Drugs that are Mainly Renally Excreted
- Drugs that are Mainly Renally Excreted
- Accession Number
Drug Drug Description Leuprolide A peptide-based GnRH receptor superagonist used for the palliative treatment of prostate cancer, uterine leiomyomata, endometriosis, and central precocious puberty. Goserelin A synthetic analog of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone used to treat breast cancer and prostate cancer by reducing secretion of gonadotropins from the pituitary. Salmon calcitonin A synthetic peptide form of calcitonin used to inhibit bone resorption in the treatment of hypercalcemia, osteoporosis, and Paget's disease. Desmopressin A synthetic analog of vasopressin used to reduce renal excretion of water in central diabetes insipidus and nocturia. Aldesleukin A recombinant analog of interleukin-2 used to induce an adaptive immune response in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma. Daptomycin A cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic used to treat complicated skin and skin structure infections by susceptible Gram-positive bacteria and bacteremia due to Staphylococcus aureus. Tositumomab A monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody used to treat B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma via a conjugated radioactive isotope. Cyanocobalamin A vitamin available in many formulations to correct vitamin B12 deficiency. Folic acid A nutrient used to treat megaloblastic anemia and is found in many supplements. Pyridoxine A vitamin used to correct vitamin B6 deficiency and to treat nausea during pregnancy. Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Baclofen A GABA-ergic agonist used to manage severe spasticity of cerebral or spinal origin in adult and pediatric patients. Amphetamine A CNS stimulant and sympathomimetic agent indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Cevimeline A muscarinic agonist with parasympathomimetic activities that is used for the symptomatic treatment of dry mouth in patients with Sjögren's Syndrome. Lorazepam A short-acting benzodiazepine commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, and seizures. Tramadol A centrally-acting opioid agonist and SNRI (serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) used for the management of moderate to severe pain in adults. Fluconazole A triazole antifungal used to treat various fungal infections including candidiasis. Oseltamivir A neuraminidase inhibitor used in the prophylaxis and treatment of influenza. Hydroxocobalamin A synthetic form of vitamin B12 used to treat vitamin B12 associated disorders and cyanide poisoning. Reserpine For the treatment of hypertension Ticlopidine A platelet aggregation inhibitor used in the prevention of conditions associated with thrombi, such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Pantoprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to treat erosive esophagitis, gastric acid hypersecretion, and to promote healing of tissue damage caused by gastric acid. Gadodiamide A gadolinium-based contrast agent used for the visualization of lesions with vascularity during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Pregabalin An anticonvulsant drug used to treat neuropathic pain conditions and fibromyalgia, and for the treatment of partial onset seizures in combination with other anticonvulsants. Temazepam A short-acting benzodiazepine commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, and insomnia. Milrinone A PDE-III inhibitor with inotropic, lusitropic, and vasodilatory properties used for the short-term treatment of acute decompensated heart failure. Butabarbital A barbiturate drug used as a sedative and hypnotic. Doxycycline A tetracycline antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. Carmustine An alkylating agent used in the treatment of various malignancies, including brain tumours and multiple myeloma, among others. Isradipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used for the treatment of hypertension. Diatrizoate An injected contrast agent used in radiology. Topiramate An anticonvulsant drug used in the control of epilepsy and in the prophylaxis and treatment of migraines. Disopyramide A class 1A antiarrhythmic agent used to treat life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Acarbose An alpha-glucosidase inhibitor used in adjunctly with diet and exercise for the management of glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Venlafaxine A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of major depression. Conjugated estrogens A mixture of estrogens used in estrogen replacement therapy for menopause and hypoestrogenism, used in the treatment of various malignancies, and used in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Bleomycin A chemotherapy agent used to treat various malignancies, including head and neck malignancy, lymphoma, and testicular tumors, among others. Etomidate A short-acting intravenous anesthetic indicated for the induction of anesthesia and supplementation of subpotent anesthesia during short operative procedures. Etonogestrel A long-acting synthetic derived progestin contraceptive used in various devices such as contraceptive rings and intradermal implants. Ropivacaine An analgesic drug used for local or regional anesthesia for surgery and short-term management of pain. Tenofovir disoproxil A nucleotide analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor used in the treatment of Hepatitis B infection and used in the management of HIV-1 infection. Ertapenem A carbapenem antibiotic used for the treatment of moderate to severe bacterial infections caused by specific sensitive organisms. Ibutilide A class III antiarrhythmic agent used to correct atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter, which can be considered as an alternative to cardioversion. Pentobarbital A barbiturate drug used to induce sleep, cause sedation, and control certain types of seizures. Capreomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used as an adjunct drug in tuberculosis. Acetaminophen An analgesic drug used alone or in combination with opioids for pain management, and as an antipyretic agent. Piperacillin A penicillin antibiotic combined with tazobactam to treat piperacillin-resistant, piperacillin/tazobactam susceptible, β-lactamase generating strains of several bacteria. Amitriptyline A tricyclic antidepressant indicated in the treatment of depressive illness, either endogenous or psychotic, and to relieve depression associated anxiety. Floxuridine An antimetabolite used as palliative management for liver metastases of gastrointestinal malignancy. Tolcapone A catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor used as adjunct therapy in the symptomatic management of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Nitroprusside A direct acting vasodilator used to treat hypertension, to induce controlled hypotension to reduce postoperative bleeding, and to manage acute heart failure. Ethambutol An antituberculosis agent used in the prophylaxis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Metformin A biguanide drug used in conjunction with diet and exercise for glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus and used off-label for insulin resistance in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methadone An opioid analgesic indicated for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used to aid in detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Pyrazinamide An antituberculosis agent used as a component of tuberculosis (TB) treatment. Clobazam A benzodiazepine used as adjunct treatment in seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Megestrol acetate A progestin that is administered orally to treat anorexia and cachexia or serious unexplained weight loss and is also used as an antineoplastic agent to treat certain types of malignancy. Aztreonam A beta-lactam antibiotic used to treat select aztreonam sensitive gram negative bacteria. Chlorzoxazone A drug with muscle relaxant properties that is used as an adjunct to physical therapy and analgesics to treat stiffness and pain caused by a variety of musculoskeletal conditions. Sulfadiazine A sulfonamide antibiotic used in a variety of infections, such as urinary tract infections, trachoma, and chancroid. Clozapine An antipsychotic drug used in treatment resistant schizophrenia and to decrease suicide risk in schizophrenic patients. Sucralfate A gastro-duodenal protective agent used in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers and to prevent duodenal ulcer recurrence. Thiethylperazine A drug used for the treatment of nausea and vomiting. Timolol A non-selective beta adrenergic blocker used in the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure in ocular hypertension or open angle glaucoma. Palonosetron A serotonin antagonist used in the prophylaxis or management of vomiting that results from emetogenic chemotherapy, and for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Dexrazoxane A cytoprotective drug used to prevent and improve cardiomyopathy associated with doxorubicin treatment for metastatic breast cancer. Digoxin A cardiac glycoside used in the treatment of mild to moderate heart failure and for ventricular response rate control in chronic atrial fibrillation. Sorafenib A kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of