Identification

Summary

Dexpanthenol is an alcoholic analogue of D-pantothenic acid that is used as a supplement or application to support a healthy epithelium and is also used to prevent vitamin deficiency in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN).

Brand Names
Fortaplex, Infuvite, Infuvite Pediatric, Mvi Pediatric, Neo-bex
Generic Name
Dexpanthenol
DrugBank Accession Number
DB09357
Background

Dexpanthenol is an alcohol derivative of pantothenic acid, a component of the B complex vitamins and an essential component of a normally functioning epithelium. Dexpanthenol is enzymatically cleaved to form pantothenic acid, which is an essential component of Coenzyme A, which acts as a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions that are important for protein metabolism in the epithelium2.

Due to its good penetration and high local concentrations, dexpanthanol is used in many topical products, such as ointments and lotions for treatment of dermatological conditions to relieve itching or promote healing. Dermatological effects of the topical use of dexpanthenol include increased fibroblast proliferation and accelerated re-epithelialization in wound healing. Furthermore, it acts as a topical protectant, moisturizer, and has demonstrated anti-inflammatory properties 3.

Dexpanthenol is also available as a racemic mixture containing both the dextrorotatory form (dexpanthenol) and the levorotatory form (levopanthenol) as Panthenol. While pantothenic acid is optically active, only the dextrorotatory form (dexpanthenol) is biologically active.

Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved
Structure
Thumb
Weight
Average: 205.2515
Monoisotopic: 205.131408101
Chemical Formula
C9H19NO4
Synonyms
  • (+)-Panthenol
  • (2R)-2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethylbutanamide
  • Bepanthen
  • Bepanthene
  • Bepantol
  • D-panthenol
  • D-panthenol 50
  • D-Pantothenol
  • D-Pantothenyl alcohol
  • D(+)-Panthenol
  • Dexpantenol
  • Dexpanthenol
  • Dexpanthenolum
  • Pantol
  • Pantothenyl alcohol
  • Provitamin B
External IDs
  • 201-327-3
  • BAY 81-2996
  • NSC-302962

Pharmacology

Indication

Injection: Prophylactic use immediately after major abdominal surgery to minimize the possibility of paralytic ileus. Intestinal atony causing abdominal distention; postoperative or postpartum retention of flatus, or postoperative delay in resumption of intestinal motility; paralytic ileus.

Topical: This medication is used as a moisturizer to treat or prevent dry, rough, scaly, itchy skin and minor skin irritations (e.g., diaper rash, skin burns from radiation therapy).

Pharmacology
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Associated Conditions
Associated Therapies
Contraindications & Blackbox Warnings
Contraindications
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Pharmacodynamics

Pantothenic acid is a precursor of coenzyme A, which serves as a cofactor for a variety of enzyme-catalyzed reactions involving transfer of acetyl groups. The final step in the synthesis of acetylcholine consists of the choline acetylase transfer of acetyl group from acetylcoenzyme A to choline. Acetylcholine is the neurohumoral transmitter in the parasympathetic system and as such maintains the normal functions of the intestine. Decrease in acetylcholine content would result in decreased peristalsis and in extreme cases adynamic ileus.

Mechanism of action

Dexpanthenol is an alcohol derivative of pantothenic acid, a component of the B complex vitamins and an essential component of a normally functioning epithelium. Dexpanthenol is enzymatically cleaved to form pantothenic acid, which is an essential component of Coenzyme A, which acts as a cofactor in many enzymatic reactions that are important for protein metabolism in the epithelium2.

Dermatological effects of the topical use of dexpanthenol include increased fibroblast proliferation and accelerated re-epithelialization in wound healing. Furthermore, it acts as a topical protectant, moisturizer, and has demonstrated anti-inflammatory properties 3.

Absorption

Dexpanthenol is soluble in water and alcohol, although insoluble in fats and oil based substances. With the appropriate vehicle, Dexpanthenol is easily penetrated into the skin. Rate of penetration and absorption is reduced when Dexpanthenol is administered as an oil/water formula.

Volume of distribution

Dexpanthenol is readily converted to pantothenic acid which is widely distributed into body tissues, mainly as coenzyme A. Highest concentrations are found in the liver, adrenal glands, heart, and kidneys.

Protein binding

Plasma protein binding have not been reported.

Metabolism

Dexpanthenol is readily converted to pantothenic acid which is widely distributed into body tissues, mainly as coenzyme A.

