Anesthetics

Name
Anesthetics
Accession Number
DBCAT000564  (DBCAT003828)
Description

Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.

ATC Classification
Drugs
DrugDrug Description
EnfluraneA halogenated inhalational anesthetic agent used for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia and for analgesia during labor and delivery.
LidocaineA local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures.
EtomidateA short-acting intravenous anesthetic indicated for the induction of anesthesia and supplementation of subpotent anesthesia during short operative procedures.
RopivacaineAn analgesic drug used for local or regional anesthesia for surgery and short-term management of pain.
BupivacaineA local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures.
SufentanilAn opioid used to induce and maintain anesthesia, to act as an analgesic in labor and delivery, and to treat severe, acute pain.
PrilocaineA local anesthetic used in dental procedures.
IsofluraneAn inhaled general anesthetic used in surgery.
AlfentanilAn opioid agonist used to induce and maintain anesthesia, as well as an analgesic.
PropofolA medication used in general anesthesia and for sedation.
RemifentanilAn opioid analgesic used in anesthesia.
MepivacaineA local anesthetic used for local or regional analgesia or anesthesia.
LevobupivacaineFor the production of local or regional anesthesia for surgery and obstetrics, and for post-operative pain management
HalothaneA general inhalation anesthetic used for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia.
ChloroprocaineA local anesthetic agent indicated for intrathecal injection in adults for the production of subarachnoid block, or spinal anesthesia.
DesfluraneA general inhalation anesthetic for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults.
KetamineA rapid-acting general anesthetic and NMDA receptor antagonist used for induction of anesthesia diagnostic and surgical procedures typically in combination with a muscle relaxant.
SevofluraneA inhalation anaesthetic agent used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia during surgical procedures.
Nitrous oxideAn inhalatory gas used as an adjunct to improve oxygenation and reduce the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in certain neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure.
EtidocaineEtidocaine is marketed under the name Duranest. It is an injectable local anesthetic during surgery, labor, and delivery. Etidocaine has a long duration of activity, but has the main disadvantage...
ArticaineA local anesthetic used for inducing local, infiltrative, or conductive anesthesia in both simple and complex dental procedures.
AlfaxaloneAlfaxalone, also known as alphaxalone or alphaxolone, is a neuroactive steroid and general anaesthetic. It is used in veterinary practice under the trade name Alfaxan, and is licensed for use...
PropanididAn intravenous anesthetic that has been used for rapid induction of anesthesia and for maintenance of anesthesia of short duration. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p918)
Ethyl chlorideEthyl chloride, or chloroethane, has a chemical formula C2H5Cl. It was commonly used in the production of tetraethyllead (TEL), which is an additive for gasoline. It was also used in...
TrichloroethyleneTrichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent, not to be confused with the similar 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known as chlorothene. It has been sold under a variety of...
XenonNot Annotated
Diethyl etherNot Annotated
Vinyl etherNot Annotated
Sodium oxybateA central nervous system depressant used to treat cataplexy and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) associated with narcolepsy.
MethohexitalAn anesthetic used to induce deep sedation.
CinchocaineAn anesthetic used for local or regional anesthesia.
ThiopentalA barbiturate used to induce general anesthesia, treat convulsions, and reduce intracranial pressure.
DyclonineAn topical anesthetic used prior to examination to suppress the gag reflex or for pain relief from canker sores and fever blisters.
Magnesium sulfateA drug used to treat convulsions during pregnancy, nephritis in children, magnesium deficiency, and tetany.
ProcaineA local anesthetic used for anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal nerve block.
ProparacaineA topical anesthetic used for ophthalmic practice.
FentanylAn opioid analgesic used in anesthesia, for breakthrough cancer pain, or round the clock pain management.
DiazepamA long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures.
OxybuprocaineA local anesthetic used in ophthalmology.
CocaineAn ester local anesthetic used during diagnostic procedures and surgeries in or through the nasal cavities.
MethoxyfluraneFor use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia
DiphenhydramineA H1 receptor antihistamine used in the treatment of seasonal allergies, and various allergic reactions including sneezing, runny nose, itchy/watery eyes, itching of nose or throat, pruritus, urticaria, insect bites/stings, and allergic rashes.
BenzocaineA topical local anesthetic used for the temporary relief of pain and itching associated with minor burns, sunburn, scrapes and insect bites or minor skin irritations.
ThiamylalUsed for the production of complete anaesthesia of short duration, for the induction of general anaesthesia, and for inducing a hypnotic state.
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidUsed as a general anesthetic, to treat conditions such as insomnia, clinical depression, narcolepsy, and alcoholism, and to improve athletic performance.