unresectable liver carcinoma and advanced renal carcinoma. Nisoldipine A calcium channel blocker used as monotherapy or combined with other drugs for the treatment of hypertension. Eszopiclone A sedative-hypnotic used in the treatment of insomnia, improving both the latency phase and the maintenance phase of sleep. Alprazolam A triazolobenzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders and generalized anxiety in addition to anxiety associated with depression. Rosiglitazone A thiazolidinedione indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to maintain glycemic control in type 2 diabetes. Pramipexole A non-ergot dopamine agonist used to treat the signs and symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease and Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS). Ampicillin A penicillin derivative used for the treatment of a variety of infections caused by gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria as well as some anaerobes. Secobarbital A barbiturate used for the short-term treatment of insomnia. Trifluridine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used to treat keratoconjunctivitis and epithelial keratitis caused by simplex virus, and as a part of chemotherapy for certain types of metastatic gastrointestinal cancers. Nitric Oxide A vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates. Ceftazidime An injected broad-spectrum third-generation cephalosporin beta-lactam antibiotic used to treat or prevent a variety of bacterial infections, including pneumonia, gynecological infections, bone and joint infections, and septicemia, among others. Trimethoprim An antifolate antibiotic often used in combination with sulfamethoxazole to treat a number of infections, including those of the urinary tract, respiratory tract, and gastrointestinal tract. Gemcitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used as adjunct therapy in the treatment of certain types of ovarian cancer, non-small cell lung carcinoma, metastatic breast cancer, and as a single agent for pancreatic cancer. Meperidine An opioid agonist with analgesic and sedative properties used to manage severe pain. Imipramine A tricyclic antidepressant indicated for the treatment of depression and to reduce childhood enuresis. Duloxetine A serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, and stress incontinence. Chlorpromazine A phenothiazine antipsychotic used to treat nausea, vomiting, preoperative anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and severe behavioral problems in children. Lenalidomide A thalidomide derivative used to treat multiple myeloma and anemia in low to intermediate risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Buspirone An anxiolytic agent used for short-term treatment of generalized anxiety and second-line treatment of depression. Fosinopril An ACE inhibitor used to treat mild to moderate hypertension, congestive heart failure, and to slow the progression of renal disease in hypertensive diabetics. Flutamide An antiandrogen used for locally confined stage B2-C and D-2 metastatic prostate carcinoma. Cimetidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to manage GERD, peptic ulcer disease, and indigestion. Haloperidol An antipsychotic agent used to treat schizophrenia and other psychoses, as well as symptoms of agitation, irritability, and delirium. Vancomycin A glycopeptide antibiotic used to treat severe but susceptible bacterial infections such as MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) infections. Metolazone A thiazide-like diuretic used to treat hypertension. Ciprofloxacin A second generation fluoroquinolone used to treat various susceptible bacterial infections. Azelaic acid A saturated dicarboxylic acid used to treat mild to moderate acne vulgaris. Pentostatin An adenosine deaminase inhibitor used to treat hairy cell leukemia. Methoxsalen A furocoumarin used to treat psoriasis and vitiligo. Piroxicam An NSAID used to treat the symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Lamotrigine A phenyltriazine antiepileptic used to treat some types of epilepsy and bipolar I disorder. Zanamivir A neuraminidase inhibitor used to treat influenza A and B. Methotrexate An antineoplastic agent used the treatment of a wide variety of cancers as well as severe psoriasis, severe rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Carbamazepine An anticonvulsant used to treat various types of seizures and pain resulting from trigeminal neuralgia. Cephalexin A first generation cephalosporin used to treat certain susceptible bacterial infections. Fondaparinux An anticoagulant used to prevent venous thromboembolism, to treat deep vein thrombosis, and to improve survival following myocardial infarction. Propranolol A non-selective beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, migraine, essential tremor, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, and pheochromocytoma. Valaciclovir An guanine nucleoside antiviral used to treat herpes exacerbations. Levocarnitine A quaternary ammonium compound used to treat carnitine deficiency or to stimulate gastric and pancreatic secretions in hyperlipoproteinemia. Gadoteridol A medication used to improve the contrast of MRI scans for better visualization. Medroxyprogesterone acetate A progestin used as a contraceptive and in the treatment of secondary amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, pain from endometriosis, endometrial and renal carcinomas, paraphilia in males, and GnRH-dependent precocious puberty. Chloroquine An antimalarial drug used to treat susceptible infections with P. vivax, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. falciparum. It is also used for second line treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Bisoprolol A beta-1 adrenergic blocking agent used to prevent myocardial infarction and heart failure and to treat mild to moderate hypertension. Testosterone A hormone used to treat hypogonadism, breast carcinoma in women, or the vasomotor symptoms of menopause. Clorazepic acid A benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety, partial seizures, and alcohol withdrawal. Clofarabine A purine nucleoside used to treat relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia in patients 1 to 21 years old. Dexmedetomidine An alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures. Prednisone A corticosteroid used to treat inflammation or immune-mediated reactions and to treat endocrine or neoplastic diseases. Pemetrexed A folate analog used to treat mesothelioma and non-small cell lung cancer. Dyphylline A theophylline derivative used to treat asthma, bronchospasm, and COPD. Metaxalone A muscle relaxant used to treat muscle pain or spasm. Verapamil A non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of angina, arrhythmia, and hypertension. Chlorpropamide A sulfonylurea used in the treatment of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Warfarin A vitamin K antagonist used to treat venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, thromboembolism with atrial fibrillation, thromboembolism with cardiac valve replacement, and thromboembolic events post myocardial infarction. Midazolam A short-acting injectable benzodiazepine with rapid onset that is commonly used in seizures, anesthesia and anxiety disorders. Mycophenolate mofetil An inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor used to prevent the rejection of kidney, heart, or liver transplants. Flurazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with a rapid onset of action that is commonly used to treat insomnia. Furosemide A loop diuretic used to treat hypertension and edema in congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis, renal disease, and hypertension. Tamsulosin An alpha-1A and alpha-1B adrenergic receptor antagonist used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia, ureteral stones, prostatitis, and female voiding dysfunction. Lamivudine A reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV and hepatitis B infections. Flurbiprofen An NSAID used to treat the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Oxacillin A penicillin antibiotic used to treat a number of susceptible bacterial infections. Nedocromil A pyrano quinoline used to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Lisinopril An ACE inhibitor used to treat hypertension, heart failure, and acute myocardial infarction. Thiabendazole A benzimidazole used in the treatment of strongyloides, cutaneous larva migrans, visceral larva migrans, and trichinosis infections. Nateglinide A meglitinide used to treat non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Pralidoxime A cholinesterase reactivator used to treat organophosphate poisoning. Mannitol A sugar alcohol used to test for asthma, to reduce intracranial and intraocular pressure, to measure glomerular filtration rate, and to manage pulmonary symptoms associated with cystic fibrosis. Gadobenic acid A gadolinium compound used as a contrast agent in MRIs. Etodolac An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as acute pain. Meropenem A carbapenem antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Potassium chloride A potassium salt used to treat hypokalemia. Methimazole A thionamide antithyroid agent that inhibits the actions of thyroid peroxidase, leading to a reduction in thyroid hormone synthesis and amelioration