- Accession Number
Agents capable of exerting a harmful effect on the body.
Drug Drug Description Botulinum toxin type A A purified form of botulinum toxin type A used to block acetylcholine release in the treatment of chronic sialorrhea, muscle spasticity, and dystonia, as well as in cosmetic applications. Pravastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Vidarabine An antiviral agent used to treat various viral infections. Mitomycin An antimetabolite used as an adjunct to ab externo (outside approach) eye surgeries for the treatment of glaucoma and used as a chemotherapeutic agent for various malignancies. Gemcitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used as adjunct therapy in the treatment of certain types of ovarian cancer, non-small cell lung carcinoma, metastatic breast cancer, and as a single agent for pancreatic cancer. Methotrexate An antineoplastic agent used the treatment of a wide variety of cancers as well as severe psoriasis, severe rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Niacin A B vitamin used to treat hypertriglyceridemia and pellagra. Temozolomide An alkylating agent used to treat glioblastoma multiforme and refractory anaplastic astrocytoma. Isotretinoin A retinoid used to treat severe recalcitrant acne. Azathioprine An immunosuppressant used to prevent renal transplant rejection, treat rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and ulcerative colitis. Fenofibrate A peroxisome proliferator receptor alpha activator used to lower LDL-C, total-C, triglycerides, and Apo B, while increasing HDL-C in hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. Thalidomide A medication used to treat cancers, particularly newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, and erythema nodosum leprosum. Trimetrexate A folate antagonist used for the treatment of moderate-to-severe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients as an alternative therapy in combination with leucovorin. Lomustine An alkylating agent used as a part of chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of primary and metastatic brain tumors as well as refractory or relapsed Hodgkin's disease in addition to surgical and/or radiotherapeutic treatments. Gemfibrozil A lipid regulator that is used in the reduction of serum triglyceride levels in high-risk patients with hyperlipidemia. Decitabine A chemotherapeutic pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) by inducing DNA hypomethylation and corresponding alterations in gene expression. Isosorbide A vasodilator used for the prevention and treatment of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease. It was previously used to reduce intraocular pressure. Hydrogen peroxide A compound used as a disinfectant and sterilizer. Carbamide peroxide A medication used to loosen ear wax, whiten teeth, and clean oral wounds. Carbon monoxide A gas used as a marker of respiratory status in spirometry tests. Polatuzumab vedotin A CD79b antibody conjugate indicated to treat different types of large B-cell lymphoma. Sacituzumab govitecan Sacituzumab govitecan targets TROP-2-expressing cancer cells through a humanized antibody (RS7) before subsequently becoming internalized and releasing the topoisomerase I inhibitor SN-38 to induce DNA damage-mediated apoptosis. Trastuzumab deruxtecan An antibody used to treat certain types of unresectable or metastatic HER-2 positive breast cancer. Tallimustine An alkylating agent previously investigated for it's antitumor activity but was stopped due to severe myelotoxicity. Ferric chloride Not Annotated Simvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction and stroke. Busulfan An alkylating agent used to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia. Mechlorethamine An antineoplastic agent used to treat Hodgkin's disease, lymphosarcoma, and chronic myelocytic or lymphocytic leukemia. Tinidazole A nitroimidazole used to treat trichomoniasis, giardiasis, amebiasis, and bacterial vaginosis. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin A monoclonal anti-CD33 antibody used to treat CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia. Pipobroman For the treatment of polycythaemia vera and refractory chronic myeloid leukaemia. Diethylstilbestrol Used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Previously used in the prevention of miscarriage or premature delivery in pregnant women prone to miscarriage or premature delivery. Cycloserine A broad-spectrum antibiotic used in the treatment of tuberculosis and certain urinary tract infections (UTI). Carmustine An alkylating agent used in the treatment of various malignancies, including brain tumours and multiple myeloma, among others. Chlorambucil A chemotherapy agent used in the management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia and malignant lymphomas. Raltitrexed A