Identification

Summary

Dichlorobenzyl alcohol is a medication used to treat a sore throat.

Generic Name
Dichlorobenzyl alcohol
DrugBank Accession Number
DB13269
Background

Dichlorobenzyl alcohol is a mild antiseptic with a broad spectrum for bacterial and virus associated with mouth and throat infections.3 Dichlorobenzyl alcohol is considered as an active ingredient found in several marketed OTC products by Health Canada which has categorized this agent as an anatomical therapeutic chemical.6 On the other hand, dichlorobenzyl alcohol is categorized by the FDA in the inactive ingredient for approved drug products.5

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 177.02
Monoisotopic: 175.9795702
Chemical Formula
C7H6Cl2O
Synonyms
  • 2,4-dichlorobenzenemethanol
  • 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol
  • Alcohol diclorobencílico
External IDs
  • NSC-15635

Pharmacology

Indication

Dichlorobenzyl alcohol in combination with Amylmetacresol is available in over-the-counter products used for symptomatic relief of acute sore throat and postoperative sore throat.1

Pharmacology
Reduce drug development failure rates
Build, train, & validate machine-learning models
with evidence-based and structured datasets.
See how
Build, train, & validate predictive machine-learning models with structured datasets.
See how
Associated Conditions
Associated Therapies
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events
Improve clinical decision support with information on contraindications & blackbox warnings, population restrictions, harmful risks, & more.
Learn more
Avoid life-threatening adverse drug events & improve clinical decision support.
Learn more
Pharmacodynamics

In vitro studies with the combination of dichlorobenzyl alcohol and amylmetacresol have shown a virucidal against a number of viruses associated with the common cold which is observed by a reduction in the viral load.2 In clinical trials, administration of dichlorobenzyl alcohol lozenges has been shown to generate a reduced throat soreness and to provide pain relief and relief from difficulty in swallowing 5 minutes after administration. This effect can last for even 2 hours.7 The relief effect was shown to reach a steady-state after 45 minutes.8

Mechanism of action

The use of dichlorobenzyl alcohol has been related to its antibacterial, antiviral and local anesthetic properties. The local anesthetic action of dichlorobenzyl alcohol is thought to be due to a reduced sodium channel blockade.2 The antiseptic mechanism of action of dichlorobenzyl alcohol is not fully understood but it is thought to be related to a denaturation of external proteins and rearrangement of the tertiary structure proteins.4

TargetActionsOrganism
ASodium channel protein
antagonist
Humans
Absorption

Dichlorobenzyl alcohol is released almost immediately from its formulation and reaches peak concentration after 3-4 minutes.8 The concentration in saliva after 120 minutes represents about 50% of the administered dose.9

Volume of distribution

This pharmacokinetic property has not been fully studied.

Protein binding

This pharmacokinetic property has not been fully studied.

Metabolism

Dichlorobenzyl alcohol is metabolized in the liver to form hippuric acid.10

Hover over products below to view reaction partners

Route of elimination

In preclinical trials, dermal administration of dichlorobenzyl alcohol results in renal elimination of 90% of the administered dose.8 After metabolism, dichlorobenzyl alcohol is excreted in the urine.10

Half-life

This pharmacokinetic property has not been fully studied.

Clearance

This pharmacokinetic property has not been fully studied.

Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
Improve decision support & research outcomes
With structured adverse effects data, including: blackbox warnings, adverse reactions, warning & precautions, & incidence rates.
Learn more
Improve decision support & research outcomes with our structured adverse effects data.
Learn more
Toxicity

Fertility and mutagenicity studies do not indicate any effect driven by dichlorobenzyl alcohol.7 Overdose studies indicate that in systemic overdose there might be a presence of a CNS transitory stimulation followed by CNS and cardiovascular. Chronic administration is not recommended as it might alter the normal microbial balance of the throat.9 depression In rats, the reported LD50 is of about 2.7 g/kg when administered orally.7

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
AbacavirAbacavir may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AceclofenacAceclofenac may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcemetacinAcemetacin may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcetaminophenAcetaminophen may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcetazolamideAcetazolamide may increase the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
Acetylsalicylic acidAcetylsalicylic acid may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AclidiniumAclidinium may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcrivastineAcrivastine may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcyclovirAcyclovir may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
Adefovir dipivoxilAdefovir dipivoxil may decrease the excretion rate of Dichlorobenzyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
Interactions
Identify potential medication risks
Easily compare up to 40 drugs with our drug interaction checker.
Get severity rating, description, and management advice.
Learn more
Food Interactions
No interactions found.