of hyperthyroidism. Tirofiban A platelet aggregation inhibitor used to prevent thrombotic events in non-ST elevated acute coronary syndrome. Phenelzine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat atypical, nonendogenous, or neurotic depression. Propantheline An antimuscarinic agent used to treat urinary incontinence, hyperhidrosis, as well as cramps and spasms of the stomach, intestines, and bladder. Estradiol An estrogenic steroid used to treat vasomotor symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy in menopause, hypoestrogenism, prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment of breast cancer, and advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate. Gadopentetic acid A gadolinium compound used as a contrast agent in MRIs. Fenoldopam A dopamine D1 receptor agonist used for the short term management of hypertension. Dicyclomine An antimuscarinic agent used to treat IBS. Pentoxifylline A methylxanthine derivative used to treat intermittent claudication caused by chronic occlusive arterial disease of the limbs. Ribavirin A guanosine nucleoside used to treat some forms of Hepatitis C. Fentanyl An opioid analgesic used in anesthesia, for breakthrough cancer pain, or round the clock pain management. Tadalafil A phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor used to treat erectile dysfunction, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Diazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. Cefaclor A second generation cephalosporin used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Tolazamide A sulfonylurea used in the treatment of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Dobutamine A beta-1 agonist used to treat cardiac decompensation in patients with organic heart disease or from cardiac surgery. Oxazepam An intermediate-acting benzodiazepine with slow onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawals, and insomnia. Temozolomide An alkylating agent used to treat glioblastoma multiforme and refractory anaplastic astrocytoma. Diflunisal An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain, inflammation, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Ranitidine A histamine H2 antagonist used to treat duodenal ulcers, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, gastric ulcers, GERD, and erosive esophagitis. Dorzolamide A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used to treat high intraocular pressure in ocular hypertension and open angle glaucoma. Terbutaline A beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and to prevent premature labor. Bumetanide A sulfamyl diuretic used to treat edema in congestive heart failure, hepatic and renal disease, and nephrotic syndrome. Testolactone A medication used to treat advanced breast cancer. Triazolam A benzodiazepine used for short term treatment of insomnia. Didanosine A reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV. Bimatoprost A prostaglandin analog used to treat hypotrichosis of the eyelashes and intraocular pressure in open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Zonisamide A sulfonamide anticonvulsant used to treat partial seizures. Tinidazole A nitroimidazole used to treat trichomoniasis, giardiasis, amebiasis, and bacterial vaginosis. Amantadine A medication used to treat dyskinesia in Parkinson's patients receiving levodopa, as well as extrapyramidal side effects of medications. Almotriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Azacitidine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat certain subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome. Maprotiline A tetracyclic antidepressant used to treat depressive illness, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and anxiety associated with depression. Meclofenamic acid An NSAID used to treat mild to moderate pain, primary dysmenorrhea, heavy menstrual blood loss, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis. Isoniazid An antibiotic used to treat mycobacterial infections; most commonly use in combination with other antimycobacterial agents for the treatment of active or latent tuberculosis. Rizatriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Carboplatin A alkylating agent used to treat advanced ovarian cancer. Pindolol A beta adrenoceptor antagonist used to treat hypertension, edema, ventricular tachycardias, and atrial fibrillation. Mepivacaine A local anesthetic used for local or regional analgesia or anesthesia. Zaleplon A sedative used for short term treatment of insomnia in adults. Methyldopa A centrally-acting alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to manage hypertension alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide, and to treat hypertensive crises. Ramelteon A melatonin receptor agonist used to treat insomnia. Isotretinoin A retinoid used to treat severe recalcitrant acne. Dopamine A catecholamine neurotransmitter used to treat hemodynamic imbalances, poor perfusion of vital organs, low cardiac output, and hypotension. Oxaprozin An NSAID used to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Auranofin An antirheumatic used to treat active, progressive, or destructive forms of inflammatory arthritis. Salbutamol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat asthma, bronchitis, COPD, as well as prevent exercise induced bronchospasms. Levobupivacaine A drug used for nerve block and anesthesia. Ketoprofen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, dysmenorrhea, mild to moderate muscle pain, postoperative pain, and postpartum pain. Edrophonium A cholinesterase inhibitor used to diagnose and evaluate myasthenia gravis. Metyrapone A steroid 11-beta-monooxygenase inhibitor used to test hypothalamic-pituitary ACTH function. Guanfacine An alpha-2A adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat ADHD. Isosorbide mononitrate A nitrate used to prevent and treat angina and to treat angina caused by coronary artery disease. Topotecan An antineoplastic agent used to treat ovarian cancer, small cell lung cancer, or cervical cancer. Probenecid A medication used to treat gouty arthritis, tophaceous gout, and hyperuricemia. Procainamide A medication used to treat life threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Tolterodine A muscarinic receptor antagonist used to treat overactive bladder with urinary incontinence, urgency, and frequency. Fenofibrate A peroxisome proliferator receptor alpha activator used to lower LDL-C, total-C, triglycerides, and Apo B, while increasing HDL-C in hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. Memantine An NMDA receptor antagonist used to treat moderate to severe dementia in Alzheimer's. Lubiprostone A prostaglandin derivative used to treat constipation caused by irritable bowel syndrome and opioid-use. Abacavir An antiviral nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Ibuprofen An NSAID and non-selective COX inhibitor used to treat mild-moderate pain, fever, and inflammation. Amoxicillin A penicillin derivative used for the treatment of infections caused by gram-positive bacteria, in particular streptococcal bacteria causing upper respiratory tract infections. Glipizide A sulfonylurea medication used in Type 2 Diabetes to sensitize pancreatic beta cells and stimulate insulin release. Promethazine A first-generation antihistamine used for the treatment of allergic conditions, nausea and vomiting, and motion sickness. Capecitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated to treat colon, colorectal and breast cancer. Sibutramine A norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine reuptake inhibitor indicated to assist with weight loss in obesity. Nifedipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker indicated for the management of several subtypes of angina pectoris, and hypertension. Tolbutamide A sulfonylurea used to treat hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Rabeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Tiludronic acid A bisphosphonate used for the treatment of Paget's disease of bone. Levofloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria of the upper respiratory tract, skin and skin structures, urinary tract, and prostate, as well as for post-exposure treatment of inhaled anthrax and the plague. Cefadroxil A cephalosporin antibiotic used in the treatment of various bacterial infections, such as urinary tract infections, skin and skin structure infections, and tonsillitis. Flavoxate A muscarinic antagonist and spasmolytic used for the symptomatic relief of conditions associated with lack of muscle control in the bladder, such as dysuria, urgency, and nocturia. Desipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Bupropion A norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitor used in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), seasonal affective disorder (SAD), and as an aid to smoking cessation. Cilostazol An antiplatelet agent and vasodilator used for the symptomatic relief of intermittent claudication. Arsenic trioxide A chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of refractory or relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia in patients with prior retinoid and anthracycline chemotherapy. Guanethidine An antihypertensive agent used in the management of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the management of renal hypertension. Ifosfamide