Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate

Identification

Summary

Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate is an ionic compound used for electrolyte replenishment and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) therapy.

Generic Name
Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate
DrugBank Accession Number
DB09409
Background

Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate is a hydrated form of anhydrous magnesium acetate salt with the chemical formula of Mg(CH3COO)2 • 4H2O. As a salt form of magnesium, magnesium acetate is one of the bioavailable forms of magnesium and forms a very water soluble compound. Magnesium is an essential element and second most abundant cation in the body that plays a key role in maintaining normal cellular function such as production of ATP and efficient enzyme activity. Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate can be used as an electrolyte supplementation or a reagent in molecular biology experiments.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 214.453
Monoisotopic: 214.05390911
Chemical Formula
C4H14MgO8
Synonyms
  • Acetic acid, magnesium salt, tetrahydrate
  • Magnesium diacetate tetrahydrate

Pharmacology

Indication

Used as magnesium salf-containing laxatives to prevent constipation. It can bring synergistic effect to restore normal bowel function when using in combination with aluminum salts that induce bowel retention 8. Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate is used as a source of water and electrolytes when combined with dextrose and other salts to form intravenous infusions. This injection can be used for patients with carbohydrate or magnesium deficiency, insulin hypoglycemia, constipation or hypertension during pregnancy.

Pharmacology
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Associated Therapies
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
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Pharmacodynamics

Magnesium is an essential cofactor for many enzymatic reactions such as protein synthesis and ATP production. It also participates in adenylyl cyclase pathway and tyrosine kinase signalling pathways. Magnesium may also play a role in regulating glucose metabolism. It serves as an essential cation for a number of biochemical processes involved in nerve signaling, bone mineralization and muscle contractions.

Mechanism of action

Magnesium ions electrostatically stabilize the adenylyl cyclase complex and enhance its catalytic actions and production of cAMP. They also regulate the level of phosphorylation in various pathways by formation of transition state of phosphoryl transfer reaction by protein kinases and stabilize ATP binding to protein kinases via electrostatic interactions 7. Many metabolic enzymes involved in glycolysis and Krebs cycle are magnesium-dependent. Magnesium-containing laxatives cause diarrhea through water retention and increased fecal mass that stimulates peristalsis. When used as an electrolyte supplementation, magnesium acetate tetrahydrate induces diuresis and metabolic alkalinizing effect. Magnesium ions enhance reactivity of arteries to vasoconstrictors, promotes vasoconstriction, and increases peripheral resistance, leading to increased blood pressure 4 through potential competition with calcium ions in the vascular system. Magnesium ions also regulate other ions entering and exiting the cell membrane by acting as a ligand in N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor.

TargetActionsOrganism
UGlutamate (NMDA) receptor
ligand
Humans
Absorption

Intestinal absorption is achieved mainly through passive diffusion.

Volume of distribution

Magnesium ions display approximate volume of distribution of 0.2 to 0.4 L/kg

Protein binding

Protein binding of magnesium ions is about 30%

Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination

Mainly renal exctretion, where up to 97% of magnesium may be excreted renally during hypermagnesemia.

Half-life

Elimination half-life has been reported to be 27.7 hours following an overdose of 400mEq magnesium in an adult.

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
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Toxicity

Predicted oral LD50 value is >2000mg/kg. In case of mild to moderate toxicity, it may cause irritation in case of skin or eye contact,and nausea or vomiting from ingestion and inhalation. In overdose, magnesium impairs neuromuscular transmission, manifested as weakness and hyporeflexia. Early manifestations of severe toxicity are lethargy, hyporeflexia, followed by weakness, paralysis, hypotension, ECG changes (prolonged PR and QRS intervals), CNS depression, seizures, and respiratory depression.

