D2 receptor agonist used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia. Brexpiprazole A serotonin–dopamine activity modulator used in the treatment of major depressive disorder as an adjunct and schizophrenia. Dosulepin A tricyclic antidepressant commonly used only in patients for whom alternative therapies are ineffective due to its toxicity potential. Viloxazine A selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults in children. Cirazoline Cirazoline acts on a number of α adrenergic receptors. It is an agonist of α1A, partial agonist of α1B and α1D, and a nonselective antagonist of α2. It is believed... Synephrine Synephrine, also referred to as, p-synephrine, is naturally occurring alkaloid. It is present in approved drug products as neo-synephrine, its m-substituted analog. p-synephrine and m-synephrine are known for their longer... Arotinolol Artinolol was introduced to be used as an antihypertensive agent since 1986. It has been studied for other functions like tremor control for patients with Parkinson disease and it is... Moxisylyte By the WHO, moxisylyte is indicated for the symptomatic management of sequelae of cerebral infarction or hemorrhage. The cerebral infarction is characterized by the blockage of the artery either by... Trimazosin Trimazosin is a sympatholytic alpha blocker. AS-8112 AS-8112 is a synthetic compound that acts as a selective antagonist at the dopamine receptor subtypes D2 and D3, and the serotonin receptor 5-HT3. It has been shown to exert... Tolfenamic acid In the information for tolfenamic acid, it is stated that this drug, being an NSAID, is effective in treating the pain associated with the acute attack of migraines in adults. Brilaroxazine Investigated for the treatment of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Pipamperone Treatment of chronic psychoses and states of aggressiveness of various origins . Ramosetron A selective 5-HT3 antagonist used as an antiemetic for chemotherapy- and postoperative-associated nausea and vomiting. It may also possess efficacy in irritable bowel syndrome. Rolapitant A neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor antagonist used in combination with other antiemetics for the prevention of delayed nausea and vomiting associated with emetogenic chemotherapy. Butylscopolamine An antispasmodic and anticholinergic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of abdominal cramping and pain. Racepinephrine A bronchodilator used to treat intermittent asthma. Dihydroergocornine A nootropic with an unknown mechanism of action indicated in individuals over sixty who manifest signs and symptoms of an idiopathic decline in mental capacity. Amitraz Amitraz is a non-systemic acaricide and insecticide. It was generated in 1969 by the Boots Co. in England. Amitraz presents insect repellent effects and hence, it can be used as... Azaperone Azaperone is a pyridinylpiperazine and butyrophenone agent that is capable of eliciting neuroleptic sedative and antiemetic effects. It is subsequently employed predominantly as a veterinary tranquilizer and mainly for pigs... Coumaphos This drug is a fat-soluble phosphorothioate agent that kills both insects and mites. It is non-volatile in nature and is well known by a variety of names as such a... Dichlorvos Dichlorvos or 2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate is a drug of the organophosphate class, frequently used as an insecticide for the control of indoor pests and for the protection of stored products... Fenthion Fenthion is an organothiophosphate drug used as an insecticide, avicide, and acaricide. Its mode of action is explained by cholinesterase enzyme inhibition, which is similar to other organophosphates. Fenthion is... Imidacloprid Imidacloprid is a neonicotinoid, which is a class of neuro-active insecticides modeled after nicotine. Imidacloprid is a patented chemical, Imidacloprid is manufactured by Bayer Cropscience (part of Bayer AG) and... Medetomidine Medetomidine is a synthetic compound used as a surgical anesthetic and analgesic. It is normally found as its hydrochloride salt, medetomidine hydrochloride. Medetomidine is an intravenously available alpha-2 adrenergic agonist.... Metrifonate Metrifonate or trichlorfon is an irreversible organophosphate acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. It is a prodrug which is activated non-enzymatically into 2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate. Xylazine A non-opioid and clonidine analog with analgesic and muscle relaxant properties used as a tranquilizer used in veterinary medicine. Atipamezole For the reversal of the sedative and analgesic effects of dexmedetomidine and medetomidine in dogs. Ractopamine