Products

Products2
Drug product information from 10+ global regions
Our datasets provide approved product information including:
dosage, form, labeller, route of administration, and marketing period.
Access now
Access drug product information from over 10 global regions.
Access now
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Antibacterial Throat LozengesDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg)LozengeOralQuimica Canada Limited2013-03-07Not applicableCanada flag
Benylin Antiseptic Throat LozengesDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg)LozengeOralMcneil Consumer Healthcare Division Of Johnson & Johnson IncNot applicableNot applicableCanada flag
BETADINE SORE THROAT LOZENGES HONEY & LEMONDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg)LozengeOralMundipharma Pharmaceuticals Sdn. Bhd.2020-09-08Not applicableMalaysia flag
BETADINE SORE THROAT LOZENGES MENTHOL & EUCALYPTUSDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg)LozengeOralMundipharma Pharmaceuticals Sdn. Bhd.2020-09-08Not applicableMalaysia flag
BETADINE SORE THROAT LOZENGES ORANGEDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg)LozengeOralMundipharma Pharmaceuticals Sdn. Bhd.2020-09-08Not applicableMalaysia flag
Cepacol Children's Fruity StrawberryDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg)LozengeOralRb Health (Canada) Inc.2013-08-15Not applicableCanada flag
Cepacol Children's Sweet Honey LemonDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg)LozengeOralReckitt Benckiser2013-08-152020-07-29Canada flag
Cepacol SensationsDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg)LozengeOralRb Health (Canada) Inc.2012-07-19Not applicableCanada flag
Cepacol Sensations Cool MintDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg) + Levomenthol (8 mg)LozengeOralRb Health (Canada) Inc.Not applicableNot applicableCanada flag
Cepacol Sensations CoolingDichlorobenzyl alcohol (1.2 mg) + Amylmetacresol (0.6 mg) + Levomenthol (8 mg)LozengeOralReckitt Benckiser2012-07-192017-11-24Canada flag

Categories

ATC Codes
R02AA03 — Dichlorobenzyl alcohol
Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dichlorobenzenes. These are compounds containing a benzene with exactly two chlorine atoms attached to it.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Benzenoids
Class
Benzene and substituted derivatives
Sub Class
Halobenzenes
Direct Parent
Dichlorobenzenes
Alternative Parents
Benzyl alcohols / Aryl chlorides / Primary alcohols / Organochlorides / Hydrocarbon derivatives / Aromatic alcohols
Substituents
1,3-dichlorobenzene / Alcohol / Aromatic alcohol / Aromatic homomonocyclic compound / Aryl chloride / Aryl halide / Benzyl alcohol / Hydrocarbon derivative / Organic oxygen compound / Organochloride
Molecular Framework
Aromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
benzyl alcohols, dichlorobenzene (CHEBI:48220)
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
1NKX3648J9
CAS number
1777-82-8
InChI Key
DBHODFSFBXJZNY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C7H6Cl2O/c8-6-2-1-5(4-10)7(9)3-6/h1-3,10H,4H2
IUPAC Name
(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methanol
SMILES
OCC1=C(Cl)C=C(Cl)C=C1

References

General References
  1. McNally D, Shephard A, Field E: Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of a single dose of an amylmetacresol/2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol plus lidocaine lozenge or a hexylresorcinol lozenge for the treatment of acute sore throat due to upper respiratory tract infection. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2012;15(2):281-94. [Article]
  2. Tan TW, Chen BC, Tan HL, Chang CM: Effectiveness of amylmetacresol and 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol throat lozenges in patients with acute sore throat due to upper respiratory tract infection: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2017 Apr;15(4):862-872. doi: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003034. [Article]
  3. Oxford JS, Lambkin R, Gibb I, Balasingam S, Chan C, Catchpole A: A throat lozenge containing amyl meta cresol and dichlorobenzyl alcohol has a direct virucidal effect on respiratory syncytial virus, influenza A and SARS-CoV. Antivir Chem Chemother. 2005;16(2):129-34. doi: 10.1177/095632020501600205. [Article]
  4. Morokutti-Kurz M, Graf C, Prieschl-Grassauer E: Amylmetacresol/2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol, hexylresorcinol, or carrageenan lozenges as active treatments for sore throat. Int J Gen Med. 2017 Feb 28;10:53-60. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S120665. eCollection 2017. [Article]
  5. FDA Inactive ingredient search [Link]
  6. Health Canada [Link]
  7. Strepsils [File]
  8. Netherlands Public Assessment Report [File]
  9. Product characteristics throat lonzenges [File]
  10. Strepsils + anaesthetic spray [File]
ChemSpider
14918
RxNav
22906
ChEBI
48220
ChEMBL
CHEMBL3184437
ZINC
ZINC000000157458
Wikipedia
2,4-Dichlorobenzyl_alcohol
MSDS
Download (56.3 KB)

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
TabletTransmucosal
PastilleOral
MouthwashOral28.8 MG/120ML
SprayOral0.6 %
Tablet, orally disintegratingOral
LozengeOral
TabletOral
LozengeOral1.2 mg
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point (°C)55-58 ºC'MSDS'
boiling point (°C)150 ºC'MSDS'
water solubilitySlightly SolubleNetherlands Public Assessment Report
logP2.36'MSDS'
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.38 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.51ALOGPS
logP2.41ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)14.68ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity42.48 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability16.26 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Targets

Drugtargets2
Build, predict & validate machine-learning models
Use our structured and evidence-based datasets to unlock new
insights and accelerate drug research.
Learn more
Use our structured and evidence-based datasets to unlock new insights and accelerate drug research.
Learn more
Kind
Protein group
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Antagonist
General Function
Voltage-gated sodium channel activity
Specific Function
Mediates the voltage-dependent sodium ion permeability of excitable membranes. Assuming opened or closed conformations in response to the voltage difference across the membrane, the protein forms a...

Components:
References
  1. Tan TW, Chen BC, Tan HL, Chang CM: Effectiveness of amylmetacresol and 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol throat lozenges in patients with acute sore throat due to upper respiratory tract infection: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2017 Apr;15(4):862-872. doi: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-003034. [Article]

Drug created at June 23, 2017 20:38 / Updated at January 09, 2021 18:41