- Vasoconstrictor Agents
- Accession Number
Drugs used to cause constriction of the blood vessels.
Drug Drug Description Oxymetazoline An alpha-1A adrenoceptor agonist used to treat nasal congestion, allergic reactions of the eye, and facial erythema associated with rosacea. Phenylephrine An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used in the management of hypotension, generally in the surgical setting associated with the use of anesthetics. Epinephrine A hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma. Xylometazoline A direct-acting alpha-adrenergic agonist used for the symptomatic treatment of nasal congestion and minor inflammation due to allergies or colds. Naphazoline A sympathomimetic vasoconstrictor used for the symptomatic relief of redness and itching of the eye, and nasal congestion. Tetryzoline An alpha-adrenergic agonist used in the temporary symptomatic relief of discomfort and redness of the eyes due to minor irritations, as well as alleviate nasal congestion. Angiotensin II A peptide hormone of the RAAS system used to raise blood pressure in septic or other forms of shock. Vasopressin A peptide hormone used to increase blood pressure in patients with vasodilatory shock who are resistant to fluid and catecholamine therapy. Felypressin For use as an alternative to adrenaline as a localising agent, provided that local ischaemia is not essential. Midodrine An alpha-adrenergic antagonist used to treat orthostatic hypotension. Methysergide An ergot alkaloid used for the prophylaxis of migraine and cluster headaches. Dihydroergotamine An ergot alkaloid used in the acute treatment of migraine headache and cluster headache. Norepinephrine A sympathomimetic used in the control of blood pressure during various hypotensive states and as an adjunct treatment during cardiac arrest. Phenylpropanolamine A sympathomimetic that was previously used in nasal decongestants and weight loss products, but has been withdrawn by the FDA due to safety risks and lack of efficacy. Ulobetasol A lipocortin corticosteroid used to treat inflammatory and pruritic corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Metaraminol For the treatment and prevention of hypotension due to hemorrhage, spinal anesthesia, and shock associated with brain damage Sumatriptan A serotonin receptor agonist used to treat migraines and cluster headaches. Ergotamine A alpha-1 selective adrenergic agonist vasoconstrictor used to treat migraines with or without aura and cluster headaches. Methoxamine An alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat hypotension. Pseudoephedrine An alpha and beta adrenergic agonist used to treat nasal and sinus congestion, as well as allergic rhinitis. Cocaine An ester local anesthetic used during diagnostic procedures and surgeries in or through the nasal cavities. Naratriptan A 5-HT1B/1D receptor agonist used to treat migraines. Ephedrine An alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist indicated to treat hypotension under anesthesia, allergic conditions, bronchial asthma, and nasal congestion. Mephentermine A sympathomimetic agent used in the treatment of hypotension. Terlipressin A drug used to treat bleeding caused by esophageal varices. Calyculin A Not Available Levonordefrin A topical sympathomimetic amine found in local anesthetic products that is used for nasal decongestion or vasoconstriction during dental procedures. Etilefrine An adrenergic agonist primarily of α1 and β1 receptors used as an anti-hypotensive. Cirazoline Cirazoline acts on a number of α adrenergic receptors. It is an agonist of α1A, partial agonist of α1B and α1D, and a nonselective antagonist of α2. It is believed... Synephrine Synephrine, also referred to as, p-synephrine, is naturally occurring alkaloid. It is present in approved drug products as neo-synephrine, its m-substituted analog. p-synephrine and m-synephrine are known for their longer... Racepinephrine A bronchodilator used to treat intermittent asthma. Octopamine Octopamine is structurally similar to norepinephrine. It has been used as a nootropic, and therefore it and all of its enantiomer are prohibited by the World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) as... Adrenalone Not Annotated Ornipressin Not Annotated Angiotensinamide Not Annotated Lypressin Not Annotated S-Ethylisothiourea S-Ethylisothiourea is a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor.
- Drugs & Drug Targets