Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
- Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
- Accession Number
- DBCAT000489 (DBCAT004132)
Drugs and compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP2C9.
Drug Drug Description Miconazole An azole antifungal with broad-spectrum activity used to treat fungal infections affecting the vagina, mouth and skin, including candidiasis. Amiodarone A class III antiarrhythmic indicated for the treatment of recurrent hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia and recurrent ventricular fibrillation. Nicardipine A calcium channel blocker used for the short-term treatment of hypertension and chronic stable angina. Delavirdine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Gemfibrozil A lipid regulator that is used in the reduction of serum triglyceride levels in high-risk patients with hyperlipidemia. Capecitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated to treat colon, colorectal and breast cancer. Fluorouracil A pyrimidine analog used to treat basal cell carcinomas, and as an injection in palliative cancer treatment. Floxuridine An antimetabolite used as palliative management for liver metastases of gastrointestinal malignancy. Midostaurin An antineoplastic agent used to treat high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with specific mutations, aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), systemic mastocytosis with associated hematologic neoplasm (SM-AHN), or mast cell leukemia (MCL). Curcumin No approved therapeutic indications. Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Clotrimazole A topical broad-spectrum antifungal agent used for the treatment of a wide variety of dermatophyte infections and candidiasis. Abiraterone An antiandrogen used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Crisaborole A non-steroidal topical medication used for the treatment of mild-moderate atopic dermatitis. Nabilone A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. Felbamate An anticonvulsant used to treat severe epilepsy. Ticlopidine A platelet aggregation inhibitor used in the prevention of conditions associated with thrombi, such as stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Fluvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Medroxyprogesterone acetate A progestin used as a contraceptive and in the treatment of secondary amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding, pain from endometriosis, endometrial and renal carcinomas, paraphilia in males, and GnRH-dependent precocious puberty. Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Phenylbutazone An NSAID used to treat backache and ankylosing spondylitis. Iproniazid For the treatment of depression (originally intended to treat tuberculosis). Genistein Currently Genistein is being studied in clinical trials as a treatment for prostate cancer. Lenvatinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of metastatic thyroid cancer, advanced renal cell carcinoma in combination with everolimus, and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Vemurafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with Erdheim-Chester Disease who have the BRAF V600 mutation, and melanoma in patients who have the BRAF V600E mutation. Cimetidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to manage GERD, peptic ulcer disease, and indigestion. Lansoprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Zafirlukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used for prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma. Ethanol For therapeutic neurolysis of nerves or ganglia for the relief of intractable chronic pain in such conditions as inoperable cancer and trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux), in patients for whom neurosurgical... Ketoconazole A broad spectrum antifungal used to treat seborrheic dermatitis and fungal skin infections. Clevidipine A dihydropyridine L-type calcium channel blocker used to lower blood pressure when oral antihypertensive therapy is not feasible or not desirable. Felodipine A calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension. Metronidazole A nitroimidazole used to treat trichomoniasis, amebiasis, inflammatory lesions of rosacea, and bacterial infections, as well as prevent postoperative infections. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Oritavancin An antibacterial agent used to treat acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused by susceptible Gram-positive bacteria. Nitisinone A hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase inhibitor used as an adjunct to dietary restrictions for the treatment of hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 (HT-1), which causes intolerance to tyrosine containing foods. Rhein No approved indication. Zucapsaicin A topical analgesic used as an adjunct to relieve severe pain of osteoarthritis of the knee in selected adult patients. Lopinavir An HIV-1 protease inhibitor used in combination with ritonavir to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Medical Cannabis The use of the plant species Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, popularly known as marijuana, has gained popularity in recent years for the management of a wide variety of medical... Sildenafil A phosphodiesterase inhibitor used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Sulfaphenazole For the treatment bacterial infections. Sulfinpyrazone A platelet inhibitory and uricosuric agent used to inhibit thrombotic and embolic processes and to manage the chronic phases of gout . Mifepristone A cortisol receptor blocker used to treat Cushing's syndrome, and to terminate pregnancies up to 70 days gestation. Troglitazone For the treatment of Type II diabetes mellitus. It is used alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea, metformin, or insulin as an adjunct to diet and exercise. Imatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat a number of leukemias, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, systemic mastocytosis, hypereosinophilic syndrome, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Efavirenz A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection or prevent the spread of HIV. Acetyl sulfisoxazole Acute, recurrent or chronic urinary tract infections (primarily pyelonephritis, pyelitis and cystitis) due to susceptible organisms (usually Escherichia coli, Klebsiella-Enterobacter, staphylococcus, Proteus mirabilis and, less frequently, Proteus vulgaris) in the... Candesartan Candesartan is an angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB) that may be used alone or with other agents to treat hypertension. It is available as a prodrug in the form of candesartan cilexetil. Ticagrelor A P2Y12 platelet inhibitor used in patients with a history of myocardial infarction or with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to prevent future myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death. Teniposide A cytotoxic drug used as an adjunct for chemotherapy induction in the treatment of refractory childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Tamoxifen A selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer following surgery, or reduce the risk of breast cancer in high risk women. Suprofen An NSAID used to prevent pupil constriction in ocular surgery. Sulfamethoxazole An oral sulfonamide antibiotic, given in combination with trimethoprim, used to treat a variety of infections of the urinary tract, respiratory system, and gastrointestinal tract. Sertraline A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) indicated to treat major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder and many other psychiatric conditions. Phenytoin An anticonvulsant drug used in the prophylaxis and control of various types of seizures. Glyburide A sulfonylurea used in the treatment of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Ginkgo biloba Appears to be effective in: alleviating age-related memory impairment in some elderly people with mild to moderate age-related memory or cognitive impairment; improving cognitive function in healthy young to middle-aged... Avasimibe Investigated for use/treatment in peripheral vascular disease. Lovastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower LDL cholesterol and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and associated conditions, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Simvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction and stroke. Cerivastatin A statin (or HMG CoA reductase inhibitor) used with dietary changes to decrease lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Paroxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, panic disorder, OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, the vasomotor symptoms of menopause, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Valsartan An angiotensin-receptor blocker used to manage hypertension alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents and to manage heart failure in patients who are intolerant to ACE inhibitors. Bortezomib A proteasome inhibitor used to treat multiple myeloma in patients who have not been successfully treated with at least two previous therapies. Nevirapine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used as part of a management regimen for HIV-1 virus infection. Azelastine A histamine H1-receptor antagonist used intranasally to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis and in an ophthalmic solution to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Fenofibrate A peroxisome proliferator receptor alpha activator used to lower LDL-C, total-C, triglycerides, and Apo B, while increasing HDL-C in hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. Etravirine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) used in the treatment of HIV-1 infections in combination with other antiretroviral agents. Sulfadiazine A sulfonamide antibiotic used in a variety of infections, such as urinary tract infections, trachoma, and chancroid. Sulfisoxazole A sulfonamide antibiotic used with other antibiotics to prevent and treat a variety of bacterial infections. Leflunomide A pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor indicated to treat rheumatoid arthritis. Nilotinib A kinase inhibitor used for the chronic phase treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) that is Philadelphia chromosome positive and for the treatment of CML that is resistant to therapy containing imatinib. Sitaxentan Investigated for use/treatment in pulmonary hypertension, connective tissue diseases, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. Tranylcypromine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Clopidogrel An antiplatelet agent used to prevent blood clots in peripheral vascular disease, coronary artery disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Etoricoxib For the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, chronic low back pain, acute pain and gout. Sulfamoxole For the treatment of bacterial infection. Amodiaquine For treatment of acute malarial attacks in non-immune subjects. Anastrozole A competitive, selective, non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor used as adjuvant therapy for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Atovaquone An antimicrobial indicated for the prevention and treatment of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) and for the prevention and treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Cyclizine An antihistamine and antiemetic drug used for the prevention and treatment of nausea, vomiting, and dizziness associated with motion sickness, and vertigo. Epinephrine A hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma. Flecainide A class Ic antiarrhythmic agent used to manage atrial fibrillation and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias (PSVT). Modafinil A stimulant used to improve wakefulness in patients with sleep apnea, narcolepsy, or shift work disorder. Nilutamide An antineoplastic hormone used to treat prostate cancer. Pranlukast Used as an adjunct to the standard therapy of inhaled steroids with inhaled long- and/or short-acting beta-agonists. Promethazine A first-generation antihistamine used for the treatment of allergic conditions, nausea and vomiting, and motion sickness. Sulfamethizole A sulfonamide antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of susceptible bacterial infections. Sulfapyridine A sulfonamide antibiotic used to treat dermatitis herpetiformis, benign mucous membrane pemphigoid and pyoderma gangrenosum. Tolcapone A catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor used as adjunct therapy in the symptomatic management of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Bicalutamide An androgen receptor inhibitor used to treat Stage D2 metastatic carcinoma of the prostate. Rabeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Armodafinil A stimulant used to improve wakefulness in adult patients with excessive sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, or shift work disorder. Diethylstilbestrol Used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Previously used in the prevention of miscarriage or premature delivery in pregnant women prone to miscarriage or premature delivery. Agomelatine Agomelatine is indicated to treat major depressive episodes in adults. Noscapine Investigated for use/treatment in lymphoma (non-hodgkin's), leukemia (lymphoid), cancer/tumors (unspecified), and multiple myeloma. Cisplatin A platinum based chemotherapy agent used to treat various sarcomas, carcinomas, lymphomas, and germ cell tumors. Sulconazole A topical antifungal agent used for the treatment of tinea cruris, tinea corporis, and tinea versicolor caused by susceptible fungal strains. Vismodegib A hedgehog pathway inhibitor used to treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic basal cell carcinoma. Gefitinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used as first-line therapy to treat non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) that meets certain genetic mutation criteria. Parecoxib