Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
- Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
- Accession Number
- DBCAT000934 (DBCAT003363, DBCAT004051)
Drugs and compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP3A.
Drug Drug Description Ritonavir An HIV protease inhibitor used in combination with other antivirals in the treatment of HIV infection. Voriconazole A triazole compound used to treat fungal infections. Ketoconazole A broad spectrum antifungal used to treat seborrheic dermatitis and fungal skin infections. Miconazole An azole antifungal with broad-spectrum activity used to treat fungal infections affecting the vagina, mouth and skin, including candidiasis. Amiodarone A class III antiarrhythmic indicated for the treatment of recurrent hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia and recurrent ventricular fibrillation. Itraconazole An antifungal agent used for the treatment of various fungal infections in immunocompromised and non-immunocompromised patients, such as pulmonary and extrapulmonary blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and onychomycosis. Clarithromycin A macrolide antibiotic used for the treatment of a wide variety of bacterial infections such as acute otitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, respiratory tract infections, uncomplicated skin infections, and helicobacter pylori infection. Saquinavir An HIV protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 with advanced immunodeficiency. Lopinavir An HIV-1 protease inhibitor used in combination with ritonavir to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Cobicistat A CYP3A inhibitor used to increase the systemic exposure of atazanavir or darunavir in combination with other antiretroviral agents in the treatment of HIV-1 infection. Nelfinavir A viral protease inhibitor used in the treatment of HIV infection. Indinavir A protease inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Diltiazem A calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension and to manage chronic stable angina. Conivaptan An antidiuretic hormone inhibitor used to raise serum sodium levels. Telithromycin An ketolide used to treat community acquired pneumonia of mild to moderate severity. Nefazodone An antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Darunavir A HIV protease inhibitor used in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in patients with history of prior antiretroviral therapies. Posaconazole A triazole antifungal drug that is used to treat invasive infections by Candida species and Aspergillus species in severely immunocompromised patients. Mibefradil For the treatment of angina and high blood pressure. Troleandomycin For the treatment of bacterial infection. Telaprevir An NS3/4A viral protease inhibitor used in combination with other antivirals for the curative treatment of chronic Hepatitis C Virus infections. Idelalisib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), relapsed follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (FL), and relapsed small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). Stiripentol An antiepileptic agent used in combination with other anticonvulsants to treat seizures associated with Dravet syndrome. Curcumin No approved therapeutic indications. Midostaurin An antineoplastic agent used to treat high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with specific mutations, aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), systemic mastocytosis with associated hematologic neoplasm (SM-AHN), or mast cell leukemia (MCL). Efavirenz A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection or prevent the spread of HIV. Imatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat a number of leukemias, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease, systemic mastocytosis, hypereosinophilic syndrome, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Aprepitant A substance P/neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist used to treat nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and surgery. Delavirdine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Mifepristone A cortisol receptor blocker used to treat Cushing's syndrome, and to terminate pregnancies up to 70 days gestation. Fosamprenavir An antiretroviral agent used for the treatment and postexposure prophylaxis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection. Erythromycin A macrolide antibiotic used to treat and prevent a variety of bacterial infections. Fluvoxamine A selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. Cyclosporine A steroid-sparing immunosuppressant used in organ and bone marrow transplants as well as inflammatory conditions such as ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and atopic dermatitis. Verapamil A non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of angina, arrhythmia, and hypertension. Dronedarone An antiarrhythmic agent used in the reduce the risk of hospitalization in patients with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation. Nilotinib A kinase inhibitor used for the chronic phase treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) that is Philadelphia chromosome positive and for the treatment of CML that is resistant to therapy containing imatinib. Crizotinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) where the tumors have been confirmed to be anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), or ROS1-positive. Luliconazole A topical antifungal agent used to treat fungal infections. Isavuconazonium A triazole antifungal used for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis and mucormycosis. Netupitant An antiemetic agent used in combination with palonosetron to prevent acute and delayed vomiting and nausea caused by chemotherapy. Isavuconazole Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis [FDA Label]. Indicated for patients 18 years of age and older for the treatment of... Atazanavir An antiviral protease inhibitor used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV. Cimetidine A histamine H2 receptor antagonist used to manage GERD, peptic ulcer disease, and indigestion. Ciprofloxacin A second generation fluoroquinolone used to treat various susceptible bacterial infections. Nicardipine A calcium channel blocker used for the short-term treatment of