Enzymes and Coenzymes
- Enzymes and Coenzymes
- Accession Number
Biological catalysts and their cofactors.
Drug Drug Description Dornase alfa A synthetic form of human deoxyribonuclease I used to break down extracellular DNA in the lungs, a major source of mucous viscosity in cystic fibrosis. Denileukin diftitox A recombinant cytotoxic protein based on a combination of diphtheria toxin fragments and interleukin-2 used to treat cutaneous T-cell lymphoma by targeting the interleukin-2 receptor. Alteplase A recombinant form of human tissue plasminogen activator used in the emergency treatment of myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and pulmonary emboli. Urokinase A low molecular weight form of human urokinase used to treat pulmonary embolism and myocardial infarction as well as to clear IV lines. Reteplase A purified form of human tissue plasminogen activator used in the emergency treatment of myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and pulmonary emboli. Asparaginase Escherichia coli An asparaginase enzyme from E. coli used as part of treatment regimens for acute lymphoblastic leukemias. Anistreplase A form of recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator used in the emergency treatment of myocardial infarction and pulmonary emboli. Tenecteplase A modified form of recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator used in the emergency treatment of myocardial infarction and pulmonary emboli. Coagulation factor VIIa Recombinant Human A form of recombinant human coagulation Factor VII used to treat hemophilia A and B. Botulinum toxin type B A purified form of botulinum toxin type B used to block acetylcholine release in the treatment of cervical dystonia and sialorrhea. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum A collagenase enzyme used to promote debridement of necrotic tissue in burns and skin ulcers as well as to treat Dupuytren's contracture and Peyronie's disease. Rasburicase A recombinant form of urate-oxidase enzyme used to treat hyperuricemia following chemotherapy for leukemias and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Imiglucerase A form of recombinant human beta-glucocerebrosidase enzyme used to replace the deficient endogenous enzyme in the treatment of Gaucher disease. Drotrecogin alfa A form of recombinant activated human protein C used to reduce mortality in patients with severe sepsis by inhibiting coagulation Factors V and VIII. Pegaspargase A modified form of L-asparagine amidohydrolase used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia, which is dependent on an external source of asparagine. Pegademase A modified form of bovine adenosine deaminase used to treat adenosine deaminase deficiency, a condition which leads to the formation of adenosine metabolites which are cytotoxic to lymphocytes. Botulinum toxin type A A purified form of botulinum toxin type A used to block acetylcholine release in the treatment of chronic sialorrhea, muscle spasticity, and dystonia, as well as in cosmetic applications. Pancrelipase A purified form of porcine pancreatic lipase, amylase, and protease enzymes used to treat malabsorption associated with pancreatic insufficiency resulting from cystic fibrosis and pancreatitis. Streptokinase A purified fibrinolytic bacterial protein used to breakdown thrombosis in myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and venous thromboembolism. Alglucerase A form of recombinant beta-glucocerebrosidase enzyme used to replace the deficient endogenous enzyme in the treatment of Gaucher disease. Agalsidase beta A recombinant human alpha-galactosidase indicated to treat Fabry disease, a genetic deficiency in the enzyme leading to buildup of globotriaosylceramide. Pyridoxal phosphate A vitamin available in many formulations to correct vitamin B6 deficiency. Tetrahydrofolic acid For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance. Biotin A B-complex vitamin found in many multivitamin products. Riboflavin A vitamin used to correct vitamin B2 deficiency. NADH A nutrient used in some supplement products. Lipoic acid For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance. Sapropterin A cofactor used as an adjunct to phenylalanine restriction in the treatment of phenylketonuria (PKU). Leucovorin A folate analog used to treat the toxic effects of methotrexate and other folate antagonists, to treat megaloblastic anemia, and to provide palliative treatment of colorectal cancer. Idursulfase A purified lysosomal enzyme used as a replacement therapy for Hunter syndrome in pediatric and adult patients. Alglucosidase alfa An acid alpha- glucosidase (GAA) derivative used as an enzyme replacement therapy for the treatment of Pompe disease in infants and pediatric patients caused by GAA deficiency. Galsulfase A recombinant human enzyme used as replacement enzyme therapy for the treatment of of adults and children with Mucopolysaccharidosis VI, a rare genetic disorder caused by a deficiency of a lysosomal enzyme. 