Hover over products below to view reaction partners

Route of elimination

Milk of nursing mothers receiving a normal diet contains about 2 ug of pantothenic acid per mL. About 70% of an oral dose of pantothenic acid is excreted unchanged in urine and about 30% in feces.

Half-life

Half life have not been reported

Clearance

Not Available

Adverse Effects
Adverseeffects
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Toxicity

Mouse LD50 : 9gm/kg (Intraperitoneal) Mouse: LD50 7gm/kg (Intravenous) Mouse: LD50 15gm/kg (Oral) Rabbit LD50 4gm/kg (Oral)

Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
This information should not be interpreted without the help of a healthcare provider. If you believe you are experiencing an interaction, contact a healthcare provider immediately. The absence of an interaction does not necessarily mean no interactions exist.
DrugInteraction
AbacavirAbacavir may decrease the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a higher serum level.
AceclofenacAceclofenac may decrease the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcemetacinAcemetacin may decrease the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcetaminophenAcetaminophen may decrease the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcetazolamideAcetazolamide may increase the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
Acetylsalicylic acidAcetylsalicylic acid may decrease the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a higher serum level.
AclidiniumAclidinium may decrease the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcrivastineDexpanthenol may decrease the excretion rate of Acrivastine which could result in a higher serum level.
AcyclovirAcyclovir may decrease the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a higher serum level.
Adefovir dipivoxilAdefovir dipivoxil may decrease the excretion rate of Dexpanthenol which could result in a higher serum level.
Interactions
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Food Interactions
No interactions found.