An alkylating and immunosuppressive agent used in chemotherapy for the treatment of cancers, including testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, osteocarcinoma, bladder cancer, small cell lung cancer, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Naloxone An opioid receptor antagonist used to rapidly reverse an opioid overdose. Also included in some drug formulations as an abuse deterrent to prevent injection. Nadolol A non-selective beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of arrhythmias, angina pectoris, and hypertension. Flumazenil A benzodiazepine antagonist that is used for the complete or partial reversal of the sedative effects caused by benzodiazepines in various clinical settings, such as induced general anesthesia for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Ceftriaxone A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic used for the treatment of bacterial infections in various locations, such as in the respiratory tract, skin, soft tissue, and urinary tract. Fomepizole An inhibitor of alcohol dehydrogenase used as an antidote in confirmed or suspected methanol or ethylene glycol poisoning. Estazolam A benzodiazepine used for the short-term management of insomnia. Ketamine A rapid-acting general anesthetic and NMDA receptor antagonist used for induction of anesthesia diagnostic and surgical procedures typically in combination with a muscle relaxant. Budesonide A corticosteroid used to treat Crohn's disease, asthma, COPD, hay fever and allergies, and ulcerative colitis. Quetiapine A psychotropic agent used for the management of bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and major depressive disorder. Metoclopramide An antiemetic agent and dopamine D2 antagonist used in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, prevention of nausea and vomiting, and to stimulate gastric emptying. Epoprostenol A vasodilator and platelet aggregation inhibitor used for the management of primary pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary hypertension in patients with heart failure. Gemfibrozil A lipid regulator that is used in the reduction of serum triglyceride levels in high-risk patients with hyperlipidemia. Clomipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component, such as depression, schizophrenia, and Tourette’s disorder. Iodixanol A contrast agent used during coronary angiography, particularly in patients with renal dysfunction. Sitagliptin An oral dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor used for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Paliperidone An atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other schizoaffective or delusional disorders. Varenicline A partial agonist at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors used as an aid in smoking cessation. Arformoterol A beta-2 adrenergic agonist and bronchodilator used for long term, symptomatic treatment of reversible bronchoconstriction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Hydralazine An antihypertensive agent used for the management of essential hypertension or severe hypertension associated with conditions requiring immediate action, heart failure, and pre-eclampsia or eclampsia . Cefotetan An antibiotic medication used for the prophylaxis and treatment of various bacterial infections, including urinary tract infections, bone and joint infection, and lower respiratory tract infections. Cefradine A first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic used in the treatment of bacterial infections of the respiratory and urinary tracts and of the skin and soft tissues. Potassium cation Potassium is used to regulate hypokalemia as a primary condition or secondary to other medical conditions. Penbutolol A beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the management of mild to moderate arterial hypertension, alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents. Rasagiline An irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase used for the symptomatic management of idiopathic Parkinson's disease as initial monotherapy and as adjunct therapy to levodopa. Colchicine An alkaloid used in the symptomatic relief of pain in attacks of gout and to treat the inflammatory symptoms of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). Tiotropium A long-acting bronchodilator used in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Ceftibuten A third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic commonly used in the treatment of acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis (ABECB), acute bacterial otitis media, pharyngitis, and tonsillitis. Testosterone propionate A slow-release anabolic steroid no longer used commonly for the treatment of androgen deficiency or promotion of anabolic effects on muscles. Amrinone A positive inotropic agent and phosphodiesterase inhibitor used in the management of treatment of congestive heart failure. Oxybenzone A sunscreen agent found in sunscreens that absorbs UV rays. Fenproporex Fenproporex is used as an appetite suppressant, and anti-obesity agent ; however, due to substance abuse potential, it is an illicit substance in many countries. In some countries, such as... Bromazepam A short-acting benzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders and severe anxiety. Chloral hydrate A mild hypnotic used for experimental purposes that was previously used for the treatment of insomnia. Metamfetamine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and exogenous obesity. Ketazolam A long-acting benzodiazepine used to manage anxiety and insomnia. Sorbitol A product that can be used as a laxative to relieve constipation, and also as a urologic irrigating fluid. May also be used as a pharmaceutical sweetener. Roflumilast A selective phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor indicated to decrease the risk of exacerbations in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associated with a history of exacerbations and chronic bronchitis. Topiroxostat Indicated for the treatment of gout and hyperurcemia in Japan. Estrone sulfate An estrogen used as monotherapy or in several combination hormone replacement products for managing menopause symptoms and hormone disorders. Lorcaserin A serotonin 2C receptor agonist used in conjunction with physical activity and calorie restriction for weight loss in obese patients with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 and above, and in overweight patients with weight-related comorbidities. Bepotastine An ophthalmic H1 antagonist used to treat itchiness associated with allergic conjunctivitis. Pegaptanib A selective vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antagonist used for the treatment of neovascular (wet) age-related macular degeneration. Milnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of fibromyalgia and a short-term treatment of major depressive disorder. Clevidipine A dihydropyridine L-type calcium channel blocker used to lower blood pressure when oral antihypertensive therapy is not feasible or not desirable. Permethrin An insecticide used to prevent infestation with Sarcoptes scabiei (scabies). Lofexidine A centrally acting alpha2-adrenergic agonist used for the symptomatic treatment of acute opioid withdrawal syndrome to facilitate abrupt opioid discontinuation in adults. Ezogabine An antiepileptic agent used as an adjuvant treatment of partial-onset seizures. Migalastat An alpha-galactosidase A chaperone used for the treatment of Fabry disease in patients with an amenable galactosidase alpha gene (GLA) variant. Brivaracetam An anticonvulsant used for the treatment of partial-onset seizures that functions by binding to synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A (SV2A) in the brain. Apremilast A non-steroidal medication used for the treatment of inflammatory conditions such as psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate Used for the treatment of angina pectoris . Ipilimumab A human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) blocking antibody used to treat metastatic or unresectable melanoma. Icatibant A bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist used to treat acute episodes of swelling and inflammation associated with hereditary angioedema (HAE). Alogliptin A dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor used to treat hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Prasugrel A P2Y12 platelet inhibitor used to reduce risk of thrombotic cardiovascular events in unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and in patients with STEMI when managed with either primary or delayed PCI. Doripenem An antibiotic of the penem class used to treat complicated intra-abdominal and urinary tract infections. Rivaroxaban A factor Xa inhibitor used to treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). May also be used as thrombosis prophylaxis in specific situations. Nalmefene An opioid antagonist used in conjunction with psychosocial support to help adults with alcohol dependence reduce alcohol consumption. Droxidopa A medication used to treat symptomatic neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) caused by dopamine beta-hydroxylase deficiency, non-diabetic autonomic neuropathy and primary autonomic failure caused by conditions such as Parkinson's disease. Levocetirizine An H1-receptor antagonist used to treat