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
AcetazolamideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Acetazolamide is combined with Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate.
AlfentanilThe therapeutic efficacy of Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate can be decreased when used in combination with Alfentanil.
AmilorideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Amiloride is combined with Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate.
AmiodaroneThe therapeutic efficacy of Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate can be decreased when used in combination with Amiodarone.
AmlodipineThe therapeutic efficacy of Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate can be decreased when used in combination with Amlodipine.
AtracuriumThe therapeutic efficacy of Atracurium can be increased when used in combination with Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate.
Atracurium besylateThe therapeutic efficacy of Atracurium besylate can be increased when used in combination with Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate.
BendroflumethiazideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Bendroflumethiazide is combined with Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate.
BenzhydrocodoneThe therapeutic efficacy of Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate can be decreased when used in combination with Benzhydrocodone.
BenzthiazideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Benzthiazide is combined with Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate.
Interactions
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Food Interactions
Not Available

Products

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Active Moieties
NameKindUNIICASInChI Key
Magnesium cationionicT6V3LHY83822537-22-0JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
NUMETA PED G 19 % E INFÜZYON IÇIN EMÜLSIYON, 1000 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.55 g) + Alanine (1.83 g) + Arginine (1.92 g) + Aspartic acid (1.37 g) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.56 g) + Cysteine (0.43 g) + D-glucose monohydrate (210.65 g) + Glutamic acid (2.29 g) + Glycine (0.91 g) + Histidine (0.87 g) + Isoleucine (1.53 g) + Leucine (2.29 g) + Lysine (2.82 g) + Methionine (0.55 g) + Olive oil (22.48 g) + Ornithine hydrochloride (0.73 g) + Phenylalanine (0.96 g) + Potassium acetate (3.14 g) + Proline (0.69 g) + Serine (0.91 g) + Sodium chloride (1.79 g) + Sodium glycerophosphate hydrate (2.21 g) + Soybean oil (5.62 g) + Taurine (0.14 g) + Threonine (0.85 g) + Tryptophan (0.46 g) + Tyrosine (0.18 g) + Valine (1.74 g)EmulsionIntravenousEİP ECZACIBAŞI İLAÇ PAZARLAMA A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
NUMETA PED G16 % E İNFÜZYONLUK EMÜLSİYON, 500 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.33 g) + Alanine (1.03 g) + Arginine (1.08 g) + Aspartic acid (0.77 g) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.46 g) + Cysteine (0.24 g) + D-glucose monohydrate (85.25 g) + Glutamic acid (1.29 g) + Glycine (0.51 g) + Histidine (0.49 g) + Isoleucine (0.86 g) + Leucine (1.29 g) + Lysine monohydrate (1.59 g) + Methionine (0.31 g) + Olive oil (12.4 g) + Ornithine hydrochloride (0.41 g) + Phenylalanine (0.54 g) + Potassium acetate (1.12 g) + Proline (0.39 g) + Serine (0.51 g) + Sodium chloride (0.3 g) + Sodium glycerophosphate hydrate (0.98 g) + Soybean oil (3.1 g) + Taurine (0.08 g) + Threonine (0.48 g) + Tryptophan (0.26 g) + Tyrosine (0.1 g) + Valine (0.98 g)InjectionIntravenousEİP ECZACIBAŞI İLAÇ PAZARLAMA A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
