- Sugar Alcohols
- Accession Number
Polyhydric alcohols having no more than one hydroxy group attached to each carbon atom. They are formed by the reduction of the carbonyl group of a sugar to a hydroxyl group.(From Dorland, 28th ed)
Drug Drug Description Diatrizoate An injected contrast agent used in radiology. Mannitol A sugar alcohol used to test for asthma, to reduce intracranial and intraocular pressure, and to measure glomerular filtration rate. Gadobenic acid A gadolinium compound used as a contrast agent in MRIs. Isosorbide dinitrate A vasodilator used to treat angina in coronary artery disease. Isosorbide mononitrate A nitrate used to prevent and treat angina and to treat angina caused by coronary artery disease. Erythrityl tetranitrate For the prevention of angina. Sorbitol A product that can be used as a laxative to relieve constipation, and also as a urologic irrigating fluid. May also be used as a pharmaceutical sweetener. Dithioerythritol A compound that, along with its isomer, Cleland's reagent (dithiothreitol), is used for the protection of sulfhydryl groups against oxidation to disulfides and for the reduction of disulfides to sulfhydryl... 2-Deoxy-D-Glucitol 6-(E)-Vinylhomophosphonate Not Available Inositol 1,3,4,5-Tetrakisphosphate Not Available 2,5-Dideoxy-2,5-Imino-D-Glucitol Not Available Platelet Activating Factor Not Available Ghavamiol Not Available Inositol 1,3-Bisphosphate Not Available Monothioglycerol Not Available Voglibose For the treatment of diabetes. It is specifically used for lowering post-prandial blood glucose levels thereby reducing the risk of macrovascular complications. Glycerol phenylbutyrate A nitrogen-binding agent used to manage patients with urea cycle disorders who cannot be sufficiently managed amino acid supplementation and/or dietary restrictions. Gadoteric acid A diagnostic contrast agent used with magnetic resonance imaging to provide contrast enhancement for intracranial and spinal lesions with abnormal blood brain barrier or abnormal vascularity, and for whole body imaging. Iothalamic acid A diagnostic contrast agent used in various medical imaging procedures, such as angiography, arthrography, and computed tomographic scans. Isosorbide A vasodilator used for the prevention and treatment of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease. Meglumine Not Annotated Glycerin It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent. Xylitol An ingredient added to dental products to remove bacteria. Luseogliflozin Luseogliflozin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Diabetes Melltius, Type 2. Dianhydrogalactitol Dianhydrogalactitol has been used in trials studying the treatment of GBM, Glioma, Glioblastoma, Brain Cancer, and Glioblastoma Multiforme. Mitolactol Mitolactol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors. Methylinositol Methylinositol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease. Inositol An ingredient found in a variety of nutritional products. Ioxitalamic acid A contrast agent used for CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis. Mitobronitol Not Annotated Meglumine antimoniate Not Annotated Ethylhexylglycerin An emollient solvent with antimicrobial activity. Ribitol Not Annotated scyllo-inositol An isomer of glucose that has traditionally been considered to be a B vitamin although it has an uncertain status as a vitamin and a deficiency syndrome has not been... 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate Intracellular messenger formed by the action of phospholipase C on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, which is one of the phospholipids that make up the cell membrane. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is released into the... 2,3-di-O-phytanyl-sn-glycerol Not Available Inositol 2,4,5-trisphosphate Not Available Phosphatidyl serine A nutrient used in some supplement products. Lysophosphatidylglycerol Not Available Indole-3-Glycerol Phosphate Not Available Phosphatidylethanolamine Not Available Choline alfoscerate A component of phosphatidylcholines (lecithins), in which the two hydroxy groups of glycerol are esterified with fatty acids. (From Stedman, 26th ed) It counteracts the effects of urea on enzymes... Lucinactant Intended for the prevention of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants at high risk for RDS. ETC-588 Investigated for use/treatment in atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, and vascular diseases. Colfosceril palmitate A pulmonary surfactant used for the treatment of Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) in premature infants. Sodium glycerophosphate A medication used to treat hypophosphatemia. DL-dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine DL-dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine is not an active pharmaceutical agent and has no indication. DL-dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol DL-dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol is not an considered an active pharmacological ingredient in pharmaceutical preparations and so has no official indications. Mifamurtide A muramyl dipeptide derivative used to treat high grade, resectable, non-metastatic osteosarcoma after surgical resection. 1,2-Distearoyllecithin Not Annotated VB-201 VB-201 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01001468 (Study to Assess VB-201 in Patients With Psoriasis). Iocarmic acid Not Annotated 1,2-dihexadecanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine Not Available Glycerol 2-phosphate Not Available L-Dilinoleoyllecithin Not Available sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine Not Available Cadaverine Cadaverine is a foul-smelling diamine formed by bacterial decarboxylation of lysine. Erythritol Erythritol is a four-carbon sugar that is found in algae, fungi, and lichens. It is twice as sweet as sucrose and can be used as a coronary vasodilator. 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate Not Available Phytic acid Phytic acid is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01000233 (Value of Oral Phytate (InsP6) in the Prevention of Progression of the Cardiovascular Calcifications). Lecithin A complex mixture of phospholipids, glycolipids, triglycerides, phosphatidylcholines, phosphatidylethanolamines, and phosphatidylinositols.
- Drugs & Drug Targets