symptoms associated with chronic allergic rhinitis and uncomplicated cases of chronic idiopathic urticaria. Saxagliptin An DPP-4 inhibitor used for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Telavancin An antibacterial agent used in the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections and types of hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Flupirtine Investigated for use/treatment in fibromyalgia. Dalfampridine A potassium channel blocker used for the improvement of motor function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Dabigatran etexilate An anticoagulant used for the prevention of venous thromboembolic events or stroke in patients with recent elective hip or knee replacement surgery and atrial fibrillation. Desvenlafaxine An antidepressant agent and SNRI used for the treatment of major depressive disorders in adults. Fesoterodine An antimuscarinic agent used in the treatment of overactive bladder with symptoms of urge urinary incontinence, urgency, and frequency. Gadofosveset trisodium An intravenous contrast agent used during magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) to evaluate aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) in adults with peripheral vascular disease. Methyltestosterone A synthetic anabolic steroid used for the replacement therapy in conditions associated with testosterone deficiencies in males, such as hypogonadism, and treatment of advancing inoperable metastatic breast cancer in females. Aceclofenac Aceclofenac is indicated for the relief of pain and inflammation in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Alcaftadine A H1 histamine receptor antagonist for ophthalmic use to prevent itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis. Ammonium chloride Expectorant in cough syrups. The ammonium ion (NH4+) in the body plays an important role in the maintenance of acid-base balance. The kidney uses ammonium (NH4+) in place of sodium... Dimercaprol A chelating agent used as an antidote to arsenic, gold, and mercury poisoning, as well as acute lead poisoning in combination with edetate calcium disodium. Mafenide An antimicrobial topical agent indicated for use as an adjunctive treatment to control bacterial infection when used under moist dressings over meshed autografts on excised burn wounds. Mangafodipir An organ-specific paramagnetic contrast agent indicated for the imaging of the hepatobiliary system and detecting lesions in the liver and pancreas. Methylnaltrexone A μ-opioid antagonist used for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation in palliative patients that are inadequately responding to laxative therapy. Plerixafor A selective chemokine receptor (CXCR4) antagonist used with filgrastim to mobilize hematopoietic stem cells to the peripheral blood for collection and autologous transplantation in patients with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) and multiple myeloma (MM). Pyrithione An antimicrobial agent used for the treatment of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Tiopronin A thiol agent indicated for the prevention of kidney stone formation in patients with severe homozygous cystinuria. Triethylenetetramine A copper chelating agent used for the management of Wilson's disease in cases where penicillamine therapy is clinically inappropriate. Ioflupane I-123 A radiopharmaceutical used in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) brain imaging to help diagnose patients with suspected Parkinsonian syndromes. Deferiprone An iron chelator used to treat patients with transfusional iron overload caused by thalassemia syndromes. N-methylnicotinamide N-methylnicotinamide is an experimental drug with no approved indication. Gabapentin enacarbil A gabapentin prodrug used to treat Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Ruxolitinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat various types of myelofibrosis, polycythemia vera in patients who have not responded to or cannot tolerate hydroxyurea, and to treat graft-versus-host disease in cases that are refractory to steroid treatment. Mirabegron A beta-3 adrenergic agonist used to treat overactive bladder and neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Peginesatide Peginesatide is used for the treatment of anemia due to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in adult patients on dialysis Aclidinium An inhaled long-acting anticholinergic used as a maintenance bronchodilator in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Enzalutamide An androgen receptor inhibitor used to treat castration-resistant prostate cancer. Teduglutide A glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) analog used to treat patients with Short Bowel Syndrome (SBS) who require parenteral nutritional support. Formestane For the treatment of estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer in post-menopausal women. Canagliflozin A sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor used to manage hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Also used to reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events in patients with established cardiovascular disease and type 2 DM. Glycerol phenylbutyrate A nitrogen-binding agent used to manage patients with urea cycle disorders who cannot be sufficiently managed amino acid supplementation and/or dietary restrictions. Pomalidomide A thalidomide analogue used in combination with dexamethasone to treat patients with multiple myeloma. Trametinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Levomilnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD). Macitentan An endothelin receptor antagonist used to manage pulmonary arterial hypertension to delay disease progression. Sofosbuvir A direct-acting antiviral agent used to treat specific hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in combination with other antiviral agents. Gemeprost A prostaglandin E1 analogue used for cervical dilation and, in combination with mifepristone, for pregnancy termination. Dimetacrine Dimetacrine is also known as dimethacrine or acripamine. It is marketed under the names Istonil, Istonyl, Linostil, and Miroistonil. Dimetacrine is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) with imipramine-like effects used in... Ledipasvir A direct-acting antiviral agent used to treat specific hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in combination with other antiviral agents. Empagliflozin An SGLT2 inhibitor used to manage type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ceftolozane A cephalosporin antibiotic used to treat complicated intra-abdominal infections in combination with metronidazole, complicated urinary tract infections, and hospital-acquired pneumonia. Corifollitropin alfa A FSH analogue indicated for Controlled Ovarian Stimulation (COS) in combination with a GnRH antagonist for the development of multiple follicles in women participating in an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) program. Vortioxetine An atypical antipsychotic and antidepressant indicated for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Tasimelteon A melatonin receptor agonist used to treat Non- 24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder. Edoxaban A novel oral anticoagulant used for reducing the risk of stroke and systemic embolism (SE) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Idebenone An analogue of ubiquinone used for the treatment of visual impairment in adolescent and adult patients with Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON). Vilanterol A long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist used in combination with other bronchodilators for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. Benzydamine A locally-acting NSAID indicated for the symptomatic relief of pain in acute sore throat and for the symptomatic relief of oropharyngeal mucositis caused by radiation therapy. Trimebutine A spasmolytic agent used for the symptomatic treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and treatment of postoperative paralytic ileus following abdominal surgery. Tixocortol A corticosteroid used for the symptomatic treatment of rhinitis, pharyngitis, and ulcerative colitis. Difluocortolone A topical corticosteroid used for the symptomatic treatment of inflammatory skin disorders like eczema, seborrheic eczema, lichen planus and psoriasis. Ancestim A human stem cell factor used in combination with filgrastim during autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation to increase PBPC mobilization for improved collection. Magnesium hydroxide An inorganic compound used as a laxative and antacid. Hydroxyethyl Starch A plasma volume substitute used to treat and prevent hypovolemia. Pentastarch A plasma volume expander used as an adjunct in the management of shock due to hemorrhage, surgery, sepsis, burns or other trauma. Stiripentol An anticonvulsant agent used with clobazam and valproate as an adjunct to treat refractory generalized tonic-clonic seizures in Dravet syndrome. Aurothioglucose A gold compound used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Dienogest An oral progestin used for the treatment of endometriosis as monotherapy or contraception in combination with ethinylestradiol. Chromic chloride A supplement to intravenous solutions given for total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Gadoteric