Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 Substrates
- Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 Substrates
- Accession Number
Drug Drug Description Tramadol A centrally-acting opioid agonist and SNRI (serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) used for the management of moderate to severe pain in adults. Metoprolol A beta-blocker used in the treatment of hypertension and angina, and used to reduce mortality due to myocardial infarction. Venlafaxine A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of major depression. Atomoxetine A selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used in the management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Codeine An opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain when the use of an opioid is indicated. Timolol A non-selective beta adrenergic blocker used in the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure in ocular hypertension or open angle glaucoma. Mexiletine A class 1B antiarrhythmic agent used in the treatment of documented ventricular arrhythmias that warrant treatment. Duloxetine A serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, and stress incontinence. Oxycodone An opioid used in the management of moderate to severe pain. Haloperidol An antipsychotic agent used to treat schizophrenia and other psychoses, as well as symptoms of agitation, irritability, and delirium. Dextromethorphan An NMDA receptor antagonist used to treat cases of dry cough. Tamoxifen A selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer following surgery, or reduce the risk of breast cancer in high risk women. Thioridazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and generalized anxiety disorder. Paroxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, panic disorder, OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, the vasomotor symptoms of menopause, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Risperidone A second-generation antipsychotic medication used to treat a number of mental health disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar mania, psychosis, or as an adjunct in severe depression. Ondansetron A serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist used to prevent nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy and postoperatively. Carvedilol A non selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used to treat mild to severe chronic heart failure, hypertension, and left ventricular dysfunction following myocardial infarction in clinically stable patients. Doxepin A psychotropic agent used for the treatment of depression, anxiety, manic-depressive disorder, and insomnia. Desipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Flecainide A class Ic antiarrhythmic agent used to manage atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias (PSVT). Clomipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component, such as depression, schizophrenia, and Tourette’s disorder. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis. Propafenone A Class 1C antiarrhythmic agent used in the management of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation/flutter and ventricular arrhythmias. Aripiprazole An atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of a wide variety of mood and psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar I, major depressive disorder, irritability associated with autism, and Tourette's syndrome. Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Methadone An opioid analgesic indicated for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used to aid in detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Tafenoquine An antiparasitic agent used for the treatment and prevention of relapse of Vivax malaria. Nortriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Trimipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used to treat depression. Progesterone A hormone used for a variety of functions, including contraception, control of abnormal uterine bleeding, maintenance of pregnancy, and prevention of endometrial hyperplasia. Elagolix A gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor antagonist used to treat moderate to severe pain in endometriosis. Dosulepin A tricyclic antidepressant commonly used only in patients for whom alternative therapies are ineffective due to its toxicity potential. Acebutolol A selective β1-receptor antagonist used for the management of hypertension and ventricular premature beats in adults. Alprenolol For the treatment of hypertension, angina, and arrhythmia Anisodamine Anisodamine has been investigated for the treatment of Intestinal Diseases. Arotinolol Artinolol was introduced to be used as an antihypertensive agent since 1986. It has been studied for other functions like tremor control for patients with Parkinson disease and it is... Atenolol A synthetic beta-1 selective blocker used in the management of hypertension and chronic angina, and to reduce mortality in known or suspected myocardial infarction in hemodynamically stable patients. Befunolol Used in the management of open angle glaucoma. PMID: 12480285. Betaxolol A cardioselective beta blocking agent commonly used to treat hypertension and elevated intraocular pressure (when administered ophthalmically). Bevantolol For the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension. Bopindolol For the management of hypertension, edema, ventricular tachycardias, and atrial fibrillation. Bucindolol Bucindolol has been investigated in Heart Failure. Bufuralol Bufuralol is a new, non-selective -adrenoceptor blocking agent. Bupranolol Used to manage hypertension and tachycardia. Also used to treat glaucoma. Carteolol A beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat arrhythmia, angina, hypertension, and