NUTRIFLEX LIPID PERI INFUZYONLUK IV EMULSIYON, 1250 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.644 g) + Alanine (4.85 g) + Arginine (2.7 g) + Aspartic acid (1.5 g) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.441 g) + D-glucose monohydrate (88 g) + Glutamic acid (3.5 g) + Glycine (1.65 g) + Histidine (1.25 g) + Isoleucine (2.34 g) + Leucine (3.13 g) + Lysine hydrochloride (2.84 g) + Medium-chain triglycerides (25 g) + Methionine (1.96 g) + Phenylalanine (3.51 g) + Potassium acetate (2.943 g) + Proline (3.4 g) + Serine (3 g) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.544 g) + Sodium chloride (1.081 g) + Sodium hydroxide (0.8 g) + Sodium phosphate, monobasic, dihydrate (1.17 g) + Soybean oil (25 g) + Threonine (1.82 g) + Tryptophan (0.57 g) + Valine (2.6 g) + Zinc acetate dihydrate (6.625 mg)EmulsionIntravenousB.BRAUN MEDİKAL DIŞ TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-142018-10-12Turkey flag
NUTRIFLEX LIPID PERI INFUZYONLUK IV EMULSIYON, 1870 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.966 g) + Acetate (60 mmol) + Alanine (7.28 g) + Arginine (4.05 g) + Aspartic acid (2.25 g) + Calcium (4.5 mmol) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.662 g) + Chlorine (72 mmol) + D-glucose (120 g) + Glutamic acid (5.25 g) + Glycine (2.48 g) + Histidine (1.88 g) + Isoleucine (3.51 g) + Leucine (4.7 g) + Lysine (3.39 g) + Magnesium (4.5 mmol) + Medium-chain triglycerides (37.5 g) + Methionine (2.94 g) + Phenylalanine (5.27 g) + Potassium (45 mmol) + Potassium acetate (4.415 g) + Proline (5.1 g) + Serine (4.5 g) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.816 g) + Sodium cation (75 mmol) + Sodium chloride (1.622 g) + Sodium hydroxide (1.2 g) + Sodium phosphate, monobasic, dihydrate (1.755 g) + Soybean oil (37.5 g) + Threonine (2.73 g) + Tryptophan (0.86 g) + Valine (3.9 g) + Zinc (0.045 mmol) + Zinc acetate dihydrate (9.938 mg)Injection, emulsionIntravenousB.BRAUN MEDİKAL DIŞ TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-142018-10-12Turkey flag
NUTRIFLEX LIPID PERI INFUZYONLUK IV EMULSIYON, 2500 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (1.288 g) + Acetate (80 mmol) + Alanine (9.7 g) + Arginine (5.4 g) + Aspartic acid (3 g) + Calcium (6 mmol) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.882 g) + Chlorine (96 mmol) + D-glucose (160 g) + Glutamic acid (7 g) + Glycine (3.3 g) + Histidine (2.5 g) + Isoleucine (4.68 g) + Leucine (6.26 g) + Lysine (4.52 g) + Magnesium (6 mmol) + Medium-chain triglycerides (50 g) + Methionine (3.92 g) + Phenylalanine (7.02 g) + Potassium (60 mmol) + Potassium acetate (5.886 g) + Proline (6.8 g) + Serine (6 g) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (1.088 g) + Sodium cation (100 mmol) + Sodium chloride (2.162 g) + Sodium hydroxide (1.6 g) + Sodium phosphate, monobasic, dihydrate (2.34 g) + Soybean oil (50 g) + Threonine (3.64 g) + Tryptophan (1.14 g) + Valine (5.2 g) + Zinc (0.06 mmol) + Zinc acetate dihydrate (13.25 mg)Injection, emulsionIntravenousB.BRAUN MEDİKAL DIŞ TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-142018-10-12Turkey flag