hypertension and chronic stable angina. Dasatinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of lymphoblastic or chronic myeloid leukemia with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. Lapatinib An antineoplastic agent and tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of advanced or metastatic HER-negative breast cancer in patients who received prior chemotherapeutic treatments. Quinidine A medication used to restore normal sinus rhythm, treat atrial fibrillation and flutter, and treat ventricular arrhythmias. Pazopanib An antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of advanced renal cell cancer and advanced soft tissue sarcoma in patients with prior chemotherapy. Isoniazid An antibiotic used to treat mycobacterial infections; most commonly use in combination with other antimycobacterial agents for the treatment of active or latent tuberculosis. Danazol A synthetic steroid and pituitary gonadotropin inhibitor used in the treatment of endometriosis and symptomatic treatment of severe pain and tenderness associated with benign fibrocystic breasts. Propofol A medication used in general anesthesia and for sedation. Ivacaftor A cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) potentiator used alone or in combination products to treat cystic fibrosis in patients who have specific genetic mutations that are responsive to the medication. Dalfopristin An antibiotic used with quinupristin to treat severe or life-threatening infections of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF), and skin infections caused by methicillin susceptible staphylococcus aureus or streptococcus pyogenes. Quinupristin An antibiotic agent used in the treatment of serious vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium bacteremia as well as complicated skin and skin structure infections. Lomitapide A microsomal triglyceride transfer protein inhibitor used to lower cholesterol associated with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH), reducing risk of cardiovascular events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Palbociclib An endocrine-based chemotherapeutic agent used in combination with other antineoplastic agents to treat HER2-negative and HR-positive advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Fosaprepitant An antiemetic drug used in combination with other antiemetic agents for the prevention of acute and delayed nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. Manidipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension. Sarilumab A monoclonal antibody used to treat moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis who have responded poorly or are intolerant of other DMARDs. Piperaquine For the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection in adults, children, and infants aged 6 months and up weighing over 5 kg [FDA Label]. Used in combination with DB11638. Lovastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower LDL cholesterol and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and associated conditions, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Ziprasidone An atypical antipsychotic used to manage schizophrenia, bipolar mania, and agitation in patients with schizophrenia. Rucaparib A poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor used to treat recurrent ovarian and prostate cancers in previously treated adults. Chloramphenicol A broad spectrum antibiotic that is effective against a variety of susceptible and serious bacterial infections but is not frequently used because of its high risk of bone marrow toxicity. Tipranavir A protease inhibitor used to treat HIV-1 resistant to more than 1 protease inhibitor. Naloxone An opioid receptor antagonist used to rapidly reverse an opioid overdose. Also included in some drug formulations as an abuse deterrent to prevent injection. Amprenavir A protease inhibitor used to treat HIV infection. Buprenorphine A partial opioid agonist used for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Orphenadrine A muscarinic antagonist used as an adjunct for the symptomatic relief of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort. Danoprevir Danoprevir has been used in trials studying the treatment of Hepatitis C, Chronic. Elvitegravir An antiretroviral agent used in combination with other antiretrovirals for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in antiretroviral treatment-experienced adults. Letermovir An antiviral medication used to treat CMV infections and disease in adult CMV-seropositive recipients of an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Fluoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, bulimia, OCD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and bipolar I. Simeprevir A direct-acting antiviral agent that inhibits HCV NS3/4A protease to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in adults with HCV genotype 1 or 4. Dexamethasone A glucocorticoid available in various modes of administration that is used for the treatment of various inflammatory conditions, including bronchial asthma, as well as endocrine and rheumatic disorders. Dexamethasone isonicotinate Dexamethasone isonicotinate is an anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic glucocorticoid that can be administered orally, by inhalation, topically, and parenterally. Its unintended mineralocorticoid action may cause salt and water retention. Fluticasone propionate A glucocorticoid used to treat asthma, inflammatory pruritic dermatoses, and nonallergic rhinitis. Cyproterone acetate A steroid used in combination with ethinyl estradiol to treat women with severe acne and symptoms of androgenization. Also used alone at much higher doses for palliative treatment of patients with prostate cancer Valproic acid An anticonvulsant used to control complex partial seizures and both simple and complex absence seizures. Paramethasone For the treatment of all conditions in which corticosteroid therapy is indicated except adrenal-deficiency states for which its lack of sodium-retaining properties makes it less suitable than hydrocortisone with supplementary... Progesterone A hormone used for a variety of functions, including contraception, control of abnormal uterine bleeding, maintenance of pregnancy, and prevention of endometrial hyperplasia. Prasterone A steroid formulated as a vaginal insert indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe dyspareunia associated with menopausal vulvar and vaginal atrophy. 