- Accession Number
- DBCAT000564 (DBCAT003828)
Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.
- ATC Classification
Drug Drug Description Enflurane A halogenated inhalational anesthetic agent used for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia and for analgesia during labor and delivery. Lidocaine A local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures. Etomidate A short-acting intravenous anesthetic indicated for the induction of anesthesia and supplementation of subpotent anesthesia during short operative procedures. Ropivacaine An analgesic drug used for local or regional anesthesia for surgery and short-term management of pain. Bupivacaine A local anesthetic used in a wide variety of superficial and invasive procedures. Sufentanil An opioid used to induce and maintain anesthesia, to act as an analgesic in labor and delivery, and to treat severe, acute pain. Prilocaine A local anesthetic used in dental procedures. Isoflurane An inhaled general anesthetic used in surgery. Alfentanil An opioid agonist used to induce and maintain anesthesia, as well as an analgesic. Propofol A medication used in general anesthesia and for sedation. Remifentanil An opioid analgesic used in anesthesia. Mepivacaine A local anesthetic used for local or regional analgesia or anesthesia. Levobupivacaine For the production of local or regional anesthesia for surgery and obstetrics, and for post-operative pain management Halothane A general inhalation anesthetic used for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. Chloroprocaine A local anesthetic agent indicated for intrathecal injection in adults for the production of subarachnoid block, or spinal anesthesia. Desflurane A general inhalation anesthetic for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults. Ketamine A rapid-acting general anesthetic and NMDA receptor antagonist used for induction of anesthesia diagnostic and surgical procedures typically in combination with a muscle relaxant. Sevoflurane A inhalation anaesthetic agent used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia during surgical procedures. Nitrous oxide An inhalatory gas used as an adjunct to improve oxygenation and reduce the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in certain neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure. Etidocaine Etidocaine is marketed under the name Duranest. It is an injectable local anesthetic during surgery, labor, and delivery. Etidocaine has a long duration of activity, but has the main disadvantage... Articaine A local anesthetic used for inducing local, infiltrative, or conductive anesthesia in both simple and complex dental procedures. Alfaxalone Alfaxalone, also known as alphaxalone or alphaxolone, is a neuroactive steroid and general anaesthetic. It is used in veterinary practice under the trade name Alfaxan, and is licensed for use... Propanidid An intravenous anesthetic that has been used for rapid induction of anesthesia and for maintenance of anesthesia of short duration. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p918) Ethyl chloride Ethyl chloride, or chloroethane, has a chemical formula C2H5Cl. It was commonly used in the production of tetraethyllead (TEL), which is an additive for gasoline. It was also used in... Trichloroethylene Trichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent, not to be confused with the similar 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known as chlorothene. It has been sold under a variety of... Xenon Not Annotated Diethyl ether Not Annotated Vinyl ether Not Annotated Sodium oxybate A central nervous system depressant used to treat cataplexy and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) associated with narcolepsy. Methohexital An anesthetic used to induce deep sedation. Cinchocaine An anesthetic used for local or regional anesthesia. Thiopental A barbiturate used to induce general anesthesia, treat convulsions, and reduce intracranial pressure. Dyclonine An topical anesthetic used prior to examination to suppress the gag reflex or for pain relief from canker sores and fever blisters. Magnesium sulfate A drug used to treat convulsions during pregnancy, nephritis in children, magnesium deficiency, and tetany. Procaine A local anesthetic used for anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal nerve block. Proparacaine A topical anesthetic used for ophthalmic practice. Fentanyl An opioid analgesic used in anesthesia, for breakthrough cancer pain, or round the clock pain management. Diazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. Oxybuprocaine A local anesthetic used in ophthalmology. Cocaine An ester local anesthetic used during diagnostic procedures and surgeries in or through the nasal cavities. Methoxyflurane For use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia Diphenhydramine A H1 receptor antihistamine used in the treatment of seasonal allergies, and various allergic reactions including sneezing, runny nose, itchy/watery eyes, itching of nose or throat, pruritus, urticaria, insect bites/stings, and allergic rashes. Benzocaine A topical local anesthetic used for the temporary relief of pain