Povidone

Identification

Name
Povidone
Accession Number
DB11061
Description

Providone, also known as polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) or polyvidone, is a synthetic water-soluble polymer made from the monomer N-vinylpyrrolidone that is used as a binder in many pharmaceutical tablets and lubricant in eye drops. It is also used in many technical applications with various roles as an adhesive, additive, and emulsifier. When in complex with iodine, Povidone-iodine displays antiseptic properties where the iodine, a bactericidal component, mainly contributes to this effect and povidone acts as a carrier 1. Povidone-iodine can be found in over-the-counter topical solutions, ointment, pessaries, liquid soaps and surgical scrubs. The clinical effectiveness of Povidone-iodine on wound healing remains somewhat controversial, as it was demonstrated in few clinical studies that application of the compound in wounds was associated with impaired wound healing, reduced wound strength, or infection in open wounds 1.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved
Synonyms
  • 1-ethenyl-2-pyrrolidinone homopolymer
  • 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone polymer
  • Polividone
  • Povidona
  • Povidone
  • Povidone, unspecified
  • Povidonum
External IDs
  • E-1201
  • Ins no.1201
  • INS-1201

Pharmacology

Indication

When in complex with iodine, indicated for inducing antisepsis for prevention of infection in minor cuts, scrapes, and burns.

Associated Conditions
Associated Therapies
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Learn about our commercial Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings data.
Learn More
Pharmacodynamics

Povidone itself has no microbicidal activity. Povidone-iodine exhibits rapid, potent, broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties 2. The clinical effectiveness of povidon-iodine on wound healing remains somewhat controversial; in few clinical studies investigating the effects of povidone-iodine on wound healing, topical administration of the complex was associated with no significant infections, but slower healing and mild to moderate discomfort on application 1.

Mechanism of action

Povidone-iodine is a water-soluble complex that mediates a bactericidal or virucidal action following the gradual liberation of free iodine from the complex at the application site to react with the pathogen 1. Please refer to the drug entry for Povidone-iodine for the full mechanism of action of the complex.

Absorption

This pharmacokinetic data does not apply to povidone.

Volume of distribution

This pharmacokinetic data does not apply to povidone.

Protein binding

This pharmacokinetic data does not apply to povidone.

Metabolism

This pharmacokinetic data does not apply to povidone.

Route of elimination

This pharmacokinetic data does not apply to povidone.

Half-life

This pharmacokinetic data does not apply to povidone.

Clearance

This pharmacokinetic data does not apply to povidone.

Adverse Effects
Learn about our commercial Adverse Effects data.
Learn More
Toxicity

Oral LD50 in mouse, rat, and rabbit are >40 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg, and 1040 mg/kg, respectively MSDS. No cases of overdose in humans have been reported.

Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
Not Available
Food Interactions
No interactions found.

Products

Purchasing individual compounds or compound libraries for your research?
Learn More
International/Other Brands
Vinisil
Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Moisture Eyes Lubricant Eye DropsSolution20 mg/1mLOphthalmicCostco Wholesale Company2020-06-26Not applicableUS flag
Soothe HydrationSolution12 mg/1mLOphthalmicBausch & Lomb Incorporated2011-05-02Not applicableUS flag
Soothe Hydration TherapySolution / dropsOphthalmicBausch & Lomb IncNot applicableNot applicableCanada flag
Soothe Long LastingSolution20 mg/1mLOphthalmicBauch & Lomb Incorporated2013-06-01Not applicableUS flag
Additional Data Available
  • Application Number
    Application Number
    Available for Purchase

    A unique ID assigned by the FDA when a product is submitted for approval by the labeller.

    Learn more
  • Product Code
    Product Code
    Available for Purchase

    A governmentally-recognized ID which uniquely identifies the product within its regulatory market.