Not Annotated Romifidine Romifidine is a veterinary drug utilized as a sedative primarily in large animals, most frequently horses. It is also used less commonly in a wide variety of other animal species.... Zolazepam Zolazepam is a pyrazolodiazepinone derivative used as an anaesthetic in veterinary medicine. Zolazepam is typically used in combination with the NMDA antagonist tiletamine or the α2 adrenoceptor agonist xylazine. It... Detomidine Used as a large animal sedative, primarily in horses. Bicuculline Bicuculline is a light-sensitive competitive antagonist of GABAA receptors. It was originally identified in 1932 in plant alkaloid extracts and has been isolated from Dicentra cucullaria, Adlumia fungosa, Fumariaceae, and... Carbon monoxide A gas used as a marker of respiratory status in spirometry tests. Mosapride A prokinetic 5-HT4 receptor agonist used to stimulate gastric motility. Tropisetron A 5HT-3 receptor antagonist used as an antiemetic in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Lasmiditan An oral 5HT1F agonist used for the acute treatment of migraine headache with or without aura. Rilmenidine An I1-imidazoline receptor agonist used to treat hypertension. Talinolol Talinolol has been investigated for the basic science of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorder. Anisodamine Anisodamine has been investigated for the treatment of Intestinal Diseases. Lesogaberan Lesogaberan has been used in trials studying the treatment and basic science of GERD, Reflux, Heartburn, Regurgitation, and Reflux Disease, among others. Vestipitant Vestipitant has been investigated for the treatment of Tinnitus. Lemborexant A dual orexin antagonist indicated for the treatment of sleep-onset and/or sleep maintenance insomnia. Ozagrel Ozagrel has been used in trials studying the treatment of Dry Eye Syndromes. Ritobegron Ritobegron is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02256735 (Study to Investigate the Effect of KUC 7483 CL on the QT/QTc Interval of the ECG in Comparison to Placebo and Moxifloxacin... Naftopidil Naftopidil has been investigated for the treatment of Disorder of Urinary Stent. Tetrahydropalmatine Tetrahydropalmatine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02118610 (Treatment of Schizophrenia With L-tetrahydropalmatine (l-THP): a Novel Dopamine Antagonist With Anti-inflammatory and Antiprotozoal Activity). m-Chlorophenylpiperazine m-Chlorophenylpiperazine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Alcoholism. MK-212 MK-212 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Alcoholism. Sarpogrelate Sarpogrelate has been investigated for the treatment of Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Nephropathy, Coronary Artery Disease, and Renal Insufficiency, Chronic. Eplivanserin Eplivanserin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Sleep, Insomnia, Chronic Pain, Fibromyalgia, and Primary Insomnia, among others. Gepirone Gepirone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cocaine-Related Disorders. Ajulemic acid Ajulemic acid has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cystic Fibrosis, Dermatomyositis, and Diffuse Cutaneous Systemic Sclerosis. Landiolol An ultra short-acting selective beta-blocker used for rapid ventricular rate control in cases of supraventricular tachycardia. Bunazosin Bunazosin has been used in trials studying the treatment of High Blood Pressure. Tulobuterol An inhaled long-acting beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist used as a bronchodilator in the management of asthma and COPD. Ecopipam Ecopipam has been used in trials studying the treatment of Tourette's Syndrome, Lesch-Nyhan Disease, Pathological Gambling, and Self-injurious Behavior. Propiverine An antimuscarinic agent used to treat urinary incontinence or increased urinary frequency or urgency. Dopexamine Dopexamine has been used in trials studying the diagnostic and treatment of Free Flap, Oral Cancer, Hypotension, Septic Shock, and Head and Neck Cancer. Piclozotan Piclozotan has been investigated for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease. Vofopitant Vofopitant has been used in trials studying the treatment of PTSD, Primary Insomnia, and Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders. Muscimol Muscimol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Epilepsy and Parkinson's Disease. Ketanserin Ketanserin has been investigated for the treatment of Septic Shock, Severe Sepsis, and Diabetic Foot Ulcer. Piribedil A dopamine agonist used with or without levodopa in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Acotiamide Acotiamide has been used in trials studying the treatment of Dyspepsia and Functional