acid A diagnostic contrast agent used with magnetic resonance imaging to provide contrast enhancement for intracranial and spinal lesions with abnormal blood brain barrier or abnormal vascularity, and for whole body imaging. Iothalamic acid A diagnostic contrast agent used in various medical imaging procedures, such as angiography, arthrography, and computed tomographic scans. Ioversol A diagnostic contrast agent used in various medical imaging procedures, such as angiography, urography, and computed tomographic scans. Ioxilan A diagnostic contrast agent used in various medical imaging procedures, such as angiography, urography, and computed tomographic scans. Isosulfan blue A visual lymphatic imaging agent used during lymphography as an adjunct. Technetium Tc-99m mebrofenin A diagnostic radiopharmaceutical agent used during hepatobiliary imaging tests. Technetium Tc-99m oxidronate Technetium Tc-99m oxidronate is indicated in adult and pediatric patients to be used in skeletal imaging for diagnosis of areas that can present altered osteogenesis. When administered intravenously, it is... Florbetaben (18F) A radiopharmaceutical diagnostic agent used during Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging of the brain to estimate β-amyloid neuritic plaque density in adult patients to diagnose the causes of cognitive impairment. Florbetapir (18F) A radiopharmaceutical diagnostic agent used during Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging of the brain to estimate β-amyloid neuritic plaque density in adult patients to diagnose the causes of cognitive impairment. Iopromide An X-ray contrast agent used during various types of imaging tests such as angiography and contrast computed tomography (CT) imaging tests. Technetium Tc-99m exametazime A radiopharmaceutical diagnostic agent used as an adjunct for scintigraphy in the detection of altered regional cerebral perfusion in stroke. Technetium Tc-99m disofenin A radiopharmaceutical diagnostic agent used for hepatobiliary scans. Technetium Tc-99m pyrophosphate A radiopharmaceutical diagnostic agent used for diagnostic imaging scans for the bones, heart, and gastrointestinal tract. Viloxazine Indicated for the treatment of clinical depression. Etoperidone Etoperidone has been studied for the treatment of depression , tremors in Parkinson, extrapyramidal symptoms and male impotence . It is not certain if it was ever approved and marketed... Lorpiprazole In 2016, lorpiprazole was classified in the "Chemical structure-related drug-like criteria of global approved drugs" as an antipsychotic and anxiolytic. An antipsychotic is a medication used to treat a state... Arotinolol Artinolol was introduced to be used as an antihypertensive agent since 1986. It has been studied for other functions like tremor control for patients with Parkinson disease and it is... Moxisylyte By the WHO, moxisylyte is indicated for the symptomatic management of sequelae of cerebral infarction or hemorrhage. The cerebral infarction is characterized by the blockage of the artery either by... Piracetam A nootropic cyclic GABA derivative used in myoclonus, sickle cell disease, alcohol dependence, and as a general cognitive enhancer. Dexketoprofen An NSAID that is the R(-)-enantiomer of racemic ketoprofen with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties used for the treatment of mild to moderate pain. Bisoxatin For use in the treatment of constipation in the absence of bowel obstruction and for surgical preparation of the colon . Nicorandil A vasodilatory drug that functions through potassium channels and intracellular cGMP concentrations commonly used to treat angina. Blonanserin Used for the treatment of schizophrenia . Melperone An atypical butyrophenone antipsychotic used to treat sleep disorders, confusion, and psychomotor dysfunction associated with geriatric, psychiatric, and alcohol-dependent patients. Methylene blue An oxidation-reduction agent used for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with acquired methemoglobinemia. Pirlindole For the treatment of major depression. It is being studied in the treatment of fibromyalgia pain syndrome. One study determined that the effect of pirlindole on sensorimotor performance while driving... Dextran A low molecular weight dextran used as an adjunctive treatment of shock or impending shock due to hemorrhage, burns, surgery or other trauma, as well as the prophylaxis of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during high-risk medical procedures. Gimeracil A DPD inhibitor used as an adjunct to antineoplastic therapy to increase the systemic concentrations and therapeutic effectiveness of other antineoplastic agents. Idarucizumab An antibody that binds dabigatran for the reversal of anticoagulant effects of dabigatran. Lixisenatide A GLP-1 receptor agonist used for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Picosulfuric acid A stimulant laxative used for cleansing of the colon as a preparation for colonoscopy in adults. Sodium aurothiomalate A disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) indicated for the symptomatic treatment of arthritis. Choline C 11 Choline C11 is indicated for its use in positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in patients with suspected prostate cancer recurrence and non-informative bone scintigraphy, computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.[FDA... Magnesium trisilicate An antacid used for the symptomatic treatment of peptic ulcers. Propacetamol Propacetamol is a paracetamol prodrug of intravenous administration used to control fever and pain of perioperative period in multimodal analgesia therapy. Sacubitril A neprilysin inhibitor used in combination with valsartan as an adjunct to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failure in patients with chronic heart failure (NYHA Class II-IV) and reduced ejection fraction. Chondroitin sulfate Chondroitin sulfate, used with glucosamine, is indicated to alleviate pain and inflammation from primary osteoarthritis. This supplement is reported to improve joint function and slow disease progression. Osteoarthritis is characterized... Synthetic Conjugated Estrogens, A A mixture of estrogens used to treat a variety of postmenopausal symptoms, including vaginal atrophy and dyspareunia. Synthetic Conjugated Estrogens, B A mixture of estrogens used to treat a variety of postmenopausal symptoms, including vaginal dryness. Procaine benzylpenicillin A local anesthetic and antibiotic combination for intramuscular injection to treat a variety of bacterial infections while reducing pain from a deep intramuscular injection. Sulbactam An beta-lactamase inhibitor antibiotic combined with other antibiotics to treat a variety of susceptible bacterial infections. Sodium fluoride An ingredient of various dental preparations used to support tooth mineralization and the prevention of dental caries. Antihemophilic factor (recombinant), PEGylated For the management of hemophilia A (congenital factor VIII deficiency) [FDA label], . This medication is a human antihemophilic factor indicated in adolescent and adult patients (12 years and older)... Invert sugar Invert sugar presents a large variety of uses. It can be used therapeutically for parenteral hyperalimentation or to be used as an excipient with a known effect. Invert sugar is... Piperonyl butoxide A pesticide used as a potentiator ingredient in the treatment of pediculosis (head lice, body lice or crabs) to boost efficacy of treatment. Dexpanthenol An alcoholic analogue of D-pantothenic acid that is used as a supplement or application to support a healthy epithelium and is also used to prevent vitamin deficiency in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Phosphoric acid An ingredient used for electrolyte replenishment and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) therapy, and for the relief of upset stomach associated with nausea. Sodium acetate A compound used for electrolyte replenishment and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) therapy. Magnesium chloride An ionic compound and source of magnesium used for electrolyte replenishment and conditions associated with magnesium deficiencies. Potassium perchlorate No current FDA- or EMA-approved therapeutic indications. Sodium sulfate An agent used for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy or barium enema X-ray examination. Enalaprilat An antihypertensive agent used for the management of hypertension when oral therapy is not practical. Magnesium carbonate An antacid used for symptomatic relief of heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach. Acrivastine An antihistamine agent used for the symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis such as sneezing, rhinorrhea, pruritus, lacrimation, and nasal congestion. Cetyl alcohol No therapeutic indications in medicinal products. Indicated to be used as an indirect additive in food contact substances, or an ingredient in commercial or cosmetic products. Octinoxate A sunscreen agent found in sunscreens that absorbs UV rays. Fludeoxyglucose (18F) A radiopharmaceutical agent used for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging in oncology, cardiology, and neurology. Iobenguane sulfate I-123 For use in the diagnostic imaging of adrenergically inervated tissues for the purposes of detecting metastatic