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA Not Available Methacrylyl-Coenzyme A Not Available Desulfo-coenzyme A Not Available Coenzyme A Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, or HSCoA) is a coenzyme, well known for it's role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric... Molybdenum cofactor Absence of molybdenum cofactor leads to accumulation of toxic levels of sulphite and neurological damage usually leading to death within months of birth, due to the lack of active sulfite... Myristoyl-Coa Not Available D-threo-neopterin A pteridine derivative present in body fluids; elevated levels result from immune system activation, malignant disease, allograft rejection, and viral infections. (From Stedman, 26th ed) Neopterin also serves as a... Hexanoyl-CoA Not Available Octanoyl-Coenzyme A Not Available Flavin adenine dinucleotide A coenzyme form of vitamin B2 used in clinical conditions associated with vitamin B2 deficiency. 2-Iminobiotin Not Available 3-Acetylpyridine Adenine Dinucleotide A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage. It is found widely in nature and is involved in numerous enzymatic reactions in which it serves... 3-Hydroxybutyryl-Coenzyme A Not Available Succinyl-Coenzyme A Not Available Dihydrolipoic Acid Not Available Biopterin A natural product that has been considered as a growth factor for some insects. [PubChem] Coenzyme F420 Not Available Coenzyme A persulfide Coenzyme A persulfide is a possible in vivo inhibitor of mammalian short chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. (R)-methylmalonyl-CoA Not Available Lumichrome Not Available L-erythro-7,8-dihydrobiopterin 7,8-Dihydrobiopterin is an inhibitor of the enzyme dihydroneopterin aldolase (DHNA), which catalyzes the conversion of 7,8-Dihydrobiopterin to 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin and glycolaldehyde. 7,8-Dihydroneopterin Not Available Sitimagene ceradenovec Intended for the treatment of brain cancer. Alfimeprase Alfimeprase is being evaluated as a potential treatment for acute ischemic stroke, catheter occlusion (CO) and acute peripheral arterial occlusion (PAO). Desmoteplase Investigated for use/treatment in cerebral ischemia and strokes. Ranpirnase For the treatment of various forms of cancer. Mitoquinone Investigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, C) and parkinson's disease. Ancrod An anticoagulant purified from the venom of the Malayan pit viper that functions by inactivating circulating plasma fibrinogen. Not currently approved for use or marketed in any country. Fibrinolysin Fibrinolysin assists with the healing of minor burns, superficial wounds, ulcers, surgical wounds, and superficial hematomas. PEG-uricase Investigated for use/treatment in hyperuricemia. ALTU-135 Investigated for use/treatment in cystic fibrosis and pancreatic disorders. Praconase Investigated for use/treatment in spinal cord injuries. Alkaline Phosphatase Investigated for use/treatment in ulcerative colitis. Lanoteplase Investigated for use/treatment in myocardial infarction. Latiglutenase Investigated for use/treatment in gastrointestinal diseases and disorders (miscellaneous) and autoimmune diseases such as celiac disease. Pegargiminase Investigated for use/treatment in melanoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. Amediplase Investigated for use/treatment in myocardial infarction and thrombosis. Chymopapain Chymopapain is indicated for the development of chemonucleolysis which is used for the digestion of the nucleus pulposus in patients with disc herniation confirmed by myelography. A disc herniation occurs... Sacrosidase An enzyme replacement therapy used for the treatment of congenital sucrase-isomaltase deficiency (CSID). Mangafodipir An organ-specific paramagnetic contrast agent indicated for the imaging of the hepatobiliary system and detecting lesions in the liver and pancreas. Ubiquinone Q2 Not Available Serotonin For temporary relief of nervousness, anxiety, mood swings, joint pains, weakness, drowsiness, itching and lethargy. Not evaluated by the FDA, homeopathic product. Taliglucerase alfa A hydrolytic lysosomal glucocerebroside specific enzyme, used for long term enzyme replacement therapy in patients with Type 1 Gaucher disease. Aflibercept A vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor used to treat Neovascular (Wet) Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD), various types of macular edema and diabetic retinopathy. Ocriplasmin A proteolytic enzyme used to treat symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion by dissolving the protein matrix responsible for the adhesion between the vitreous and macula. Glucarpidase A carboxypeptidase enzyme used to treat toxic plasma methotrexate concentrations by providing an alternate elimination pathway for methotrexate in patients who have impaired renal function. Batroxobin No approved indications. Batroxobin is a defibrongenating agent which has been observed to reduce fibrinogen levels and thus reduce clot risk when used intravenously. Elosulfase alfa A lysosomal glycosaminoglycan (GAG)-specific enzyme indicated as an enzyme replacement therapy for Mucopolysaccharidosis type IV A. Idebenone An analogue of ubiquinone used for the treatment of visual impairment in adolescent and adult patients with Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON). Asfotase alfa An enzyme replacement therapy used for the treatment of perinatal/infantile and juvenile onset hypophosphatasia (HPP). Pegloticase A recombinant uricase used for the treatment of chronic gout in adult patients refractory to conventional therapy. Ubidecarenone A cofactor found in various dietary supplements. Chymotrypsin No therapeutic indications. Pancrelipase amylase A lipase used to treat pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Cobamamide An ingredient found in a variety of supplements and vitamins. Papain No