6-Deoxyerythronolide B Not Available AVE9633 Investigated for use/treatment in leukemia (myeloid). Brefeldin A A metabolite from Penicillium brefeldianum that exhibits a wide range of antibiotic activity. Bryostatin 1 Bryostatin 1 has been investigated for the treatment of HIV Infection and Alzheimer's Disease. Candicidin Used in the topical treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis. Carbomycin Carbomycin, also called magnamycin, is crystalline macrolide antibiotic. This antibacterial is obtained from Streptomyces halstedii and it presents a large inhibitory effect against Gram-positive bacteria and some Mycoplasma strains. The... Cethromycin A ketolide antibiotic with broad-spectrum activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and atypical bacteria that may be useful for treating several conditions including community-acquired pneumonia, inhalation anthrax, plague, and tularemia. Coltuximab ravtansine Investigated for use/treatment in lymphoma (non-hodgkin's). Dirithromycin An antibiotic used to treat a variety of respiratory, skin, and other infections. Doramectin Doramectin is a veterinary drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of parasites such as gastrointestinal roundworms, lungworms, eyeworms, grubs, sucking lice and mange mites in... Epofolate Epofolate has been used in trials studying the treatment of Advanced Solid Tumors. Epofolate (BMS-753493) is a folate conjugate of the epothilone analog BMS-748285 that was designed to selectively target... Epothilone D Investigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, solid tumors, and prostate cancer. Eprinomectin Not Annotated Flurithromycin Not Annotated GPI-1485 Investigated for use/treatment in erectile dysfunction and parkinson's disease. Kitasamycin Kitasamycin is a macrolide antibiotic derived from Streptomyces kitasatoensis. KOS-1584 Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors. Lorvotuzumab mertansine Lorvotuzumab mertansine has been used in trials studying the treatment of SCLC, Leukemia, Ovarian Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, and Merkel Cell Carcinoma, among others. Midecamycin A macrolide antibiotic used to treat a variety of infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Mirvetuximab Soravtansine Mirvetuximab Soravtansine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Ovarian cancer, Endometrial Cancer, Fallopian tube cancer, Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer, among others. Mitemcinal Investigated for use/treatment in gastroparesis and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Oleandomycin Oleandomycin is a macrolide antibiotic, though it is less effective than erythromycin. It is synthesized from strains of Streptomyces antibioticus. Patupilone Investigated for use/treatment in ovarian cancer, lung cancer, brain cancer, breast cancer, and gastric cancer. Ridaforolimus Investigated for use/treatment in solid tumors, sarcoma, cancer/tumors (unspecified), endometrial cancer, prostate cancer, and bone metastases. Rokitamycin Not Annotated Sagopilone Sagopilone has been used in trials studying the treatment of Melanoma, Neoplasms, CNS Disease, Breast Cancer, and Breast Neoplasms, among others. It is a so-called fully synthetic epothilone and is... Selamectin Selamectin is a topical parasiticide and antihelminthic used on dogs and cats to treat and prevent infections of heartworms, fleas, ear mites, sarcoptic mange, and certain types of ticks in... Solithromycin Investigated for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Tildipirosin Tildipirosin is a veterinary antibiotic. Regorafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nifedipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker indicated for the management of several subtypes of angina pectoris, and hypertension. Tranylcypromine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder. Phenelzine A monoamine oxidase inhibitor used to treat atypical, nonendogenous, or neurotic depression. Bicalutamide An androgen receptor inhibitor used to treat Stage D2 metastatic carcinoma of the prostate. Lanreotide A somatostatin analog used for the treatment of unresectable, well- or moderately-differentiated, locally advanced or metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and acromegaly. Octreotide A peptide drug used to treat acromegaly as well as diarrhea associated with metastatic carcinoid tumors and vasoactive intestinal peptide secreting tumors. Pasireotide A somatostatin analog used in the treatment of Cushing’s disease, specifically for those patients whom pituitary surgery is not appropriate. Somatostatin A natural peptide hormone used to treat acute bleeding from esophageal varices, gastrointestinal ulcers, and gastritis; prevent pancreatic complications after surgery; and restrict secretions of the upper intestine, pancreas, and biliary tract. Vapreotide For the treatment of esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with cirrhotic liver disease and has also shown efficacy in the treatment of patients with AIDS-related diarrhea. Bosutinib An antineoplastic agent used for the treatment of chronic, accelerated, or blast phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in adults with inadequate clinical response to other treatments. Erlotinib An EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat certain small cell lung cancers or advanced metastatic pancreatic cancers. Gefitinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used as first-line therapy to treat non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) that meets certain genetic mutation criteria. Lestaurtinib Investigated for use/treatment in pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, and leukemia (myeloid). Saracatinib Saracatinib has been investigated for the treatment of Cancer, Osteosarcoma, Ovarian Cancer, Fallopian Tube Cancer, and Primary Peritoneal Cancer. Sorafenib A kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of unresectable liver carcinoma and advanced renal carcinoma. Sunitinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor and chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and imatinib-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Acalabrutinib A Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat mantle cell lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and small lymphocytic lymphoma. Lenvatinib A receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of metastatic thyroid cancer, advanced renal cell carcinoma in combination with everolimus, and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Fostamatinib A spleen tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat chronic immune thrombocytopenia after attempting one other treatment. Dovitinib Investigated for use/treatment in multiple myeloma and solid tumors. Rilpivirine A non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) used in combination with other antiretrovirals to specifically treat human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Econazole A topical antifungal used to treat tinea pedis, tinea cruris, tinea corporis, cutaneous candidiasis and tinea versicolor. Omeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to treat GERD associated conditions such as heartburn and gastric acid hypersecretion, and to promote healing of tissue damage and ulcers caused by gastric acid and H. pylori infection. Ethanol For therapeutic neurolysis of nerves or ganglia for the relief of intractable chronic pain in such conditions as inoperable cancer and trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux), in patients for whom neurosurgical... Clevidipine A dihydropyridine L-type calcium channel blocker used to lower blood pressure when oral antihypertensive therapy is not feasible or not desirable. Efonidipine For the treatment of hypertension. Nilvadipine A calcium channel blocker used to manage arterial hypertension. Metronidazole A nitroimidazole used to treat trichomoniasis, amebiasis, inflammatory lesions of rosacea, and bacterial infections, as well as prevent postoperative infections. Loperamide A long acting antidiarrheal used to control nonspecific diarrhea and chronic diarrhea caused by inflammatory bowel disease, or gastroenteritis. Desvenlafaxine An antidepressant agent and SNRI used for the treatment of major depressive disorders in adults. Indalpine Indalpine was one of the first selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors to reach the American market. It was initially marketed by Pharmuka. However, after the emergence of widespread concern regarding adverse... Paroxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat major depressive disorder, panic disorder, OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, the vasomotor symptoms of menopause, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Zimelidine For the treatment of depression. Milnacipran A selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) used for the treatment of fibromyalgia and a short-term treatment of major depressive disorder. Fusidic acid A topical antibacterial agent used to prevent and treat mild to moderate skin infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Barnidipine A calcium channel blocker used to treat various forms of hypertension. Benidipine A synthetic dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension and angina pectoris. Isradipine A dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used for the treatment of hypertension. Citalopram A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) used in the treatment of depression. Duloxetine A serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor used to treat generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain, osteoarthritis, and stress incontinence. Dapoxetine A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used in the treatment of premature ejaculation. Rosuvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Fluvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke. Glecaprevir A Hepatitis C NS3/4A protease inhibitor used to treat Hepatitis C. Pibrentasvir A Hepatitis C NS5A inhibitor used to treat Hepatitis C. Acetaminophen An analgesic drug used alone or in combination with opioids for pain management, and as an antipyretic agent. Propacetamol Propacetamol is a paracetamol prodrug of intravenous administration used to control fever and pain of perioperative period in multimodal analgesia therapy. Ribociclib A kinase inhibitor used to treat HR+, HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Haloperidol An antipsychotic agent used to treat schizophrenia and other psychoses, as well as symptoms of agitation, irritability, and delirium. Linagliptin A dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor used to manage hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fosnetupitant A medication used in combination with others to prevent chemotherapy associated nausea and vomiting. Dihydroergotamine An ergot alkaloid used in the acute treatment of migraine headache and cluster headache. Terfenadine An antihistamine for the treatment of allergy symptoms. Mirtazapine A tetracyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of major depression and is used off-label as a drug for insomnia and to increase appetite. Loratadine A second generation antihistamine used to manage the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Quinine An alkaloid used to treat uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Lercanidipine A calcium channel blocker for the management of hypertension. Vinblastine A vinca alkaloid used to treat breast cancer, testicular cancer, neuroblastoma, Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkins lymphoma, mycosis fungoides, histiocytosis, and Kaposi's sarcoma. Astemizole A second generation antihistamine used to treat allergy symptoms. Simvastatin An HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction and stroke. Tamoxifen A selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat estrogen receptor positive breast cancer, reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer following surgery, or reduce the risk of breast cancer in high risk women. Losartan An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension and diabetic nephropathy, and is used to reduce the risk of stroke. Midazolam A short-acting injectable benzodiazepine with rapid onset that is commonly used in seizures, anesthesia and anxiety disorders. Ergotamine An alpha-1 selective adrenergic agonist vasoconstrictor used to treat migraines with or without aura and