Products

Products2
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Active Moieties
NameKindUNIICASInChI Key
Pantothenic acidunknown19F5HK273779-83-4GHOKWGTUZJEAQD-ZETCQYMHSA-N
International/Other Brands
Cozyme / Ilopan / Motilyn / Panadon / Panthoderm / Synapan / Thenalton / Zentinic
Brand Name Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
DexpanthenolInjection, solution250 mg/1mLIntramuscular; IntravenousAmerican Regent1993-08-202016-11-09US flag
Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
BabysonsOintment50 mg/1gTopicalLaboratorios Quimica Son's, S.A. de C.V2020-06-15Not applicableUS flag
BEPANTHEN OINTMENTOintmentTopicalBAYER CO. (MALAYSIA) SDN. BHD.2020-09-08Not applicableMalaysia flag
Eros Aqua Sensations and Care WomanGel0.5 g/100mLTopicalMEGASOL COSMETIC GMBH2012-10-012018-01-17US flag
MAR PLUS 5% NASAL SPRAYSolution; Spray50 mg/1mLNasalบริษัท สตาดา (ประเทศไทย) จำกัด2014-08-21Not applicableThailand flag
Perfect Pore Clean ILiquid0.001 g/1mLTopicalAmi Cosmetic Co.,Ltd.2014-04-142019-01-15US flag
Vitalizer WhiteLiquid0.0005 g/1mLTopicalAmi Cosmetic Co.,Ltd.2014-04-142019-01-15US flag
Yozum Well Being Hair ColorLiquid0.2 g/100gTopicalYozum Korea2014-12-08Not applicableUS flag
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Adult Infuvite Multiple VitaminsDexpanthenol (15 mg/10mL) + Ascorbic acid (200 mg/10mL) + Biotin (60 ug/10mL) + Cholecalciferol (200 [iU]/10mL) + Cyanocobalamin (5 ug/10mL) + Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium (3.6 mg/10mL) + Folic acid (600 ug/10mL) + Nicotinamide (40 mg/10mL) + Phylloquinone (150 ug/10mL) + Pyridoxine hydrochloride (6 mg/10mL) + Thiamine hydrochloride (6 mg/10mL) + Vitamin A palmitate (3300 [iU]/10mL) + alpha-Tocopherol acetate (10 [iU]/10mL)Injection, solutionIntravenousSandoz Manufacturing Inc2005-05-18Not applicableUS flag
Adult Infuvite Multiple VitaminsDexpanthenol (15 mg/10mL) + Ascorbic acid (200 mg/10mL) + Biotin (60 ug/10mL) + Cholecalciferol (200 [iU]/10mL) + Cyanocobalamin (5 ug/10mL) + Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium (3.6 mg/10mL) + Folic acid (600 ug/10mL) + Nicotinamide (40 mg/10mL) + Phylloquinone (150 ug/10mL) + Pyridoxine hydrochloride (6 mg/10mL) + Thiamine hydrochloride (6 mg/10mL) + Vitamin A palmitate (3300 [iU]/10mL) + alpha-Tocopherol acetate (10 [iU]/10mL)Injection, solutionIntravenousSandoz Manufacturing Inc2005-05-18Not applicableUS flag
Adult Infuvite Multiple VitaminsDexpanthenol (15 mg/10mL) + Ascorbic acid (200 mg/10mL) + Biotin (60 ug/10mL) + Cholecalciferol (200 [iU]/10mL) + Cyanocobalamin (5 ug/10mL) + Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium (3.6 mg/10mL) + Folic acid (600 ug/10mL) + Nicotinamide (40 mg/10mL) + Phylloquinone (150 ug/10mL) + Pyridoxine hydrochloride (6 mg/10mL) + Thiamine hydrochloride (6 mg/10mL) + Vitamin A palmitate (3300 [iU]/10mL) + alpha-Tocopherol acetate (10 [iU]/10mL)Injection, solutionIntravenousSandoz Manufacturing Inc2003-06-16Not applicableUS flag
Adult Infuvite Multiple VitaminsDexpanthenol (15 mg/10mL) + Ascorbic acid (200 mg/10mL) + Biotin (60 ug/10mL) + Cholecalciferol (200 [iU]/10mL) + Cyanocobalamin (5 ug/10mL) + Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium (3.6 mg/10mL) + Folic acid (600 ug/10mL) + Nicotinamide (40 mg/10mL) + Phylloquinone (150 ug/10mL) + Pyridoxine hydrochloride (6 mg/10mL) + Thiamine hydrochloride (6 mg/10mL) + Vitamin A palmitate (3300 [iU]/10mL) + alpha-Tocopherol acetate (10 [iU]/10mL)Injection, solutionIntravenousSandoz Manufacturing Inc2003-06-16Not applicableUS flag
Alsimine W Vitamins A DDexpanthenol (5 mg / amp) + Dexpanthenol (400 unit / amp) + Calcium glycerophosphate (13 mg / amp) + Cyanocobalamin (10 mcg / amp) + Ferrous gluconate (16 mg / amp) + Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium (2 mg / amp) + Nicotinamide (40 mg / amp) + Pyridoxine hydrochloride (3 mg / amp) + Thiamine hydrochloride (4.5 mg / amp) + Vitamin A (10000 unit / amp)Capsule; LiquidOralAlsi Cie Ltee1978-12-312003-05-21Canada flag
Alsimine W Vitamins A DDexpanthenol (5 mg / amp) + Dexpanthenol (400 unit / amp) + Calcium glycerophosphate (13 mg / amp) + Cyanocobalamin (10 mcg / amp) + Ferrous gluconate (16 mg / amp) + Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium (2 mg / amp) + Nicotinamide (40 mg / amp) + Pyridoxine hydrochloride (3 mg / amp) + Thiamine hydrochloride (4.5 mg / amp) + Vitamin A (10000 unit / amp)Capsule; LiquidOralAlsi Cie Ltee1978-12-312003-05-21Canada flag
Aquasol A CreamDexpanthenol (21.4 mg / g) + Vitamin A palmitate (7055 unit / g)CreamTopicalRhone Poulenc Rorer1993-12-311998-08-12Canada flag
Atomy Herbal Hair TonicDexpanthenol (0.4 mL/200mL) + Levomenthol (0.6 mL/200mL) + Salicylic acid (0.5 mL/200mL)LiquidTopicalAtomy Co., Ltd.2010-04-29Not applicableUS flag
B Complex W C and B12 InjDexpanthenol (60 mg / 10 mL) + Ascorbic acid (500 mg / 10 mL) + Cyanocobalamin (10 mg / 10 mL) + Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium (50 mg / 10 mL) + Nicotinamide (1.25 g / 10 mL) + Pyridoxine hydrochloride (50 mg / 10 mL) + Thiamine hydrochloride (500 mg / 10 mL)LiquidIntramuscular; IntravenousE L Stickley And Co Ltd.1963-12-311996-09-09Canada flag
B Vitamin Compound With B12 ThunasDexpanthenol (.5 mg / mL) + Cyanocobalamin (.11 mcg / mL) + Nicotinamide (.8 mg / mL) + Riboflavin (.15 mg / mL) + Thiamine mononitrate (.15 mg / mL)LiquidOralThuna Herbal Remedies Ltd.1984-05-312002-10-16Canada flag
Unapproved/Other Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing EndRegionImage
Atomy Herbal Hair TonicDexpanthenol (0.4 mL/200mL) + Levomenthol (0.6 mL/200mL) + Salicylic acid (0.5 mL/200mL)LiquidTopicalAtomy Co., Ltd.2010-04-29Not applicableUS flag
B-ComboDexpanthenol (1 mg/1mL) + Mecobalamin (1 mg/1mL) + Nicotinamide (1 mg/1mL) + Pyridoxine (1 mg/1mL) + Riboflavin (1 mg/1mL) + Thiamine chloride (1 mg/1mL)InjectionIntramuscularPerdido Key Health And Wellness Inc2015-11-23Not applicableUS flag
B-plex 100Dexpanthenol (2 mg/1mL) + Riboflavin 5'-phosphate sodium (2 mg/1mL) + Nicotinamide (100 mg/1mL) + Pyridoxine hydrochloride (2 mg/1mL) + Thiamine hydrochloride (100 mg/1mL)Injection, solutionIntramuscular; IntravenousMerit Pharmaceutical2012-01-01Not applicableUS flag
BEHEPTAL 2 ML AMPUL, 5 ADETDexpanthenol (500 mg)SolutionOSEL İLAÇ SAN. VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
Black Repair Hair Boosting TonicDexpanthenol (0.2 g/100mL) + Menthol (0.3 g/100mL) + Salicylic acid (0.25 g/100mL)LiquidTopicalDERMA CENTRIC INC2021-03-28Not applicableUS flag
Crazyskin BeersDexpanthenol (0.2 g/100g) + Levomenthol (0.3 g/100g) + Salicylic acid (0.25 g/100g)ShampooTopicalCrazy Skin Co., Ltd.2020-02-22Not applicableUS flag
Crazyskin Beers PremiumDexpanthenol (0.2 g/100g) + Levomenthol (0.3 g/100g) + Salicylic acid (0.25 g/100g)ShampooTopicalCrazy Skin Co., Ltd.2020-12-05Not applicableUS flag
Derma Charcoal MaskDexpanthenol (15 mg/75g) + Activated charcoal (75 mg/75g) + Jojoba oil (15 mg/75g)GelTopicalPella Pharmaceuticals Co .Ltd2020-12-03Not applicableUS flag
DEXPANTEN %5 30 G MERHEMDexpanthenol (5 %)OintmentTopicalORİON İLAÇ SAN. VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag
DEXPANTEN %5 KREM, 30 GDexpanthenol (5 %)CreamTopicalORİON İLAÇ SAN. VE TİC. A.Ş.2020-08-14Not applicableTurkey flag

Categories

ATC Codes
D03AX03 — DexpanthenolS01XA12 — DexpanthenolA11HA30 — Dexpanthenol
Drug Categories
Chemical TaxonomyProvided by Classyfire
Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as secondary alcohols. These are compounds containing a secondary alcohol functional group, with the general structure HOC(R)(R') (R,R'=alkyl, aryl).
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organic oxygen compounds
Class
Organooxygen compounds
Sub Class
Alcohols and polyols
Direct Parent
Secondary alcohols
Alternative Parents
Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compounds / Carboximidic acids / Alkanolamines / Primary alcohols / Organopnictogen compounds / Hydrocarbon derivatives
Substituents
Aliphatic acyclic compound / Alkanolamine / Carboximidic acid / Carboximidic acid derivative / Hydrocarbon derivative / Organic 1,3-dipolar compound / Organic nitrogen compound / Organonitrogen compound / Organopnictogen compound / Primary alcohol
Molecular Framework
Aliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
monocarboxylic acid amide, amino alcohol (CHEBI:27373)
Affected organisms
Not Available

Chemical Identifiers

UNII
1O6C93RI7Z
CAS number
81-13-0
InChI Key
SNPLKNRPJHDVJA-ZETCQYMHSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C9H19NO4/c1-9(2,6-12)7(13)8(14)10-4-3-5-11/h7,11-13H,3-6H2,1-2H3,(H,10,14)/t7-/m0/s1
IUPAC Name
(2R)-2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethylbutanamide
SMILES
CC(C)(CO)[C@@H](O)C(=O)NCCCO

References

General References
  1. Slyshenkov VS, Dymkowska D, Wojtczak L: Pantothenic acid and pantothenol increase biosynthesis of glutathione by boosting cell energetics. FEBS Lett. 2004 Jul 2;569(1-3):169-72. [Article]
  2. Proksch E, de Bony R, Trapp S, Boudon S: Topical use of dexpanthenol: a 70th anniversary article. J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 Dec;28(8):766-773. doi: 10.1080/09546634.2017.1325310. Epub 2017 May 14. [Article]
  3. Biro K, Thaci D, Ochsendorf FR, Kaufmann R, Boehncke WH: Efficacy of dexpanthenol in skin protection against irritation: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Contact Dermatitis. 2003 Aug;49(2):80-4. [Article]
  4. DRUGS.COM [Link]
  5. Webmd [Link]
  6. Pubchem [Link]
  7. ChemIDplus [Link]
  8. BASG Product Information: Dolobene (DMSO/heparin sodium/dexpanthenol) topical gel [Link]
KEGG Drug
D00193
KEGG Compound
C05944
PubChem Compound
131204
PubChem Substance
347827835
ChemSpider
115991
RxNav
22701
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1200979
ZINC
ZINC000001530303
RxList
RxList Drug Page
Drugs.com
Drugs.com Drug Page
Wikipedia
Panthenol

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
4CompletedBasic ScienceCell Proliferation / Gene Expression / Wound Healing1
4CompletedTreatmentErythemas / Skin Recovery1
4CompletedTreatmentSkin Recovery2
4CompletedTreatmentWound Healing1
4RecruitingTreatmentAcute Kidney Injury (AKI)1
3CompletedSupportive CarePhotodamaged Skin1
3CompletedTreatmentAppetite; Lack or Loss, Nonorganic Origin1
3CompletedTreatmentBreast Cancer1
3CompletedTreatmentHbA1c Level / Plasma Homocysteine1
3CompletedTreatmentHydatidiform Moles1

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage Forms
FormRouteStrength
Capsule; liquidOral
SyrupOral
LiquidTopical
SolutionIntramuscular; Intravenous
OintmentTopical50 mg/1g
Solution
Solution
Tablet, coated
ElixirOral
Powder, for solutionIntravenous
Injection, solution500 MG/2ML
Tablet100 MG
Ointment
CreamTopical
OintmentTopical
OintmentNasal; Ophthalmic
SolutionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
OintmentNasal; Ophthalmic50 mg/g
SolutionOral50 mg/g
Lozenge
CreamTopical
SprayTopical
Ointment50 mg/g
Injection, powder, for solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous
Injection, powder, for solutionParenteral
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous125 mg
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous
GelOphthalmic
GelOphthalmic50 mg/g
GelOphthalmic120 mg/0.6mL
GelOphthalmic30 mg/0.6mL
GelOphthalmic60 mg/0.6mL
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic50 mg/mL
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic30 mg/0.6mL
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic60 mg/0.6mL
LozengeOral
Injection, solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous250 mg/1mL
CreamCutaneous
CreamTopical50 mg/g
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic
GelTopical
LiquidOral
GelTopical0.5 g/100mL
LiquidIntramuscular; Intravenous
InjectionIntramuscular
Injection, powder, lyophilized, for solutionIntravenous
KitIntravenous
Solution; sprayNasal50 mg/1mL
SprayNasal10 mg/1ml
SolutionIntravenous
LiquidIntravenous
Solution / dropsOral
SprayNasal50 mg/ml
SprayNasal
ShampooTopical
Powder, for solutionOral
SolutionBuccal; Oropharyngeal
GelBuccal; Oral
Solution / drops; suspension / dropsOphthalmic50 mg
Injection, solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous
Ointment5 %
SolutionOral5 %
OintmentOphthalmic5 g
CreamTopical100 g
CreamTopical20 g
CreamTopical50 g
CreamNasal50 mg/g
CreamTopical5 G/100G
CreamTopical5 %
Injection, solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous; Subcutaneous
Cream
Injection, solutionIntravenous
SolutionOral
PatchTopical
LiquidTopical0.001 g/1mL
Syrup
Solution / dropsOphthalmic
Solution / dropsOphthalmic
Tablet, coated
Liquid; tabletOral
Injection, powder, for solutionIntravenous100 mg
Powder, for solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous
OintmentTopical
LiquidTopical0.0005 g/1mL
InjectionIntramuscular; Intravenous
InjectionIntravenous
Injection, solutionIntramuscular; Intravenous
Spray, meteredNasal
LiquidTopical0.2 g/100g
Solution; sprayNasal
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility121.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1ALOGPS
logP-1.7ChemAxon
logS-0.23ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.69ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area89.79 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity51.88 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability21.87 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET Features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-0f8a-1921000000-f1d6cd175435f0634e26
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)GC-MSsplash10-0ar9-0940000000-60184a3322815ca33b8c
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Drug created at November 30, 2015 19:10 / Updated at May 29, 2021 18:14