Accession Number

The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

DrugDrug Description
OxygenAn essential element for human survival used in clinical conditions in which there is a lack of oxygen, such as, but not limited to, anoxia, hypoxia or dyspnea.
NitrogenA cryogenic agent used to treat various benign and malignant skin lesions.
HeliumA gas used for medical conditions where there is a need for increased oxygen intake, such as upper airway obstruction in asthma and COPD.
Carbon dioxideA naturally-occurring gas used as a insufflation gas during minimally invasive surgeries to enlarge and stabilize body cavities to provide better visibility of the surgical area.
ChlorineChlorine is a stongly oxidizing agent and the third most electronegative element which belongs to the group of halogens with the atomic number 17 and symbol Cl. Being a yellow-green...
Carbon monoxideA gas used as a marker of respiratory status in spirometry tests.
Xenon Xe-127Not Annotated
Sulfur dioxideNot Annotated
Sulfur hexafluorideA medication used in ultrasound to enhance viewing of blood vessels and the urinary tract.
AmmoniaIndicated for use as a smelling salt to treat or prevent fainting. (when radiolabelled) Indicated for diagnostic PET imaging of the myocardium under rest or pharmacologic stress conditions to evaluate...
Mercuric amidochlorideNot Annotated
HydrogenHydrogen is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02830854 (Molecular Hydrogen for Cognitive Function and Performance in Elderly).
Nitric OxideA vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates.
TetrachlorodecaoxideInvestigated for use/treatment in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and aids-related infections, cancer/tumors (unspecified), HIV infection, and inflammatory disorders (unspecified).
Nitrous oxideAn inhalatory gas used as an adjunct to improve oxygenation and reduce the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in certain neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure.
Xenon-133An inhaled radionuclide used to measure lung function and organ blood flow.
NeonA diagnostic tracer gas used in pulmonary function tests.
OzoneOzone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Mild Asthma and Primary Apical Periodontite.
Helium He-3Helium He-3 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00846014 (Asthma Exacerbation and Helium-3 MRI).
XenonNot Annotated
Drugs & Drug Targets
OxygenNADPH oxidase 1target
OxygenCytochrome c oxidase subunit 1target
OxygenHemoglobin subunit betacarrier
OxygenHemoglobin subunit alphacarrier
Carbon monoxideMyoglobintarget
AmmoniaGlutaminase liver isoform, mitochondrialenzyme
AmmoniaGlutamine synthetaseenzyme
AmmoniaCarbamoyl-phosphate synthase [ammonia], mitochondrialenzyme
Nitric OxideGuanylate cyclase soluble subunit alpha-2target
Nitric OxideAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Nitric OxideMetallothionein-1Atarget
Nitric OxideIndoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1target
Nitric OxideNitric oxide synthase, endothelialtarget
TetrachlorodecaoxideMacrophage erythroblast attachertarget
TetrachlorodecaoxideScavenger receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M130target