A selective COX-2 inhibitor and NSAID used for the short-term management of perioperative pain. Ceritinib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with inadequate clinical response or intolerance to crizotinib. Belinostat A histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor used for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). Lifitegrast A medication used to treat dry eye disease. Diacerein For the treatment of osteoarthritis affecting the hip or knee . Doconexent An omega 3 fatty acid used in a variety of nutritional supplements to support central nervous system and cardiovascular health. Topiroxostat Indicated for the treatment of gout and hyperurcemia in Japan. Stiripentol An anticonvulsant agent used with clobazam and valproate as an adjunct to treat refractory generalized tonic-clonic seizures in Dravet syndrome. Lobeglitazone Lobeglitazone was approved by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (South Korea) in 2013, and is being monitored by postmarketing surveillance until 2019. Lobeglitazone is not approved for use... Dosulepin Indicated in the treatment of symptoms of depressive illness, especially where an anti-anxiety effect is required. Manidipine For the treatment of hypertension. Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Rucaparib An anti-cancer agent used to treat recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer. Isavuconazole Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis [FDA Label]. Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of... Black cohosh Treatment of menopausal symptoms and menstrual dysfunction . Safinamide A MAO-B inhibitor used as an add-on treatment to levodopa/carbidopa for Parkinson's disease during "off" episodes. Atorvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Sulfadimethoxine For use in the treatment of infections. Methimazole A thionamide antithyroid agent that inhibits the actions of thyroid peroxidase, leading to a reduction in thyroid hormone synthesis and amelioration of hyperthyroidism. Sorafenib A kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of unresectable liver carcinoma and advanced renal carcinoma. Valdecoxib A COX-2 inhibitor used to treat osteoarthritis and dysmenorrhoea. Isoniazid An antibiotic used to treat mycobacterial infections; most commonly use in combination with other antimycobacterial agents for the treatment of active or latent tuberculosis. Verapamil A non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of angina, arrhythmia, and hypertension. Ketoprofen An NSAID used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, dysmenorrhea, mild to moderate muscle pain, postoperative pain, and postpartum pain. Estrone sulfate An estrogen used as monotherapy or in several combination hormone replacement products for managing menopause symptoms and hormone disorders. Benzbromarone Benzbromarone has been used in trials studying the basic science and treatment of Heart Failure, Hyperuricemia, Chronic Kidney Disease, Abnormal Renal Function, and Gout and Asymptomatic Hyperuricemia. Oxandrolone An androgenic hormone used to treat muscle loss from prolonged corticosteroid treatment and to treat bone pain associated with osteoporosis. Seproxetine Seproxetine is also known as (S)-norfluoxetine. It is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). It is an active metabolite of fluoxetine. Seproxetine was being investigated by Eli Lilly as an... Rifamycin An antibacterial used to treat traveler's diarrhea. Torasemide A diuretic used to treat hypertension and edema associated with heart failure, renal failure, or liver disease. Nelfinavir A viral protease inhibitor used in the treatment of HIV infection. Fluconazole A triazole antifungal used to treat various fungal infections including candidiasis. Triclabendazole An anthelmintic drug used to treat fascioliasis. Progesterone A hormone used for a variety of functions, including contraception, control of abnormal uterine bleeding, maintenance of pregnancy, and prevention of endometrial hyperplasia. Olanzapine An antipsychotic drug used in the management of schizophrenia, bipolar 1 disorder, and agitation associated with these disorders. Clinafloxacin Clinafloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibacterial currently under research. It has been proven to present good antibiotic properties. However, its approval and release have been halted due to the presence of... Pexidartinib An antitumor agent that is used for the treatment of rare disease tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCT) by inhibiting colony-stimulating factor 1 and its receptor. Probenecid A medication used to treat gouty arthritis, tophaceous gout, and hyperuricemia. Aprepitant A substance P/neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist used to treat nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and surgery. Levofloxacin A fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat infections caused by susceptible bacteria of the upper respiratory tract, skin and skin structures, urinary tract, and prostate, as well as for post-exposure treatment of inhaled anthrax and the plague. Cisapride A medication used to treat heartburn associated with GERD. Dexloxiglumide For the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Tienilic acid For the treatment of hypertension. Curcumin sulfate No approved therapeutic indications. Voriconazole A triazole compound used to treat fungal infections. Regorafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Lumacaftor A protein chaperone used in combination with ivacaftor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients who are homozygous for the F508del mutation in the CFTR gene. Ivacaftor A cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) potentiator used alone or in combination products to treat cystic fibrosis in patients who have specific genetic mutations that are responsive to the medication. Abemaciclib A medication used to treat HR+ HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Atazanavir An antiviral protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Elexacaftor A small molecule CFTR corrector used in combination with tezacaftor and ivacaftor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis patients with one F508del-CFTR mutation. Ubrogepant An oral CGRP antagonist used in the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura. Nifedipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker indicated for the management of several subtypes of angina pectoris, and hypertension. Methylene blue An oxidation-reduction agent used for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with acquired methemoglobinemia. Clascoterone An androgen receptor antagonist used for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older. Pralsetinib A RET receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of metastatic RET-driven non-small cell lung cancer. Tirbanibulin A tyrosine kinase and tubulin inhibitor used to treat actinic keratosis on the face or scalp.
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