NUTRIFLEX LIPID PLUS INFUZYONLUK EMULSIYON, 1250 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.858 g) + Acetate (45 mmol) + Alanine (5.82 g) + Arginine (3.24 g) + Aspartic acid (1.8 g) + Calcium (4 mmol) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.588 g) + Chlorine (45 mmol) + D-glucose (150 g) + Glutamic acid (4.21 g) + Glycine (1.98 g) + Histidine (1.5 g) + Isoleucine (2.82 g) + Leucine (3.76 g) + Lysine (2.73 g) + Magnesium (4 mmol) + Medium-chain triglycerides (25 g) + Methionine (2.35 g) + Phenylalanine (4.21 g) + Phosphate ion (15 mmol) + Potassium (35 mmol) + Potassium acetate (3.434 g) + Proline (4.08 g) + Serine (3.6 g) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.277 g) + Sodium cation (50 mmol) + Sodium chloride (0.503 g) + Sodium hydroxide (0.976 g) + Sodium phosphate, monobasic, dihydrate (2.34 g) + Soybean oil (25 g) + Threonine (2.18 g) + Tryptophan (0.68 g) + Valine (3.12 g) + Zinc (0.03 mmol) + Zinc acetate dihydrate (6.58 mg)Injection, emulsionIntravenousB.BRAUN MEDİKAL DIŞ TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-142018-10-03Turkey flag
NUTRIFLEX LIPID PLUS INFUZYONLUK EMULSIYON, 1870 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (1.287 g) + Acetate (67.5 mmol) + Alanine (8.73 g) + Arginine (4.86 g) + Aspartic acid (2.7 g) + Calcium (6 mmol) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.882 g) + Chlorine (67.5 mmol) + D-glucose (225 g) + Glutamic acid (6.32 g) + Glycine (2.97 g) + Histidine (2.25 g) + Isoleucine (4.23 g) + Leucine (5.64 g) + Lysine (4.1 g) + Magnesium (6 mmol) + Medium-chain triglycerides (37.5 g) + Methionine (3.53 g) + Phenylalanine (6.32 g) + Phosphate ion (22.5 mmol) + Potassium (52.5 mmol) + Potassium acetate (5.151 g) + Proline (6.12 g) + Serine (5.4 g) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.416 g) + Sodium cation (75 mmol) + Sodium chloride (0.755 g) + Sodium hydroxide (1.464 g) + Sodium phosphate, monobasic, dihydrate (3.51 g) + Soybean oil (37.5 g) + Threonine (3.27 g) + Tryptophan (1.02 g) + Valine (4.68 g) + Zinc (0.045 mmol) + Zinc acetate dihydrate (9.87 mg)Injection, emulsionIntravenousB.BRAUN MEDİKAL DIŞ TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-142018-10-03Turkey flag
NUTRIFLEX LIPID PLUS INFUZYONLUK EMULSIYON, 2500 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (1.716 g) + Acetate (90 mmol) + Alanine (11.64 g) + Arginine (6.48 g) + Aspartic acid (3.6 g) + Calcium (8 mmol) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (1.176 g) + Chlorine (90 mmol) + D-glucose (300 g) + Glutamic acid (8.42 g) + Glycine (3.96 g) + Histidine (3 g) + Isoleucine (5.64 g) + Leucine (7.52 g) + Lysine (5.46 g) + Magnesium (8 mmol) + Medium-chain triglycerides (50 g) + Methionine (4.7 g) + Phenylalanine (8.42 g) + Phosphate ion (30 mmol) + Potassium (70 mmol) + Potassium acetate (6.868 g) + Proline (8.16 g) + Serine (7.2 g) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.554 g) + Sodium cation (100 mmol) + Sodium chloride (1.006 g) + Sodium hydroxide (1.952 g) + Sodium phosphate, monobasic, dihydrate (4.68 g) + Soybean oil (50 g) + Threonine (4.36 g) + Tryptophan (1.36 g) + Valine (6.24 g) + Zinc (0.06 mmol) + Zinc acetate dihydrate (13.16 mg)Injection, emulsionIntravenousB.BRAUN MEDİKAL DIŞ TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-142018-10-03Turkey flag