and itching associated with minor burns, sunburn, scrapes and insect bites or minor skin irritations. Thiamylal Used for the production of complete anaesthesia of short duration, for the induction of general anaesthesia, and for inducing a hypnotic state. gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid Used as a general anesthetic, to treat conditions such as insomnia, clinical depression, narcolepsy, and alcoholism, and to improve athletic performance. Urethane Urethane, formerly marketed as an inactive ingredient in Profenil injection, was determined to be carcinogenic and was removed from the Canadian, US, and UK markets in 1963. Tetrodotoxin For the treatment of chronic and breakthrough pain in advanced cancer patients as well as for the treatment of opioid dependence. Gaboxadol Investigated for use/treatment in sleep disorders and insomnia. Benzyl alcohol An antiparasitic agent used for the topical treatment of head lice infestation in patients 6 months of age and older. Tetracaine A local anaesthetic agent used to induce local analgesia in the eyes and skin during medical procedures. Propoxycaine Propoxycaine is a local anesthetic medication. It was used beginning in the 1950s during dental procedures . It has been combined with procaine to accelerate its onset of action and... Pramocaine A local anesthetic and antipruritic agent found in various topical preparations. Butamben Anesthesia of mucus membranes other than the eyes. Phenoxyethanol An antiseptic used as a hand disinfectant or preservative in medications. Butacaine Not Annotated Romifidine Romifidine is a veterinary drug utilized as a sedative primarily in large animals, most frequently horses. It is also used less commonly in a wide variety of other animal species.... Tiletamine This drug is a dissociative anesthetic agent that falls under the drug category of NMDA receptor antagonists. Tiletamine is chemically similar to another dissociative anesthetic, ketamine. Tiletamine hydrochloride, the salt... Tricaine Tricaine (as tricaine methanesulfonate) is white powder used for anesthesia, sedation, or euthanasia of fish. It is also the only anesthetic licensed in the United States for use in fin... Eltanolone Eltanolone is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02603926 (Treatment of Fragile-X Associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS) With Allopregnanolone). Sepranolone Sepranolone has been investigated for the treatment of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. Norflurane Norflurane is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01673061 (Vapocoolant Spray for Numbing Small Boils Before Incision and Drainage). Quinisocaine Not Annotated Cyclopropane Cyclopropane was initially investigated because it was thought to be the toxic element in ethylene. Instead, it turned out to be an excellent anesthetic with very rapid onset and recovery... Anileridine An opioid analgesic used to treat moderate to severe pain. Phenol An antiseptic and disinfectant used in a variety of settings. Capsaicin A topical analgesic agent used for the symptomatic relief of neuropathic pain associated with post-herpetic neuralgia, as well as other muscle and joint pain. Chloroform Chloroform is an organic small molecule, member of the family of the chloromethanes that presents a formula of CHCl3. It is a colorless, sweet-smelling, dense liquid that is produced on... Enibomal Not Annotated Butanilicaine Not Annotated Metabutethamine Not Annotated Phenoperidine Not Annotated Hexobarbital For the induction of anesthesia prior to the use of other general anesthetic agents and for induction of anesthesia for short surgical, diagnostic, or therapeutic procedures associated with minimal painful... Oxetacaine An antacid used to treat gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, heartburn, esophagitis, hiatus hernia, and anorexia. Canertinib Investigated for use/treatment in breast cancer and lung cancer. Fospropofol A sedative-hypnotic agent indicated for monitored anesthesia care (MAC) sedation in adult patients undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Dexmedetomidine An alpha-2 agonist used for sedation during various procedures. Clonidine An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines. Midazolam A short-acting injectable benzodiazepine with rapid onset that is commonly used in seizures, anesthesia and anxiety disorders. Esketamine A NMDA receptor antagonist used for treatment-resistant depression. Brexanolone Brexanolone is a synthetic neuroactive steroid gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABA(a)) receptor positive modulator indicated for the treatment of postpartum depression (PPD) in adult women [FDA Label][A176080, A176083, F4063, F4066, F4072]. Morphine An opioid agonist used for the relief of moderate to severe acute and chronic pain. Oliceridine A biased opioid agonist indicated for the management of severe acute pain in adult patients. Through preferential activation of G-protein-coupled signalling pathways, oliceridine provides analgesic effect with a comparable or improved safety profile over conventional opioid agonists.
- Drugs & Drug Targets