folate analog thymidylate synthase inhibitor used in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer. Floxuridine An antimetabolite used as palliative management for liver metastases of gastrointestinal malignancy. Tioguanine A purine analogue antineoplastic agent used for the induction of remission, and for remission consolidation in patients with acute nonlymphocytic anemias. Trifluridine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor used to treat keratoconjunctivitis and epithelial keratitis caused by simplex virus, and as a part of chemotherapy for certain types of metastatic gastrointestinal cancers. Altretamine An antineoplastic agent used in palliative treatment of persistent or recurrent ovarian cancer. Zidovudine A dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection. Cyclophosphamide A nitrogen mustard used to treat lymphomas, myelomas, leukemia, mycosis fungoides, neuroblastoma, ovarian adenocarcinoma, retinoblastoma, and breast carcinoma. Fluorouracil A pyrimidine analog used to treat basal cell carcinomas, and as an injection in palliative cancer treatment. Propylthiouracil A thiourea antithyroid agent used to treat hyperthyroidism. Clofarabine A purine nucleoside used to treat relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia in patients 1 to 21 years old. Stavudine A dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection. Uracil mustard Used for its antineoplastic properties. Tazarotene An acetylenic retinoid used to treat fine wrinkles, mottled pigmentation of the skin, acne vulgaris, and plaque psoriasis. Ribavirin A guanosine nucleoside used to treat some forms of Hepatitis C. Dacarbazine An antineoplastic agent used to treat malignant melanoma and Hodgkin's disease. Didanosine A reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV. Azacitidine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat certain subtypes of myelodysplastic syndrome. Zalcitabine A dideoxynucleoside used to treat HIV. Cytarabine A pyrimidine nucleoside analogue used to treat acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, lymphocytic leukemia, and the blast phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia. Metyrapone A steroid 11-beta-monooxygenase inhibitor used to test hypothalamic-pituitary ACTH function. Mercaptopurine An antineoplastic agent used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia. Melphalan An alkylating antineoplastic agent used for high-dose conditioning prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplant in patients with multiple myeloma. Fludarabine A purine analog antimetabolite that inhibits DNA synthesis. Flucytosine An antifungal indicated only to treat severe infections throughout the body caused by susceptible strains of Candida or Cryptococcus. Capecitabine A nucleoside metabolic inhibitor indicated to treat different gastrointestinal, including pancreatic cancer, and breast cancer. Proguanil A medication indicated for prophylaxis and treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Ifosfamide An alkylating and immunosuppressive agent used in chemotherapy for the treatment of cancers, including testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, osteocarcinoma, bladder cancer, small cell lung cancer, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Estramustine An antineoplastic agent used for the management of metastatic and/or progressive prostate cancer in palliative setting. 8-azaguanine 8-azaguanine is one of the early purine analogs showing antineoplastic activity. It functions as an antimetabolite and is easily incorporated into ribonucleic acids. Hadacidin Not Available 2-Methoxyethanol Not Available Calyculin A Not Available Bromoform Not Available Tubercidin An antibiotic purine ribonucleoside that readily substitutes for adenosine in the biological system, but its incorporation into DNA and RNA has an inhibitory effect on the metabolism of these nucleic... Sparfosic acid Sparfosic acid is a solid. This compound belongs to the n-acyl-alpha amino acids. These are compounds containing an alpha amino acid which bears an acyl group at the terminal nitrogen... Thiotepa An alkylating agent used to prevent graft rejection in stem cell transplantation and to treat a variety of malignancies including certain types of adenocarcinoma and superficial bladder carcinomas. Octylphenoxy polyethoxyethanol Not Available Dantron A drug used to relieve acute and chronic inflammation of the oral cavity and oropharynx. Urethane Urethane, formerly marketed as an inactive ingredient in Profenil injection, was determined to be carcinogenic and was removed from the Canadian, US, and UK markets in 1963. Trabectedin An alkylating agent approved for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (liposarcoma or leiomyosarcoma). Tetrodotoxin For the treatment of chronic and breakthrough pain in