cluster headaches. Roxithromycin An antibiotic used to treat a variety of susceptible bacterial infections. Diazepam A long-acting benzodiazepine with rapid onset commonly used to treat panic disorders, severe anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. Doxorubicin A medication used to treat various cancers and Kaposi's Sarcoma. Oxybutynin An antimuscarinic agent that reduces detrusor muscle activity, relaxing the bladder and preventing the urge to void. Pimozide An antipsychotic used to manage debilitating motor and phonic tics in patients with Tourette's Disorder. Rabeprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Clindamycin A lincosamide antibiotic used to treat serious infections caused by susceptible anaerobic, streptococcal, staphylococcal, and pneumococcal bacteria. Bromocriptine A dopamine D2 receptor agonist used for the treatment of galactorrhea due to hyperprolactinemia and other prolactin-related conditions, as well as in early Parkinsonian Syndrome. Lomustine An alkylating agent used as a part of chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of primary and metastatic brain tumors as well as refractory or relapsed Hodgkin's disease in addition to surgical and/or radiotherapeutic treatments. Metyrapone A steroid 11-beta-monooxygenase inhibitor used to test hypothalamic-pituitary ACTH function. Tesmilifene Intended for the treatment of various forms of cancer. Methadone An opioid analgesic indicated for management of severe pain that is not responsive to alternative treatments. Also used to aid in detoxification and maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Etoricoxib A selective COX-2 inhibitor used to relieve moderate post-surgical dental pain as a short-term treatment and inflammatory and painful symptoms of various forms of arthritis. Cabergoline A dopamine receptor agonist used for the treatment of hyperprolactinemic conditions due to various causes. Pergolide A long-acting dopamine agonist that is uncommonly used for the management of Parkinson's disease, due to the risk for cardiac valvulopathy. Cerivastatin A statin (or HMG CoA reductase inhibitor) used with dietary changes to decrease lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Ifosfamide An alkylating and immunosuppressive agent used in chemotherapy for the treatment of cancers, including testicular cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, osteocarcinoma, bladder cancer, small cell lung cancer, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Docetaxel A taxoid antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of various cancers, such as locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer, metastatic prostate cancer, gastric adenocarcinoma, and head and neck cancer. Norfloxacin A broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic with variable activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Typically reserved for the treatment of UTIs due to accumulation in the urine. Lansoprazole A proton pump inhibitor used to help gastrointestinal ulcers heal, to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, and to treat hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. Mefloquine An antimalarial agent used in the prophylaxis and treatment of malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Primaquine An antimalarial indicated to prevent relapse of vivax malaria. Dextropropoxyphene An opioid analgesic used to treat mild to moderate pain. Teniposide A cytotoxic drug used as an adjunct for chemotherapy induction in the treatment of refractory childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Tetracycline An antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of susceptible infections. Colchicine An alkaloid used in the symptomatic relief of pain in attacks of gout and to treat the inflammatory symptoms of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). Ergometrine An ergot alkaloid used for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage and post abortion hemorrhage in patients with uterine atony. Methylergometrine An ergot alkaloid used to prevent and control uterine atony and hemorrhage before and after delivery. Desipramine A tricyclic antidepressant used in the treatment of depression. Sitaxentan Investigated for use/treatment in pulmonary hypertension, connective tissue diseases, hypertension, and congestive heart failure. Clozapine An antipsychotic drug used in treatment resistant schizophrenia and to decrease suicide risk in schizophrenic patients. Zafirlukast A leukotriene receptor antagonist used for prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma. Glyburide A sulfonylurea used in the treatment of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Resveratrol Being investigated for the treatment of Herpes labialis infections (cold sores). Acetazolamide A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used to treat edema from heart failure or medications, certain types of epilepsy, and glaucoma. Anastrozole A competitive, selective, non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor used as adjuvant therapy for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Arsenic trioxide A chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of refractory or relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia in patients with prior retinoid and anthracycline chemotherapy. Bifonazole An azole antifungal drug used to treat fungal skin infections, such as dermatomycosis. Clofazimine A riminophenazine antimycobacterial used to treat leprosy. Daunorubicin An anthracycline aminoglycoside used to induce remission of nonlymphocytic leukemia and acute lymphocytic leukemia. Dimethyl sulfoxide A reversible mitogen-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 (MEK1) and MEK2 inhibitor used to treat certain types of melanoma, metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, and locally advanced or metastatic anaplastic thyroid cancer. Epinephrine A hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma. Histamine An ingredient of topical drugs for the relief of joint pain or muscle aches and pains. Hydralazine An antihypertensive agent used for the management of essential hypertension or severe hypertension associated with conditions requiring immediate action, heart failure, and pre-eclampsia or eclampsia . Irbesartan An angiotensin receptor