    Learn more
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Advance Relief Eye DropsPovidone (1000 mg/100mL) + Dextran 70 (100 mg/100mL) + Polyethylene glycol 400 (1000 mg/100mL) + Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride (50 mg/100mL)Solution / dropsOphthalmicWinCo Foods, LLC2015-01-09Not applicableUS flag
Advanced ReliefPovidone (10 mg/1mL) + Dextran 70 (1 mg/1mL) + Polyethylene glycol 400 (10 mg/1mL) + Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride (0.5 mg/1mL)LiquidOphthalmicKareway Product, Inc.2018-05-30Not applicableUS flag
Advanced reliefPovidone (10 mg/1mL) + Dextran 70 (1 mg/1mL) + Polyethylene glycol 400 (10 mg/1mL) + Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride (0.5 mg/1mL)LiquidOphthalmicAmerican Sales Company2011-09-07Not applicableUS flag
Advanced reliefPovidone (10 mg/1mL) + Dextran 70 (1 mg/1mL) + Polyethylene glycol 400 (10 mg/1mL) + Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride (0.5 mg/1mL)LiquidOphthalmicSamchundang Pharm. Co., Ltd.2010-08-29Not applicableUS flag
Advanced Relief Eye DropsPovidone (1 %) + Dextran 70 (0.1 %) + Polyethylene glycol 400 (1 %) + Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride (0.05 %)SolutionOphthalmicKc Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Not applicableNot applicableCanada flag
Advanced Relief Eye DropsPovidone (1 %) + Dextran 70 (0.1 %) + Polyethylene glycol 400 (1 %) + Tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride (0.05 %)SolutionOphthalmicTEVA Canada Limited2010-08-30Not applicableCanada flag
Artifical TearsPovidone (0.06 g/1mL) + Polyvinyl alcohol (0.05 g/1mL)Solution / dropsOphthalmicmedsource pharmaceuticals2016-04-04Not applicableUS flag
Artificial TearsPovidone (6 mg/1mL) + Polyvinyl alcohol (5 mg/1mL)Solution / dropsOphthalmicKc Pharmaceuticals, Inc.2003-11-25Not applicableUS flag
Artificial TearsPovidone (0.6 g/100mL) + Polyvinyl alcohol (0.5 g/100mL)SolutionOphthalmicNucare Pharmaceuticals,inc.2020-01-02Not applicableUS flag
Artificial TearsPovidone (6 mg/1mL) + Polyvinyl alcohol (5 mg/1mL)Solution / dropsOphthalmicStrategic Sourcing Services LLC2012-03-012015-12-31US flag

Categories

Drug Categories
Classification
Not classified

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
FZ989GH94E
CAS number
9003-39-8

References

General References
  1. Kramer SA: Effect of povidone-iodine on wound healing: a review. J Vasc Nurs. 1999 Mar;17(1):17-23. [PubMed:10362983]
  2. Bigliardi PL, Alsagoff SAL, El-Kafrawi HY, Pyon JK, Wa CTC, Villa MA: Povidone iodine in wound healing: A review of current concepts and practices. Int J Surg. 2017 Aug;44:260-268. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2017.06.073. Epub 2017 Jun 23. [PubMed:28648795]
  3. DailyMed: Moisture Eyes Lubricant Eye Drops (povidone 2%) [Link]
  4. DailyMed: Murine Tears (polyvinyl alcohol/povidone) eye drops [Link]
KEGG Drug
D02295
KEGG Compound
C19509
PubChem Substance
347911100
RxNav
8610
Wikipedia
Polyvinylpyrrolidone
AHFS Codes
  • 52:13.00* — Artificial Tears
MSDS
Download (211 KB)

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
4CompletedPreventionPostpartum Endometritis1
4CompletedTreatmentDry Eye Syndromes / Dry Eyes1
4CompletedTreatmentDry Eyes1
4CompletedTreatmentHealthy Volunteers1
3CompletedTreatmentCognitive Dysfunctions1
3CompletedTreatmentConjunctivitis, Viral1
2CompletedTreatmentBacterial blepharitis1
2Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentInfections, Coronavirus / Novel Coronavirus Infectious Disease (COVID-19)1
2RecruitingTreatmentNovel Coronavirus Infectious Disease (COVID-19)1
1, 2Not Yet RecruitingTreatmentAdenoviral Keratoconjunctivitis1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
LiquidOphthalmic
Solution / dropsOphthalmic5.6 mg
Solution / dropsIntraocular
Solution / dropsOphthalmic
Solution / dropsOphthalmic1.4 %
Solution / dropsOphthalmic50 mg/mL
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic50 mg/ml
Solution / dropsOphthalmic20 mg/0.4ml
SolutionConjunctival; Ophthalmic2 mg
SolutionOphthalmic
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic10 ml
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic20 mg/ml
Solution / dropsOphthalmic20 mg/ml
Solution / dropsOphthalmic5.6 mg/0.4ml
SolutionOphthalmic12 mg/1mL
Solution / dropsOphthalmic
SolutionOphthalmic20 mg/1mL
SolutionConjunctival; Ophthalmic5 mg
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic2 %
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic12 mg
Solution / dropsOphthalmic5 %
SolutionTopical10 g
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point (°C)100MSDS
water solubilitySolubleMSDS
Predicted Properties
Not Available
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
Not Available

Drug created on December 03, 2015 09:51 / Updated on November 30, 2020 13:38

Logo pink
Combine AI with DrugBank’s data
to build predictive models.
Our clients have developed successful models for drug targets, side effects, toxicity, and drug-drug interactions. Learn More.