FDA-approved therapeutic indications. Trypsin Trypsin is a serine protease that plays an essential role in protein hydrolysis and absorption in mammals. When converted from its zymogen trypsinogen, trypsin is available as an active peptide... Thrombin A coagulation factor used to stop bleeding during surgery. Prothrombin A coagulation factor used for emergency reversal of vitamin K antagonist therapy. Protein C A medication used to treat protein C deficiency leading to purpura fulminans or coumarin-induced skin necrosis. Ubiquinol Ubiquinol (CoQH2) is a reduced form of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) that acts as an active antioxidant that prevents the initiation and propagation of lipid peroxidation in biological membranes and human... Sebelipase alfa A recombinant lysosomal acid lipase used to treat lysosomal acid lipase deficiency. Levoleucovorin A folate analog used after high dose methotrexate for osteosarcoma, to reduce the toxic effects of folate analogs, and with 5-fluorouracil in palliative treatment of advanced metastatic colorectal cancer. Recombinant Cholera Toxin B Subunit Recombinant Cholera Toxin B Subunit is an ingredient in the EMA-authorised product Dukoral. Rusalatide acetate Chrysalin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Radius Fracture. Vonapanitase Vonapanitase is under investigation for the treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease. Vatiquinone Vatiquinone has been investigated for the treatment and prevention of Retinopathy, Rett Syndrome, Genetic Disease, Noise-induced Hearing Loss, and Methylmalonic Aciduria and Homocystinuria,Cblc Type. Stem bromelain The primary medical purpose for which stem bromelain (SB) is currently indicated for is the removal of eschar in adults with deep partial- and full-thickness thermal burns [FDA Label]. Besides... Antroquinonol Antroquinonol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Hyperlipidemias, Non-small Cell Lung Cancer, and Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IV. Vatreptacog alfa Vatreptacog Alfa (Activated) has been used in trials studying the treatment of Haemophilia B, Haemophilia A, Congenital Bleeding Disorder, Haemophilia A With Inhibitors, and Haemophilia B With Inhibitors. Ronopterin Ronopterin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury. Aviscumine Cy 503 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00658437 (Aviscumine for the Treatment of Malignant Melanoma Stage IV After Failure of Prior Therapy). Monteplase Monteplase has been used in trials studying the treatment of Pulmonary Embolism. Lometrexol Lometrexol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lung Cancer, Drug/Agent Toxicity by Tissue/Organ, and Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific. CMX-2043 CMX-2043 has been used in trials studying the treatment and prevention of Non STEMI, Unstable Angina, Stable Coronary Artery Disease, and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. Olipudase alfa Olipudase alfa has been used in trials studying the treatment of Sphingomyelin Lipidosis and Human Acid Sphingomyelinase Deficiency. Glucose oxidase Glucose oxidase has been investigated for the treatment of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections. Factor XIII (human) A purified form of Factor XIII that is used to prevent and treat surgical bleeding in patients with a Factor XIII deficiency. Serrapeptase Serrapeptase is a proteolytic enzyme preparation used concomitantly with an antibiotic in osteoarticular infections. Serratiopeptidase is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02493179 (Efficacy Evaluation of the (Serodase 5 mg Tablet)... Kallidinogenase Not Annotated Pepsin Used as a pancreatic enzyme replacement in pancreatic insufficiency . It is intended to mimic naturally produced human pepsin . Pepsin powder is prepared from the gastric mucosa of pigs,... Brinase Not Annotated Lysozyme Not Annotated Bromelains Bromelain is a protease enzyme derived from the stems of pineapples that is composed of a mixture of different thiol endopeptidases and other components like phosphatase, glucosidase, peroxidase, cellulase, escharase,... Saruplase Not Annotated Tilactase A beta-D-galactosidase use to treat lactose intolerance. Ferric pyrophosphate citrate A soluble iron compound used to maintain hemoglobin levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Nadide A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage. It is found widely in nature and is involved in numerous enzymatic reactions in which it serves... Andexanet alfa A recombinant Factor Xa used to reverse anticoagulation caused by rivaroxaban and apixaban. Sutilain Sutilain was indicated, in the form of an ointment, as a biochemical debridement of second and third-degree burns, incisional traumatic and pyrogenic wounds and ulcers occurring due to peripheral vascular... Cocarboxylase The coenzyme form of Vitamin B1 present in many animal tissues. It is a required intermediate in the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and the ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex. Pyridoxine phosphate Not Available Propanoyl-CoA Not Available Acetoacetyl-CoA Not Available Flavin mononucleotide A form of vitamin B2 used to restore riboflavin in anemia, migraine, alcoholism, and hyperhomocysteinemia. Malonyl-CoA A coenzyme A derivative which plays a key role in the fatty acid synthesis in the cytoplasmic and microsomal systems. Riboflavin