UrethaneUrethane, formerly marketed as an inactive ingredient in Profenil injection, was determined to be carcinogenic and was removed from the Canadian, US, and UK markets in 1963.
TetrodotoxinFor the treatment of chronic and breakthrough pain in advanced cancer patients as well as for the treatment of opioid dependence.
GaboxadolInvestigated for use/treatment in sleep disorders and insomnia.
Benzyl alcoholAn antiparasitic agent used for the topical treatment of head lice infestation in patients 6 months of age and older.
TetracaineA local anaesthetic agent used to induce local analgesia in the eyes and skin during medical procedures.
PropoxycainePropoxycaine is a local anesthetic medication. It was used beginning in the 1950s during dental procedures . It has been combined with procaine to accelerate its onset of action and...
PramocaineA local anesthetic and antipruritic agent found in various topical preparations.
ButambenAnesthesia of mucus membranes other than the eyes.
PhenoxyethanolAn antiseptic used as a hand disinfectant or preservative in medications.
ButacaineNot Annotated
RomifidineRomifidine is a veterinary drug utilized as a sedative primarily in large animals, most frequently horses. It is also used less commonly in a wide variety of other animal species....
TiletamineThis drug is a dissociative anesthetic agent that falls under the drug category of NMDA receptor antagonists. Tiletamine is chemically similar to another dissociative anesthetic, ketamine. Tiletamine hydrochloride, the salt...
TricaineTricaine (as tricaine methanesulfonate) is white powder used for anesthesia, sedation, or euthanasia of fish. It is also the only anesthetic licensed in the United States for use in fin...
EltanoloneEltanolone is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02603926 (Treatment of Fragile-X Associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS) With Allopregnanolone).
SepranoloneSepranolone has been investigated for the treatment of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.
NorfluraneNorflurane is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01673061 (Vapocoolant Spray for Numbing Small Boils Before Incision and Drainage).
QuinisocaineNot Annotated
CyclopropaneCyclopropane was initially investigated because it was thought to be the toxic element in ethylene. Instead, it turned out to be an excellent anesthetic with very rapid onset and recovery...
AnileridineAn opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain.
PhenolAn antiseptic and disinfectant used in a variety of settings.
CapsaicinA topical analgesic agent used for the symptomatic relief of neuropathic pain associated with post-herpetic neuralgia, as well as other muscle and joint pain.
ChloroformChloroform is an organic small molecule, member of the family of the chloromethanes that presents a formula of CHCl3. It is a colorless, sweet-smelling, dense liquid that is produced on...
EnibomalNot Annotated
ButanilicaineNot Annotated
MetabutethamineNot Annotated
PhenoperidineNot Annotated
HexobarbitalFor the induction of anesthesia prior to the use of other general anesthetic agents and for induction of anesthesia for short surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures associated with minimal painful...
OxetacaineAn antacid used to treat gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, heartburn, esophagitis, hiatus hernia, and anorexia.
CanertinibInvestigated for use/treatment in breast cancer and lung cancer.
FospropofolA sedative-­hypnotic agent indicated for monitored anesthesia care (MAC) sedation in adult patients undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
DexmedetomidineAn alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures.
ClonidineAn alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines.
MidazolamA short-acting injectable benzodiazepine with rapid onset that is commonly used in seizures, anesthesia and anxiety disorders.
EsketamineA NMDA receptor antagonist used for treatment-resistant depression.
BrexanoloneBrexanolone is a synthetic neuroactive steroid gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABA(a)) receptor positive modulator indicated for the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD) in adult women [FDA Label][A176080, A176083, F4063, F4066, F4072].
MorphineAn opioid agonist used for the relief of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain.
OliceridineA biased opioid agonist indicated for the management of severe acute pain in adult patients. Through preferential activation of G-protein-coupled signalling pathways, oliceridine provides analgesic effect with a comparable or improved safety profile over conventional opioid agonists.