Dyspepsia. Raclopride Raclopride has been used in trials studying Parkinson Disease. Toreforant Toreforant has been used in trials studying the treatment of Asthma, Psoriasis, Hepatic Impairment, and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Idazoxan Idazoxan has been used in trials studying the basic science of Molecular Imaging, Alzheimer Disease, and Major Depressive Disorder. JNJ-37822681 JNJ-37822681 has been used in trials studying the treatment of Schizophrenia. Indiplon Indiplon has been used in trials studying the treatment of Insomnia and Depression. Ibipinabant Ibipinabant has been used in trials studying the treatment of Obesity and Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes. Urapidil A combination adrenergic antagonist and serotonin agonist given orally for the treatment of essential hypertension and intravenously in hypertensive emergencies. Ritanserin Ritanserin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cocaine-Related Disorders. Perazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used in the acute and chronic treatment of psychotic disorders. Bucindolol Bucindolol has been investigated in Heart Failure. Lafutidine Lafutidine has been investigated in Peptic Ulcer, Community-acquired Pneumonia, and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Higenamine Higenamine is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01451229 (Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Higenamine in Chinese Healthy Subjects). Benserazide A medication used to treat Parkinson's disease, parkinsonism, and restless leg syndrome. Tandospirone Tandospirone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Schizophrenia. Reproterol A short-acting β2 adrenoreceptor agonist used to treat various types of asthma including allergic asthma, non-allergic asthma, and exercise-induced asthma. Benperidol A neuroleptic butyrophenone derivative indicated in the treatment of psychoses, manic episodes, and psychomotor agitation. Eliprodil Eliprodil has been used in trials studying the treatment of Parkinson Disease and Movement Disorders. Eltoprazine Eltoprazine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Schizophrenia and Cognitive Impairment. Lavoltidine Lavoltidine has been used in trials studying the diagnostic of Reflux, Gastroesophageal and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. Dihydrexidine Dihydrexidine has been used in trials studying the treatment of SPD, Cocaine-Related Disorders, and Schizotypal Personality Disorder. Opipramol A medication to treat general anxiety and somatoform disorders. 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine CPX has been used in trials studying the treatment of Cystic Fibrosis. Serlopitant Serlopitant has been investigated for the treatment of Prurigo Nodularis. Tiapride A dopamine D2 and D3 receptor antagonist indicated in the treatment of chorea in Huntington's disease, as well as agitation and anxiety in the elderly or with acute or chronic alcoholism. Methanesulfonyl Fluoride Methanesulfonyl Fluoride has been used in trials studying the treatment of Safety. Surinabant Surinabant has been investigated for the treatment of Smoking Cessation. Gacyclidine Gacyclidine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Tinnitus. Alaproclate Alaproclate was developed as one of the first selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants by Astra AB (now AstraZeneca) in the 1970s. Development was discontinued due to concerns over hepatotoxicity... Octopamine Octopamine is structurally similar to norepinephrine. It has been used as a nootropic, and therefore it and all of its enantiomer are prohibited by the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) as... Sultopride Sultopride is used in Japan, Hong Kong, and Europe to treat schizophrenia. It is of the drug class atypical antipsychotics . Atracurium A neuromuscular blocker indicated to relax muscles during mechanical ventilation under general anesthesia or intubation. Ibopamine A sympathomimetic, indicated in the induction of mydriasis and treatment of pos-surgical ocular hypotonia. Dihydroergocristine An ergot alkaloid used to delay progressive mental decline in conditions like Alzheimer's. Norfenefrine Not Annotated Dihydroergocryptine A dopamine agonist indicated in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases and atherosclerosis. Oxyfedrine Not Annotated Terguride Not Annotated Phenglutarimide Not Annotated Pentetrazol A cough suppressant. Medazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine used for its sedative and anxiolytic properties. Phenibut Not Annotated Deptropine Not Annotated Bamipine An H1 antihistamine used topically to relieve mild to moderate