glaucoma. Celiprolol A beta-blocker for the management of hypertension and angina pectoris. Cloranolol Not Annotated Epanolol Epanolol is an beta blocker. Esatenolol Esatenolol is a beta blocker. Esmolol A cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocker used for the short-term control of ventricular rate and heart rate in various types of tachycardia, including perioperative tachycardia and hypertension. Indenolol Indenolol is a drug of the beta-adrenergic blocker class. Landiolol An ultra short-acting selective beta-blocker used for rapid ventricular rate control in cases of supraventricular tachycardia. Levobetaxolol Used in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension [FDA Label]. Levobunolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Mepindolol Mepindolol is a 2-methyl derivative of pindolol. It is a beta blocker. Metipranolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma. Nadolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and hypertension. Nebivolol A beta blocking agent used to treat hypertension and aid in the management of heart failure. Oxprenolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, and anxiety. Penbutolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of mild to moderate arterial hypertension, alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents. Pindolol A beta adrenoceptor antagonist used to treat hypertension, edema, ventricular tachycardias, and atrial fibrillation. Practolol Used in the emergency treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. Propranolol A non-selective beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, migraine, essential tremor, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, and pheochromocytoma. Sotalol A methane sulfonanilide beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and to maintain sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation or flutter. Talinolol Talinolol has been investigated for the basic science of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorder. Tertatolol Tertatolol is a beta blocker. Nifedipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker indicated for the management of several subtypes of angina pectoris, and hypertension. Vortioxetine An atypical antipsychotic and antidepressant indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Paliperidone An atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other schizoaffective or delusional disorders. Dapoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used in the treatment of premature ejaculation. Clozapine An antipsychotic drug used in treatment resistant schizophrenia and to decrease suicide risk in schizophrenic patients. Citalopram A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used in the treatment of depression. Escitalopram A selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and other select psychiatric disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Levomilnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). Nefazodone An antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Sertraline A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) indicated to treat major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder and many other psychiatric conditions. Trazodone A serotonin uptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Fusidic acid A topical antibacterial agent used to prevent and treat mild to moderate skin infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Galantamine A cholinesterase inhibitor used to manage mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzheimer's Disease. Ritonavir An HIV protease inhibitor used in combination with other antivirals in the treatment of HIV infection. Dasabuvir A direct-acting antiviral agent used to treat specific hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in combination with other antiviral agents. Buprenorphine A partial opioid agonist used for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Buspirone An anxiolytic agent used for short-term treatment of generalized anxiety and second-line treatment of depression. Bepridil For the treatment of hypertension, and chronic stable angina (classic effort-associated angina). Cinnarizine A drug used for the management of labyrinthine disorder symptoms, including vertigo, tinnitus, nystagmus, nausea, and vomiting. Flunarizine A selective calcium-entry blocker used as migraine prophylaxis in patients with severe and frequent episodes who have not responded adequately to more common treatments. Loperamide A long acting antidiarrheal used to control nonspecific diarrhea and chronic diarrhea caused by inflammatory bowel disease, or gastroenteritis. Fluvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Acetaminophen An analgesic drug used alone or in combination with opioids for pain management, and as an antipyretic agent. Propacetamol Propacetamol is a paracetamol prodrug of intravenous administration used to control fever and pain of perioperative period in multimodal analgesia therapy. Aripiprazole lauroxil An antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia in adults. Zuclopenthixol An antipsychotic indicated for the management of schizophrenia. The acuphase formulation is indicated for initial treatment of acute psychosis or exacerbation of psychosis, while the depot formulation is best for maintenance. Fesoterodine An antimuscarinic agent used in the treatment of overactive bladder with symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and frequency. Hydrocodone An opioid agonist used as an analgesic and antitussive agent. Pitolisant An antagonist and inverse agonist at the histamine H3 receptor that is used to treat narcolepsy in adults. Brexpiprazole A serotonin–dopamine activity modulator used