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
EnfluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
EnfluraneGlutamate (NMDA) receptortarget
EnfluraneVoltage-gated Potassium Channelstarget
EnfluraneSarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 1target
EnfluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
EnfluraneSerum albumincarrier
EnfluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
EnfluraneVoltage-dependent calcium channeltarget
EnfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
LidocaineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
LidocaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
LidocaineEpidermal growth factor receptortarget
LidocaineSodium channel protein type 9 subunit alphatarget
LidocaineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
LidocaineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
LidocaineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
LidocaineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
LidocaineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
LidocaineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
LidocaineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
LidocaineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
LidocaineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
LidocaineSodium channel protein type 4 subunit alphatarget
LidocaineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1target
LidocaineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 2target
EtomidateGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
EtomidateAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
EtomidateSolute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 1carrier
EtomidateCytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrialenzyme
EtomidateCytochrome P450 11B2, mitochondrialenzyme
EtomidateGABA(A) Receptortarget
RopivacaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
RopivacaineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
RopivacaineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
RopivacaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
BupivacaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
BupivacaineProstaglandin E2 receptor EP1 subtypetarget
BupivacaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
BupivacaineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
BupivacaineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
SufentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
SufentanilDelta-type opioid receptortarget
SufentanilKappa-type opioid receptortarget
SufentanilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
PrilocaineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
IsofluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
IsofluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
IsofluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
IsofluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
IsofluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
IsofluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
IsofluraneCalmodulintarget
IsofluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
IsofluraneSerum albumincarrier
IsofluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
IsofluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1enzyme
IsofluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
IsofluraneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
IsofluraneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
AlfentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
AlfentanilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
AlfentanilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
AlfentanilAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
AlfentanilSerum albumincarrier
AlfentanilCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
AlfentanilP-glycoprotein 1transporter
PropofolCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
PropofolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
PropofolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
PropofolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
PropofolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
PropofolSerum albumincarrier
PropofolSodium channel protein type 4 subunit alphatarget
PropofolSodium channel protein type 2 subunit alphatarget
PropofolFatty-acid amide hydrolase 1enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
PropofolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
PropofolCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
PropofolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
PropofolGABA(A) Receptortarget
PropofolP-glycoprotein 1transporter
RemifentanilMu-type opioid receptortarget
RemifentanilDelta-type opioid receptortarget
RemifentanilKappa-type opioid receptortarget
MepivacaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
LevobupivacaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
LevobupivacaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
LevobupivacaineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
HalothaneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
HalothaneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
HalothaneCalcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1target
HalothaneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
HalothaneIntermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4target
HalothaneRhodopsintarget
HalothaneG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 2target
HalothaneG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 1target
HalothaneGuanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) subunit gamma-2target
HalothaneNeuropeptide S receptortarget
HalothaneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
HalothaneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
HalothaneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Btarget
HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
HalothanePotassium channel subfamily K member 3target
HalothanePotassium channel subfamily K member 9target
HalothaneSerum albumincarrier
HalothaneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
HalothaneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
HalothaneGABA(A) Receptortarget
HalothanePlasma membrane calcium-transporting ATPasetarget
ChloroprocaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
ChloroprocaineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
ChloroprocaineCholinesteraseenzyme
DesfluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
DesfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DesfluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
DesfluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
DesfluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
DesfluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DesfluraneSerum albumincarrier
DesfluraneCalcium transporting ATPasestarget
KetamineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
KetamineNeurokinin 1 receptortarget
KetamineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
KetamineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
KetamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
KetamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
KetamineProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
KetamineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
KetamineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
KetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
KetamineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
KetamineMu-type opioid receptortarget
KetamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptortarget
Ketamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2target
Ketamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1target
Ketamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
KetamineAlpha-7 nicotinic cholinergic receptor subunittarget
KetamineCholinesterasetarget
KetamineNitric oxide synthase, braintarget
SevofluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
SevofluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
SevofluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
SevofluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
SevofluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
SevofluraneSerum albumincarrier
SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
SevofluraneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
SevofluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
SevofluraneMitochondrial potassium channeltarget
Sodium oxybateSuccinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
Sodium oxybateHydroxyacid-oxoacid transhydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
MethohexitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
MethohexitalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
CinchocaineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
CinchocaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
CinchocaineCalmodulintarget
CinchocaineCholinesteraseenzyme
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
ThiopentalFatty-acid amide hydrolase 1target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
ThiopentalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
ThiopentalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
ThiopentalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
ThiopentalGlutamate receptor 2target
ThiopentalGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
ThiopentalCytochrome P450 3A Subfamilyenzyme
ThiopentalMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
ThiopentalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DyclonineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
Magnesium sulfateVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channeltarget
ProcaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
ProcaineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