pheochromocytoma or neuroblastoma [FDA Label]. Also used to assess the sympathetic inervation of the... Ixazomib A monoclonal antibody used with other medications to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have received one other therapy already. Polyethylene glycol 400 An ingredient used in a wide variety of medications, and is not an approved medication. Potassium nitrate A medication used to cauterize small wounds, remove granulation tissue, warts, and verrucae, and treat tooth sensitivity. Potassium bicarbonate An ingredient used as an antacid or to treat hypokalemia. N-acetyltyrosine An amino acid used in total parenteral nutrition. Eucalyptus oil An ingredient used in a variety of natural health products. Chloroxylenol An antimicrobial used to treat cuts, bites, stings, abrasions, and used as an antiseptic hand cleaner. Selenious acid An ingredient found in supplements, vitamins, parenteral nutrition, and dandruff shampoo. Opium A medication used to treat moderate to severe pain. Selenium An ingredient found in a variety of supplements and vitamins. Chromium An ingredient found in a variety of supplements and vitamins. Cresol A dental disinfectant used to remove dental pulp. Oxyquinoline A medication used in combination with other medications to restore vaginal pH. Butamben Anesthesia of mucus membranes other than the eyes. Pyrantel An anthelmintic used to treat helminth infections. Bicisate A compound complexed with technetium 99 used in single photon emission computerized tomography to localize a stroke. Sulisobenzone An ingredient used in sunscreen to block UVA and UVB radiation. Tocopherol Tocopherol can be used as a dietary supplement for patients with a deficit of vitamin E; this is mainly prescribed in the alpha form. Vitamin E deficiency is rare, and... DL-Methylephedrine Used as an antitussive and decongestant . Phenoxyethanol An antiseptic used as a hand disinfectant or preservative in medications. Tetradecyl hydrogen sulfate (ester) An anionic surfactant used to treat small uncomplicated varicose veins. Clove oil Clove oil is primarily indicated in conditions like colic, flatulence, and toothache . Evening primrose oil Evening primrose oil is used as part of over-the-counter dietary supplements. It is also used for the treatment of systemic inflammatory diseases and for women's health conditions such as cyclical... Pidotimod A synthetic agent with immunomodulatory properties used in patients with documented cell-mediated immunosuppression to stimulate their immunity during lung and urinary tract infections. Cefroxadine Was used for the treatment of bacterial infections. Lesinurad A uric acid 1 transporter inhibitor typically used in combination with a xanthine oxidase inhibitor to treat hyperuricemia associated with gout in patients with inadequate control of uric acid levels with xanthine oxidase inhibitor monotherapy. Indigotindisulfonic acid A medication used to visualize ureteral orifices during cystoscopy and ureteral catheterization. Etafedrine A beta-2 adrenoceptor agonist used to treat a cough associated with inflamed mucosa. Antithrombin III human An alpha-2-glycoprotein used to prevent thromboembolisms in patients with hereditary antithrombin III deficiency. Pitolisant An antagonist and inverse agonist at the histamine H3 receptor that is used to treat narcolepsy in adults. Latanoprostene bunod A prostaglandin analog used to reduce ocular hypertension or treat open-angle glaucoma. Naldemedine An opioid antagonist used to to treat opioid-induced constipation. Tropisetron A 5HT-3 receptor antagonist used as an antiemetic in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Baricitinib A Janus kinase inhibitor used to treat moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis that has responded poorly to at least one TNF antagonist. Apalutamide An androgen receptor inhibitor used to treat non metastatic, castration resistant prostate cancer. Valbenazine A vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor used to treat tardive dyskinesia. Delafloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat skin and skin structure infections. Benznidazole A trypanocidal agent used to treat Chagas disease. Isoflavone A biologically active phytoestrogen found in high concentrations in soy and other legumes. Vaborbactam A beta lactamase inhibitor used to treat complicated urinary tract infections. Deutetrabenazine A vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor used for the symptomatic treatment of chorea in Huntington's disease and tardive dyskinesia. Propiverine An antimuscarinic agent used to treat urinary incontinence or increased urinary frequency or urgency. Plazomicin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat complicated urinary tract infections. Benserazide A medication used to treat Parkinson's disease, parkinsonism, and restless leg syndrome. Nicoboxil A medication used to treat acute back pain. Tiapride A dopamine D2 and D3 receptor antagonist indicated in the treatment of chorea in Huntington's disease, as well as agitation and anxiety in the elderly or with acute or chronic alcoholism. Levosalbutamol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat COPD and asthma. Nedaplatin Used in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, oesophygeal cancer, and head and neck cancers . Parachlorophenol An antibacterial agent used to prevent infections in root canals. Inosine pranobex A medication used to treat subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. Clobetasone A corticosteroid used to treat dry eyes, eczema, and dermatitis. Alclofenac Alclofenac is indicated in rheumatology, in particular for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and, as an analgesic, in painful arthritic pathologies. Inositol An ingredient found in a variety of nutritional products. Oxabolone cipionate Used as a performance enhancing drug illicitly in athletes. Phosphocreatine A cardioprotective agent indicated for use in cardiac surgery. Acetarsol An anti infective used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Dichlorobenzyl alcohol A medication used to treat a sore throat. Ipecac An emetic agent used to induce vomiting in poisoning. Almasilate Almasilate is indicated for use as an antacid for the neutralization of excess stomach acid . It is subsequently also used for the symptomatic treatment of diseases where it is... Trolamine Trolamine is used as an alkalizing agent, surfactant, and counter-ion in cosmetic and pharmaceutical formulations . It is not considered to be an active pharmacological ingredient and so has no... Fenofibric acid A fibrate used to treat severe hypertriglyceridemia, primary hypercholesterolemia, or mixed dyslipidemia. Albutrepenonacog alfa A recombinant Factor IX fused to recombinant human albumin used to treat hemophilia B. Bismuth subgallate A medication used to deodorize flatulence and stools as well as hemostasis in soft tissue surgery. Testosterone cypionate An androgen used to treat low or absent testosterone. Testosterone enanthate An androgen used to treat low or absent testosterone. Testosterone undecanoate An androgen used to treat low or absent testosterone. Estradiol acetate An estrogen used to treat vasomotor symptoms and moderate to severe vulvar and vaginal atrophy from menopause. Estradiol cypionate An estradiol prodrug used to treat vasomotor symptoms and hypoestrogenisms from hypogonadism. Estradiol dienanthate An estrogen used in some combined hormonal oral contraceptives. Estradiol valerate An estradiol prodrug used to treat some effects of menopause, hypoestrogenism, androgen dependant carcinoma of the prostate, and in combination products for endometriosis and contraception. Bronopol An antimicrobial compound used as a biocide and preservative. Patent Blue A dye used to label lymphatic vessels, arterial territories, and lymph nodes prior to biopsy in some cancers. Choline salicylate The oral gel is indicated for the relief of pain and discomfort of common mouth ulcers, cold sores, denture sore spots, infant teething and mouth ulcers, and sore spots due... Pentetic acid DTPA is widely used in industry and medicine. As a medical agent, it is approved for its use in medical imaging and for the decorporation of internally deposited radionuclides. It... Cinnamaldehyde Cinnamaldehyde is approved by the FDA for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in... Cinnamyl alcohol Cinnamyl alcohol is approved by the FDA for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD)... Potassium acetate A medication used to treat hypokalemia. Potassium sulfate An osmotic laxative used to cleanse the colon before a colonoscopy. Chromic citrate Indicated for use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for total parenteral nutrition (TPN), to maintain chromium serum levels and to prevent depletion of endogenous stores and subsequent deficiency... Chromic nitrate Indicated for use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for total parenteral nutrition (TPN), to maintain chromium serum levels and to prevent depletion of endogenous stores and subsequent deficiency... Chromium gluconate Indicated for use as a supplement to intravenous solutions given for total parenteral nutrition (TPN), to maintain chromium serum levels and to prevent depletion of endogenous stores and subsequent deficiency... Chromium nicotinate A medication used to treat