in the treatment of major depressive disorder as an adjunct and schizophrenia. Eliglustat A glucosylceramide synthase used to treat type 1 Gaucher disease in patients who are CYP2D6 extensive, intermediate, or poor metabolizers, based on the FDA-approved test. Amphetamine A CNS stimulant and sympathomimetic agent indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Cevimeline A muscarinic agonist with parasympathomimetic activities that is used for the symptomatic treatment of dry mouth in patients with Sjögren's Syndrome. Lidocaine A local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures. Mirtazapine A tetracyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of major depression and is used off-label as a drug for insomnia and to increase appetite. Prochlorperazine A phenothiazine derivative used in the treatment of schizophrenia and anxiety and to relieve severe nausea and vomiting. Meperidine An opioid agonist with analgesic and sedative properties used to manage severe pain. Chlorpromazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat nausea, vomiting, preoperative anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe behavioral problems in children. Darifenacin An M3 muscarinic receptor blocker used to treat urinary incontinence. Clonidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines. Nicergoline An ergot derivative use for the treatment of symptoms associated with cerebrovascular abnormalities. Dolasetron An antinauseant and antiemetic used in chemotherapy and postoperatively. Minaprine For the treatment of depression Donepezil An acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used to treat the behavioral and cognitive effects of Alzheimer's Disease and other types of dementia. Perphenazine A phenothiazine used to treat schizophrenia as well as nausea and vomiting. Phenformin For the reatment of type II diabetes mellitus. Almotriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Maprotiline A tetracyclic antidepressant used to treat depressive illness, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and anxiety associated with depression. Formoterol An inhaled long-acting beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist used as a bronchodilator in the management of asthma and COPD. Procainamide A medication used to treat life threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Tolterodine A muscarinic receptor antagonist used to treat overactive bladder with urinary incontinence, urgency, and frequency. Promethazine A first-generation antihistamine used for the treatment of allergic conditions, nausea and vomiting, and motion sickness. Perhexiline For the management of severe angina pectoris. Chlorpheniramine A histamine-H1 receptor antagonist indicated for the management of symptoms associated with upper respiratory allergies. Encainide A voltage-gated sodium channel blocker used for management of atrial or ventricular fibrillation, atrial flutter, and ventricular tachycardia, that is no longer used due to proarrhythmic adverse effects. Moclobemide A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Arformoterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for long term, symptomatic treatment of reversible bronchoconstriction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Ethylmorphine An opioid analgesic and antitussive agent used to reduce coughs caused by colds and lung infections in combination with codeine. Tiotropium A long-acting bronchodilator used in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Diphenhydramine A H1 receptor antihistamine used in the treatment of seasonal allergies, and various allergic reactions including sneezing, runny nose, itchy/watery eyes, itching of nose or throat, pruritus, urticaria, insect bites/stings, and allergic rashes. Debrisoquine For the treatment of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the treatment of renal hypertension. Gefitinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used as first-line therapy to treat non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) that meets certain genetic mutation criteria. Terfenadine An antihistamine for the treatment of allergy symptoms. Diltiazem A calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension and to manage chronic stable angina. Chlorzoxazone A drug with muscle relaxant properties that is used as an adjunct to physical therapy and analgesics to treat stiffness and pain caused by a variety of musculoskeletal conditions. Loratadine A second generation antihistamine used to manage the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Quinine An alkaloid used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Mephenytoin A phenylhydantoin used to treat refractory partial epilepsy. Delavirdine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Mesoridazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia, organic brain disorders, alcoholism, and psychoneuroses. Azelastine A histamine H1-receptor antagonist used intranasally to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis and in an ophthalmic solution to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Mequitazine For the treatment of Hay fever, urticaria (hives) and allergic rhinitis Dexfenfluramine For the management of obesity including weight loss and maintenance of weight loss in patients on a reduced calorie diet Oxymorphone An opioid analgesic used in the management of moderate-to-severe pain and for analgesic therapies. Methotrimeprazine A phenothiazine used in the management of psychosis, particular those of schizophrenia, and manic phases of bipolar disorder. Dihydrocodeine An opioid analgesic agent used for the management of pain severe enough to require an opioid analgesic and for which alternative treatments are inadequate. Palonosetron A