- Sugar Alcohols
- Accession Number
Polyhydric alcohols having no more than one hydroxy group attached to each carbon atom. They are formed by the reduction of the carbonyl group of a sugar to a hydroxyl group.(From Dorland, 28th ed)
Drug Drug Description Mannitol A sugar alcohol used to test for asthma, to reduce intracranial and intraocular pressure, to measure glomerular filtration rate, and to manage pulmonary symptoms associated with cystic fibrosis. Isosorbide mononitrate A nitrate used to prevent and treat angina and to treat angina caused by coronary artery disease. Sorbitol A product that can be used as a laxative to relieve constipation, and also as a urologic irrigating fluid. May also be used as a pharmaceutical sweetener. Xylitol An ingredient added to dental products to remove bacteria. Inositol An ingredient found in a variety of nutritional products. Ribitol Not Annotated Erythritol Erythritol is a four-carbon sugar that is found in algae, fungi, and lichens. It is twice as sweet as sucrose and can be used as a coronary vasodilator. Dithioerythritol A compound that, along with its isomer, Cleland's reagent (dithiothreitol), is used for the protection of sulfhydryl groups against oxidation to disulfides and for the reduction of disulfides to sulfhydryl... Diatrizoate An injected contrast agent used in radiology. Gadobenic acid A gadolinium compound used as a contrast agent in MRIs. Isosorbide dinitrate A vasodilator used to treat angina in coronary artery disease. Erythrityl tetranitrate For the prevention of angina. 1D-myo-inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate Not Available Glycerol 2-phosphate Not Available 2-Deoxy-D-Glucitol 6-(E)-Vinylhomophosphonate Not Available Inositol 1,3,4,5-Tetrakisphosphate Not Available 2,5-Dideoxy-2,5-Imino-D-Glucitol Not Available Ghavamiol Not Available Inositol 1,3-Bisphosphate Not Available scyllo-inositol An isomer of glucose that has traditionally been considered to be a B vitamin although it has an uncertain status as a vitamin and a deficiency syndrome has not been... 1D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate Intracellular messenger formed by the action of phospholipase C on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, which is one of the phospholipids that make up the cell membrane. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is released into the... 2,3-di-O-phytanyl-sn-glycerol Not Available Monothioglycerol Not Available Inositol 2,4,5-trisphosphate Not Available Indole-3-Glycerol Phosphate Not Available Choline alfoscerate A natural choline that is used to manage declining cognitive function associated with neurodegenerative and vascular diseases. Voglibose An alpha-glucosidase inhibitor indicated in the management of postprandial blood glucose in patients with type II diabetes. Glycerol phenylbutyrate A nitrogen-binding agent used to manage patients with urea cycle disorders who cannot be sufficiently managed amino acid supplementation and/or dietary restrictions. Gadoteric acid A diagnostic contrast agent used with magnetic resonance imaging to provide contrast enhancement for intracranial and spinal lesions with abnormal blood brain barrier or abnormal vascularity, and for whole body imaging. Iothalamic acid A diagnostic contrast agent used in various medical imaging procedures, such as angiography, arthrography, and computed tomographic scans. Meglumine An amino sugar found in iodinated contrast media. Glycerin It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent. Sodium glycerophosphate A medication used to treat hypophosphatemia. Calcium glycerophosphate An medication used to treat low levels of phosphate or calcium, as well as an ingredient in dental products to prevent dental caries. Luseogliflozin An SGLT2 inhibitor used to manage type 2 diabetes mellitus. Dianhydrogalactitol Dianhydrogalactitol has been used in trials studying the treatment of GBM, Glioma, Glioblastoma, Brain Cancer, and Glioblastoma Multiforme. Mitolactol Mitolactol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors. Methylinositol Methylinositol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease. Ioxitalamic acid A contrast agent used for CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis. Mitobronitol Not Annotated Meglumine antimoniate Not Annotated Iocarmic acid Not Annotated Ethylhexylglycerin An emollient solvent with antimicrobial activity. Phytic acid Phytic acid is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01000233 (Value of Oral Phytate (InsP6) in the Prevention of Progression of the Cardiovascular Calcifications). Licogliflozin Licogliflozin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03320941 (A Dose-finding Study to Evaluate the Change in Weight After Treatment With LIK066 in Japanese Patients With Obesity). Somapacitan A human growth hormone analog subcutaneous injection indicated for adults with growth hormone deficiency. VB-201 VB-201 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01001468 (Study to Assess VB-201 in Patients With Psoriasis). Iopofosine I-131 Iopofosine I-131 (NM-404 I-131) is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01495663 (Dose Escalation Study of I-131-CLR1404 in Subjects With Cancer That Does Not Respond to Treatment or Has Returned). Incomplete Freund's adjuvant Not Annotated Janagliflozin Janagliflozin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03851432 (Janagliflozin Treat Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) Inadequately Controlled With Metformin).
- Drugs & Drug Targets