tetrabutyrate Not Annotated Calaspargase pegol An asparagine specific enzyme used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DiaPep 277 Investigated for use/treatment in diabetes mellitus type 1, autoimmune diseases, and diabetes mellitus type 2. Hyaluronidase An enzyme used to improve the absorption and dispersion of parenterally administered fluids, drugs, and contrast agents. Dalantercept Dalantercept is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00996957 (Study of ACE-041 in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors or Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma). Neopterin Neopterin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02974192 (Neopterin Effects on Ischemic Stroke). Nattokinase Nattokinase is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00749801 (Efficacy and Safety of Geneferm Nattokinase). Valanafusp alfa Valanafusp alfa is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03071341 (Extension Study Evaluating Long Term Safety and Activity of AGT-181 in Children With MPS I). 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid is a methylated derivate of tetrahydrofolate. It is generated by methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase from 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate and used to recycle homocysteine back to methionine by 5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferases (also called methionine... Levomefolic acid A folate supplement used to prevent neural tube defects in pregnancy or folate deficiency. Factor IX Complex (Human) A Factor IX complex used to prevent and treat bleeding episodes in hemophilia B or vitamin K antagonist therapy. Thrombin alfa A platelet activating factor used to treat minor bleeding. Eftrenonacog alfa A recombinant Factor IX used to treat and prevent bleeding in hemophilia B. Pegvaliase An enzyme used to treat phenylketonuria in patients with phenylalanine levels that are too high on current treatment. Coagulation factor VII human A coagulation factor used to treat bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and Glanzmann's thrombasthenia. Cerliponase alfa An enzyme replacement therapy used to treat neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) disease, also known as tripeptidyl peptidase 1 (TPP1) deficiency. Trenonacog alfa Human coagulation factor IX (EC 188.8.131.52, Christmas factor, plasma thromboplastin component), produced in CHO cells. Albutrepenonacog alfa A recombinant Factor IX fused to recombinant human albumin used to treat hemophilia B. Nonacog beta pegol A recombinant coagulation Factor IX derivative used to treat hemophilia B. Vocimagene amiretrorepvec Vocimagene amiretrorepvec is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02576665 (A Study of Toca 511, a Retroviral Replicating Vector, Combined With Toca FC in Patients With Solid Tumors or Lymphoma (Toca... 6-hydroxy-FAD Not Available Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-phosphate (NMN) coupled by pyrophosphate linkage to the 5'-phosphate adenosine 2',5'-bisphosphate. It serves as an electron carrier in a number of... Pancrelipase lipase A lipase used to treat pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Lumiflavin Not Available Ubiquinone Q1 Not Available NADPH Not Available Dethiobiotin Not Available Desoxyribonuclease Desoxyribonuclease is a crystalline enzyme that aids in the digestion of the thymus nucleic acid. The mechanism of action of the enzyme involves the splitting of thymus nucleic acid into... Hyaluronidase (human recombinant) An enzyme used to improve the absorption and dispersion of parenterally administered fluids, drugs, and contrast agents. Talactoferrin alfa Investigated for use/treatment in adverse effects (chemotherapy), cancer/tumors (unspecified), diabetic foot ulcers, lung cancer, solid tumors, and ulcers. Hemicellulase Not Annotated Agalsidase alfa A recombinant human alpha-galactosidase indicated to treat Fabry disease, a genetic deficiency in the enzyme leading to buildup of globotriaosylceramide. Thioctamide Not Annotated VEGFR2-169 VEGFR2-169 is under investigation in clinical trial NCT00655785 (Antiangiogenic Peptide Vaccine Therapy With Gemcitabine in Treating Patient With Pancreatic Cancer (Phase1/2)). Pegylated Recombinant Human Arginase I Pegylated Recombinant Human Arginase I is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03455140 (A Study Evaluating the Safety and Activity of Pegylated Recombinant Human Arginase (BCT-100)). Ribaxamase Ribaxamase is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02563106 (A Study of SYN-004 for the Prevention of c.diff in Patients With a LRTI). Coagulation Factor IX Human A coagulation factor used to treat hemophilia B or factor IX hemophilia. Deoxyribonuclease I Deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) is a human enzyme responsible for the digestion of extracellular DNA7 . It is normally found in saliva, urine, pancreatic secretions, and blood . Because of... Lactoferrin Lactoferrin is under investigation in clinical trial NCT03748043 (The Effectiveness of Lactoferrin in Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Children With Chronic Tonsillitis). Tyrosinase Tyrosinase is under investigation in clinical trial NCT01989572 (Sargramostim, Vaccine Therapy, or Sargramostim and Vaccine Therapy in Preventing Disease Recurrence in Patients With Melanoma That Has Been Removed by Surgery).
- Drugs & Drug Targets