serotonin antagonist used in the prophylaxis or management of vomiting that results from emetogenic chemotherapy, and for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Sertindole An atypical antipsychotic indicated in the treatment of schizophrenia. Mianserin A tetracyclic antidepressant with therapeutic activity similar to amitriptyline used to treat depression and anxiety. Tesmilifene Intended for the treatment of various forms of cancer. Rotigotine A non-selective dopamine agonist used for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease and Restless Leg Syndrome. Lisuride For the management of Parkinson's Disease Imatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat a number of leukemias, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, systemic mastocytosis, hypereosinophilic syndrome, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Olanzapine An antipsychotic drug used in the management of schizophrenia, bipolar 1 disorder, and agitation associated with these disorders. Bortezomib A proteasome inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have not been successfully treated with at least two previous therapies. Trabectedin An alkylating agent approved for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma). 4-Methoxyamphetamine Not Available Phenacetin Used principally as an analgesic. Sparteine Sparteine is a plant alkaloid derived from Cytisus scoparius and Lupinus mutabilis which may chelate calcium and magnesium. It is a sodium channel blocker so it falls under the category... Ticlopidine A platelet aggregation inhibitor used in the prevention of conditions associated with thrombi, such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Amoxapine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of neurotic or reactive depressive disorders and endogenous or psychotic depression. Chloroquine An antimalarial drug used to treat susceptible infections with P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. falciparum. It is also used for second line treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Iloperidone An atypical antipsychotic agent used for the acute treatment of schizophrenia in adults. Metamfetamine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity. Pipotiazine An antipsychotic indicated for the management of chronic, non-agitated schizophrenic patients. Tamsulosin An alpha-1A and alpha-1B adrenergic receptor antagonist used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia, ureteral stones, prostatitis, and female voiding dysfunction. Tetrabenazine A vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT) inhibitor used for the management of chorea associated with Huntington's Disease. Tipranavir A protease inhibitor used to treat HIV-1 resistant to more than 1 protease inhibitor. Dronedarone An antiarrhythmic agent used in the reduce the risk of hospitalization in patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation. Aminophenazone An analgesic drug used to treat acute migraine attacks in combination with ergotamine and caffeine. Eletriptan A triptan used for the treatment of migraines. Zolpidem A sedative hypnotic used for the short-term treatment of insomnia to improve sleep latency. Sildenafil A phosphodiesterase inhibitor used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Amprenavir A protease inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Aprindine Aprindine is a cardiac depressant used in arrhythmias. Astemizole A second generation antihistamine used to treat allergy symptoms. Benzatropine An anticholinergic drug used to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) and extrapyramidal symptoms, except tardive dyskinesia. Bupivacaine A local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures. Caffeine A stimulant present in tea, coffee, cola beverages, analgesic drugs, and agents used to increase alertness. It is also used in to prevent and treat pulmonary complications of premature birth. Domperidone A dopamine receptor antagonist used as a peristaltic stimulant and anti-emetic agent for dyspepsia, indigestion, epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. Doxazosin An alpha-1 adrenergic receptor used to treat mild to moderate hypertension and urinary obstruction due to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Idarubicin An anthracycline antineoplastic agent used to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults. Methoxyflurane For use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia Nateglinide A meglitinide used to treat non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Nicotine A stimulatory alkaloid found in tobacco products that is often used for the relief of nicotine withdrawal symptoms and as an aid to smoking cessation. Pentamidine An antifungal agent used to treat Pneumocystis pneumonia in patients infected with HIV. Antipyrine An antipyretic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of acute otitis media, most commonly in combination with benzocaine. Piperazine A medication used to treat roundworm and pinworm. Quetiapine A psychotropic agent used for the management of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and major depressive disorder. Remoxipride An discontinued atypical antipsychotic selective for dopamine D2 receptors. Simvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction and stroke. Tegaserod A serotonin-4 (5-HT4) receptor agonist indicated for the treatment of constipation predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) specifically in women under the age of 65. There is currently no safety or efficacy data for use of tegaserol in men. Theophylline A xanthine used to manage the symptoms of asthma, COPD, and other lung conditions caused by reversible airflow obstruction. Yohimbine An alpha-2-adrenergic blocker and sympatholytic found in supplements used to. Erlotinib An EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat certain small cell lung cancers or advanced metastatic pancreatic cancers. Cilostazol An antiplatelet agent and vasodilator used for the symptomatic relief of intermittent claudication. Pazopanib An antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of advanced renal cell cancer and advanced soft tissue sarcoma in patients with prior chemotherapy. Vilazodone An antidepressant agent used for the treatment of major depressive disorder that targets the 5-HT transporter and 5-HT1A receptors. Repinotan Investigated for use/treatment in strokes, cerebral ischemia, and depression. Benzyl alcohol An antiparasitic agent used for the topical treatment of head lice infestation in patients 6 months of age and older. Clevidipine A dihydropyridine L-type calcium channel blocker used to lower blood pressure when oral antihypertensive therapy is not feasible or not desirable. Enclomiphene Not Annotated Tapentadol An opioid used to manage severe pain that has not responded to non-opioid medications, and for which opioid analgesic therapy is appropriate. Lorcaserin A serotonin 2C receptor agonist used in conjunction with physical activity and calorie restriction for weight loss in obese patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and above, and in overweight patients with weight-related comorbidities. Mirabegron A beta-3 adrenergic agonist used to treat overactive bladder and neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Ponatinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with various types of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Alogliptin A dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor used to treat hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Dapagliflozin A sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Netupitant An antiemetic agent used in combination with palonosetron to prevent acute and delayed vomiting and nausea caused by chemotherapy. Umeclidinium A long-acting muscarinic antagonist used as a long-term maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cariprazine An atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and acute manic or mixed episodes due to bipolar I disorder. Esmirtazapine Investigated for use/treatment in insomnia and sleep disorders. Ixazomib A monoclonal antibody used with other medications to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have received one other therapy already. Rucaparib An anti-cancer agent used to treat recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer. Dexchlorpheniramine maleate A first generation antihistamine used to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and mild urticaria and angioedema. Deutetrabenazine A vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor used for the symptomatic treatment of chorea in Huntington's disease and tardive dyskinesia. Vernakalant An antiarrhythmic medication used to treat patients with atrial fibrillation. Valbenazine A vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor used to treat tardive dyskinesia. Perospirone For the treatment of schizophrenia and acute cases of bipolar mania. Rupatadine A selective histamine H1 receptor antagonist and platelet activating factor (PAF) antagonist used to treat allergic rhinitis. Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Letermovir An antiviral medication used to treat CMV infections and disease in adult CMV-seropositive recipients of an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Opium A medication used to treat moderate to severe pain. Ibrutinib An antineoplastic agent used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia, mantle cell lymphoma, and Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia. Asunaprevir An NS3 protease inhibitor used to treat hepatitis C genotype 1b. Ipecac An emetic agent used to induce vomiting in poisoning. Lofexidine A centrally acting alpha2-adrenergic agonist used for the symptomatic treatment of acute opioid withdrawal syndrome to facilitate abrupt opioid discontinuation in adults. Lysergic acid diethylamide Debate continues over the nature and causes of chronic flashbacks. Explanations in terms of LSD physically remaining in the body for months or years after consumption have been discounted by... Encorafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat unresectable or metastatic melanoma with specific mutations. Pimozide An antipsychotic used to manage debilitating motor and phonic tics in patients with Tourette's Disorder. Lorpiprazole In 2016, lorpiprazole was classified in the "Chemical structure-related drug-like criteria of global approved drugs" as an antipsychotic and anxiolytic. An antipsychotic is a medication used to treat a state... Promazine A phenothiazine used to manage schizophrenia. Dextropropoxyphene An opioid analgesic used to treat mild to moderate pain. Epinastine An H1 receptor antagonist used to prevent itching in allergic conjunctivitis. Midomafetamine Clinical trials are now testing the therapeutic potential of MDMA for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety associated with terminal cancer. MDMA is one of the four most widely used... Dacomitinib A medication used to treat non small cell lung cancer with EGFR exon 19 deletion of exon 21 L858R substitution. Revefenacin An anticholinergic agent used to treat COPD. Lisdexamfetamine A central nervous system (CNS) stimulant used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and moderate to severe eating disorders. Ranolazine An anti-anginal drug used for the treatment of chronic angina. Triclabendazole An anthelmintic drug used to treat fascioliasis. Dextroamphetamine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Meclizine