Proxyphylline

This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

Generic Name
Proxyphylline
DrugBank Accession Number
DB13449
Background

Not Available

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Experimental
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 238.247
Monoisotopic: 238.106590327
Chemical Formula
C10H14N4O3
Synonyms
  • Proxyphylline

Pharmacology

Indication

Not Available

Pharmacology
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Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
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Pharmacodynamics

Not Available

Mechanism of action
Not Available
Absorption

Not Available

Volume of distribution

Not Available

Protein binding

Not Available

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Medicalerrors
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Toxicity

Not Available

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
1,2-BenzodiazepineThe therapeutic efficacy of Benzodiazepine can be decreased when used in combination with Proxyphylline.
AbametapirThe serum concentration of Proxyphylline can be increased when it is combined with Abametapir.
AbataceptThe metabolism of Proxyphylline can be increased when combined with Abatacept.
AbirateroneThe serum concentration of Proxyphylline can be increased when it is combined with Abiraterone.
AcebutololThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Acebutolol is combined with Proxyphylline.
AcenocoumarolThe metabolism of Proxyphylline can be decreased when combined with Acenocoumarol.
AcetaminophenThe metabolism of Proxyphylline can be decreased when combined with Acetaminophen.
AcetazolamideAcetazolamide may increase the excretion rate of Proxyphylline which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
AcyclovirThe metabolism of Proxyphylline can be decreased when combined with Acyclovir.
AdalimumabThe serum concentration of Proxyphylline can be decreased when it is combined with Adalimumab.
Interactions
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Food Interactions
Not Available

Categories

ATC Codes
R03DA03 — ProxyphyllineR03DB03 — Proxyphylline and adrenergics
Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as xanthines. These are purine derivatives with a ketone group conjugated at carbons 2 and 6 of the purine moiety.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organoheterocyclic compounds
Class
Imidazopyrimidines
Sub Class
Purines and purine derivatives
Direct Parent
Xanthines
Alternative Parents
6-oxopurines / Alkaloids and derivatives / Pyrimidones / N-substituted imidazoles / Vinylogous amides / Heteroaromatic compounds / Ureas / Secondary alcohols / Lactams / Azacyclic compounds
show 4 more
Substituents
6-oxopurine / Alcohol / Alkaloid or derivatives / Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound / Azacycle / Azole / Heteroaromatic compound / Hydrocarbon derivative / Imidazole / Lactam
show 14 more
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
13G1DMN4P0
CAS number
603-00-9
InChI Key
KYHQZNGJUGFTGR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C10H14N4O3/c1-6(15)4-14-5-11-8-7(14)9(16)13(3)10(17)12(8)2/h5-6,15H,4H2,1-3H3
IUPAC Name
7-(2-hydroxypropyl)-1,3-dimethyl-2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-purine-2,6-dione
SMILES
CC(O)CN1C=NC2=C1C(=O)N(C)C(=O)N2C

References

General References
Not Available
ChemSpider
4806
BindingDB
50028190
RxNav
34906
ChEBI
32070
ChEMBL
CHEMBL37390
Wikipedia
Proxyphylline

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility14.6 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.27ALOGPS
logP-0.82ChemAxon
logS-1.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.17ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.97ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area78.67 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity60.54 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability23.66 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-0002-9000000000-a3183abe7d00c2b94165
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
No
Actions
Substrate
Curator comments
This enzyme listing is based on pharmacokinetic data for methylxanthines as a drug class. Methylxanthines are metabolized by CYP1A2. This drug is a methylxanthine and is therefore assumed to be metabolized by this enzyme.
General Function
Oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen, reduced flavin or flavoprotein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP1A2
Uniprot ID
P05177
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 1A2
Molecular Weight
58293.76 Da
References
  1. Thorn CF, Aklillu E, McDonagh EM, Klein TE, Altman RB: PharmGKB summary: caffeine pathway. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2012 May;22(5):389-95. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e3283505d5e. [PubMed:22293536]
  2. Buters JT, Tang BK, Pineau T, Gelboin HV, Kimura S, Gonzalez FJ: Role of CYP1A2 in caffeine pharmacokinetics and metabolism: studies using mice deficient in CYP1A2. Pharmacogenetics. 1996 Aug;6(4):291-6. [PubMed:8873215]
  3. Hakooz NM: Caffeine metabolic ratios for the in vivo evaluation of CYP1A2, N-acetyltransferase 2, xanthine oxidase and CYP2A6 enzymatic activities. Curr Drug Metab. 2009 May;10(4):329-38. [PubMed:19519341]
  4. Rasmussen BB, Brosen K: Determination of urinary metabolites of caffeine for the assessment of cytochrome P4501A2, xanthine oxidase, and N-acetyltransferase activity in humans. Ther Drug Monit. 1996 Jun;18(3):254-62. [PubMed:8738764]
  5. Theophylline metabolic pathway [Link]
  6. CYP1A2 activity, gender and smoking, as variables influencing the toxicity of caffeine [File]

Drug created on June 23, 2017 20:42 / Updated on February 21, 2021 18:54