symptoms associated with insect bites. Paraoxon Not Annotated Otilonium A spasmolytic medication used to treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Emepronium Not Annotated Cloranolol Not Annotated Metergoline An ergot-derivative that acts as an antagonist at certain 5-HT receptor subtypes and as an agonist at dopamine receptors. It is often used in situations where inhibition of prolactin is desirable. Mepindolol Mepindolol is a 2-methyl derivative of pindolol. It is a beta blocker. Iprazochrome Not Annotated Trifluperidol Not Annotated Rimiterol Not Annotated Gallamine Not Annotated Naftidrofuryl A peripheral vasodilator indicated in the treatment of chronic venous ulcers. Bornaprine An anticholinergic drug indicated in the treatment of hyperhidrosis, dyskinesia, akathisia, parkinsonism, and Parkinson's disease. Methoxyphenamine Not Annotated Alcuronium A non-depolarizing skeletal muscle relaxant similar to tubocurarine. It is used as an anesthesia adjuvant. Dexchlorpheniramine A chlorpheniramine enantiomer antihistamine indicated in the treatment of sunburns, insect bites, and allergic reactions of the skin. Tretoquinol Not Annotated Distigmine A cholinesterase inhibitor indicated in the treatment of neurogenic bladder dysfunction or myasthenia gravis. Quifenadine Not Annotated Obidoxime Not Annotated Epanolol Epanolol is an beta blocker. Tertatolol Tertatolol is a beta blocker. Prenalterol Not Annotated Xamoterol Xamoterol is a β1-adrenoceptor partial agonist that has shown to improve systolic and diastolic function in studies with heart failure patients. It modulates the sympathetic control of the heart but... Penfluridol Not Annotated Caroverine A calcium channel blocker indicated in the treatment of smooth muscle spasms, alcohol and drug withdrawal, and tinnitus. Clopenthixol Clopenthixol is a thioxanthene with therapeutic actions similar to the phenothiazine antipsychotics. It is an antagonist at D1 and D2 dopamine receptors. Nordazepam A benzodiazepine indicated in the treatment of insomnia. Palmidrol A cannabinoid receptor-inactive eCB-related molecule used as prophylactic in helping to prevent respiratory viral infection. Palmidrol is available for human use as a supplement (400 mg capsules) and as food... Dextrorphan Not Annotated Pyrazolam Not Annotated Dexpramipexole Dexpramipexole is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01511029 (Study to Evaluate the QTC Interval in Healthy Volunteers Dosed With Dexpramipexole (QTC = Electrocardiogram (ECG) Interval Measured From the Onset of... Fallypride Fallypride is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02310360 (Striatal and Extra-striatal Dopamine Release in Response to Food in Healthy Humans). Posiphen Posiphen is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02925650 (Safety, Tolerability, PK and PD of Posiphen® in Subjects With Early Alzheimer's Disease). Xanomeline Xanomeline is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02831231 (Pilot Study Comparing Effects of Xanomeline Alone to Xanomeline Plus Trospium). ABP-700 ABP-700 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02800590 (Study to Investigate the Safety and Efficacy of 3 Dosing Regimens of ABP-700 for Procedural Sedation in Adult Participants Undergoing Colonoscopy). Carbaryl A medication used in shampoo to remove lice. Strychnine Not Annotated LY2828360 LY2828360 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01319929 (A Study of LY2828360 in Patients With Osteoarthritic Knee Pain). DAR-0100A DAR-0100A is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01466205 (Clinical Testing of a D1 Agonist for Cognitive Enhancement in Schizotypal Personality Disorder). Volinanserin Volinanserin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00464243 (Efficacy and Safety of Volinanserin on Sleep Maintenance Insomnia - Polysomnographic Study). Oleic monoethanolamide Not Available Dihydroergotoxine Not Annotated Amidephrine A sympathomimetic indicated in the treatment of acute, chronic, vasomotor, and allergic rhinitis. RP-67580 Not Annotated Azasetron Not Annotated F-15599 Not Annotated GBR-12783 A selective inhibitor of dopamine uptake. Homidium Homidium is a group II compound with trypanocidal effects. Spiperone Spiperone is a dopamine antagonist that binds dopamine and serotonin receptors. Dronabinol A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. PACAP38 Not Available Metenkefalin An investigational endogenous opioid being studied for the treatment of COVID-19. Namodenoson Namodenoson has been used in trials studying the treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C and Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
- Drugs & Drug Targets