Name
Solvents
Accession Number
DBCAT001183
Description

Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
EthanolFor therapeutic neurolysis of nerves or ganglia for the relief of intractable chronic pain in such conditions as inoperable cancer and trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux), in patients for whom neurosurgical...
Dimethyl sulfoxideA reversible mitogen-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 (MEK1) and MEK2 inhibitor used to treat certain types of melanoma, metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, and locally advanced or metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer.
Propylene glycolA clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.
2-EthoxyethanolNot Available
Isopropyl alcoholAn antiseptic and disinfectant used in a variety of clinical and domestic settings.
2-MethoxyethanolNot Available
EucalyptolA common ingredient in mouthwash and cosmetics derived naturally from the eucalyptus plant that is frequently used to to improve symptoms of airway mucus hypersecretion.
gamma-butyrolactoneOne of the FURANS with a carbonyl thereby forming a cyclic lactone. It is an endogenous compound made from gamma-aminobutyrate and is the precursor of gamma-hydroxybutyrate. It is also used...
MonoctanoinMonoctanoin is used to dissolve cholesterol gallstones.
EugenolA phenol used for the temporary relief of toothaches.
Polyethylene glycolA laxative used to treat constipation and used for bowel preparation before colonoscopies and other procedures.
GlycerinIt is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.
TurpentineA medication used to treat minor aches and pains of muscles and joints.
ChloroformChloroform is an organic small molecule, member of the family of the chloromethanes that presents a formula of CHCl3. It is a colorless, sweet-smelling, dense liquid that is produced on...
TolueneUsed for the removal of ascarids (Toxocara canis and Toxascaris leonina) and hookworms (Ancylostoma caninum and Uncinaria stenocephala) and as an aid in removing tapeworms (Taenia pisiformis, Dipylidium caninum, and...
Caprylic alcoholCaprylic alcohol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Essential Tremor.
TrichloroethyleneTrichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent, not to be confused with the similar 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known as chlorothene. It has been sold under a variety of...
Diethyl etherNot Annotated
EtohexadiolNot Annotated
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
EthanolGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
EthanolGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
EthanolGlycine receptor subunit alpha-2target
EthanolCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
EthanolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
EthanolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
EthanolCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
EthanolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
EthanolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
EthanolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EthanolCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
EthanolAlcohol dehydrogenase 1Aenzyme
EthanolAlcohol dehydrogenase 1Benzyme
EthanolAlcohol dehydrogenase 1Cenzyme
EthanolAlcohol dehydrogenase class-3enzyme
EthanolVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit beta-1target
Ethanol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
EthanolAlcohol dehydrogenase 4enzyme
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-10target
EthanolVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Ctarget
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
EthanolAlcohol dehydrogenase class 4 mu/sigma chainenzyme
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
EthanolGlutamate receptor 1target
EthanolVoltage-dependent calcium channel gamma-1 subunittarget
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-2target
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
EthanolGlutamate receptor 2target
EthanolGlutamate receptor 4target
EthanolGlutamate receptor 3target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
EthanolG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 1target
EthanolG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 2target
EthanolVascular cell adhesion protein 1target
EthanolEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 1target
EthanolG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 4target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-9target
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
EthanolVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Starget
EthanolVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Dtarget
EthanolAlcohol dehydrogenase 6enzyme
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-4target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-3target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-5target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-6target
EthanolNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-3target
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1target
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-3target
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilontarget
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit pitarget
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit thetatarget
EthanolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit deltatarget
EthanolAlcohol dehydrogenase [NADP(+)]enzyme
EthanolEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 2target
Ethanol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Etarget
Ethanol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Btarget
Ethanol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Dtarget
Ethanol5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Ctarget
EthanolVoltage-dependent calcium channel gamma-2 subunittarget
EthanolG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 3target
EthanolNeural cell adhesion molecule L1target
Dimethyl sulfoxideTransthyretincarrier
Dimethyl sulfoxideCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
Dimethyl sulfoxideCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
Dimethyl sulfoxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Propylene glycolB12-independent glycerol dehydratasetarget
2-EthoxyethanolAlcohol dehydrogenase 1Ctarget
gamma-butyrolactoneO-GlcNAcase NagJtarget
EugenolEstrogen receptor alphatarget
EugenolEstrogen receptor betatarget
EugenolAndrogen receptortarget
EugenolTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 3target
Polyethylene glycolP-glycoprotein 1transporter
GlycerinGroup IIE secretory phospholipase A2target
GlycerinInositol-3-phosphate synthase 1target
GlycerinAlcohol dehydrogenase 1Btarget
GlycerinInositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor type 1target
GlycerinGlycodelintarget
GlycerinAlpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidasetarget
GlycerinADP-ribosylation factor 1target
GlycerinBifunctional 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate synthase 1target
GlycerinDNA mismatch repair protein MutLtarget
GlycerinRibonucleoside-diphosphate reductase 1 subunit betatarget
GlycerinA/G-specific adenine glycosylasetarget
GlycerintRNA (cytosine(38)-C(5))-methyltransferasetarget
GlycerinCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
GlycerinRetinal dehydrogenase 1enzyme
GlycerinPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor deltatarget
GlycerinMaleylacetoacetate isomerasetarget
GlycerinAquaporin-7transporter
GlycerinAquaporin-9transporter
GlycerinGlycerol uptake facilitator proteintransporter
TurpentineMitogen-activated protein kinase 1target