NUTRIFLEX LIPID SPECIAL INTRAVENOZ INFUZYONLUK EMULSIYON, 1250 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.858 g) + Acetate (45 mmol) + Alanine (5.82 g) + Arginine (3.24 g) + Aspartic acid (1.8 g) + Calcium (4 mmol) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.588 g) + Chlorine (45 mmol) + D-glucose (150 g) + Glutamic acid (4.21 g) + Glutamic acid (1.98 g) + Histidine (2.03 g) + Isoleucine (2.82 g) + Leucine (3.76 g) + Lysine (2.73 g) + Magnesium (4 mmol) + Medium-chain triglycerides (25 g) + Methionine (2.35 g) + Phenylalanine (4.21 g) + Phosphate ion (15 mmol) + Potassium (35 mmol) + Potassium acetate (3.434 g) + Proline (4.08 g) + Serine (3.6 g) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.277 g) + Sodium cation (50 mmol) + Sodium chloride (0.503 g) + Sodium hydroxide (0.976 g) + Sodium phosphate, monobasic, dihydrate (2.34 g) + Soybean oil (25 g) + Threonine (2.18 g) + Tryptophan (0.68 g) + Valine (3.12 g) + Zinc (0.03 mmol) + Zinc acetate dihydrate (6.58 mg)EmulsionIntravenousB.BRAUN MEDİKAL DIŞ TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-142018-10-03Turkey flag
NUTRIFLEX LIPID SPECIAL INTRAVENOZ INFUZYONLUK EMULSIYON, 1875 MLMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (1.287 g) + Acetate (67.5 mmol) + Alanine (8.73 g) + Arginine (4.86 g) + Aspartic acid (2.7 g) + Calcium (6 mmol) + Calcium chloride dihydrate (0.882 g) + Chlorine (67.5 mmol) + D-glucose (225 g) + Glutamic acid (6.32 g) + Glutamic acid (2.97 g) + Histidine (3.05 g) + Isoleucine (4.23 g) + Leucine (5.64 g) + Lysine (4.1 g) + Magnesium (6 mmol) + Medium-chain triglycerides (37.5 g) + Methionine (3.53 g) + Phenylalanine (6.32 g) + Phosphate ion (22.5 mmol) + Potassium (52.5 mmol) + Potassium acetate (5.151 g) + Proline (6.12 g) + Serine (5.4 g) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.416 g) + Sodium cation (75 mmol) + Sodium chloride (0.755 g) + Sodium hydroxide (1.464 g) + Sodium phosphate, monobasic, dihydrate (3.51 g) + Soybean oil (37.5 g) + Threonine (3.27 g) + Tryptophan (1.02 g) + Valine (4.68 g) + Zinc (0.045 mmol) + Zinc acetate dihydrate (9.87 mg)EmulsionIntravenousB.BRAUN MEDİKAL DIŞ TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-142018-10-03Turkey flag
Unapproved/Other Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
PERIFERAMIN AMINOASIT SOL 1000 ML SETLIMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.054 g/100ml) + Alanine (0.21 g/100ml) + Arginine (0.29 g/100ml) + Calcium acetate monohydrate (0.026 g/100ml) + Cysteine hydrochloride (0.02 g/100ml) + Glycerin (3 g/100ml) + Glycine (0.42 g/100ml) + Histidine (0.085 g/100ml) + Isoleucine (0.21 g/100ml) + Leucine (0.27 g/100ml) + Lysine (0.22 g/100ml) + Methionine (0.16 g/100ml) + Phenylalanine (0.17 g/100ml) + Phosphoric acid (0.041 g/100ml) + Potassium chloride (0.149 g/100ml) + Proline (0.34 g/100ml) + Serine (0.18 g/100ml) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.204 g/100ml) + Sodium chloride (0.117 g/100ml) + Threonine (0.12 g/100ml) + Tryptophan (0.046 g/100ml) + Valine (0.2 g/100ml)Injection, solutionIntravenousOSEL İLAÇ SAN. VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
PERIFERAMIN AMINOASIT SOL 1000 ML SETSIZMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.054 g/100ml) + Alanine (0.21 g/100ml) + Arginine (0.29 g/100ml) + Calcium acetate monohydrate (0.026 g/100ml) + Cysteine hydrochloride (0.02 g/100ml) + Glycerin (3 g/100ml) + Glycine (0.42 g/100ml) + Histidine (0.085 g/100ml) + Isoleucine (0.21 g/100ml) + Leucine (0.27 g/100ml) + Lysine (0.22 g/100ml) + Methionine (0.16 g/100ml) + Phenylalanine (0.17 g/100ml) + Phosphoric acid (0.041 g/100ml) + Potassium chloride (0.149 g/100ml) + Proline (0.34 g/100ml) + Serine (0.18 g/100ml) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.204 g/100ml) + Sodium chloride (0.117 g/100ml) + Threonine (0.12 g/100ml) + Tryptophan (0.046 g/100ml) + Valine (0.2 g/100ml)Injection, solutionIntravenousOSEL İLAÇ SAN. VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