blocker used to treat hypertension, delay progression of diabetic nephropathy, and treat congestive heart failure. Mequitazine For the treatment of Hay fever, urticaria (hives) and allergic rhinitis Mitoxantrone A chemotherapeutic agent used for the treatment of secondary progressive, progressive relapsing, or worsening relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Nicotinamide An ingredient found in a variety of cosmetic products. Olanzapine An antipsychotic drug used in the management of schizophrenia, bipolar 1 disorder, and agitation associated with these disorders. Pilocarpine A muscarinic cholinergic agonist used on the eye to treat elevated intraocular pressure, various types of glaucoma, and to induce miosis. Also available orally to treat symptoms of dry mouth associated with Sjogren's syndrome and radiotherapy. Raloxifene A selective estrogen receptor modulator that is used to prevent and treat osteoporosis and reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer in high-risk postmenopausal women. Rutin A flavonoid found in over-the-counter vitamin supplements. Salbutamol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat asthma, bronchitis, COPD, as well as prevent exercise induced bronchospasms. Sulfamethoxazole An oral sulfonamide antibiotic, given in combination with trimethoprim, used to treat a variety of infections of the urinary tract, respiratory system, and gastrointestinal tract. Sulfanilamide A sulfonamide anti-infective used to treat vulvovaginal candidiasis caused by Candida albicans. Methimazole A thionamide antithyroid agent that inhibits the actions of thyroid peroxidase, leading to a reduction in thyroid hormone synthesis and amelioration of hyperthyroidism. Thiopental A barbiturate used to induce general anesthesia, treat convulsions, and reduce intracranial pressure. Tioconazole An imidazole antifungal used to treat vulvovaginal candidiasis. Topotecan An antineoplastic agent used to treat ovarian cancer, small cell lung cancer, or cervical cancer. Ketazolam A long-acting benzodiazepine used to manage anxiety and insomnia. Tofisopam For the treatment of anxiety and alcohol withdrawal. Diethylstilbestrol Used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Previously used in the prevention of miscarriage or premature delivery in pregnant women prone to miscarriage or premature delivery. Ezetimibe A cholesterol absorption inhibitor used to lower total cholesterol, LDL-C, Apo-B, and non-HDL-C in primary hyperlipidemia and familial cholesterolemia. Capsaicin A topical analgesic agent used for the symptomatic relief of neuropathic pain associated with post-herpetic neuralgia, as well as other muscle and joint pain. Noscapine A non-sedating isoquinoline alkaloid used primarily for its antitussive properties. Indisulam Investigated for use/treatment in lung cancer. Aldesleukin A recombinant analog of interleukin-2 used to induce an adaptive immune response in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma. Nitric Oxide A vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates. Brentuximab vedotin A CD30-directed antibody-drug conjugate used to treat various types of lymphoma. Levosalbutamol A beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist used to treat COPD and asthma. Topiroxostat Indicated for the treatment of gout and hyperurcemia in Japan. Enasidenib An isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor used to treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 mutation. Oxymetholone An anabolic steroid used for the treatment of types of anemia, such as acquired aplastic anemia, congenital aplastic anemia, myelofibrosis, and the hypoplastic anemias. Elbasvir An antiviral and NS5A inhibitor used to treat hepatitis C infections. Testosterone cypionate An androgen used to treat low or absent testosterone. Testosterone enanthate An androgen used to treat low or absent testosterone. Testosterone undecanoate An androgen indicated for testosterone replacement therapy in adult males with primary hypogonadism and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Black cohosh A herbal product indicated in the symptomatic treatment of menopause. Peppermint oil An ingredient used in a variety of natural health products and is not an approved medication. Oxetacaine An antacid used to treat gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, heartburn, esophagitis, hiatus hernia, and anorexia. WIN 55212-2 WIN 55,212-2 is a chemical described as an aminoalkylindole derivative, which produces effects similar to those of cannabinoids such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) but has an entirely different chemical structure. It... Remacemide Investigated for use/treatment in epilepsy, huntington's disease, and parkinson's disease. Fidaxomicin A macrolide antibiotic used to treat diarrhea associated with Clostridium difficile infection. Spiramycin A macrolide antimicrobial agent used in the treatment of various bacterial infections. Siltuximab An interleukin antagonist used to treat multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) in patients who are HIV and HHV-8 negative. Ceritinib An antineoplastic kinase inhibitor used to treat anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with inadequate clinical response or intolerance to crizotinib. Osimertinib A tyrosine kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of certain types of non-small cell lung carcinoma. Gestodene Gestodene is a progestogen hormonal contraceptive. Products containing gestoden include Meliane, which contains 20 mcg of ethinylestradiol and 75 mcg of gestodene; and Gynera, which contains 30 mcg of ethinylestradiol... Seproxetine Seproxetine is also known as (S)-norfluoxetine. It is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). It is an active metabolite of fluoxetine. Seproxetine was being investigated by Eli Lilly as an... Safinamide A MAO-B inhibitor used as an add-on treatment to levodopa/carbidopa for Parkinson's disease during "off" episodes. Troglitazone For the treatment of Type II diabetes mellitus. It is used alone or in combination with a sulfonylurea, metformin, or insulin as an adjunct to diet and exercise. Temsirolimus A antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that works by inhibiting mTOR. Tacrolimus A calcineurin inhibitor used to prevent organ transplant rejection and to treat moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. Rifamycin An antibacterial used to treat traveler's diarrhea. Lorlatinib An anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor used to treat anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive metastatic non small cell lung cancer. Venetoclax A BCL-2 inhibitor used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia, small lymphocytic lymphoma, or acute myeloid leukemia. 