A histamine H1 antagonist used to treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness. Metoclopramide An antiemetic agent and dopamine D2 antagonist used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, prevention of nausea and vomiting, and to stimulate gastric emptying. Dexchlorpheniramine A chlorpheniramine enantiomer antihistamine indicated in the treatment of sunburns, insect bites, and allergic reactions of the skin. Solifenacin A muscarinic antagonist with antispasmodic properties used to treat urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and urinary frequency associated with an overactive bladder. Celecoxib An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute pain, menstrual symptoms, and to reduce polyps is familial adenomatous polyposis. Butyrfentanyl A methylated fentanyl analog with no clinical indications but is commonly used as a recreational drug. Cyclobenzaprine A skeletal muscle relaxant that works on the brainstem to treat muscle spasms of local origin. Selegiline A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder and Parkinson's. Midodrine An alpha-adrenergic agonist used to treat orthostatic hypotension. Istradefylline A selective adenoside A2A receptor antagonist indicated in adjunct to levodopa and carbidopa for the treatment of Parkinson's Disease. Labetalol An alpha and beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, and sympathetic overactivity syndrome. Nevirapine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used as part of a management regimen for HIV-1 virus infection. Oxamniquine For treatment of Schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni Ciclesonide A glucocorticoid used in the symptomatic relief of nasal symptoms associated with seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis in adults and adolescents. Bicifadine For the treatment of pain. Cannabidiol An active cannabinoid used as an adjunctive treatment for the management of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome and symptomatic relief of moderate to severe neuropathic pain or other painful conditions, like cancer. Azimilide Investigated for use/treatment in arrhythmia and atrial fibrillation. 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) is a tryptamine with psychedelic properties. It is found in a wide variety of plant species, and a single psychoactive toad species, the Colorado River toad. This drug,... Nabiximols In Canada, Sativex has received a Notice of Compliance (NOC) for use as an as adjunctive treatment for symptomatic relief of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have... Asenapine An atypical antipsychotic used to treat patients with bipolar I disorder and patients with schizophrenia. Upadacitinib An oral Janus kinase (JAK)1-selective inhibitor used in the treatment of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis in adult patients who did not respond well to methotrexate. Phenytoin An anticonvulsant drug used in the prophylaxis and control of various types of seizures. Umifenovir A dual direct-acting antiviral/host-targeting agent used in the treatment and prophylaxis of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Lopinavir An HIV-1 protease inhibitor used in combination with ritonavir to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Osilodrostat An oral inhibitor of cortisol synthesis used to treat Cushing's disease by normalizing hypercortisolism. Remdesivir A nucleoside analog used to treat RNA virus infections including COVID-19. Hydroxychloroquine An antimalarial medication used to treat uncomplicated cases of malaria and for chemoprophylaxis in specific regions. Also a disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) indicated for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus. Ripretinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Fenfluramine Fenfluramine is a phenethylamine that is structurally similar to serotonin. Due to its ability to increase extracellular serotonin levels, modulate serotonergic and other neurologic receptors, and control neurotransmission, it is effective in treating pharmacoresistant seizures. Oliceridine A biased opioid agonist indicated for the management of severe acute pain in adult patients. Through preferential activation of G-protein-coupled signalling pathways, oliceridine provides analgesic effect with a comparable or improved safety profile over conventional opioid agonists. Pralsetinib A RET receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of metastatic RET-driven non-small cell lung cancer. Pirfenidone An agent used for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Methylene blue An oxidation-reduction agent used for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with acquired methemoglobinemia. Benzocaine A topical local anesthetic used for the temporary relief of pain and itching associated with minor burns, sunburn, scrapes and insect bites or minor skin irritations. Pimavanserin A second generation atypical antipsychotic used for the treatment of hallucinations and delusions caused by Parkinson's Disease. Glycopyrronium An anticholinergic agent used to treat hyperhidrosis, severe drooling, COPD, used with other medications to treat ulcers, and used in anesthesia. Belumosudil An oral inhibitor of rho-associated coiled-coil-containing protein kinases (ROCK) used in the treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Fexinidazole An orally bioavailable 2-substituted 5-nitroimidazole used to treat early- and late-stage human African trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Ivermectin An anti parasite medication used to treat head lice, onchocerciasis, strongyloidiasis, ascariasis, trichuriasis, and enterobiasis.
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