advanced cancer patients as well as for the treatment of opioid dependence. Chlorotoxin I-131 Investigated for use/treatment in various forms of brain cancer; Malignant Glioma, Glioblastoma Multiforme, GBM, Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Oligo-Astrocytoma, Gliosarcoma Palifosfamide Investigated for use/treatment in cancer/tumors (unspecified), lymphoma (unspecified), and sarcoma. Trastuzumab emtansine An antineoplastic agent and antibody-drug conjugate used to treat HER2-overexpressing breast cancer. Irofulven Investigated for use/treatment in brain cancer, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, pediatric indications, prostate cancer, and sarcoma. Inotuzumab ozogamicin An antibody-drug conjugate used to treat B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Lonidamine Investigated for use/treatment in benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate disorders, and cancer/tumors (unspecified). Aniline Aniline, phenylamine or aminobenzene is an organic compound with the formula C6H5NH2. Consisting of an amine attached to a benzene ring, aniline is the prototypical aromatic amine. Being a precursor... Bendamustine An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that has progressed following rituximab therapy. Nonoxynol-9 A vaginal spermicide used for the non-hormonal contraception in conjunction with other modes of contraception. Carbazole Not Available 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine PhIP (2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine) has been used in trials studying the basic science of Pancreas Cancer. Puromycin Puromycin is an antibiotic that prevents bacterial protein translation. It is utilized as a selective agent in laboratory cell cultures. Puromycin is toxic to both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, resulting... 2-deoxyglucose As of July 2013, there is no approved therapeutic indication for 2-deoxyglucose. 2-deoxyglucose may have several potential indications as an adjunct to chemotherapy and radiotherapy in the treatment of solid... Brentuximab vedotin A CD30-directed antibody-drug conjugate used to treat various types of lymphoma. Ciprofibrate Not Annotated Podophyllin A cytotoxic agent used for the removal of soft genital (venereal) warts (condylomata acuminata). Tegafur An antineoplastic agent used in combination with other anticancer medications to treat advanced gastric and colorectal cancers. Phenylacetic acid An agent used as an adjunct to treat acute hyperammonemia and associated encephalopathy in adult and pediatric patients with deficiencies in enzymes of the urea cycle. Hydroquinone A topical brightening agent used for the treatment of skin disorders associated with hyperpigmentation including melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, sunspots, and freckles. Chlorine Chlorine is a stongly oxidizing agent and the third most electronegative element which belongs to the group of halogens with the atomic number 17 and symbol Cl. Being a yellow-green... Turpentine A medication used to treat minor aches and pains of muscles and joints. Hypochlorite An antimicrobial used to treat and prevent infections of the skin and tissue. Sodium hydroxide Used to destroy or kill the nail matrix (matrixectomies) . Trichloroacetate Trichloroacetate, or trichloroacetic acid, is a strong acid prepared by the reaction of chlorine with acetic acid in the presence of a suitable catalyst. In clinical chemistry and biochemistry, it... Aminacrine A slow-acting germicide effective against bacteria and fungi which is included in drug formulations for its anti-septic properties. Recombinant Cholera Toxin B Subunit Recombinant Cholera Toxin B Subunit is an ingredient in the EMA-authorised product Dukoral. Treosulfan Treosulfan is under investigation in Allogeneic Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Treosulfan has been investigated for the treatment of Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Acute, Childhood. Dinitrochlorobenzene Dinitrochlorobenzene has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections. Benznidazole A trypanocidal agent used to treat Chagas disease. Triptolide Triptolide has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV, Crohn's Disease, Intestinal Diseases, Gastrointestinal Diseases, and Digestive System Diseases, among others. Broxuridine Broxuridine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Leukemia, Stage I Prostate Cancer, Stage IIB Prostate Cancer, and Stage IIA Prostate Cancer. Lorvotuzumab mertansine Lorvotuzumab mertansine has been used in trials studying the treatment of SCLC, Leukemia, Ovarian Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, and Merkel Cell Carcinoma, among others. Cordycepin Cordycepin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Leukemia. Cantharidin The only therapeutic