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin Investigated for use/treatment in colorectal cancer. Ticagrelor A P2Y12 platelet inhibitor used in patients with a history of myocardial infarction or with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to prevent future myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiovascular death. Piperine Bioperine has been used in trials studying the treatment of Multiple Myeloma and Deglutition Disorders. Olaparib A poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor used to treat ovarian cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, and prostate cancer. Triclabendazole An anthelmintic drug used to treat fascioliasis. Alpelisib Alpelisib is indicated in combination with fulvestrant to treat postmenopausal women, and men, with advanced or metastatic breast cancer. This cancer must be hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor... Ditiocarb A chelating agent that has been used to mobilize toxic metals from the tissues of man and experimental animals. It is the main metabolite of DISULFIRAM. Fluticasone A corticosteroid indicated in the treatment of corticosteroid responsive dermatoses, asthma, and COPD. Fluticasone furoate An inhaled corticosteroid that can be used as maintenance treatment of asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) depending on the product. Also available as a nasal spray to manage symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Fluconazole A triazole antifungal used to treat various fungal infections including candidiasis. Boceprevir A hepatitis C virus NS3/4A protease inhibitor used in combination with other medications to treat chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 infection. Boceprevir is not indicated as monotherapy. Clotrimazole A topical broad-spectrum antifungal agent used for the treatment of a wide variety of dermatophyte infections and candidiasis. Ranitidine A histamine H2 antagonist used to treat duodenal ulcers, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, gastric ulcers, GERD, and erosive esophagitis. Pexidartinib An antitumor agent that is used for the treatment of rare disease tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCT) by inhibiting colony-stimulating factor 1 and its receptor. Doxycycline A tetracycline antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. Miocamycin Miocamycin is a macrolide type antimicrobial . This drug may be marketed in Japan for clinical use as it is listed in the Japanese pharmacopeia . It has shown to... Niacin A B vitamin used to treat hypertriglyceridemia and pellagra. Toremifene A first generation nonsteroidal selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat certain breast cancers. Azelastine A histamine H1-receptor antagonist used intranasally to treat allergic and vasomotor rhinitis and in an ophthalmic solution to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Chlorzoxazone A drug with muscle relaxant properties that is used as an adjunct to physical therapy and analgesics to treat stiffness and pain caused by a variety of musculoskeletal conditions. Diclofenac An NSAID used to treat the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Caspofungin An echinocandin used to treat a variety of fungal infections. Etoposide A podophyllotoxin derivative used to treat testicular and small cell lung tumors. Reboxetine A drug used for the acute treatment of major depression and for maintenance therapy of depression. Cannabidiol An active cannabinoid used as an adjunctive treatment for the management of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome and symptomatic relief of moderate to severe neuropathic pain or other painful conditions, like cancer. Medical Cannabis The use of the plant species Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, popularly known as marijuana, has gained popularity in recent years for the management of a wide variety of medical... Curcumin sulfate No approved therapeutic indications. Edetate disodium anhydrous A polyvalent ion chelator indicated for emergency treatment of hypercalcemia and digitalis toxicity associated ventricular arrhythmias. Nabiximols In Canada, Sativex has received a Notice of Compliance (NOC) for use as an as adjunctive treatment for symptomatic relief of spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have... Everolimus A mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase inhibitor used to treat various types of malignancies. Ranolazine An anti-anginal drug used for the treatment of chronic angina. Oxcarbazepine An anti-epileptic used in the treatment of partial-onset seizures. Abiraterone An antiandrogen used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Abemaciclib A medication used to treat HR+ HER2- advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Amlodipine A calcium channel blocker used to treat hypertension and angina. Elexacaftor A small molecule CFTR corrector used in combination with tezacaftor and ivacaftor for the treatment of cystic fibrosis patients with one F508del-CFTR mutation. Azithromycin A macrolide antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections. Ginkgo biloba A herbal supplement found in over-the-counter or unapproved homeopathic products for various health conditions, such as cognitive, neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, and reproductive health disorders. Cenobamate A small molecule drug indicated to treat partial onset seizures in adults. Lemborexant A dual orexin antagonist indicated for the treatment of sleep-onset and/or sleep maintenance insomnia. Rimegepant An oral CGRP receptor antagonist used for the acute treatment of migraines with or without aura in adults. Osilodrostat An oral inhibitor of cortisol synthesis used to treat Cushing's disease by normalizing hypercortisolism. Methylene blue An oxidation-reduction agent used for the treatment of pediatric and adult patients with acquired methemoglobinemia. Edetate calcium disodium anhydrous A chelating agent used to treat lead poisoning. Oritavancin An antibacterial agent used to treat acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused by susceptible Gram-positive bacteria. Remdesivir A nucleoside analog used to treat RNA virus infections including COVID-19. Dexamethasone acetate Commonly known as decadron, dexamethasone acetate is a glucocorticosteroid previously marketed in the USA for the treatment of inflammatory respiratory, allergic, autoimmune, and other conditions.