chromium deficiencies and associated symptoms and also in total parenteral nutrition. Chromous sulfate Labetalol An alpha and beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat hypertension, angina, and sympathetic overactivity syndrome. Mecamylamine A nicotine antagonist used to treat moderate to severe essential hypertension and uncomplicated malignant hypertension. Nilutamide An antineoplastic hormone used to treat prostate cancer. Sumatriptan A serotonin receptor agonist used to treat migraines and cluster headaches. Phentolamine An alpha adrenergic antagonist used to reverse soft tissue anesthesia. Tetracycline An antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of susceptible infections. Perindopril An ACE inhibitor prodrug used to treat hypertension, mild to moderate congestive heart failure, and to reduce cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension or post-myocardial infarction. Indapamide A thiazide diuretic used to treat hypertension as well as edema due to congestive heart failure. Fosfomycin A broad spectrum antibiotic used to treat uncomplicated urinary tract infections. Dacarbazine An antineoplastic agent used to treat malignant melanoma and Hodgkin's disease. Azathioprine An immunosuppressant used to prevent renal transplant rejection, treat rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis. Phylloquinone A fat soluble vitamin used to treat hemorrhagic conditions in infants and coumarin overdoses. Clonazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with intermediate onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, and seizures. Dimethyl sulfoxide A reversible mitogen-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 (MEK1) and MEK2 inhibitor used to treat certain types of melanoma, metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, and locally advanced or metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer. Doxacurium A nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent used as an adjunct to general anesthesia to facilitate tracheal intubation, and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgical procedures. Nefazodone An antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Trimetrexate A folate antagonist used for the treatment of moderate-to-severe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients as an alternative therapy in combination with leucovorin. Allylestrenol A steroid used to prevent premature labour in pregnant women. Pholcodine An opioid antitussive used to suppress unproductive coughing. Toloxatone For the treatment of major depressive disorder. Tegafur An antineoplastic agent used in combination with other anticancer medications to treat advanced gastric and colorectal cancers. Imidafenacin An antispasmodic with anticholinergic effects used to reduce urinary frequency. Mersalyl Elevated blood pressure, edema [L1577, L1585]. Resorcinol Contemporary therapeutic uses for resorcinol primarily revolve around the use of the phenol derivative as an active ingredient in topical antiseptics [L2745, L2744, L2727, F61] or as topical antibacterial skin... Strontium chloride A medication used to treat bone pain in skeletal metastases. Ganciclovir A DNA polymerase inhibitor used to treat cytomegalovirus and herpetic keratitis of the eye. Valganciclovir An antiviral medication used to treat cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in patients diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Tenofovir A nucleotide analog indicated in the treatment of HIV infections. Cidofovir An antiviral agent used to treat Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in patients with AIDS. Acyclovir A guanosine analog used to treat herpes simplex, varicella zoster, herpes zoster. Mycophenolic acid An immunosuppressant used to prevent organ transplant rejections. Fluocinolone acetonide A corticosteroid used to treat skin conditions, eczematous otitis externa, diabetic macular edema, and non-infectious uveitis of the posterior segment of the eye. Allopurinol A xanthine oxidase inhibitor used to reduce urinary and serum uric acid concentrations in patients with gout, recurrent calcium oxalate calculi, and various malignancies. Lithium carbonate A medication used to treat manic episodes of bipolar disorder. Nitrofurantoin An antibiotic used to treat urinary tract infections. Cisplatin A platinum based chemotherapy agent used to treat various sarcomas, carcinomas, lymphomas, and germ cell tumors. Sulfamethoxazole An oral sulfonamide antibiotic, given in combination with trimethoprim, used to treat a variety of infections of the urinary tract, respiratory system, and gastrointestinal tract. Prucalopride A 5-HT4 receptor agonist indicated to treat adults with chronic idiopathic constipation. Flucytosine An antifungal indicated only to treat severe infections throughout the body caused by susceptible strains of Candida or Cryptococcus. Pralatrexate An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Carbidopa A dopa decarboxylase inhibitor used in combination with levodopa for the symptomatic treatment of idiopathic Parkinson disease and other conditions associated with parkinsonian symptoms. Ranolazine An anti-anginal drug used for the treatment of chronic angina. Cetirizine A selective Histamine-1 antagonist drug used in allergic rhinitis and chronic urticaria. Benzatropine An anticholinergic drug used to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) and extrapyramidal symptoms, except tardive dyskinesia. Metoprolol A beta-blocker used in the treatment of hypertension and angina, and used to reduce mortality due to myocardial infarction. Liothyronine A thyroid hormone replacement therapy used to treat hypothyroidism, to suppress TSH, and to help in the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism. Atomoxetine A selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used in the management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Hydromorphone An opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain when the use of an opioid is indicated. Solriamfetol Solriamfetol is indicated for treatment of daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea and narcolepsy, but is not a treatment for the underlying airway obstruction in apnea patients[FDA Label][A176534,A176744]. Certolizumab pegol A tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker used to treat a variety of autoimmune and autoinflammatory conditions like Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, active psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, axial spondyloarthritis, and plaque psoriasis. Doxepin A psychotropic agent used for the treatment of depression, anxiety, manic-depressive disorder, and insomnia. Acetylsalicylic acid A salicylate used to treat pain, fever, inflammation, migraines, and reducing the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events. Cefdinir A third generation cephalosporin used to treat susceptible Gram negative and Gram positive bacterial infections. Phenazopyridine A local anesthetic used for the symptomatic relief of pain, burning, urgency, frequency, and general discomfort caused by lower urinary tract irritations that are a result of infection, trauma, surgery, endoscopic procedures, or the passage of equipment or catheters. Golodirsen A drug used to treat certain mutations that cause Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Cefiderocol A cephalosporin antibiotic used in complicated urinary tract infections. Amikacin An aminoglycoside used to treat infections caused by more resistant strains of Gram negative bacteria and some Gram positive bacteria. Tobramycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat cystic fibrosis-associated bacterial, lower respiratory tract, urinary tract, eye, skin, bone, and skin structure infections. Gentamicin An aminoglycoside used to treat a wide variety of aerobic infections in the body. Neomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic agent used orally and topically to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Streptomycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic indicated to treat multi-drug resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis and various non-tuberculosis infections. Netilmicin An aminoglycoside used to treat a wide variety of infections in the body. Kanamycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic agent used in the treatment of various infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Ribostamycin A broad spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic on the list of WHO critical antimicrobials for human medicine. Gentamicin C1a Not Available Arbekacin Arbekacin is used for the short term treatment of multi-resistant bacterial infections, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Sisomicin Sisomicin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Pyoderma. Dibekacin Dibekacin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic marketed in Japan . Micronomicin Micronomicin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic which is marketed in Japan, and sold under the brand names Sagamicin and Luxomicina. Isepamicin Not Annotated Bekanamycin An aminoglycoside antibiotic indicated in the treatment of eye infections. Colistin A polymyxin antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible Gram negative bacteria.
- Drugs & Drug Targets