use for which cantharidin is currently primarily indicated for is as an active ingredient in topical agents for treating common warts (verruca vulgaris), periungual warts, plantar warts,... Bizelesin Bizelesin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific. Tetrahydrouridine Tetrahydrouridine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Neoplasms, Lung Neoplasms, Breast Neoplasms, Sickle Cell Disease, and Head and Neck Cancer, among others. Ozone Ozone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Mild Asthma and Primary Apical Periodontite. Methyl pyrrolidone N Methyl Pyrrolidone is under investigation for the treatment of Multiple Myeloma. Moxetumomab pasudotox A CD22-specific antibody conjugated to a truncated exotoxin used to treat relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia in patients who have already been treated with a purine nucleoside analog and one other treatment. Phenethyl Isothiocyanate Phenethyl Isothiocyanate has been used in trials studying the prevention and treatment of Leukemia, Lung Cancer, Tobacco Use Disorder, and Lymphoproliferative Disorders. Lometrexol Lometrexol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lung Cancer, Drug/Agent Toxicity by Tissue/Organ, and Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific. Prednimustine Prednimustine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lymphoma. Buthionine sulfoximine Buthionine sulfoximine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Neuroblastoma and Melanoma (Skin). Dianhydrogalactitol Dianhydrogalactitol has been used in trials studying the treatment of GBM, Glioma, Glioblastoma, Brain Cancer, and Glioblastoma Multiforme. Trofosfamide Trofosfamide has been used in trials studying the treatment of Ependymomas, Medulloblastomas, Sarcoma, Soft Tissue, Supratentorial PNETs, and Recurrent Brain Tumors. Nolatrexed Nolatrexed is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00012324 (Nolatrexed Dihydrochloride Compared With Doxorubicin in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Unresectable Liver Cancer). Mitolactol Mitolactol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors. Doxifluridine Doxifluridine has been investigated for the treatment of Stomach Cancer. Carbendazim Carbendazim has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lymphoma and Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific. Tiazofurine Tiazofurine has potential clinical use in cancer treatment as it is a potential inhibitor of Inosine- 5’-monophosphate (IMP) dehydrogenase . Thiram Thiram may be used in dermatology as a scabicide . Thiram is mainly used as a fungicide for plants and treatment for seeds, however, this use is being investigated for... Triaziquone Not Annotated Etoglucid Not Annotated Mitobronitol Not Annotated Semustine Not Annotated Carboquone Not Annotated Toyocamycin 4-Amino-5-cyano-7-(D-ribofuranosyl)-7H- pyrrolo(2,3-d)pyrimidine. Antibiotic antimetabolite isolated from Streptomyces toyocaensis cultures. It is an analog of adenosine, blocks RNA synthesis and ribosome function, and is used mainly as a tool in biochemistry. Sodium bisulfite An ingredient in parenteral nutrition products for patients with severe liver disorders. Tretamine Toxic alkylating agent used in industry; also as antineoplastic and research tool to produce chromosome aberrations and cancers. Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether Not Annotated Hypochlorous acid An oxyacid of chlorine (HClO) containing monovalent chlorine that acts as an oxidizing or reducing agent. p-Aminophenol Not Annotated Nickel sulfate Nickel sulfate is used in allergenic testing. Dichromate Not Annotated Potassium triiodide Not Annotated Peracetic acid A liquid that functions as a strong oxidizing agent. It has an acrid odor and is used as a disinfectant. Estramustine phosphate A nitrogen mustard linked to estradiol, usually as phosphate; used to treat prostatic neoplasms; also has radiation protective properties. Tosylchloramide A chlorinated disinfectant of the genitals and injured skin. Remdesivir A nucleoside analog used to treat RNA virus infections including COVID-19. Chlorotoxin Chlorotoxin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00733798 (A Safety and Efficacy Study of Intravenous 131I-TM601 in Adult Patients With Malignant Melanoma). Patulin Not Annotated Sodium nitrate Not Annotated Strychnine Not Annotated Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate diester Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate diester is an inducer of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). 5,6-dihydro-5-azacytidine Not Annotated Cantuzumab mertansine Not Annotated Minnelide free acid Not Annotated Minnelide Not Annotated 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine is a broad-acting glutamine antagonist.
- Drugs & Drug Targets