[T797,L10695,L14348] Developed in 1957, dexamethasone is... Remoxipride An discontinued atypical antipsychotic selective for dopamine D2 receptors. Abametapir A pediculicide metalloproteinase used topically in the treatment of head lice infection. Clascoterone An androgen receptor antagonist used for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older. Pralsetinib A RET receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of metastatic RET-driven non-small cell lung cancer. Lonafarnib A potent farnesyl transferase inhibitor used to reduce mortality associated with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and other progeroid laminopathies. Berotralstat An inhibitor of plasma kallikrein used for prophylaxis of angioedema attacks in patients with hereditary angioedema. Tirbanibulin A tyrosine kinase and tubulin inhibitor used to treat actinic keratosis on the face or scalp. Levoketoconazole One of two enantiomeric forms of racemic ketoconazole that strongly inhibits multiple steroidogenic enzymes and is used for the symptomatic treatment of endogenous Cushing's syndrome. Dabrafenib A kinase inhibitor used to treat patients with specific types of melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and thyroid cancer. Menadione The primary known function of vitamin K is to assist in the normal clotting of blood, but it may also play a role in normal bone calcification. Voclosporin A calcineurin inhibitor for the treatment of lupus nephritis (LN) in patients diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Ethambutol An antituberculosis agent used in the prophylaxis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Grazoprevir An antiviral and NS3/4A protease inhibitor used to treat hepatitis C infections. Casimersen An antisense phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligonucleotide used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients with mutations amenable to exon 45 skipping. Diosmin A citrus flavonoid medication used to support vascular health. Suvorexant A orexin receptor antagonist used to treat insomnia that is characterized by difficulties with sleep onset and/or sleep maintenance. Ibrexafungerp A triterpene antifungal indicated in the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis in post-menarchal patients. Mirabegron A beta-3 adrenergic agonist used to treat overactive bladder and neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Viloxazine A selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor indicated for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults in children. Tucatinib A kinase inhibitor used to treat certain types of unresectable/metastatic HER-2 positive breast cancer. Selpercatinib A RET receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of RET-driven non-small cell lung cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, and thyroid cancer in appropriate patient populations. Perampanel A non-competitive AMPA glutamate receptor antagonist used to treat partial-onset seizures with or without secondarily generalized seizures, and as adjunctive treatment of primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures in patients with epilepsy. Fexinidazole An orally bioavailable 2-substituted 5-nitroimidazole used to treat early- and late-stage human African trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. Maralixibat An ileal bile acid transporter inhibitor indicated to treat cholestatic pruritus in patients with Alagille syndrome who are >1 year old. Avacopan An orally bioavailable complement 5a receptor (C5aR) antagonist for the treatment of severe anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic (auto)antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis. Asciminib An inhibitor of ABL/BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase for the treatment of patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive CML, including those with the T315I mutation. Nirmatrelvir An oral protease inhibitor with emergency use authorization for the treatment of mild-to-moderate COVID-19. Sotagliflozin An orally administered dual SGLT1/2 inhibitor used alongside insulin to improve glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Secnidazole A nitroimidazole antibiotic used to treat bacterial vaginosis. Nabilone A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. Cannabinol Cannabinol (CBN) is a physiologically inactive constituent of Cannabis sativa. Dronabinol A synthetic delta-9-THC used in the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in HIV patients as well as nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. Pacritinib A kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of primary and secondary myelofibrosis in adult patients with significantly reduced platelet counts. Cariprazine An atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia and acute manic or mixed episodes due to bipolar I disorder. Irinotecan An antineoplastic enzyme inhibitor used to treat metastatic carcinoma of the colon or rectum. Tepotinib An oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeted against MET for the treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer in patients exhibiting MET exon 14 skipping mutations. Sertraline A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) indicated to treat major depressive disorder, social anxiety disorder and many other psychiatric conditions. Grapefruit An extract from Grapefruit used in allergy testing. Pirfenidone An agent used for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Baloxavir marboxil A polymerase acidic endonuclease inhibitor used to treat uncomplicated influenza. Lenacapavir A first-in-class capsid inhibitor being investigated for use in HIV-1 treatment.
- Drugs & Drug Targets