PERIFERAMIN AMINOASIT SOL 500 ML SETSIZ SISEMagnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.054 g/100ml) + Alanine (0.21 g/100ml) + Arginine (0.29 g/100ml) + Calcium acetate monohydrate (0.026 g/100ml) + Cysteine hydrochloride (0.02 g/100ml) + Glycerin (3 g/100ml) + Glycine (0.42 g/100ml) + Histidine (0.085 g/100ml) + Isoleucine (0.21 g/100ml) + Leucine (0.27 g/100ml) + Lysine (0.22 g/100ml) + Methionine (0.16 g/100ml) + Phenylalanine (0.17 g/100ml) + Phosphoric acid (0.041 g/100ml) + Potassium chloride (0.149 g/100ml) + Proline (0.34 g/100ml) + Serine (0.18 g/100ml) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.204 g/100ml) + Sodium chloride (0.117 g/100ml) + Threonine (0.12 g/100ml) + Tryptophan (0.046 g/100ml) + Valine (0.2 g/100ml)Injection, solutionIntravenousOSEL İLAÇ SAN. VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
PROCALAMINE SISE 1000 ML(SETLI)Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.054 g/100ml) + Alanine (0.21 g/100ml) + Arginine (0.29 g/100ml) + Calcium acetate monohydrate (0.026 g/100ml) + Cysteine hydrochloride (0.02 g/100ml) + Glycerin (3 g/100ml) + Glycine (0.42 g/100ml) + Histidine (0.085 g/100ml) + Isoleucine (0.21 g/100ml) + Leucine (0.27 g/100ml) + Lysine (0.22 g/100ml) + Methionine (0.16 g/100ml) + Phenylalanine (0.17 g/100ml) + Phosphoric acid (0.041 g/100ml) + Potassium chloride (0.149 g/100ml) + Potassium metabisulfite (0.05 g/100ml) + Proline (0.34 g/100ml) + Serine (0.18 g/100ml) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.204 g/100ml) + Sodium chloride (0.117 g/100ml) + Threonine (0.12 g/100ml) + Tryptophan (0.046 g/100ml) + Valine (0.2 g/100ml)SolutionParenteralECZACIBAŞI-BAXTER HASTANE ÜRÜNLERİ SAN.VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
PROCALAMINE SISE 500 ML(SETLI)Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.054 g/100ml) + Alanine (0.21 g/100ml) + Arginine (0.29 g/100ml) + Calcium acetate monohydrate (0.026 g/100ml) + Cysteine hydrochloride (0.02 g/100ml) + Glycerin (3 g/100ml) + Glycine (0.42 g/100ml) + Histidine (0.085 g/100ml) + Isoleucine (0.21 g/100ml) + Leucine (0.27 g/100ml) + Lysine (0.22 g/100ml) + Methionine (0.16 g/100ml) + Phenylalanine (0.17 g/100ml) + Phosphoric acid (0.041 g/100ml) + Potassium chloride (0.149 g/100ml) + Potassium metabisulfite (0.05 g/100ml) + Proline (0.34 g/100ml) + Serine (0.18 g/100ml) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.204 g/100ml) + Sodium chloride (0.117 g/100ml) + Threonine (0.12 g/100ml) + Tryptophan (0.046 g/100ml) + Valine (0.2 g/100ml)SolutionParenteralECZACIBAŞI-BAXTER HASTANE ÜRÜNLERİ SAN.VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
PROCALAMINE SISE 500 ML(SETSIZ)Magnesium acetate tetrahydrate (0.054 g/100ml) + Alanine (0.21 g/100ml) + Arginine (0.29 g/100ml) + Calcium acetate monohydrate (0.026 g/100ml) + Cysteine hydrochloride (0.02 g/100ml) + Glycerin (3 g/100ml) + Glycine (0.42 g/100ml) + Histidine (0.085 g/100ml) + Isoleucine (0.21 g/100ml) + Leucine (0.27 g/100ml) + Lysine (0.22 g/100ml) + Methionine (0.16 g/100ml) + Phenylalanine (0.17 g/100ml) + Phosphoric acid (0.041 g/100ml) + Potassium chloride (0.149 g/100ml) + Potassium metabisulfite (0.05 g/100ml) + Proline (0.34 g/100ml) + Serine (0.18 g/100ml) + Sodium acetate trihydrate (0.204 g/100ml) + Sodium chloride (0.117 g/100ml) + Threonine (0.12 g/100ml) + Tryptophan (0.046 g/100ml) + Valine (0.2 g/100ml)SolutionParenteralECZACIBAŞI-BAXTER HASTANE ÜRÜNLERİ SAN.VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag

Categories

Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acetate salts. These are organic compounds containing acetic acid as its acid component.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organic acids and derivatives
Class
Carboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub Class
Carboxylic acid derivatives
Direct Parent
Acetate salts
Alternative Parents
Monocarboxylic acids and derivatives / Carboxylic acids / Organic salts / Organic oxides / Hydrocarbon derivatives / Carbonyl compounds
Substituents
Acetate salt / Aliphatic acyclic compound / Carbonyl group / Carboxylic acid / Hydrocarbon derivative / Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives / Organic oxide / Organic oxygen compound / Organic salt / Organooxygen compound
Molecular Framework
Not Available
External Descriptors
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
I01G0EJC3B
CAS number
16674-78-5
InChI Key
XKPKPGCRSHFTKM-UHFFFAOYSA-L
InChI
InChI=1S/2C2H4O2.Mg.4H2O/c2*1-2(3)4;;;;;/h2*1H3,(H,3,4);;4*1H2/q;;+2;;;;/p-2
IUPAC Name
magnesium(2+) ion diacetate tetrahydrate
SMILES
O.O.O.O.[Mg++].CC([O-])=O.CC([O-])=O

References

General References
  1. Guerrera MP, Volpe SL, Mao JJ: Therapeutic uses of magnesium. Am Fam Physician. 2009 Jul 15;80(2):157-62. [Article]
  2. Zimmermann G, Zhou D, Taussig R: Mutations uncover a role for two magnesium ions in the catalytic mechanism of adenylyl cyclase. J Biol Chem. 1998 Jul 31;273(31):19650-5. [Article]
  3. Rodriguez-Moran M, Guerrero-Romero F: Oral magnesium supplementation improves insulin sensitivity and metabolic control in type 2 diabetic subjects: a randomized double-blind controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2003 Apr;26(4):1147-52. [Article]
  4. Jin K, Kim TH, Kim YH, Kim YW: Additional antihypertensive effect of magnesium supplementation with an angiotensin II receptor blocker in hypomagnesemic rats. Korean J Intern Med. 2013 Mar;28(2):197-205. doi: 10.3904/kjim.2013.28.2.197. Epub 2013 Feb 27. [Article]
  5. Touyz RM, Milne FJ: Magnesium supplementation attenuates, but does not prevent, development of hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Am J Hypertens. 1999 Aug;12(8 Pt 1):757-65. [Article]
  6. Kh R, Khullar M, Kashyap M, Pandhi P, Uppal R: Effect of oral magnesium supplementation on blood pressure, platelet aggregation and calcium handling in deoxycorticosterone acetate induced hypertension in rats. J Hypertens. 2000 Jul;18(7):919-26. [Article]
  7. Yu L, Xu L, Xu M, Wan B, Yu L, Huang Q.: Role of Mg2+ ions in protein kinase phosphorylation: insights from molecular dynamics simulations of ATP-kinase complexes Molecular Simulation. 2011 September 20;37(14):1143-1150. [Article]
  8. 29. (2012). In Rang and Dale's Pharmacology (7th ed., pp. 364). Edinburgh: Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone. [ISBN:978-0-7020-3471-8]
  9. 46. (2011). In Goodman and Gilman's the pharmacological basis of therapeutics, Pharmacological basis of therapeutics (12th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. [ISBN:9780071624428]
  10. 2. (2013). In Clinical naturopathic medicine (pp. 76-78). Elsevier Health Sciences, 2013. [ISBN:9780729582261]
  11. Civitelli, R., Ziambaras, K. and Leelawattana, R. (1997). 6. In Metabolic Bone Disease and Clinically Related Disorders (pp. 191-194). Academic Press. [ISBN:9780080536279]
  12. Santa Cruz Biotechnology [Link]
  13. PLASMA-LYTE 56 and 5% Dextrose Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 1, USP) in VIAFLEX Plastic Container: Drug Label [Link]
  14. Magnesium Absorption in Humans [Link]
  15. TOXNET Magnesium compounds [Link]
PubChem Compound
134717
PubChem Substance
347827845
ChemSpider
118734
RxNav
317246
ChEMBL
CHEMBL3989858
Wikipedia
Magnesium_acetate
MSDS
Download (41.6 KB)

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
3CompletedTreatmentIllness, Critical1
3CompletedTreatmentParenteral Nutrition for Patients With Proven Insufficient Enteral Resorption1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
Injection, emulsionParenteral
Injection, emulsionIntravenous
EmulsionParenteral
EmulsionIntravenous
SolutionParenteral
Injection, solution
InjectionIntravenous
Injection, solutionIntravenous
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point (°C)80Fischer Scientific MSDS
boiling point (°C)117.1 °C at 760 mmHgPredicted value by Santa Cruz Biotechnology
water solubilitySolubleFischer Scientific MSDS
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility98.2 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.29ALOGPS
logP-0.22ChemAxon
logS-0.16ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.54ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area40.13 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity23.48 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability4.96 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
Not Available

Targets

Drugtargets
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Kind
Protein group
Organism
Humans
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Ligand
General Function
Voltage-gated cation channel activity
Specific Function
NMDA receptor subtype of glutamate-gated ion channels with high calcium permeability and voltage-dependent sensitivity to magnesium. Mediated by glycine. This protein plays a key role in synaptic p...

Components:

Drug created on November 30, 2015 19:10 / Updated on January 09, 2021 18:41