Procaine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
ProcaineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
ProcaineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-2target
ProcaineCholinesteraseenzyme
ProcaineDNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 1target
ProcaineCalcium-activated potassium channeltarget
ProcaineCytosolic phospholipase A2target
Procaine60 kDa lysophospholipasetarget
ProcaineMonoamine oxidasetarget
ProcaineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertransporter
ProcaineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
ProcaineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertransporter
ProcaineDNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase 3Atarget
ProparacaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
FentanylMu-type opioid receptortarget
FentanylDelta-type opioid receptortarget
FentanylCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
FentanylCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
FentanylP-glycoprotein 1transporter
FentanylKappa-type opioid receptortarget
FentanylP-glycoprotein 1target
FentanylSerum albumincarrier
Fentanylalpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DiazepamSerum albumincarrier
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DiazepamP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DiazepamProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DiazepamCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DiazepamGABA(A) Receptortarget
DiazepamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
OxybuprocaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
OxybuprocaineCholinesteraseenzyme
CocaineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
CocaineSodium channel proteintarget
CocaineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
CocaineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
CocaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
CocaineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
CocaineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
CocaineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
CocaineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
CocaineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
CocaineSigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1target
CocaineLiver carboxylesterase 1target
CocaineCholinesteraseenzyme
CocaineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertransporter
Cocainealpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
CocaineLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
MethoxyfluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
MethoxyfluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
MethoxyfluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
MethoxyfluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
MethoxyfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
MethoxyfluraneGABA(A) Receptortarget
DiphenhydramineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DiphenhydramineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DiphenhydramineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DiphenhydramineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DiphenhydramineProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DiphenhydramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
BenzocaineSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
BenzocaineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
BenzocaineLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
ThiamylalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
ThiamylalATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 8target
ThiamylalATP-sensitive inward rectifier potassium channel 11target
ThiamylalCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
ThiamylalCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ThiamylalCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidMonocarboxylate transporter 2transporter
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidMonocarboxylate transporter 1transporter
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidMonocarboxylate transporter 4transporter
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidGamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) receptortarget
gamma-Hydroxybutyric acidGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-1target
UrethaneCytosolic phospholipase A2enzyme
UrethaneMyeloperoxidaseenzyme
UrethaneAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
TetrodotoxinSodium channel protein type 1 subunit alphatarget
TetrodotoxinSodium channel protein type 2 subunit alphatarget
TetrodotoxinSodium channel protein type 3 subunit alphatarget
TetrodotoxinSodium channel protein type 8 subunit alphatarget
GaboxadolProton-coupled amino acid transporter 1transporter
Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
Benzyl alcoholAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
TetracaineRyanodine receptor 1target
TetracaineRyanodine receptor 2target
TetracaineVoltage-gated sodium channel alpha subunittarget
PropoxycaineLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
PropoxycaineVoltage-gated sodium channel alpha subunittarget
PramocaineVoltage-gated sodium channel alpha subunittarget
ButambenVoltage-dependent calcium channeltarget
ButambenCholinesteraseenzyme
ButambenAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
ButambenSerum albumincarrier
ButambenATP-sensitive potassium channeltarget
ButambenTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1target
ButambenTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 4target
AnileridineMu-type opioid receptortarget
PhenolThermolysintarget
PhenolSerum albumintarget
CapsaicinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
CapsaicinProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
CapsaicinMyeloperoxidaseenzyme
CapsaicinCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
CapsaicinCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
CapsaicinAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
CapsaicinDopamine beta-hydroxylaseenzyme
CapsaicinGlutamine synthetaseenzyme
CapsaicinCholinesteraseenzyme
CapsaicinTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
CapsaicinProhibitin-2target
HexobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
HexobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
HexobarbitalCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
HexobarbitalProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
HexobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
HexobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
HexobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
HexobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
HexobarbitalGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
HexobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
HexobarbitalNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
HexobarbitalGlutamate receptor 2target
HexobarbitalGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
OxetacaineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
OxetacaineGastrintarget
CanertinibEpidermal growth factor receptortarget
FospropofolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-2target
FospropofolGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit beta-3target
FospropofolAlkaline phosphatase, tissue-nonspecific isozymeenzyme
FospropofolSerum albumincarrier
DexmedetomidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DexmedetomidineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DexmedetomidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DexmedetomidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DexmedetomidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
ClonidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
ClonidineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
ClonidineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
ClonidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
ClonidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ClonidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
ClonidineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
ClonidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
ClonidineSerum albumincarrier
MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
MidazolamUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
MidazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
MidazolamGABA(A) Receptortarget
MidazolamGABA(A) Receptor Benzodiazepine Binding Sitetarget
EsketamineNMDA receptortarget
EsketamineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
EsketamineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
EsketamineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
EsketamineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
EsketamineGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Btarget
EsketamineElongation factor 2target
EsketamineBrain-derived neurotrophic factortarget
EsketamineBDNF/NT-3 growth factors receptortarget
BrexanoloneGABA(A) Receptortarget
BrexanoloneAldose reductaseenzyme
MorphineMu-type opioid receptortarget
MorphineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
MorphineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
MorphineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
MorphineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
MorphineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
MorphineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
MorphineLymphocyte antigen 96target
MorphineSerum albumincarrier
OliceridineMu-type opioid receptortarget
OliceridineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
OliceridineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
OliceridineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
OliceridineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme