Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors
- Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors
- Accession Number
- DBCAT000403 (DBCAT004211)
Drugs and compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP2C19.
Drug Drug Description Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Ticlopidine A platelet aggregation inhibitor used in the prevention of conditions associated with thrombi, such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Efavirenz A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection or prevent the spread of HIV. Chloramphenicol A broad spectrum antibiotic that is effective against a variety of susceptible and serious bacterial infections but is not frequently used because of its high risk of bone marrow toxicity. Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Delavirdine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Gemfibrozil A lipid regulator that is used in the reduction of serum triglyceride levels in high-risk patients with hyperlipidemia. Stiripentol An anticonvulsant agent used with clobazam and valproate as an adjunct to treat refractory generalized tonic-clonic seizures in Dravet syndrome. Bortezomib A proteasome inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have not been successfully treated with at least two previous therapies. Pantoprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to treat erosive esophagitis, gastric acid hypersecretion, and to promote healing of tissue damage caused by gastric acid. Sertraline A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) indicated to treat major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder and many other psychiatric conditions. Moclobemide A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Nicardipine A calcium channel blocker used for the short-term treatment of hypertension and chronic stable angina. Modafinil A stimulant used to improve wakefulness in patients with sleep apnea, narcolepsy, or shift work disorder. Armodafinil A stimulant used to improve wakefulness in adult patients with excessive sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, or shift work disorder. Luliconazole A topical antifungal agent used to treat fungal infections. Eslicarbazepine acetate An anticonvulsant agent used as an adjunct to treat partial-onset seizures in patients with inadequate clinical response to conventional antiepileptic therapy. Abiraterone An antiandrogen used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Zucapsaicin A topical analgesic used as an adjunct to relieve severe pain of osteoarthritis of the knee in selected adult patients. Rucaparib An anti-cancer agent used to treat recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer. Manidipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension. Artenimol For the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection in adults, children, and infants aged 6 months and up weighing over 5 kg [FDA Label]. Used in combination with DB13941. Lopinavir An HIV-1 protease inhibitor used in combination with ritonavir to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Omeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to treat GERD associated conditions such as heartburn and gastric acid hypersecretion, and to promote healing of tissue damage and ulcers caused by gastric acid and H. pylori infection. Voriconazole A triazole compound used to treat fungal infections. Esomeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to treat GERD, reduce the risk of NSAID associated gastric ulcers, eradicate H. pylori, and to treat conditions causing gastric acid hypersecretion. Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Progesterone A hormone used for a variety of functions, including contraception, control of abnormal uterine bleeding, maintenance of pregnancy, and prevention of endometrial hyperplasia. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis. Clomipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component, such as depression, schizophrenia, and Tourette’s disorder. Warfarin A vitamin K antagonist used to treat venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, thromboembolism with atrial fibrillation, thromboembolism with cardiac valve replacement, and thromboembolic events post myocardial infarction. Rabeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Safinamide A MAO-B inhibitor used as an add-on treatment to levodopa/carbidopa for Parkinson's disease during "off" episodes. Lenvatinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of metastatic thyroid cancer, advanced renal cell carcinoma in combination with everolimus, and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Dovitinib Investigated for use/treatment in multiple myeloma and solid tumors. Oxcarbazepine An anti-epileptic used in the treatment of partial-onset seizures. Lansoprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Ethanol For therapeutic neurolysis of nerves or ganglia for the relief of intractable chronic pain in such conditions as inoperable cancer and trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux), in patients for whom neurosurgical... Ritonavir An HIV protease inhibitor used in combination with other antivirals in the treatment of HIV infection. Ketoconazole A broad spectrum antifungal used to treat seborrheic dermatitis and fungal skin infections. Nilvadipine A calcium channel blocker used to manage arterial hypertension. Oritavancin An antibacterial agent used to treat acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused by susceptible Gram-positive bacteria. Zonisamide A sulfonamide anticonvulsant used to treat partial seizures. Fluvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Etravirine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) used in the treatment of HIV-1 infections in combination with other antiretroviral agents. Citalopram A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used in the treatment of depression. Indomethacin A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) used for symptomatic management of chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions and to induce closure of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants. Nilutamide An antineoplastic hormone used to treat prostate cancer. Felbamate An anticonvulsant used to treat severe epilepsy. Troglitazone For the treatment of Type II diabetes mellitus. It is used alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea, metformin, or insulin as an adjunct to diet and exercise. Loratadine A second generation antihistamine used to manage the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Mephenytoin A phenylhydantoin used to treat refractory partial epilepsy. Tranylcypromine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Thalidomide A medication used to treat newly diagnosed multiple myeloma and erythema nodosum leprosum. Aminophenazone An analgesic drug used to treat acute migraine attacks in combination with ergotamine and caffeine. Quinine An alkaloid used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Antipyrine An antipyretic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of acute otitis media, most commonly in combination with benzocaine. Diazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. Cimetidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to manage GERD, peptic ulcer disease, and indigestion. Probenecid A medication used to treat gouty arthritis, tophaceous gout, and hyperuricemia. Carbamazepine An anticonvulsant used to treat various types of seizures and pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia. Isoniazid An antibiotic used to treat mycobacterial infections; most commonly use in combination with other antimycobacterial agents for the treatment of active or latent tuberculosis. Sitaxentan Investigated for use/treatment in pulmonary hypertension, connective tissue diseases, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. Clozapine An antipsychotic drug used in treatment resistant schizophrenia and to decrease suicide risk in schizophrenic patients. Sildenafil A phosphodiesterase inhibitor used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Aprepitant A substance P/neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist used to treat nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and surgery. Buprenorphine A partial opioid agonist used for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Dimethyl sulfoxide A reversible mitogen-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 (MEK1) and MEK2 inhibitor used to treat certain types of melanoma, metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, and locally advanced or metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer. Etoricoxib A selective COX-2 inhibitor used to relieve moderate post-surgical dental pain as a short-term treatment and inflammatory and painful symptoms of various forms of arthritis. Losartan An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension and diabetic nephropathy, and is used to reduce the risk of stroke. Memantine An NMDA receptor antagonist used to treat moderate to severe dementia in Alzheimer's. Olanzapine An antipsychotic drug used in the management of schizophrenia, bipolar 1 disorder, and agitation associated with these disorders. Phenelzine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat atypical, nonendogenous, or neurotic depression. Sulfanilamide A sulfonamide anti-infective used to treat vulvovaginal candidiasis caused by Candida albicans. Telmisartan An ARB used to treat hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, and congestive heart failure. Methimazole A thionamide antithyroid agent that inhibits the actions of thyroid peroxidase, leading to a reduction in thyroid hormone synthesis and amelioration of hyperthyroidism. Zafirlukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used for prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma. Sorafenib A kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of unresectable liver carcinoma and advanced renal carcinoma. Tipranavir A protease inhibitor used to treat HIV-1 resistant to more than 1 protease inhibitor. Bicalutamide An androgen receptor inhibitor used to treat Stage D2 metastatic carcinoma of the prostate. Clevidipine A dihydropyridine L-type calcium channel blocker used to lower blood pressure when oral antihypertensive therapy is not feasible or not desirable. Vismodegib A hedgehog pathway inhibitor used to treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma. Naloxegol A peripherally-selective opioid antagonist used to treat opioid-induced constipation (OIC) in adult patients with chronic non-cancer pain. Idelalisib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), relapsed follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (FL), and relapsed small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). Midostaurin An antineoplastic agent used to treat high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with specific mutations, aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), systemic mastocytosis with associated hematologic neoplasm (SM-AHN), or mast cell leukemia (MCL). Topiroxostat Indicated for the treatment of gout and hyperurcemia in Japan. Lobeglitazone Lobeglitazone was approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (South Korea) in 2013, and is being monitored by postmarketing surveillance until 2019. Lobeglitazone is not approved for use... Dosulepin A tricyclic antidepressant commonly used only in patients for whom alternative therapies are ineffective due to its toxicity potential. Benzbromarone A uricosuric agent which is taken daily for the prevention of gout flares. Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Piperaquine For the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection in adults, children, and infants aged 6 months and up weighing over 5 kg [FDA Label]. Used in combination with DB11638. Isavuconazole Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis [FDA Label]. Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of... Methsuximide A succinimide anticonvulsant that increases the seizure threshold. Primarily used for childhood absence seizures. Functions by suppressing paroxysmal spike-and-wave patterns associated with lapses of consciousness in absence seizures. Tioconazole An imidazole antifungal used to treat vulvovaginal candidiasis. Miconazole An azole antifungal with broad-spectrum activity used to treat fungal infections affecting the vagina, mouth and skin, including candidiasis. Amiodarone A class III antiarrhythmic indicated for the treatment of recurrent hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia and recurrent ventricular fibrillation. Atorvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Azelastine A histamine H1-receptor antagonist used intranasally to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis and in an ophthalmic solution to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Amprenavir A protease inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Gefitinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used as first-line therapy to treat non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) that meets certain genetic mutation criteria. Seproxetine Seproxetine is also known as (S)-norfluoxetine. It is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). It is an active metabolite of fluoxetine. Seproxetine was being investigated by Eli Lilly as an... Rifamycin An antibacterial used to treat traveler's diarrhea. Fluconazole A triazole antifungal used to treat various fungal infections including candidiasis. Triclabendazole An anthelmintic drug used to treat fascioliasis. Ethinylestradiol An estradiol used as a contraceptive. Lynestrenol A progestin used for contraception and in the treatment of menstrual disorders. Gestodene Gestodene is a progestogen hormonal contraceptive. Products containing gestoden include Meliane, which contains 20 mcg of ethinylestradiol and 75 mcg of gestodene; and Gynera, which contains 30 mcg of ethinylestradiol... Clinafloxacin Clinafloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibacterial currently under research. It has been proven to present good antibiotic properties. However, its approval and release have been halted due to the presence of... Dexlansoprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Alpelisib Alpelisib is indicated in combination with fulvestrant to treat postmenopausal women, and men, with advanced or metastatic breast cancer.[Label] This cancer must be hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor... Cisapride A medication used to treat heartburn associated with GERD. Avasimibe Investigated for use/treatment in peripheral vascular disease. Curcumin sulfate No approved therapeutic indications. Eslicarbazepine An antiepileptic indicated as a monotherapy or adjunct therapy in the treatment of epilepsy. Topiramate An anticonvulsant drug used in the control of epilepsy and in the prophylaxis and treatment of migraines. Fenofibrate A peroxisome proliferator receptor alpha activator used to lower LDL-C, total-C, triglycerides, and Apo B, while increasing HDL-C in hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. Elexacaftor A small molecule CFTR corrector used in combination with tezacaftor and ivacaftor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis patients with one F508del-CFTR mutation. Cenobamate A small molecule drug indicated to treat partial onset seizures in adults. Ubrogepant An oral CGRP antagonist used in the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura. Cyclosporine A steroid-sparing immunosuppressant used in organ and bone marrow transplants as well as inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and atopic dermatitis. Letrozole An aromatase inhibitor used to treat breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Osilodrostat An oral inhibitor of cortisol synthesis used to treat Cushing's disease by normalizing hypercortisolism. Methylene blue An oxidation-reduction agent used for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with acquired methemoglobinemia. Clascoterone An androgen receptor antagonist used for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older. Somapacitan A human growth hormone analog subcutaneous injection indicated for adults with growth hormone deficiency. Lonafarnib A potent farnesyl transferase inhibitor used to reduce mortality associated with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and other progeroid laminopathies. Tirbanibulin A tyrosine kinase and tubulin inhibitor used to treat actinic keratosis on the face or scalp. Dabrafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Menadione The primary known function of vitamin K is to assist in the normal clotting of blood, but it may also play a role in normal bone calcification. Duloxetine A serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, and stress incontinence. Somatotropin A recombinant human growth hormone used as replacement therapy in various conditions of growth failure, growth hormone deficiency, and weakness in children and adults. Rilpivirine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) used in combination with other antiretrovirals to specifically treat human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Ethambutol An antituberculosis agent used in the prophylaxis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Casimersen An antisense phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligonucleotide used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients with mutations amenable to exon 45 skipping. Regorafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Rotigotine A non-selective dopamine agonist used for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease and Restless Leg Syndrome. Tecovirimat An antiviral medication used to treat smallpox. Cannabidiol An active cannabinoid used as an adjunctive treatment for the management of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome and symptomatic relief of moderate to severe neuropathic pain or other painful conditions, like cancer. Brincidofovir An oral lipid prodrug of cidofovir used in the treatment of human smallpox disease. Elagolix A gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor antagonist used to treat moderate to severe pain in endometriosis.
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